In Vivo Reflectance Confocal Microscopy as a Response Monitoring Tool for Actinic Keratoses Undergoing Cryotherapy and Photodynamic Therapy.
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Myrdal, Caitlyn N
Legat, Franz Josef
Oliviero, Margaret C
reflectance confocal microscopy
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AbstractReflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) presents a non-invasive method to image actinic keratosis (AK) at a cellular level. However, RCM criteria for AK response monitoring vary across studies and a universal, standardized approach is lacking. We aimed to identify reliable AK response criteria and to compare the clinical and RCM evaluation of responses across AK severity grades. Twenty patients were included and randomized to receive either cryotherapy ( = 10) or PDT ( = 10). Clinical assessment and RCM evaluation of 12 criteria were performed in AK lesions and photodamaged skin at baseline, 3 and 6 months. We identified the RCM criteria that reliably characterize AK at baseline and display significant reduction following treatment. Those with the highest baseline odds ratio (OR), good interobserver agreement, and most significant change over time were atypical honeycomb pattern (OR: 12.7, CI: 5.7-28.1), hyperkeratosis (OR: 13.6, CI: 5.3-34.9), stratum corneum disruption (OR: 7.8, CI: 3.5-17.3), and disarranged epidermal pattern (OR: 6.5, CI: 2.9-14.8). Clinical evaluation demonstrated a significant treatment response without relapse. However, in grade 2 AK, 10/12 RCM parameters increased from 3 to 6 months, which suggested early subclinical recurrence detection by RCM. Incorporating standardized RCM protocols for the assessment of AK may enable a more meaningful comparison across clinical trials, while allowing for the early detection of relapses and evaluation of biological responses to therapy over time.
CitationCuriel-Lewandrowski C, Myrdal CN, Saboda K, Hu C, Arzberger E, Pellacani G, Legat FJ, Ulrich M, Hochfellner P, Oliviero MC, Pasquali P, Gill M, Hofmann-Wellenhof R. In Vivo Reflectance Confocal Microscopy as a Response Monitoring Tool for Actinic Keratoses Undergoing Cryotherapy and Photodynamic Therapy. Cancers (Basel). 2021 Oct 31;13(21):5488. doi: 10.3390/cancers13215488. PMID: 34771651; PMCID: PMC8583298.
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