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dc.contributor.authorDowning Jr, Martin J.
dc.contributor.authorWiatrek, Sarah E.
dc.contributor.authorZahn, Ryan J.
dc.contributor.authorMansergh, Gordon
dc.contributor.authorOlansky, Evelyn
dc.contributor.authorGelaude, Deborah
dc.contributor.authorSullivan, Patrick S.
dc.contributor.authorStephenson, Rob
dc.contributor.authorSiegler, Aaron J.
dc.contributor.authorBauermeister, José
dc.contributor.authorHorvath, Keith J.
dc.contributor.authorChiasson, Mary Ann
dc.contributor.authorYoon, Irene S.
dc.contributor.authorHouang, Steven T.
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Anthony Jimenez
dc.contributor.authorHirshfield, Sabina
dc.identifier.citationDowning Jr, M., Wiatrek, S., Zahn, R., Mansergh, G., Olansky, E., Gelaude, D., Sullivan, P., Stephenson, R., Siegler, A., Bauermeister, J., Horvath, K., Chiasson, M., Yoon, I., Houang, S., Hernandez, A., & Hirshfield, S. (2023). Video selection and assessment for an app-based HIV prevention messaging intervention: formative research. MHealth, 9. doi:10.21037/mhealth-21-53en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) continue to be overrepresented in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States. HIV prevention and care interventions that are tailored to an individual’s serostatus have the potential to lower the rate of new infections among GBMSM. Mobile technology is a critical tool for disseminating targeted messaging and increasing uptake of basic prevention services including HIV testing, sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Mobile Messaging for Men (M-Cubed) is a mobile health HIV prevention intervention designed to deliver video- and text-based prevention messages, provide STI and HIV information, and link GBMSM to prevention and healthcare resources. The current report describes an iterative process of identifying and selecting publicly available videos to be used as part of the M-Cubed intervention. We also conducted interviews with GBMSM to assess the acceptability, comprehension, and potential audience reach of the selected video messages. Methods: The selection of videos included balancing of specific criteria [e.g., accuracy of scientific information, video length, prevention domains: HIV/STI testing, antiretroviral therapy (ART), PrEP, engagement in care, and condom use] to ensure that they were intended for our GBMSM audiences: HIV-negative men who engage in condomless anal sex, HIV-negative men who do not engage in condomless anal sex, and men living with HIV. This formative study included in-person interviews with 26 GBMSM from three U.S. cities heavily impacted by the HIV epidemic—New York City, Detroit, and Atlanta. Results: Following a qualitative content analysis, the study team identified five themes across the interviews: participant reactions to the video messages, message comprehension, PrEP concerns, targeting of video messaging, and prompted action. Conclusions: Study results informed a final selection of 12 video messages for inclusion in a randomized controlled trial of M-Cubed. Findings may serve as a guide for researchers who plan to develop HIV prevention interventions that utilize publicly available videos to promote behavioral change. Further, the findings presented here suggest the importance of developing videos with broad age and gender diversity for use in interventions such as M-Cubed, and in other health promotion settings.en_US
dc.publisherAME Publishing Companyen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectPublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Healthen_US
dc.subjectHealth Informaticsen_US
dc.titleVideo selection and assessment for an app-based HIV prevention messaging intervention: formative researchen_US
dc.description.institutionSUNY Downstateen_US
dc.description.departmentSTAR Programen_US

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