Mental health in the Americas_ ...
English Language version
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
Ali, Ali Ahsan
Journal titleRevista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health
Publication Begin pagee165
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractTo understand the mental health treatment gap in the Region of the Americas by examining the prevalence of mental health disorders, use of mental health services, and the global burden of disease.
Data from community-based surveys of mental disorders in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and the United States were utilized. The World Mental Health Survey published data were used to estimate the treatment gap. For Canada, Chile, and Guatemala, the treatment gap was calculated from data files. The mean, median, and weighted treatment gap, and the 12-month prevalence by severity and category of mental disorder were estimated for the general adult, child-adolescent, and indigenous populations. Disability-adjusted Life Years and Years Lived with Disability were calculated from the Global Burden of Disease study.
Mental and substance use disorders accounted for 10.5% of the global burden of disease in the Americas. The 12-month prevalence rate of severe mental disorders ranged from 2% - 10% across studies. The weighted mean treatment gap in the Americas for moderate to severe disorders was 65.7%; North America, 53.2%; Latin America, 74.7%; Mesoamerica, 78.7%; and South America, 73.1%. The treatment gap for severe mental disorders in children and adolescents was over 50%. One-third of the indigenous population in the United States and 80% in Latin America had not received treatment.
The treatment gap for mental health remains a public health concern. A high proportion of adults, children, and indigenous individuals with serious mental illness remains untreated. The result is an elevated prevalence of mental disorders and global burden of disease.
CitationKohn R, Ali AA, Puac-Polanco V, Figueroa C, López-Soto V, Morgan K, Saldivia S, Vicente B. Mental health in the Americas: an overview of the treatment gap. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018 Oct 10;42:e165. doi: 10.26633/RPSP.2018.165. PMID: 31093193; PMCID: PMC6386160.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
- Twelve-month mental health service use in six countries of the Americas: A regional report from the World Mental Health Surveys.
- Authors: Borges G, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Andrade L, Benjet C, Cia A, Kessler RC, Orozco R, Sampson N, Stagnaro JC, Torres Y, Viana MC, Medina-Mora ME
- Issue date: 2019 Aug 27
- [Attitudes toward the environment: a North / South analysis].
- Authors: Worcester RM, Corrado M
- Issue date: 1992 Apr-Jun
- Barriers to treatment for mental disorders in six countries of the Americas: A regional report from the World Mental Health Surveys.
- Authors: Orozco R, Vigo D, Benjet C, Borges G, Aguilar-Gaxiola S, Andrade LH, Cia A, Hwang I, Kessler RC, Piazza M, Posada-Villa J, Rafful C, Sampson N, Stagnaro JC, Torres Y, Viana MC, Medina-Mora ME
- Issue date: 2022 Apr 15
- Global, regional, and national burden of 12 mental disorders in 204 countries and territories, 1990-2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019.
- Authors: GBD 2019 Mental Disorders Collaborators
- Issue date: 2022 Feb
- Infant and child mortality in Latin America.
- Authors: Behm H, Primante DA
- Issue date: 1978 Apr