Effects of and TASK-like shunting current on dendritic impedance in layer 5 pyramidal-tract neurons.
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Neymotin, Samuel A
Antic, Srdjan D
Carnevale, Nicholas T
Lytton, William W
KeywordTwik-related acid-sensitive K+(TASK) channels
pyramidal tract neurons
Journal titleJournal of neurophysiology
Publication Begin page1501
Publication End page1516
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractPyramidal neurons in neocortex have complex input-output relationships that depend on their morphologies, ion channel distributions, and the nature of their inputs, but which cannot be replicated by simple integrate-and-fire models. The impedance properties of their dendritic arbors, such as resonance and phase shift, shape neuronal responses to synaptic inputs and provide intraneuronal functional maps reflecting their intrinsic dynamics and excitability. Experimental studies of dendritic impedance have shown that neocortical pyramidal tract neurons exhibit distance-dependent changes in resonance and impedance phase with respect to the soma. We, therefore, investigated how well several biophysically detailed multicompartment models of neocortical layer 5 pyramidal tract neurons reproduce the location-dependent impedance profiles observed experimentally. Each model tested here exhibited location-dependent impedance profiles, but most captured either the observed impedance amplitude or phase, not both. The only model that captured features from both incorporates hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels and a shunting current, such as that produced by Twik-related acid-sensitive K (TASK) channels. TASK-like channel density in this model was proportional to local HCN channel density. We found that although this shunting current alone is insufficient to produce resonance or realistic phase response, it modulates all features of dendritic impedance, including resonance frequencies, resonance strength, synchronous frequencies, and total inductive phase. We also explored how the interaction of HCN channel current () and a TASK-like shunting current shape synaptic potentials and produce degeneracy in dendritic impedance profiles, wherein different combinations of and shunting current can produce the same impedance profile. We simulated chirp current stimulation in the apical dendrites of 5 biophysically detailed multicompartment models of neocortical pyramidal tract neurons and found that a combination of HCN channels and TASK-like channels produced the best fit to experimental measurements of dendritic impedance. We then explored how HCN and TASK-like channels can shape the dendritic impedance as well as the voltage response to synaptic currents.
CitationKelley C, Dura-Bernal S, Neymotin SA, Antic SD, Carnevale NT, Migliore M, Lytton WW. Effects of Ih and TASK-like shunting current on dendritic impedance in layer 5 pyramidal-tract neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2021 Apr 1;125(4):1501-1516. doi: 10.1152/jn.00015.2021. Epub 2021 Mar 10. PMID: 33689489; PMCID: PMC8282219.
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