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dc.contributor.authorSpencer, Thomas J.
dc.contributor.authorBiederman, Joseph
dc.contributor.authorFaraone, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorMick, Eric
dc.contributor.authorCoffey, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorGeller, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorKagan, Jake
dc.contributor.authorBearman, Sarah Kate
dc.contributor.authorWilens, Timothy
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-13T15:13:59Z
dc.date.available2021-10-13T15:13:59Z
dc.date.issued2001-04
dc.identifier.issn0002-953X
dc.identifier.eissn1535-7228
dc.identifier.doi10.1176/appi.ajp.158.4.611
dc.identifier.pii10.1176/appi.ajp.158.4.611
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12648/6970
dc.description.abstractObjective: The impact of tic disorders on the outcome of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains a subject of high scientific and clinical interest. To evaluate the impact of comorbid ADHD and tic disorders from a lifespan perspective, the authors systematically examined data from adults with and without ADHD. Method: They comprehensively evaluated 312 consecutively referred adults with ADHD and 252 comparison subjects without ADHD. Tic disorders were characterized along with a wide range of neuropsychiatric correlates, including other comorbid disorders as well as indexes of function in the domains of school, cognition, and interpersonal functioning. Results: A significantly greater proportion of adults with ADHD (12%) than those without ADHD (4%) had tic disorders. Tic disorders followed a mostly remitting course and had little impact on functional capacities. In addition, tic disorders were not associated with stimulant use. Conclusions: These findings in adults with ADHD confirm and extend previous findings in young subjects with ADHD, documenting that although individuals with ADHD are at greater risk for tic disorders, the presence of tic disorders has a limited impact on ADHD outcome.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychiatric Association Publishingen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectPsychiatry and Mental healthen_US
dc.titleImpact of Tic Disorders on ADHD Outcome Across the Life Cycle: Findings From a Large Group of Adults With and Without ADHDen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.source.journaltitleAmerican Journal of Psychiatryen_US
dc.source.volume158
dc.source.issue4
dc.source.beginpage611
dc.source.endpage617
dc.description.versionAMen_US
refterms.dateFOA2002-04-30T00:00:00Z
dc.description.institutionUpstate Medical Universityen_US
dc.description.departmentPsychiatryen_US
dc.description.degreelevelN/Aen_US


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International