The Psychological Impact of the Juvenile Justice System on Juvenile Offenders who Reenter Society
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AuthorRichard, Kersha L.
KeywordMental Health Conditions--Juveniles
Juvenile Justice System
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractMajority of juveniles within the US juvenile justice system suffer from mental health issues and labeling after incarceration which are mostly related to their recidivism (Baglivio et al., 2017; Lee et al., 2017). This paper identifies the psychological effects of the juvenile justice system on the offenders by focusing on the labeling theory. Furthermore, this paper explores the impact of labeling on juveniles’ preconceptions about themselves, and whether these preconceptions influence juveniles' recidivism rates. This paper uses meta-analysis of 20 empirical studies. Researchers suggest a reformation of juvenile justice policies, which address the issue of the length of stay and mental health outcomes of juvenile offenders who have been incarcerated (Gandelman et al., 2020; Gonzalez et al., 2017). In addition, positive appraisals, youth involvement in a community-based program, employment opportunities, and education could help reduce their recidivism by addressing juveniles' low self-esteem and low self-worth because of labeling (Abrams et al., 2011; Kroska et al., 2017; Miller et al., 2019). The results from this paper could help improve juvenile's mental health issues, combat social labeling on them, and reduce their recidivism rates.
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