• Designing an Online Presence for Bhutanese–Nepali Refugees

      Crisman, Lee (2013-06-01)
      The purpose of this project is to establish a online public platform for the Bhutanese-Nepali refugees of Utica, New York that will promote awareness and build the visual and cultural identity of a growing community. By using current information design technology, new media technologies and social networking platforms; the goals of this community are to promote awareness, educate the community, increase membership and establish a formal venue of worship. This will be accomplished by incorporating a multidisciplinary approach using techniques and technologies of graphic design, web design, web development, and branding to accomplish our goals.
    • Detection of Brain Tumor in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Images using Fuzzy C-Means and Thresholding

      Andriamanalimanana, Bruno; Kalakuntla, Shashank; Andriamanalimanana, Bruno R.; First Reader; Novillo, Jorge E.; Second Reader; Spetka, Scott; Third Reader (SUNY Polytechnic Institute, 2020-08)
      Although many clinical experts or radiologists are well trained to identify tumors and other abnormalities in the brain, the identification, detection and segmentation of the affected area in the brain is observed to be a tedious and time consuming task. MRI has been a conventional and resultant image processing technique to visualize structures of the human body. It is very difficult to visualize abnormal structures of the brain using simple imaging techniques. MRI technique uses many imaging modalities that scan and capture the internal structure of the human brain. Even with the use of these techniques, it is a difficult and tedious task for a human eye to be always sophisticated in detecting brain tumors from these images. With emerging technology, we can provide a way to ease the process of detection. This project focuses on identification of brain tumor in MR images, it involves in removing noise using noise removal technique AMF followed by enhancing the images using Balance Enhancement Contrast technique (BCET).Further, image segmentation is performed using fuzzy c-means and finally the segmented images are produced as an input to a canny edge detection resulting with the tumor image. This report entices the approach, design, and implementation of the application and finally the results. I have tried implementing/developing this application in Python. The Jupyter notebook provides a block simulation for the entire flow of the project.
    • Developing a Moodle Course as an Engaging and Collaborative Teaching Tool to Correlate the Common Core with K12 Videoconferencing

      Burroughs, Jenny Marie (2014-05-01)
      This project was designed to develop an online engaging and collaborative teaching tool for educators within my region on how to correlate the common core with K-12 video conferencing. I created an online e-learning platform in Moodle for educators to collaborate and share ideas anywhere at any time due to the fact educators may lack time and professional development opportunities to gather this information elsewhere. Not only will my project showcase my Moodle course, but also this opportunity will allow me to illustrate my results on the following learning theories of cognitive and constructivist and their principles to the plugins within the Moodle course content. Cognitive theories will include the six principles by Clark and Mayer and constructivist theories will include the principles by Allesi and Trollip. The overall achievement is to design a digital prototype that provides the opportunity for me to educate and facilitate to educators and to also have them educate and facilitate with others using the various Moodle plugins provided.
    • Developing Content for a Cross-Cultural Website: Integrating Web Strategies, Cultural Considerations and Blogging Techniques

      Christopher, Mary (2013-06-01)
      Using new technologies to create an online and community presence for diverse cultures requires extensive planning and strategizing. This paper illustrates some of the issues and methods to consider when developing content for a cross-cultural website and establishing a foundation for a novice user to take over. The purpose of the project behind this paper was to promote awareness on a Bhutanese-Nepali refugee group who resettled in Utica, New York and educate the community on their Hindu religion and cultural practices. A group of graduate students who worked with the refugees built a userfriendly website (https://hauny001.wordpress.com), created content that would set the right tone and provide useful information and implemented an effective marketing strategy.
    • Developing Digital Stories to Accommodate Multiple Learning Styles in a Healthcare Environment

      Bushinger, Erin (2012-04-01)
      This project looks at why digital storytelling may be an appropriate learning tool for hospital nurses and if so, how to best develop digital stories to support caregivers’ multiple intelligences. For this project, I developed two digital stories – one from a patient perspective and one from a caregiver perspective. It is through these stories and feedback from nursing staff at a nonprofit hospital in Upstate New York that I was able to learn if the stories I created positively impacted nursing staff by educating them on important topics in patient care and safety. I also use cognitive learning theory to determine where the strengths and weaknesses of digital storytelling lie. This study tested the assertion, supported by related literature, that digital stories are excellent learning tools because they accommodate people’s different learning styles, and this may affect teaching techniques. In healthcare, a world where evidence-based practices are critical, digital stories are being promoted and used to teach nurses valuable lessons that can’t be taught by statistics or research findings (Haigh & Hardy, 2011). Through this study, I was able to recommend to the hospital that they should in fact use digital storytelling as an educational tool. I recommended that they do this using the following methods: hold a digital storytelling contest with nursing staff, use digital stories produced by hospital staff during new employee orientation, use digital stories as educational tools during hospital in-services and education days, gather before and after stories from nursing staff to see if behaviors changed based on the digital story they watched, investigate the benefits and opportunities for reflection and transformational learning provided by the digital storytelling process, and use digital stories as educational tools on certain nursing units while providing other nursing units with written stories to see if digital stories changed behaviors more than written stories.
    • Developing Helpdesk Mobile App to Support Classroom Technology During COVID-19 Pandemic

      Jofre, Ana; Reed, Allen; Jofre, Ana; First Reader; Yucel, Ibrahim; Second Reader (SUNY Polytechnic Institute, 2020-12)
      This research project is a prototype of a mobile application that would be dedicated to the Syracuse University faculty members and students and serve as service mobile app providing helpdesk support for classroom technology issues. The development of this mobile application uses Universal Design Principles focuses on Human-Centered Design theory, and the app build upon a user’s needs. The prototype has been created using Adobe XD, the prototypes are made to be high fidelity and fully interactive so it can be used for usability test. This research project paper intends to determine the benefit of using mobile app for helpdesk support during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to find out if using helpdesk mobile app could enhance IT services and the time needed to response to classroom technology issue. The fully interactive prototype can be viewed through the link below: https://xd.adobe.com/view/138af8a5-29bd-4571-ac9c-1fc76adff40a-46d9/?fullscreen&hints=off
    • Development of High-Performance Hafnium Oxide based Non-Volatile Memory Devices on 300mm Wafer Platform for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Applications

      Diebold, Alaine (Committee member); Ventrice, Carl A. Jr. (Committee member); Lloyd, James (Committee member); Kurinec, Santosh (External committee member); Cady, Nathaniel (Dissertation Committee Chair); Hazra, Jubin (2021-08)
      Fundamental limitations associated with scaling and modern von Neumann computing architectures illustrates the need for emerging memory solutions in the semiconductor industry. One such promising non-volatile memory (NVM) solution is resistive random access memory (RRAM), which is seen as a potential candidate that can meet the performance needs of DRAM and the density of NAND Flash in terms of scalability, reliability and switching performance. However, reliable operation of RRAM devices requires further development to remedy device- to-device and cycle-to-cycle uniformity variation, increase the conductance window, and to improve retention, yield and endurance properties. This research work primarily focuses on improving RRAM performance metrics through optimization of processing conditions and programming algorithms for CMOS-integrated nanoscale HfO2 RRAM devices on a full scale 300mm wafer platform. It was observed that tuning of ALD parameters during RRAM switching layer HfO2 deposition had a significant impact on device switching performance. An excellent memory window of >30 with switching yield ~90%, along with low cycle-to-cycle (σ <0.5) and cell-to-cell variability (σ <0.4) were achieved for tested 1 Transistor 1 RRAM (1T1R) cells across full 300mm wafers. The devices demonstrated excellent endurance (>1010 switching cycles) and data retention performance at elevated temperature (105 s at 373K). The fabricated RRAM cells were also optimized for multi-level-cell switching behavior and ~10 distinct resistance levels were obtained through a combined current- and voltage-control based programming approach. An incremental pulse write technique combined with read verification algorithm enabled accurate resistance states programming within a large resistance window along with linear and symmetric potentiation-depression characteristics yielding superior analog synaptic functionality of fabricated RRAM devices. In addition to RRAM devices, hafnium zirconium oxide (HZO) based nanoscale ferroelectric tunnel junction (FTJ) devices were successfully implemented on a 300 mm wafer platform. Current measurement, as a function of voltage for both up and down polarization states, yielded a tunneling electroresistance (TER) ratio of ~5 and switching endurance up to 106 cycles in TiN/ Al2O3/ Hf0.5Zr0.5O2/ TiN FTJ devices distributed across full 300 mm wafer. Investigation of current transport mechanisms showed that the conduction in these FTJ devices is dominated by direct tunneling (DT) at low electric field and by Fowler-Nordheim (F-N) tunneling at high electric field. The realization of CMOS-compatible nanoscale RRAM and FTJ devices on 300mm wafers demonstrates the promising potential of these devices in large scale high-yield NVM manufacturing for high performance embedded memory and mass data storage applications.
    • Development of Novel Technologies for Direct Cellular Patterning for the Establishment of Well Controlled Microenvironments to Facilitate Studies on Cellular Signaling, Sensing, and Other Diffusion-Based Phenomena

      Hynes, William (2016-05-07)
      This work focuses on the utilization of novel bioprinting technologies for the investigation of cellular signaling, sensing, and other diffusion-based phenomena with spatiotemporal dependencies. Two different printing techniques were developed for the purpose of fabricating controlled microenvironments comprised of cells, nutrients, hydrogels, and soluble signaling molecules in a repeatable fashion. The first application explored was the development of a novel, bioprinted, cell-based biosensor as a nondestructive method for the monitoring of the cellular redox environment. Mammalian cells were engineered to express a redox sensitive protein and were patterned and immobilized within a photopolymerizing hydrogel matrix, resulting in biocompatible, three-dimensional microenvironments which supported cell growth and facilitated small molecule sensing. Exposure of the printed, redox sensitive cells to oxidative and reductive compounds and monitoring via confocal microscopy demonstrated proper and reversible functioning of the living biosensor. Bioprinting was also used to generate complex, micro-scale, multi-species populations of bacteria in order to evaluate the effects of distance and various forms of competition on syntrophic relationships. An artificial, syntrophic bacterial consortium was printed within controlled microenvironments confined by geometry and nutrient availability. The growth of the printed strains was monitored, analyzed, and compared to the predictions of an experimental, computational bacterial growth model known as COMETS. Results indicated that the general trends exhibited in vitro by most of the examined micro-scale interactions can be predicted in silico, and that the effects of microbial interactions on the micro-scale can differ considerably than those observed at the macro-scale.
    • Digital Storytelling with Infographics: Celebrating the Negro Leagues Using 21st Century Tools

      Stam, Kathryn; Thesis Advisor; Lizardi, Ryan; Second Reader; Van Gorder, Dave (2020-05)
      Visual communication is more prevalent today than it ever has been in the past. Specifically, thanks to cell phones, tablets, and other smart devices, digital platforms have seen the greatest increase of visual use and show no signs of slowing down. However, with this increase comes more competition to stand out and be heard. Despite the messaging being more accessible than ever, there is a large chasm between what messaging is communicated, and how much it is viewed, understood, and retained by the audience. Thankfully designers have many options at their disposal for standing out amidst the noise. One of the most prominent of these is the infographic: a communication method that was designed for print but perfected on digital platforms. This study is designed to explain the role that infographics play for designers and storytellers. It will explore how infographics can attract a larger audience, communicate a complex idea in an easy to understand nature, and ultimately prove to be more memorable through the blending of images, text, and data into one coherent piece.
    • Discovering the meaning of Internet Safety

      Palinski, Kathleen (2005-12-01)
      An in-depth analysis was conducted with the purpose of discovering the meaning of Internet safety. A case study was used to derive themes from multiple sources of data (documents, interviews, observations, artifacts). Data collected during the study includes interviews from elementary teachers, parents, students, and district-level administrators. It also includes a literature review, documents, and the application of Karl Weick’s Organizational Theory. Internet safety problems were studied at a small school district of approximately 2,500 students in central New York State where the case study was conducted. The current software the district uses is a highly restrictive server level program. A dynamic definition of Internet safety is proposed as a result of the case study.
    • The Dynamics of Infographics: Transforming Tabular Data into an Interactive Story

      Freiberger, John IV; Jofre, Ana; Advisor; Schneider, Steven; Second Reader (2018-05)
      Election campaigns can be heated, and sometimes controversial, where statements candidates make are dissected, analyzed, and scrutinized by news media, talk shows, publications, and now social media. The 2016 election between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton was no different. Trump’s combustible use of Twitter as then-candidate and nowpresident continues to make headlines, fueling barrages of re-tweets, replies, memes, and so on. This thesis project examines a tweet Donald Trump made about winning the 2016 election in a landslide and uses official election results published by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to debunk that claim in an interactive infographic created in Tableau. This paper examines infographic design and highlights types of infographics, infographics and cognition, interactivity in infographics, and good design principles. This paper then walks through the construction of the interactive infographic in Tableau while noting the design process used and principles applied. An evaluation of Tableau as a visual design tool is also provided.
    • E-Learning Electricity A Web-Based Training System: Applied to Teaching the Fundamentals and Function of Electrical Theory as it relates to Direct Current Automotive Circuits

      Stam, Kathryn; Advisor; Lizardi, Ryan; Second Reader; Vair, William Scott (2019-08)
      The purpose of this thesis project is to create a proposal for a new e-learning program that would span the gap between the theoretical and real-world application of electrical theory as it relates to automotive direct current circuits. This proposed e-learning program will currently be focused on the subject of automotive direct current circuits, but is considered scalable for other subjects in the future. The application of this proposed e-learning program is to be used by learners as a resource to help deepen their knowledge through active learning and subject mastery. Active learning and subject mastery are be achieved by utilizing simulation and gamification as a means of engaging and motivating the learner. This will be accomplished within this proposed e-learning program by implementing the principles of Piaget’s Theory of Constructivism, Jerome Bruner’s Theory of Discovery Learning and Bloom & Carroll’s Theory of Mastery of Learning (Bates, 2016). This proposal also includes design mockups for the homepage, interactive activities, learning games and an assessment quiz. It is my intention to someday see this proposed e-learning program become a reality and be implemented for the future enhancement of education and the edification of learners.
    • E-Learning: How Constructivist Learning Theory Guides Module Learning

      Cannarelli, Gabriella; Kahn, Russell; Advisor; Schneider, Steven; Reviewer (2016-12-01)
      This paper will review the theory behind constructivism and how it connects to module based e-learning. Social and cognitive constructivism have similar views, but they are very different. Constructivism calls for a student to learn based off of previous experiences and building on that knowledge to make new assumptions. People argue the effectiveness of module learning, but many find it to be the up and coming way of learning. Technology usage is getting greater and greater all the time so why not shift how we do education? e-learning is the way of the future. Learning modules utilizing learning management systems offer a direct route to both successful learning, but also connects to the theory around constructivism.
    • E-Orientation for Clinton Community College

      Aubrey, Jessica (SUNY Polytechnic Institute, 2019-05)
      Clinton Community College has faced continued declining enrollments for the last five years, resulting in the College’s active pursuit of proven student retention mechanisms to assist with enrollment stabilization. The College has decided to create an online orientation module in Moodle to improve the “new student experience” and support a smooth onboarding process that effectively provides students with information critical to their success as well as aids in their ability to better navigate the college experience. In addition, the college seeks to encourage student self-awareness, learning skills and familiarity with the online learning platform. These intentionally designed interactions delivered via an E-orientation model that employs scholarly proven information design, constructivist and social constructivist theories will ensure the College’s new E-Orientation will foster student success and retention.
    • Ecommerce for a Mid-Sized Medical Device Company: A Consultant's Report Approach

      Hamilton, Dan (2017-12)
      The medical device industry generates hundreds of billions of dollars in revenue every year. While the supply chain of some healthcare institutions runs with optimum efficiency through supply chain management (SCM) systems such an Infor Lawson, others are not always managed in such a fashion. These less efficient supply chains tend to be those of smaller facilities and standalone doctor offices that do not participate in the larger Group Purchasing Organizations (GPOs) that offer the supply chain efficiency, discounts, and economies of scale enjoyed by larger institutions (Jayaraman et al., 2014). Many companies, except for the largest players in the field such as Bard, Cook, and Boston Scientific to name a few, are still operating their medical device sales to these smaller practices with phone calls, fax machines, and email. This practice of manual salesmanship can be time consuming, expensive, and labor intensive. But it doesn’t have to be. For this project, I will focus on an actual mid-sized company in the medical device industry (referred to in this report as “Med Dev Company”) that pulls in roughly $400 million in annual revenue. The company is positioned to increase revenue over the coming years, but could use a process that streamlines orders for some of its products, especially those for its smaller customers. Med Dev Company sells a variety of medical devices, from simple disposable syringes and suture retention devices, to implantable catheters, to large surgical machines that require a high level of proficiency to operate. While not all of these products are able to be sold online through an ecommerce portal, many that are considered to be disposable, near the end of their product life-cycle, or tried and true “commodity” items, could certainly be sold via an ecommerce portal with ease. In a healthcare environment where device purchasing costs are often the difference between a clinic staying open or closing its doors for good, efficient and cost-effective management of device procurement is vital (Jayaraman, et al. 2014). My goal for this project is to identify how the current sales process works at the Med Dev Company and the medical device industry in general, identify some key players in the medical device industry who operate in an ecommerce marketplace efficiently, assess the benefit and risks of ecommerce, and propose whether or not Med Dev Company should develop its own ecommerce environment for the appropriate products and customers. I will not be creating an actual ecommerce site for this project, however. The final output will instead take the shape of a consultant’s report to Med Dev Company, as well as an accompanying slide deck.
    • An Educational Website on Copyright Law and Remix Art

      Bugyi, John P (2013-12-01)
      Technological developments have led to various types of information (i.e., art, music, ideas, etc) that can be spread widely throughout the web for people to view, use, and share. The growth of technology and its capabilities has led to the popularity of remix art. Legal debate, however, has also increased as copyright law and the fair use doctrine has not grown at the same rate as technology. In this thesis paper and web design project, I present my research on remix art, copyright law, the fair use doctrine, and the effects of each. In the paper, I provide an overview of each topic. I also discuss how a website can be used as an engaging learning tool, how information architecture can create a responsive and accessible website, how the human-centered design theory promotes learning, and how the effectiveness of a website as a learning tool can be measured. I designed my website to be an online learning tool for undergraduate students so that they may better understand how to use and create legal remix art. The research used in this paper and website have been limited to examples of remix art, basic guidelines for legal remix art, court case examples, and the creative commons. My website is based on a human-centered design approach and other multimedia design methods that parallel the topic of remix art through the use of wikis, polls, and quizzes. A list of references was also included to guide and promote further study on the topic, as this paper and website was designed to give an overview of the topics rather than to provide legal advice. I prepared this thesis paper and website project by considering the content, target population, and design theories individually and as interacting factors.
    • Effectiveness of Disseminating the Migrant Clinician’s Reference Manual Online

      Hawkes, Lynae (2009-05-01)
      Migrant and seasonal farmwokers are a socially disadvantaged population, working in the Nation’s most dangerous industry. Due to social isolation, cultural and linguistic barriers, coupled with a hazardous work environment, this population is thought to be at increased risk for work-related health problems. The primary sources of healthcare for farmworkers are federally funded migrant health programs located in highly agricultural areas throughout the United States. However, studies show that healthcare providers are ill-equipped to properly diagnosis and treat this patient population. A clinic resource was developed to meet the needs of those serving farmworkers in the Northeast. This case study evaluates the effectiveness of disseminating this resource on the World Wide Web. The migrant health center environment and prior Internet usage were of particular interest. Application of the Sense Making theory suggests critical gaps exist in the health literacy of migrant and seasonal farmworkers, wherein the migrant health reference manual serves as a bridge between provider and patient. Findings further suggest that the manual has a positive impact on patient care by addressing six focus areas of the Health People 2010 Health Literacy Initiative (USDHHS, 2000, p29): 1) Access to Quality Health Services 2) Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Chronic Back Conditions 3) Environmental Health 4) Health Communication 5) Occupational Safety and Health 6) Public Health Infrastructure
    • The Effects of Facebook Images on Women’s Self-Esteem and Body Image

      PladoCostante, MaryMargaret (2013-05-01)
      This project looked at the effects Facebook images have on women’s self-esteem and body image. Previous studies have shown how women are negatively effected by the images they are presented with in the media by way of magazines and television. Therefore, with this study my goal was to see if the same was held true through social media such as Facebook. For this project I analyzed Elle, Glamour and Vogue’s Facebook pages. In particular I analyzed 40 images of women on each of their Facebook pages. From there I wanted to find if the number of likes the images received were related to how sexualized the women were in each of the images. Through this study I found that highly sexualized images do receive more likes than images that were less sexualized. This conclusion supported by hypothesis. In addition, the following study shows how marketing and advertising has not changed as technology has advanced. Even through social media, women are constantly being exposed to images that can have a negative impact on them in a variety of ways.
    • The Efficacy of Screencasting Technology in the Classroom.

      Fancett-Stooks, Daniel J. (2012-05-01)
      A study that investigates the efficacy of screencasts. As a tool used for instruction, screencasting can be significant in reaching out to broader ranges of learners in the classroom. Through the utilization of the screencast, the teacher can work towards compartmentalizing instruction and create a repository of lessons. This repository of screencasts can assist in present and future curriculum and lesson development. By having these screencasts available to the student, the teacher can provide a more one-toone instructional setting that will help raise the comprehension and understanding of the content that is being demonstrated.
    • An Empirical Wi-Fi Intrusion Detection System

      Kholidy, Hisham A.; Basnet, Diwash Bikram; Kholidy, Hisham A.; Advisor (SUNY Polytechnic Institute, 2020-05)
      Today, the wireless network devices are growing rapidly, and it is of utmost importance for securing those devices. Attackers or hackers use new methods and techniques to trick the system and steal the most important data. Intrusion Detection Systems detect the attacks by inspecting the network traffics or logs. The work demonstrated the effectiveness of detecting the attacks using machine learning techniques on the AWID dataset, which is produced from real wireless network logging. The author of the AWID dataset may have used several supervised learning models to successfully detect the intrusions. In this paper, we propose a newer approach for intrusion detection model based on dense neural networks, and long short-term memory networks (LSTM) and evaluate the model against the AWID-CLS-R subset. To get the best results from the model, we applied feature selection by replacing the unknown data with the value of “none”, getting rid of all repeated values, and kept only the important features. We did preprocess and feature scaling of both training and testing dataset, additional we also change the 2-dimensional to the 3- dimensional array because LSTM takes an input of 3-dimensional array, and later we used flatten layers to change into a 2-dimensional array for output. A comprehensive evaluation of DNN and LSTM networks are used to classify and predict the attacks and compute the precision, recall, and F1 score. We perform binary classification and multiclass classification on the dataset using neural networks and achieve accuracy ranging from 86.70 % to 96.01%.