Statistical Nonparametric fMRI Maps in the Analysis of Response Inhibition in Abstinent Individuals with History of Alcohol Use Disorder.
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AuthorPandey, Ashwini Kumar
Ardekani, Babak Assai
Byrne, Kelly Nicole-Helen
Meyers, Jacquelyn Leigh
Chorlian, David Balin
Stimus, Arthur T
common cognitive control network mechanisms
right hemisphere inhibition network
Journal titleBehavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland)
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractInhibitory impairments may persist after abstinence in individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Using traditional statistical parametric mapping (SPM) fMRI analysis, which requires data to satisfy parametric assumptions often difficult to satisfy in biophysical system as brain, studies have reported equivocal findings on brain areas responsible for response inhibition, and activation abnormalities during inhibition found in AUD persist after abstinence. Research is warranted using newer analysis approaches. fMRI scans were acquired during a Go/NoGo task from 30 abstinent male AUD and 30 healthy control participants with the objectives being (1) to characterize neuronal substrates associated with response inhibition using a rigorous nonparametric permutation-based fMRI analysis and (2) to determine whether these regions were differentially activated between abstinent AUD and control participants. A blood oxygen level dependent contrast analysis showed significant activation in several right cortical regions and deactivation in some left cortical regions during successful inhibition. The largest source of variance in activation level was due to group differences. The findings provide evidence of cortical substrates employed during response inhibition. The largest variance was explained by lower activation in inhibition as well as ventral attentional cortical networks in abstinent individuals with AUD, which were not found to be associated with length of abstinence, age, or impulsiveness.
CitationPandey AK, Ardekani BA, Byrne KN, Kamarajan C, Zhang J, Pandey G, Meyers JL, Kinreich S, Chorlian DB, Kuang W, Stimus AT, Porjesz B. Statistical Nonparametric fMRI Maps in the Analysis of Response Inhibition in Abstinent Individuals with History of Alcohol Use Disorder. Behav Sci (Basel). 2022 Apr 21;12(5):121. doi: 10.3390/bs12050121. PMID: 35621418; PMCID: PMC9137506.
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