Topography, power, and current source density of θ oscillations during reward processing as markers for alcohol dependence.
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Chorlian, David B
Pandey, Ashwini K
Roopesh, Bangalore N
Journal titleHuman brain mapping
Publication Begin page1019
Publication End page39
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractRecent studies have linked alcoholism with a dysfunctional neural reward system. Although several electrophysiological studies have explored reward processing in healthy individuals, such studies in alcohol-dependent individuals are quite rare. The present study examines theta oscillations during reward processing in abstinent alcoholics. The electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded in 38 abstinent alcoholics and 38 healthy controls as they performed a single outcome gambling task, which involved outcomes of either loss or gain of an amount (10 or 50¢) that was bet. Event-related theta band (3.0-7.0 Hz) power following each outcome stimulus was computed using the S-transform method. Theta power at the time window of the outcome-related negativity (ORN) and positivity (ORP) (200-500 ms) was compared across groups and outcome conditions. Additionally, behavioral data of impulsivity and task performance were analyzed. The alcoholic group showed significantly decreased theta power during reward processing compared to controls. Current source density (CSD) maps of alcoholics revealed weaker and diffuse source activity for all conditions and weaker bilateral prefrontal sources during the Loss 50 condition when compared with controls who manifested stronger and focused midline sources. Furthermore, alcoholics exhibited increased impulsivity and risk-taking on the behavioral measures. A strong association between reduced anterior theta power and impulsive task-performance was observed. It is suggested that decreased power and weaker and diffuse CSD in alcoholics may be due to dysfunctional neural reward circuitry. The relationship among alcoholism, theta oscillations, reward processing, and impulsivity could offer clues to understand brain circuitries that mediate reward processing and inhibitory control.
CitationKamarajan C, Rangaswamy M, Manz N, Chorlian DB, Pandey AK, Roopesh BN, Porjesz B. Topography, power, and current source density of θ oscillations during reward processing as markers for alcohol dependence. Hum Brain Mapp. 2012 May;33(5):1019-39. doi: 10.1002/hbm.21267. Epub 2011 Apr 21. PMID: 21520344; PMCID: PMC3763910.
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