Racial disparities in substance abuse treatment and the ecological fallacy.
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Wexler, Harry K
Cleland, Charles M
Journal titleJournal of ethnicity in substance abuse
Publication Begin page226
Publication End page45
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis study examined engagement in treatment in substance abuse treatment programs that treated primarily either African American or White clients. Findings showed higher levels of engagement in White programs; however, engagement of African Americans in White programs was similar to that of Whites and was greater than Whites in African American programs. No significant differences emerged when a mixed model analysis considered additional variables of staff consensus (regarding treatment elements), treatment climate, acceptance of Medicaid clients, the proportion mandated to treatment, and the quality of the physical space. Although African American programs may show poorer levels of engagement than White programs, attribution of engagement in treatment to client level race/ethnicity should be made with caution.
CitationMelnick G, Duncan A, Thompson A, Wexler HK, Chaple M, Cleland CM. Racial disparities in substance abuse treatment and the ecological fallacy. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 2011;10(3):226-45. doi: 10.1080/15332640.2011.600201. PMID: 21888500; PMCID: PMC5849430.
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