Spatial and temporal trends of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other traffic-related airborne pollutants in New York City.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorNarváez, Rafael F
Chillrud, Steven N
Perera, Frederica P
Kinney, Patrick L
Miller, Rachel L
Journal titleEnvironmental science & technology
Publication Begin page7330
Publication End page5
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractTraffic-related air pollutants have been associated with adverse health effects. We hypothesized that exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), elemental carbon (EC, diesel indicator), particulate matter (PM2.5), and a suite of metals declined from 1998 to 2006 in NYC due to policy interventions. PAH levels from personal monitoring of pregnant mothers participating in the Columbia's Center for Children's Environmental Health birth cohort study, and EC, PM2.5, and metal data from five New York State Department of Environmental Conservation stationary monitors were compared across sites and over time (1998-2006). Univariate analysis showed a decrease in personal PAHs exposures from 1998 to 2006 (p < 0.0001). After controlling for environmental tobacco smoke, indoor heat, and cooking, year of personal monitoring remained a predictor of decline in sigmaPAHs (beta = -0.269, p < 0.001). Linear trend analysis also suggested that PM2.5 declined (p = 0.09). Concentrations of EC and most metals measured by stationary site monitors, as measured by ANOVA, did not decline. Across stationary sites, levels of airborne EC and metals varied considerably. By contrast PM2.5 levels were highly intercorrelated (values ranged from 0.725 to 0.922, p < 0.01). Further policy initiatives targeting traffic-related air pollutants may be needed for a greater impact on public health.
CitationNarváez RF, Hoepner L, Chillrud SN, Yan B, Garfinkel R, Whyatt R, Camann D, Perera FP, Kinney PL, Miller RL. Spatial and temporal trends of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other traffic-related airborne pollutants in New York City. Environ Sci Technol. 2008 Oct 1;42(19):7330-5. doi: 10.1021/es801273h. PMID: 18939566; PMCID: PMC2582012.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
- Time trends of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure in New York City from 2001 to 2012: assessed by repeat air and urine samples.
- Authors: Jung KH, Liu B, Lovinsky-Desir S, Yan B, Camann D, Sjodin A, Li Z, Perera F, Kinney P, Chillrud S, Miller RL
- Issue date: 2014 May
- Personal and ambient exposures to air toxics in Camden, New Jersey.
- Authors: Lioy PJ, Fan Z, Zhang J, Georgopoulos P, Wang SW, Ohman-Strickland P, Wu X, Zhu X, Harrington J, Tang X, Meng Q, Jung KH, Kwon J, Hernandez M, Bonnano L, Held J, Neal J, HEI Health Review Committee
- Issue date: 2011 Aug
- Spatial variation in diesel-related elemental and organic PM(2.5) components during workweek hours across a downtown core.
- Authors: Tunno BJ, Shmool JLC, Michanowicz DR, Tripathy S, Chubb LG, Kinnee E, Cambal L, Roper C, Clougherty JE
- Issue date: 2016 Dec 15
- Evaluating heterogeneity in indoor and outdoor air pollution using land-use regression and constrained factor analysis.
- Authors: Levy JI, Clougherty JE, Baxter LK, Houseman EA, Paciorek CJ, HEI Health Review Committee
- Issue date: 2010 Dec
- Air toxics exposure from vehicle emissions at a U.S. border crossing: Buffalo Peace Bridge Study.
- Authors: Spengler J, Lwebuga-Mukasa J, Vallarino J, Melly S, Chillrud S, Baker J, Minegishi T
- Issue date: 2011 Jul