Vinyl flooring in the home is associated with children's airborne butylbenzyl phthalate and urinary metabolite concentrations.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorJust, Allan C
Miller, Rachel L
Perzanowski, Matthew S
Rundle, Andrew G
Jung, Kyung Hwa
Camann, David E
Calafat, Antonia M
Perera, Frederica P
Whyatt, Robin M
Journal titleJournal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology
Publication Begin page574
Publication End page9
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractPrior studies have shown that vinyl flooring as well as the vinyl-softening plasticizers butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP) and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are associated with asthma and airway inflammation. Although DEHP exposure is primarily dietary, whether home vinyl flooring contributes to indoor air and urinary metabolite concentrations for these two phthalates is unclear. Exposures to BBzP and DEHP were examined in a prospective birth cohort of New York City children (n=239) using: (i) visual observation of potential phthalate containing flooring, (ii) a 2-week home indoor air sample, and (iii) concurrent urinary metabolites in a subset (n=193). The category "vinyl or linoleum" flooring was observed in 135 (56%) of monitored rooms; these rooms had statistically significantly higher indoor air geometric mean concentrations of BBzP (23.9 ng/m(3)) than rooms with wood or carpet flooring (10.6 ng/m(3)). Children from homes with "vinyl or linoleum" flooring also had significantly higher urinary BBzP metabolite concentrations than other children. Indoor air BBzP and urinary metabolite concentrations were correlated positively (Spearman's rho 0.40). By contrast, indoor air DEHP was not associated with flooring type nor with its urinary metabolite concentrations. Vinyl flooring in the home may be an important source of children's exposure to BBzP via indoor air.
CitationJust AC, Miller RL, Perzanowski MS, Rundle AG, Chen Q, Jung KH, Hoepner L, Camann DE, Calafat AM, Perera FP, Whyatt RM. Vinyl flooring in the home is associated with children's airborne butylbenzyl phthalate and urinary metabolite concentrations. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2015 Nov-Dec;25(6):574-9. doi: 10.1038/jes.2015.4. Epub 2015 Feb 18. PMID: 25690585; PMCID: PMC4540696.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
- Children's exposure to phthalates and non-phthalate plasticizers in the home: The TESIE study.
- Authors: Hammel SC, Levasseur JL, Hoffman K, Phillips AL, Lorenzo AM, Calafat AM, Webster TF, Stapleton HM
- Issue date: 2019 Nov
- Phthalates and organophosphates in settled dust and HVAC filter dust of U.S. low-income homes: Association with season, building characteristics, and childhood asthma.
- Authors: Bi C, Maestre JP, Li H, Zhang G, Givehchi R, Mahdavi A, Kinney KA, Siegel J, Horner SD, Xu Y
- Issue date: 2018 Dec
- Children's urinary phthalate metabolites and fractional exhaled nitric oxide in an urban cohort.
- Authors: Just AC, Whyatt RM, Miller RL, Rundle AG, Chen Q, Calafat AM, Divjan A, Rosa MJ, Zhang H, Perera FP, Goldstein IF, Perzanowski MS
- Issue date: 2012 Nov 1
- Migration of DEHP and DINP into dust from PVC flooring products at different surface temperature.
- Authors: Jeon S, Kim KT, Choi K
- Issue date: 2016 Mar 15
- PVC flooring is related to human uptake of phthalates in infants.
- Authors: Carlstedt F, Jönsson BA, Bornehag CG
- Issue date: 2013 Feb