Now showing items 1-20 of 10748

    • Joining interdisciplinary modeling and field-based methods to document riparian forests in eastern New York

      Sweeney, Lydia (SUNY Brockport, Department of Environmental Science and Ecology, 2024-06-10)
      Riparian floodplain forests persist in a small fraction of their historical extent in the United States with estimated cumulative losses as high as 95% for some regions. Many remaining occurrences are also degraded due to changes to local flood dynamics, disturbance pressure from adjacent land use, and exotic species invasions. Yet these communities are disproportionally valuable for the area they occupy as they provide vital ecosystem services such as flood mitigation, erosion control, runoff interception, and wildlife habitat. To strengthen their protection and management, we present a novel approach for identifying riparian forests in eastern New York using low-complexity flood modeling and land cover analysis. We enlisted the Height Above Nearest Drainage method to compute ten-year floodplains for rivers and streams in the Mohawk River Watershed of eastern New York. We then extracted the forested portions of these floodplains using the National Land Cover Dataset Tree Canopy Cover. This process produced approximately 21,500 acres of predicted riparian forest spread across 1,063 occurrences. Our field verification surveys took us to 17 modeled locations where we successfully captured examples of riparian forests at 76% of sites and correctly predicted overbank flood occurrence, though not necessarily extent, at 88%. Our model also outperformed several other publicly available datasets in remotely identifying floodplains illustrating that this method shows promise for identifying community occurrences unrepresented in other datasets. In the field, we documented a diverse set of riparian forests with varied ecological condition and species composition. Our cluster analysis produced three compositional groups adding weight to ongoing efforts to formally recognize distinct riparian forest types in the Northeast. As predicted, our disturbance metrics were negatively correlated with floristic quality and percent native species. Yet contrary to our hypothesis, larger model occurrences typically had lower floristic quality and higher disturbance scores though this was the result of overestimated polygon extent in heavily modified areas rather than a true phenomenon. Our results demonstrate the power of blending remote and field methods while presenting an approach for the rapid and inexpensive identification of some of our most valuable and threatened natural communities.
    • Anthromotive: a journey in accessible car design and fabrication

      Peraza, Alexander (2024-05)
      If this SOAR repository item is not accessible to you (e.g. able to be used in the context of a disability), please email libraryaccessibility@newpaltz.edu
    • Brute force attainability

      O'Connor, Nic (2024-05)
      "Brute Force Attainability" is for those that forget. In tackling my own struggles with an unreliable ability to remember, my thesis addresses the fragile condition of memory in the pursuit of fulfilling long term artistic goals. A solidified design becomes tangible through different combinations of CNC flatbed milling, 3D printing, silicone molding, a DIY rotocast, a little bit of fiberglass, an exorbitant amount of sanding, and airbrushing.
    • The historical materialist illusion theater: remembering the goddess civilization

      Campbell, Eli (2024-05)
      The Historical Materialist Illusion Theater is an interactive installation focused on the work of Lithuanian-American archaeologist Marija Gimbutas (1921-1994), designed using CAD software and fabricated using CNC processes. The installation functions as an art piece but also a self-contained exhibition of Neolithic artifacts reproduced with modern technology. This installation provides an experience for viewers to engage with archaeology and art history, and to learn about cultures that lived thousands of years ago.
    • You & I are earth: a celebration of parties, affection, and the darkroom: MFA thesis - Photography and Related Media

      Jain, Cassie (2024-05)
      You & I Are Earth is photographic autofiction: a combination of self portraiture and portraiture, real and ephemeral places, actual and imagined events. It is a project about the friendships that mean the world to me, the ways we nourish and adorn our lives, and the spaces we love and lose and recreate together over and over again.
    • Tehzeeb: what we bring to the table: MFA Thesis - Metal

      Bakshi, Gokul (2024-05)
      Great things happen when human beings come together for a shared purpose. As language equips us to make meaning of our world, the tools we use in our daily lives help to nurture ourselves and serve others. They connect us to one another, holding within them community, culture and Craft. Through forging spoons, I explore the various manifestations of the tool both literal and metaphorical. As I engage in a dance with my material, the form reveals itself to be a symbol of growth, connection and nourishment.
    • Beyond shattered honor: MFA thesis - Photography and Related Media

      Ojaghloo, Maedeh (2024-05)
      "Beyond Shattered Honor" serves as a tribute to the silenced voices of Iranian women, victims of the brutal practice of "honor" killings. In shadows where men decree death over perceived dishonor, this multidisciplinary installation revives the forgotten, those obscured by family and faith. Combining sculpture, photographs, video, and audio, it brings their stories back to light. It transforms symbols of mourning into a critique of violence, seeking justice through memory and artistic expression. This project creates a sanctuary that merges remembrance with resistance, honoring those who were silenced.
    • This party is for you: explorations in celebration and healing: MFA Thesis - Printmaking

      Mancuso, Alexandra (2024-05)
      On December 1st, 2018, I shattered a bone in my left ring finger. Exactly six months later, when the last of three surgical pins were removed from my hand, I celebrated with a tiny party hat for my finger. That insistence on finding hope and joy in brokenness is the essence of this work. Items destined for the trash- furniture, magazines, junk mail, scrap fabric- are given care and attention that celebrates their pasts and gives them a new life in the present. Instead of merely repairing or restoring, I am reimagining these objects. They don’t look like they did before because my care and attention have fundamentally changed them, like love always does. This is a party about joy, and the things that have changed us and hurt us and made that joy mean something. This party is for all of us, the ones who made it this far. This party is for you.
    • Mi querencia: MFA thesis - Photography and Related Media

      Tarridas, Massimo (2024-05)
      Mi Querencia is a project about my maternal home country of Venezuela. In the summer of 2023, I was able to go to Venezuela for about a month, for the first time since 2016. The reason for the trip was familial: to reunite my scattered, refugee family from Chile and the U.S.A. However, having never been there as an adult, I also sought out what might be a ‘Venezuelan identity’, and was excited to see what new blood — what kinds of culture and activism and liveliness — might still exist under 25 years of oppressive regime.
    • "A History Hidden and Hijacked: Overcoming Barriers to Holocaust Education in the Muslim World"

      Chowdhury, Adeeb (2024-04-15)
      In this essay, I explore the prevalence of Holocaust denial, distortion, and ignorance in Muslim-majority countries. Drawing from my own experiences growing up in Bangladesh and being an exchange student in the United States, I analyze various social, political, and religious impediments to Holocaust education in Islamic cultures. I have witnessed first-hand the nature of antisemitism that pervades cultures across the world, and my journey to confront my own previous ignorance has allowed me to grasp the importance of combating such bigoty and the weaponization of history.
    • How Well Does Fundamental Analysis Explain the Returns of the Thirty Stocks in the Dow Jones Industrial Average?

      Little, Aaron (2024-05-24)
      Due to the volatility recently experienced in the United States Stock market, this study aims to explain the relationship between fundamental analysis and stock returns over a quarterly time frame to take advantage of the swings in the market. This study includes both micro (firm-specific) fundamental indicators and macro variables that help explain the economy's health as a whole. This study takes the thirty stocks currently in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) as of February 2024 and analyzes their returns and underlying financials. It uses accounting and financial ratios along with measures of the overall economy to try and capture opportunities to generate financial returns in the Stock Market. This paper offers evidence based on company panel data analysis on a quarterly basis from quarter one of 2014 to quarter four of 2023. The results produced from the model indicate an increase in recession risk and federal funds rate generate negative stock returns. In contrast, an increase in the Price-earnings ratio and analyst recommendations generate positive stock returns. The above variables are significant at the 5% level with an R squared of 0.126.
    • Effects of Economic Conditions on Foreign Direct Investment: Country Level Panel Data Analysis

      Chowdhury, Adeeb (2024-05)
      Foreign direct investment (FDI) has long been a major source of financing for infrastructure and commercial projects, especially for developing nations. This paper explores a panel data analysis of the economic conditions that affect levels of FDI inflow, with a sample set consisting of 18 countries from 1981 to 2014 on a quarterly basis. Variables considered include macroeconomic conditions such as GDP, stock market performance, interest rates of varying terms, crime perception, and trade openness. The final model(s) discussed establish that FDI inflow is positively correlated with strong GDP and stock market performance as well as, surprisingly, 3- month and 10-year interest rates. Trade policies and crime perception seem to act with a significant lag, and the effects of many variables seem to depend on the development status of the country as well.
    • Impacts of Economic Development and Stability on Crime: Country Level Panel Data Analysis

      Vogl, Sean (2024-05-08)
      This research paper examines the dynamics between economic development, financial stability, and crime rates across various countries. Rooted from the economic theory of crime and institutional anomie theory, this study uses a robust panel data analysis covering numerous countries to explore how economic metrics such as GNI per capita, foreign direct investment inflows, and financial institution strength relate to crime perceptions. The empirical analysis, using GLS, fixed effects, and random effects models along with a series of robustness checks, confirms significant relationships between these economic factors and crime levels. Preliminary results indicate that while economic fitness can occasionally spur increases in crime rates, possibly due to concentration of people, stronger financial institutions and a more stable government generally contribute to reductions in crime. This paper contributes to the ongoing discussion on crime economics by improving our understanding of the economic causes of crime and showing how changes in certain factors can reduce crime through economic strategies.
    • Adirondack Artificial Ecological Passages

      Flaherty, Kyle
      To enhance road safety for motorists and wildlife in the Adirondack Park, we analyzed deer-vehicle collision data from the New York State Department of Transportation to identify potential locations for artificial ecological passages (AEPs), culverts and bridges specifically designed to allow mammals to cross roads. In the U.S., wildlife-vehicle collisions result in approximately 200 deaths, 26,000 injuries, and $8 billion in damages annually, with New York reporting 65,000 deer-vehicle collisions (DVC) alone. We located the road segments with the greatest number of deer collisions and assessed the characteristics of these road segments and the nearby land cover, using the Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) data set and the National Land Cover Database. We examined the potential placement and type of AEPs, factoring in topography, hydrography, and existing structures for passage site selection, favoring infrastructure upgrades over new construction. The twenty road segments with the highest collision rate include sections of Interstate 87, Route 3, and Route 28, as well as areas near Saranac Lake and Old Forge. Increased AADT was positively correlated with the number of DVCs with most DVCs occurring on road segments with speed limits of 25 to 45 mph. Dominant land cover around these road segments is primarily evergreen and deciduous forests. Along these twenty road segments, we were able to locate a number of potential sites for culvert expansion or bridge repurposing and for newly constructed passage structures. Implementing these changes could significantly reduce park collisions, fatalities, and financial losses.
    • Pliable Plastics: An Assessment of Microplastic Loads in the Gills and Digestive Tracts of Pelagic Fish in Lake Ecosystems

      McDonough, Thomas; Sherwood, Davin; Garneau, Danielle
      Microplastics have plagued fish communities since the inception of industrialization, and regulations have not been keeping pace. In the environment, these particles have become ubiquitous and are found in air, soil, and remote lakes. Microplastics are defined as particulates that are less than 5 mm in size and are characterized by type (e.g., fragment, fiber, film, foam, bead, and pellet), color, polymer, and size. Fish uptake particulates via ingestion, gill-filament adhesion, and absorption. These microplastics have the potential to reduce reproduction, feeding, and survival. We conducted a survey of microplastics in fish harvested from ice derbies in Chazy Lake, Chateaugay Lake, and Lake Colby (spring 2024) in northern, NY. We use wet peroxide oxidation to isolate microplastics within digestive tracts and gill filaments and the separated samples by size (e.g., 1 mm, 355 µm, 125 µm). We quantified and characterized particulates under a dissecting microscope. Results show that all particulates (n=476) were fibers. Fish in Upper Chateaugay Lake had 1.81 plastics/g tissue, 4 and 2 times greater than Chazy Lake and Lake Colby respectively which can be explained by the greater surface area of the lake. Additionally, (yellow perch) Perca flavescens contained 3.2 plastics/g tissue, 11 and 7 times greater than that of (lake trout) Salvelinus namaycush and (Atlantic salmon) Salmo salar respectively. This can be explained as a function of bioaccumulation over their lifetime, as most perch were approximately 10 years of age. In addition, yellow perch are visual predators who shift their prey base and foraging microhabitat at different ontogenetic stages helping to explain higher loads. In terms of organs, microplastic loading via ingestion was 0.78 plastics/g of tissue, 23% higher than adhesion to gills (0.62 plastics/g tissue). Anglers should consider microplastic risks if fish are a major dietary component.
    • The Historiography of the October Revolution in America and Russia, 1918-2023: A Comparative Review

      Martin, Sagan
      This paper offers a comparative summary of the historiography of the October Revolution in both the United States and the USSR, as well as the Russian Federation. Ultimately, the author finds that the October Revolution was contested on political grounds from its very inception onwards. Across both sides of the iron curtain the event was used in propaganda. The onset of the Cold War further emphasized this political division. With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the historiography became much more international and open, but developments within Russia throughout the 2010s and 2020s have threatened this fragile state of affairs.
    • When the Mountains Speak in Tongues: Protestantism and the Impact of Pentecostalized Religion on Guatemala

      Spada, Redia Kael
      The religious lives of Guatemalans were dominated by the Catholic Church for centuries, and while its presence is still felt today, an increasing number in Guatemala and across much of Central America have sought refuge and spiritual nourishment in the Protestant Church. In 2023, about 42% of the Guatemalan population identified as Protestant, up from about 5% in 1970. The majority of this increase occurred in the decade between 1976 and 1985. This paper will explain how Protestant missionaries capitalized on circumstances in Guatemala during this decade to convert large numbers of people to their faith. My research is based on primary sources from the state department and missionaries themselves, as well as secondary sources such as books and articles regarding the religious landscape of Guatemala.
    • Hiding place: MFA Thesis - Ceramics

      Parker, Emily (2024-05)
      This thesis explores the intersection of nature, memory, and sculpture through the medium of clay. Drawing on my experiences growing up on a farm, I create representations of natural forms that evoke a deep sense of self-identity and belonging. Using hand-building and coil-building techniques, I shape intricate, dynamic sculptures that balance visual softness with physical hardness, creating an illusion of imminent movement. These large-scale works invite viewers into a playful tension, suggesting a secret, animated existence just beyond perception. The process of collecting and indexing natural forms allows me to recreate and reimagine my childhood experiences, transforming them into a new, imaginative world. My work is driven by a desire to escape reality and discover what elements of the natural world foster a sense of belonging. I weave together past and future narratives into a singular, timeless moment that encompasses the feeling I’ve been chasing my entire adult life, the feeling that created my thesis show “Hiding Place”.
    • Pulling teeth: MFA Thesis - Ceramics

      McQuade, Brianna (2024-05)
      This thesis elucidates how humor and pain influence the formation, development, and expression of self. By exploring elements of color, form, and psychology, and referencing the works of Clayton Bailey, Peter and Sally Saul, and other artists of the California Funk Movement, this research delves into the complex relationships between contrasting emotions tied to compulsive behaviors and intrusive thought patterns. Through examining personal psychology and creating imagined worlds with recurring symbols, this study employs levity as both a distraction and a narrative tool. This approach allows for a nuanced investigation into the interplay of humor and pain in shaping human experiences and self-expression. But is it all really that serious?
    • Preserving tradition; embracing innovation: exploring contemporary Paubha and its journey to the West: MFA Thesis - Painting & Drawing

      Sikari Sunuwar, Ankita (2024-05)
      Paubha (pau- painting, bha- cotton canvas), this ancient tradition of art has deep religious and spiritual meaning for both practitioners and viewers. It often depicts themes from Buddhism and Hinduism in detail, serving as a tool for contemplation and spiritual growth. Additionally, paubha is vital for preserving Nepal's cultural and religious heritage. Many artists are driven by a commitment to protect its authenticity and spiritual significance rather than pursuing it for commercial gain. However, the future of Paubha painting encounters substantial challenges. Some Paubha artists believes that Modernization, changing artistic preferences, and the difficulty of passing on the intricate skills needed for Paubha have sparked worries about its continuity. Presently, there are fewer practitioners than in earlier generations, emphasizing the need for our joint efforts to guarantee the legacy of this beloved tradition.