Preoperative Depression Screening in Primary Lumbar Fusion: An Evaluation of Its Modifiability on Outcomes in Patients with Diagnosed Depressive Disorder.
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Journal titleWorld neurosurgery
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AbstractStudies have reported the detrimental effects of depression following spine surgery, however none have evaluated whether preoperative depression screening, in patients with a history of depression, is protective from adverse outcomes and lowers healthcare costs. We studied whether depression screenings/psychotherapy visits within 3 months prior to 1-2 level lumbar fusion (1-2LF) were associated with lower: 1) medical complications; 2) emergency department (ED) utilizations; 3) readmissions; and 4) healthcare costs.
The PearlDiver database from 2010 to 2020 was queried for depressive disorder (DD) patients undergoing primary 1-2LF. Two cohorts were 1:5 ratio matched and included those with (n=2,622) or without (n=13,058) a pre-operative depression screen/psychotherapy visit within 3 months of LF. A 90-day surveillance period was utilized to compare outcomes. Logistic regression models computed odds ratios (OR) of complications and readmissions. P values less than 0.003 were significant.
DD patients without depression screening had significantly greater incidence and odds of experiencing medical complications (40.57% vs. 16.00%; OR: 2.71,p<0.0001). Rates of ED utilization were increased in patients without screening vs. screening (15.78% vs 4.23%; OR: 4.25,p<0.0001), despite no difference in readmissions (9.31% vs 9.53%; OR: 0.97,p=0.721). Finally, 90-day reimbursements ($51,160 vs $54,731) were significantly lower in the screened cohort (all p<0.0001).
Patients who underwent a pre-operative depression screening within 3 months of lumbar fusion had decreased medical complications, ED utilizations, and lower healthcare costs. Spine surgeons may use this data to counsel their patients with depression prior to surgical intervention.
CitationGordon AM, Elali FR, Ton A, Schwartz JM, Miller C, Alluri RK. Preoperative Depression Screening in Primary Lumbar Fusion: An Evaluation of Its Modifiability on Outcomes in Patients with Diagnosed Depressive Disorder. World Neurosurg. 2023 May 11:S1878-8750(23)00635-6. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2023.05.024. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37178911.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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