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dc.contributor.authorJofre, Ana
dc.contributor.authorCole, Josh
dc.contributor.authorBerardi, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorBennett, Carl
dc.contributor.authorReale, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-14T21:50:33Z
dc.date.available2022-04-14T21:50:33Z
dc.date.issued2020-03-16
dc.identifier.citationJofre, Ana, Josh Cole, Vincent Berardi, Carl Bennett, and Michael Reale. 2020. “What’s in a Face? Gender Representation of Faces in Time, 1940s-1990s.” Journal of Cultural Analytics 5 (1). https://doi.org/10.22148/001c.12266.en_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.22148/001c.12266
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12648/7154
dc.description.abstractWe extracted 327,322 faces from an archive of Time magazine containing 3,389 issues dating from 1923 to 2014, classified the gender of each extracted face, and discovered that the proportion of female faces contained within this archive varied in interesting ways over time. The proportion of female faces first peaked in the mid-to-late 1940s. This was followed by a dip lasting from the mid-1950s to the early 1960s. The 1970s saw another peak followed by a dip over the course of the 1980s. Finally, we see a slow and steady rise in the proportion of female faces from the early 1990s onwards. In this paper, we seek to make sense of these variations through an interdisciplinary framework drawing on psychology, visual studies (in particular, photography theory), and history. Through a close reading of our Time archive from the 1940s through the 1990s, we conclude that the visual representation of women in Time magazine correlates with attitudes toward women in both the historical context of the era and the textual content of the magazine.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJournal of Cultural Analyticsen_US
dc.subjectGender representationen_US
dc.subjectTime Magazineen_US
dc.subjectAttitudes toward womenen_US
dc.subjectPhotography theoryen_US
dc.subjectTime Magazine archives, 1940s to 1990sen_US
dc.subjectPsychologyen_US
dc.subjectVisual studiesen_US
dc.subjectHistoryen_US
dc.subjectWomen's studiesen_US
dc.subjectGender studiesen_US
dc.subjectGender equalityen_US
dc.subjectSocial equalityen_US
dc.titleWhat’s in a Face? Gender Representation of Faces in Time, 1940s-1990sen_US
dc.typeArticle/Reviewen_US
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of Cultural Analyticsen_US
dc.description.versionVoRen_US
dc.description.institutionSUNY Polytechnic Instituteen_US
dc.description.departmentCommunications and Humanities Departmenten_US
dc.description.degreelevelN/Aen_US


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