Behavioral Efficacy of a Sexual Health Mobile App for Men Who Have Sex With Men: Randomized Controlled Trial of Mobile Messaging for Men.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorSullivan, Patrick Sean
Mehta, Cyra Christina
Bauermeister, Jose A
Chiasson, Mary Ann
Downing, Martin J
Olansky, Evelyn Jolene
Rogers, Erin Q
Siegler, Aaron J
men who have sex with men
randomized clinical trial
Journal titleJournal of medical Internet research
Publication Begin pagee34574
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) face the highest burden of HIV in the United States, and there is a paucity of efficacious mobile health (mHealth) HIV prevention and care interventions tailored specifically for GBMSM. We tested a mobile app combining prevention messages and access to core prevention services for GBMSM. Objective: This study aims to measure the efficacy of the Mobile Messaging for Men (M-cubed) app and related services to increase HIV prevention and care behaviors in diverse US GBMSM. Methods: We conducted a randomized open-label study with a waitlist control group among GBMSM in 3 groups (low-risk HIV-negative group, high-risk HIV-negative group, and living-with-HIV [LWH] group) recruited online and in venues in Atlanta, Detroit, and New York City. Participants were randomly assigned to receive access to the app immediately or at 9 months after randomization. The app provided prevention messages in 6 domains of sexual health and offered ordering of at-home HIV and sexually transmitted infection test kits, receiving preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) evaluations and navigation, and service locators. Serostatus- and risk-specific prevention outcomes were evaluated at baseline, at the end of the intervention period, and at 3, 6, and 9 months after the intervention period. Results: In total, 1226 GBMSM were enrolled and randomized; of these 611 (49.84%) were assigned to the intervention group and 608 (99.51%) were analyzed, while 615 (50.16%) were assigned to the control group and 612 (99.51%) were analyzed. For high-risk GBMSM, allocation to the intervention arm was associated with higher odds of HIV testing during the intervention period (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.02, 95% CI 1.11-3.66) and with higher odds of using PrEP in the 3 months after the intervention period (aOR 2.41, 95% CI 1.00-5.76, P<.05). No changes in HIV prevention or care were associated with allocation to the intervention arm for the low-risk HIV-negative and LWH groups. Conclusions: Access to the M-cubed app was associated with increased HIV testing and PrEP use among high-risk HIV-negative GBMSM in 3 US cities. The app could be made available through funded HIV prevention providers; additional efforts are needed to understand optimal strategies to implement the app outside of the research setting. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03666247; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03666247. International registered report identifier (irrid): RR2-10.2196/16439.
CitationSullivan PS, Stephenson R, Hirshfield S, Mehta CC, Zahn R, Bauermeister JA, Horvath K, Chiasson MA, Gelaude D, Mullin S, Downing MJ Jr, Olansky EJ, Wiatrek S, Rogers EQ, Rosenberg E, Siegler AJ, Mansergh G. Behavioral Efficacy of a Sexual Health Mobile App for Men Who Have Sex With Men: Randomized Controlled Trial of Mobile Messaging for Men. J Med Internet Res. 2022 Feb 2;24(2):e34574. doi: 10.2196/34574. PMID: 35025755; PMCID: PMC8851328.
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as ©Patrick Sean Sullivan, Rob Stephenson, Sabina Hirshfield, Cyra Christina Mehta, Ryan Zahn, Jose A Bauermeister, Keith Horvath, Mary Ann Chiasson, Deborah Gelaude, Shelby Mullin, Martin J Downing Jr, Evelyn Jolene Olansky, Sarah Wiatrek, Erin Q Rogers, Eli Rosenberg, Aaron J Siegler, Gordon Mansergh. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (https://www.jmir.org), 02.02.2022.
- HIV Prevention Via Mobile Messaging for Men Who Have Sex With Men (M-Cubed): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.
- Authors: Sullivan PS, Zahn RJ, Wiatrek S, Chandler CJ, Hirshfield S, Stephenson R, Bauermeister JA, Chiasson MA, Downing MJ Jr, Gelaude DJ, Siegler AJ, Horvath K, Rogers E, Alas A, Olansky EJ, Saul H, Rosenberg ES, Mansergh G
- Issue date: 2019 Nov 15
- Effect of a Popular Web Drama Video Series on HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing Among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men in Singapore: Community-Based, Pragmatic, Randomized Controlled Trial.
- Authors: Tan RKJ, Koh WL, Le D, Banerjee S, Chio MT, Chan RKW, Wong CM, Tai BC, Wong ML, Cook AR, Chen MI, Wong CS
- Issue date: 2022 May 6
- Video selection and assessment for an app-based HIV prevention messaging intervention: formative research.
- Authors: Downing MJ Jr, Wiatrek SE, Zahn RJ, Mansergh G, Olansky E, Gelaude D, Sullivan PS, Stephenson R, Siegler AJ, Bauermeister J, Horvath KJ, Chiasson MA, Yoon IS, Houang ST, Hernandez AJ, Hirshfield S
- Issue date: 2023
- Clinic-Integrated Smartphone App (JomPrEP) to Improve Uptake of HIV Testing and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Malaysia: Mixed Methods Evaluation of Usability and Acceptability.
- Authors: Shrestha R, Altice FL, Khati A, Azwa I, Gautam K, Gupta S, Sullivan PS, Ni Z, Kamarulzaman A, Phiphatkunarnon P, Wickersham JA
- Issue date: 2023 Feb 16
- Development and Evaluation of a Mobile App Designed to Increase HIV Testing and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States: Open Pilot Trial.
- Authors: Biello KB, Hill-Rorie J, Valente PK, Futterman D, Sullivan PS, Hightow-Weidman L, Muessig K, Dormitzer J, Mimiaga MJ, Mayer KH
- Issue date: 2021 Mar 24