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dc.contributor.authorPandey, Gayathri
dc.contributor.authorSeay, Michael J
dc.contributor.authorMeyers, Jacquelyn L
dc.contributor.authorChorlian, David B
dc.contributor.authorPandey, Ashwini K
dc.contributor.authorKamarajan, Chella
dc.contributor.authorEhrenberg, Morton
dc.contributor.authorPitti, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorKinreich, Sivan
dc.contributor.authorSubbie-Saenz de Viteri, Stacey
dc.contributor.authorAcion, Laura
dc.contributor.authorAnokhin, Andrey
dc.contributor.authorBauer, Lance
dc.contributor.authorChan, Grace
dc.contributor.authorEdenberg, Howard
dc.contributor.authorHesselbrock, Victor
dc.contributor.authorKuperman, Samuel
dc.contributor.authorMcCutcheon, Vivia V
dc.contributor.authorBucholz, Kathleen K
dc.contributor.authorSchuckit, Marc
dc.contributor.authorPorjesz, Bernice
dc.identifier.citationPandey G, Seay MJ, Meyers JL, Chorlian DB, Pandey AK, Kamarajan C, Ehrenberg M, Pitti D, Kinreich S, Subbie-Saenz de Viteri S, Acion L, Anokhin A, Bauer L, Chan G, Edenberg H, Hesselbrock V, Kuperman S, McCutcheon VV, Bucholz KK, Schuckit M, Porjesz B. Density and Dichotomous Family History Measures of Alcohol Use Disorder as Predictors of Behavioral and Neural Phenotypes: A Comparative Study Across Gender and Race/Ethnicity. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2020 Mar;44(3):697-710. doi: 10.1111/acer.14280. Epub 2020 Feb 18. PMID: 31957047; PMCID: PMC8357185.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Family history (FH) is an important risk factor for the development of alcohol use disorder (AUD). A variety of dichotomous and density measures of FH have been used to predict alcohol outcomes; yet, a systematic comparison of these FH measures is lacking. We compared 4 density and 4 commonly used dichotomous FH measures and examined variations by gender and race/ethnicity in their associations with age of onset of regular drinking, parietal P3 amplitude to visual target, and likelihood of developing AUD. Methods: Data from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) were utilized to compute the density and dichotomous measures. Only subjects and their family members with DSM-5 AUD diagnostic information obtained through direct interviews using the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA) were included in the study. Area under receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare the diagnostic accuracy of FH measures at classifying DSM-5 AUD diagnosis. Logistic and linear regression models were used to examine associations of FH measures with alcohol outcomes. Results: Density measures had greater diagnostic accuracy at classifying AUD diagnosis, whereas dichotomous measures presented diagnostic accuracy closer to random chance. Both dichotomous and density measures were significantly associated with likelihood of AUD, early onset of regular drinking, and low parietal P3 amplitude, but density measures presented consistently more robust associations. Further, variations in these associations were observed such that among males (vs. females) and Whites (vs. Blacks), associations of alcohol outcomes with density (vs. dichotomous) measures were greater in magnitude. Conclusions: Density (vs. dichotomous) measures seem to present more robust associations with alcohol outcomes. However, associations of dichotomous and density FH measures with different alcohol outcomes (behavioral vs. neural) varied across gender and race/ethnicity. These findings have great applicability for alcohol research examining FH of AUD.en_US
dc.rights© 2020 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectAlcohol Use Disorderen_US
dc.subjectFamily Historyen_US
dc.subjectRisk and Developmenten_US
dc.titleDensity and Dichotomous Family History Measures of Alcohol Use Disorder as Predictors of Behavioral and Neural Phenotypes: A Comparative Study Across Gender and Race/Ethnicity.en_US
dc.source.journaltitleAlcoholism, clinical and experimental researchen_US
dc.source.countryUnited States
dc.description.institutionSUNY Downstateen_US
dc.description.departmentHenri Begleiter Neurodynamics Laboratoryen_US
dc.identifier.journalAlcoholism, clinical and experimental research

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© 2020 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2020 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.