• An Agent-Based Model of a Highway On-Ramp

      Jones, Keith; Davidson, Kevin I. (2022)
      Mathematical modeling is a tool often used by researchers to investigate research questions in a cost- efficient manner. While traditional modeling methods focused on constructing equations to represent aggregate properties of a system, in recent decades a new approach – agent-based modeling (or ABM) – has gained in popularity (Bonabeau, 2002) as usage of computers has become more prevalent. The difference between ABM and traditional modeling is, in part, conceptual. ABM takes a ground-up approach, with researchers indicating parameters for the behavior of individual agents (Bonabeau, 2002). The behavior of the system, then, is reimagined as the result of the interactions of these agents, as opposed to earlier top-down approaches that modeled the behavior of the system directly. This makes agent-based modeling particularly suited for capturing emergent phenomena (Bonabeau, 2002). Additionally, ABM is better suited for applications in which it makes more sense to consider the behavior of individual entities, not the entire system (Bonabeau, 2002). Because of these benefits, one typical application of ABM is in modeling traffic systems (Benhamza et al., 2012). Traffic itself is an emergent phenomenon – traffic jams, for example, can move in the opposite direction of the cars that cause them (Bazghandi, 2012). Studying traffic is of utmost concern as traffic jams can cause considerable safety and efficiency concerns. Because any sizeable infrastructure change is expensive to implement, policymakers and researchers alike benefit from the efficiency of modeling. In the current study, the student researcher is developing an agent-based traffic model using the Python-based ABM program Mesa (Version 2.0; Kazil et al., 2021). The model consists of a two-lane highway with an on-ramp, and car agents driving on this highway. Whereas other studies have focused on physical features of the roadway (Benhamza et al., 2012), the intent of this study is to examine behavior. Planned analyses involve comparing three possible behavioral responses (maintaining speed and lane, changing lanes, and slowing) to cars merging from the on-ramp. While slowing or changing lanes may seem more “courteous”, these behaviors may be less predictable to other motorists, producing a negative effect on the traffic system. Thus, it is predicted that maintaining speed and lane is ideal for safety and efficiency, defined here in terms of number of model steps before an accident and difference between average actual speed and average desired speed.
    • Count It: Australia, A Three Week Summer Camp Program for the Global Growth of the WNBA

      Fallon-Korb, Andrea; Gibbons, Natalia (2022)
      This poster examines the effects of the wage gap on gender inequality in professional basketball, and proposes a global summer camp program with the goal of helping close this wage gap. The fundamental cause of the wage gap between the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) and the National Basketball Association (NBA) is the revenue-share model. In this case, there was an 80-20 revenue split in the WNBA (players receive 20% of the leagues revenue), and a 50-50 revenue split in the NBA (players receive 50% of the leagues revenue). This has been the source of many issues for the WNBA, and they decided to attempt to fix it in January of 2020 by signing a new collective bargaining agreement. This agreement promised players a 50-50 revenue split, as soon as the WNBA can become profitable. As of the 2021 WNBA season, the league is still not profitable, and they only exist because they are subsidized by the NBA. In order to help the WNBA become profitable and begin to pay their athletes what they have promised, I have created a summer camp program titled Count It: Australia. Count It: Australia is going to be a three-week summer basketball camp program for Australian boys and girls ages 6-16. The name "Count It: Australia" was chosen so the camp can be consistent with the current Count It campaign that the WNBA implemented for their 25th season. Each week of the camp will take place in a different Australian city, and the WNBA players will join forces with the WNBL (Women's National Basketball League) team of that city. The WNBL is the professional women's basketball league in Australia. The camp program will run from October 31st- November 19th, 2022, and will be held in Perth, Melbourne, and Sydney, respectively. These three cities were chosen because they each have a WNBL team, and they are three of the most populated cities in Australia. The camp itself will run from Monday to Friday, and each week there will be an exhibition game held on Saturday between the WNBA and WNBL teams. Count It: Australia can help the WNBA close the wage gap and pay their athletes 50% of the leagues revenue. If the program can reach its goals, revenue from new fans and broadcast agreements could generate money for the WNBA. Globalizing was the desired approach for this because it has already worked for the NBA, and helped the league grow tremendously since the 1980s. Additionally, if this program proves to be successful it is one that can be replicated in other countries for similar effects. Count It: Australia is just the beginning of a global future for the WNBA; and will simultaneously assist the league in achieving a 50-50 revenue split for their athletes.
    • Development of a Life Skill and Sport Curriculum for Girls

      Griffes, Katherine; Terrell, Kelsey; Browne, Darion; Patafio, Aidan (2022)
      Getting a move on girls' sports: Empowering girls through sport and physical activity program is an initiative to get young women physically active while learning, understanding, and demonstrating life skills during and outside participation in the program. This project serves to enable young women to feel confident in their ability to participate in sports without the bias of societal views telling them what they should or should not be doing. Our current research is focusing on curriculum design, focusing on how to teach life skills, confidence, and body positivity to girls in our community as well as providing young women with outlets and resources related to healthy lifestyles that they would not have otherwise. Beyond designing the camp curriculum, we have also designed a counselor training program, helping college students understand how to teach life skills in sport. By participating in our training program, counselors will have an opportunity to learn the importance of incorporating sport and life skills into the lives of young women as well as developing strategies to use sport to promote healthy lifestyles. This is a pilot test for a recurring summer program, where we will be evaluating the effectiveness of the program. The program will be adapted based on findings from the data analysis as needed. Results will be published and presented at regional or national conferences providing additional resources for other sports practitioners. The curriculum design is based on the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility Model, helping young participants recognize how their behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes impact not only their own development, but the people around them. The curriculum will teach key concepts such as accountability, respect, communication, teamwork, confidence, self-esteem, persistence, and positive body image. By learning what these concepts mean, as well as how they can impact sport, physical activity, and daily life, we hope to instill into our participants' strategies to help them be positive members of society. Teaching these skills through a sports lens should give the participants confidence and joy in living a healthy lifestyle. The camp counselor curriculum will focus on how to implement these skills, including positive modeling, how to give feedback, and learning how to utilize teachable moments in sport settings. We will collect data from the counselors before and after their curriculum implementation, in order to see what their current views on life skills are, and how their views change or grow based on what they learned through our curriculum.
    • FeelGood Scrubs (ESRAP Student Merchandising Competition)

      Ramkumar, Bharath; Dunfield, Erin (2022)
      As of 2017, there were 18 million healthcare workers in the United States, with healthcare being named the fastest growing sector of the U.S. economy. The effects of COVID-19 have resulted in a high demand for medical apparel in today’s new age of sustainable consumerism, with the healthcare apparel market projected to reach 1.45 billion USD by 2027. This conceptual project introduces a socially responsible fashion retailer called FeelGood Scrubs that addresses the growing need for sustainable high-quality clothing for medical professionals. This project was selected as a finalist in the international student merchandising competition organized by Educators for Socially Responsible Apparel Practices (ESRAP). FeelGood Scrubs is an e-commerce platform committed to mindfully creating long-lasting apparel for medical professionals to wear on the job and off without sacrificing transparency, circularity, design, philanthropy, or inclusivity. We sell primarily through our website and app direct-to-consumer as well as wholesale to hospitals, medical schools, and other medical institutions. We want medical professionals to feel good in and feel good about their scrubs. With light-weight design made from 100% biodegradable or recyclable materials and maximum functionality, we promise to help preserve the planet while frontline workers save lives in their FeelGood scrubs. Our goal as a brand is to create a climate positive and fully transparent supply chain that brings the highest quality, fashion forward scrubs to frontline workers across the world at an affordable price by 2025.
    • Follow the Narcissist – Dark Triad Traits and Their Association to Involvement and Leadership on Campus

      Lau, Katherine; Le, Jennifer U.; Proux, Sydney (2022)
      The Dark Triad Traits (DTT); psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism; characterize selfish and antisocial people who are interpersonally manipulative and exploitative. They prioritize their own self-interests over others’ needs and have strong desires for power, respect, and dominance. Despite being primarily maladaptive, adaptive characteristics that make them more likely to achieve leadership positions include assertiveness, charisma, boldness, and low anxiety (Lilienfield, 2015; Vergauwe, 2021; Galvin et al., 2010; Kessler et al., 2010). These adaptive traits facilitate excelling in group-oriented occupational settings like police departments (Falkenbach et al., 2017), corporations (Babiak, Neuman, & Hare, 2010), and the military (Harms, Sprain, & Hannah, 2011). The purpose of the present study is to examine the unique associations between DTT with involvement in campus activities and leadership positions. Based on prior research (Jonason et al., 2016), we hypothesize that psychopathy and Machiavellianism will be negatively correlated with campus involvement, whereas narcissism will be positively correlated with involvement. We also hypothesize that psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism will be positively correlated with leadership, due to their shared adaptive interpersonal skills of charm. Lastly, we hypothesize that after controlling for shared characteristics, psychopathy and Machiavellianism will independently negatively predict involvement, whereas narcissism will positively predict involvement; and all DTT will independently positively predict leadership. Participants were a sample of 419 undergraduates (82.6% white, 70.6% female), ranging in age from 18 to 35 (M = 19.21) from a northeastern university. Participants completed self-report questionnaires. To measure the dark triad, the Short Dark Triad (Jones & Paulhus, 2014) was used. To measure campus involvement and leadership positions, the College Student Experiences Questionnaire (Zhao, 2002) was used. Results showed that Machiavellianism and narcissism scores independently predicted campus involvement. In contrast, psychopathy scores independently predicted less campus involvement. Results also showed that narcissism and Machiavellianism scores independently predicted greater reports of being in leadership positions, whereas psychopathy was not associated with leadership. These findings support Machiavellian and narcissistic desires to become engaged in and dominate organizations on their undergraduate campuses to fuel needs of control and acclaim (Packer et al., 2021), whereas psychopathy does not significantly correlate with involvement or leadership. Unsurprisingly, psychopathy uniquely predicts lower rates of taking part in campus extracurricular activities, possibly due to its impulsive nature sabotaging efficient collaboration with other members within these campus clubs or teams (Neo et al., 2016).
    • Giving a Red Card to Racism

      Fallon-Korb, Andrea; Nolan, Sean; Pocze, Steve; Wurtz, Brandon (2022)
      Giving a Red Card to Racism is a poster displaying the obvious racist remarks and banners that plague our everyday sporting events. The poster contains charts depicting the steady rise of racism in sports, and even displays which sports are the worst. The poster contains stories of how racism has caused sporting events to be canceled, postponed or even moved to a different location. Fans have been using banners and slurs more often to make players feel uncomfortable, yet this has no right in sports. Fans are also turning to social media and calling players awful names and many of these incidents have gone viral and ended in jail time or severe fines or other penalties. Giving a Red Card to Racism believes that creating an app on your phone and reporting racist acts or words in your nearby sections can help limit the number of acts that occur. Stadiums can work together with the app and hire extra security that can be on call for when a racist act is reported. Fans that get reported, get escorted out of the arena and pay a fine. Fans who commit multiple acts pay heavier fines and even have to complete training on racism and why what they are saying is wrong. If a fan commits too many racist acts, the arena can permanently ban them and rightfully so. This project is aimed at eliminating racism in sports and allowing players to focus on playing the game they love and performing in front of the fans that they love.
    • Impacts of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Release in the United States

      Bauer, Paul; Conte, Logan (2022)
      In this paper, I estimate the price of crude oil before and after the announcement of strategic petroleum reserve (SPR) release in the United States and the effect on oil markets. To predict the announcement effect associated with SPR activity, I utilize US Energy Information Administration NYMEX Futures Prices to indicate if oil markets anticipated the announcement by US President Joe Biden to release fifty-million barrels of oil. I create a multivariate regression to calculate weekly change of futures price starting a month before and after announcement. To measure the effectiveness of the SPR, a vector autoregression model will be created to estimate crude oil price change relative to periodic release from the SPR, while controlling for world oil production, import volume, and price lags. Expected findings based on previous research suggests the extent of SPR effectiveness is dependent on the magnitude of the oil shock.
    • Making Sense: Inclusive and Multi-Sensory Activities at Pathfinder Village School

      Boardman, Kathryn; Booth Trudo, Thaddeus; DelDuca, Nick; Johnson, Mary; Jordan, Wilkes; McGee, Megan; Magan, Shyia; Snyder, Cait; Tubbs, Sybil (2022)
      Pathfinder Village School, part of the Pathfinder Village in Edmeston, NY, aims to support children, teenagers, and young adults with Down syndrome and developmental disabilities teaching them about community while gaining independence. As part of our coursework in Applied Education and Interpretation—a course focusing on creating inclusive informal education programming in a nonprofit setting—we created and facilitated three educational activities for the school’s 22 students. Divided into three classes, the students’ ages range from 6 to 21. Each student has different cognitive and physical capabilities, so the activities had to engage multiple senses, while being adaptable to different ages and physical ability while being. The activities were not only supposed to be a fun break from their school day, but also reinforce what they were practicing and learning in class. With such a unique audience, we needed to experience what learning techniques were most effective in the classroom, as well as what the students loved to do for fun. After visiting with the students, observing their day-to-day learning in the classroom, and speaking with teachers and faculty about their students’ needs and interests, we created the three distinct activities based on the school’s theme of the month: play.
    • Species Identification of Rhyacophila in Oneonta Creek

      Heilveil, Jeffrey; Kletzel, Mackenzie (2022)
      Caddisflies are aquatic insects that play an important role in food webs, for example, they are eaten by many game fish (e.g. trout, bass). They are also a critical part of nutrient cycling since they have aquatic larval stages and terrestrial adult phases. In order to quantify the importance of any one caddisfly species you have to be able to identify it. For example, in the genus Rhyacophila, some immatures aren’t associated with adults. I focused on determining which species had larvae present in Oneonta Creek. Using DNA extraction and sequencing the DNA barcoding gene cytochrome oxidase I, I found two species of Rhyacophila: R. vibox and R. minora. Rhyacophila vibox larvae have not been previously described, so I am now collaborating with Dr. Morse at Clemson University to morphologically differentiate them from other Rhyacophila larvae.
    • “Wiles of a Woman” – Challenging Gender Roles and Agency in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

      Staples, James; Watson, Kaitlyn (2022)
      Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a 14th century text written by an unnamed poet. This tale is set within the Court of King Arthur and hosts notable figures, with Sir Gawain the knight in the forefront. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight can stand as a written illustration of the heroes of the Court of Arthur. It can also, however, be seen as an early example of a text providing women with power and agency. The power women possess within the tale is hidden until the very end of the poem, when it is revealed that Morgan le Fay was really behind the games and quest that Gawain endured. This agency that women were given is juxtaposed with some of the reactionary views within the text. This can stand to represent the insecurities that were most likely felt during the period this tale was written in, and Gawain is the mode with which these insecurities and fears of powerful women are demonstrated. By considering these elements, this story can take on a new light as a progressive text for the time it was written in, and the unnamed poet can stand to be seen as an early progressive author who worked to elevate women within their work to a higher status.