• Truth and Convention in Morality

      Taylor, Richard; University of Rochester (1977-01-01)
      The author considers the question of whether there is one true or valid set of moral principles, or whether all ethics are the distillation of our inherited codes and prohibitions.
    • Truth in Fiction

      Baker, Timothy R.; The College at Brockport (2011-04-16)
      According to literary tradition and genre classification, fiction has often been regarded as writing that lacks a foundation of truth. However, this does not necessarily mean that fiction contains no elements of truth. In this thesis, Timothy Baker argues that fiction contains traces of truth - truths that may not be fundamentally based on facts, yet can still be recognized as embodying the deep-seated essence of truth. These “essential truths”, though largely shunned from the nonfiction genre, can be utilized to establish the groundwork of fiction - making the genre a reflection of reality itself - instead of a captured moment of reality. Fiction that contains essential truths, though not based on actual events, can still be recognized as realistic and existentially valuable. This thesis includes three short works of creative writing by Timothy Baker: “Letters from Llea" a creative essay, "Perfection," a short story, and "Desperate Desires," also a short story all of which, he argues in the introduction, contain essential truths.
    • A tune to the teatro: the relationship between Spanish theatre of the golden age and modern day music

      Brown, Emily G. (2019-05)
      For my thesis, I have decided to study Miguel de Cervantes’ famous play, “El retablo de las maravillas”, and choose specific, key scenes and interpret them through song. I will be discussing the significance of the themes of the play and how the songs I have chosen illustrate the relevance of the play to modern day society. In addition, through the usage of various articles from theatre and music theorists, I will be analyzing the role and importance of music in theatre and how music tells a story. At the conclusion, I will explain the connections of contemporary music and old theatre and how the play relates to and is meaningful to the modern day.
    • The Turkish public support for Erdogan

      Herzallah, Shahed (2021-12)
      Presidents apply the populist approach as a way to gain support from the public and to preserve their thrones. President Erdogan took this approach during his nearly 18 years in office, through multiple electoral campaigns. This research paper explores the level of Turkish public support for Erdogan and seeks to explain which citizens continue to support Erdogan’s agenda. The 7th wave of the World Values Survey in Turkey in 2018 was used in this research, in which over 2,000 Turkish citizens from all regions of Turkey were interviewed to collect the data. An analysis of those who expressed a willingness to vote for the AKP suggests that the usual demographic indicators do not predict support as expected. The Turkish public is divided in its support for continued AKP rule, and these divisions do not correlate with gender, or income. There is mild support for more religious people voting for the AKP, but most respondents actually report that religion is important in their life, even those that do not support the AKP. The picture becomes even more complicated when examining attitudes about democracy and perceptions about the democratic quality of the regime.
    • Twelvemile Creek Niagara County, New York

      Makarewicz, Joseph C.; Nowak, Matthew J.; The College at Brockport (2010-01-01)
      The east branch of Twelvemile Creek (69 mi2) flows through northern Niagara County to its mouth at Lake Ontario 12 miles east of the Niagara River, near the village of Wilson, New York. From fall through spring, good runs of steelhead and brown trout with the occasional Chinook and Coho salmon occur into the creek. Agriculture, especially row crop farming, is predominant within the watershed, though natural protected land is also plentiful. The Wilson-Tuscarora State Park provides a buffer between the creek and agriculture immediately around the mouth of the creek, while upstream farms directly line the creek. Nuisance algae, bacterial abundance, and algal mat development along the southern shoreline of Lake Ontario are major causes of beach closings, fouling the nearshore waters and limiting water recreation. This short report provides a synopsis of data collected monthly from May through September (2003 to 2009) on the water quality of Twelvemile Creek and the lakeside (swimmable depth) of Lake Ontario near the mouth of the creek.
    • Twentieth-Century Transformations: Sexualities Defined and Sexual Expression Expanded

      Parker, Alison M.; The College at Brockport (2014-06-01)
      Alison Parker reviews the following books: Margot Canaday. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in TwentiethCentury America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2009. xiv + 277 pp. Illustrations, notes, and index. $19.95 (paper). Leigh Ann Wheeler. How Sex. Became a Civil Liberty. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. xiv + 327 pp. Notes, bibliography, and index. $34.95.
    • Twice is Nice: An Exploration of Ambiguity in Playwriting and Performance in Theatre

      Kuhn, Frank; Kaminska, Cody; The College at Brockport (2016-05-04)
      The author shares her experiences directing and producing two short plays using two different sets of actors, and varying character development, lighting, set designs and costumes. She examines what worked well, and what did not and the effect the actors had on the individual productions.
    • Twin Koi

      Franek, Sabrina; The College at Brockport (2015-05-01)
    • Twins’ Literacy Development in a Home Child Care

      Robb, Susan; Tytler, Elisabeth (2017-05-15)
      This research focuses on a set of five year old twin girls in a home child care environment, where play and oral language are essential components to their literacy development.The purpose of this study was to understand how each twin is developing her emergent literacy skills situated in her play and the environmental factors that are impacting her language development. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using a parent’s survey, interviews, artifacts, observation notes, and transcribed audio-recordings.
    • Twitter: Tweets for Analysts

      White, Susan (The Common Good: A SUNY Plattsburgh Journal on Teaching and Learning, 2015)
      Twitter is a popular social media outlet where companies can disseminate information about the firm. Students can obtain usable information that can potentially aid their analyses of firms, with the firm’s Twitter feed as a starting point to garner information that the firm considers to be important. This article looks at the use of social media in assignments, and includes a Business Finance assignment that requires students to find a relevant tweet from their assigned company and relate it to finance theory.
    • Two Common Issues In Sports Officiaitng: Recruitment and Retention

      Houston-Wilson, Cathy; Hill, Dylan; The College at Brockport (2019-05-14)
      The purpose of this synthesis was to identify on two common issues in Sports Officiating: Recruitment and Retention. An extensive examination of literature was conducted in order to review and research the problem in sports officiating of recruitment and retention. The purpose of this article is to identify researched recruitment and retention issues of sports officials, ways to retain current officials, and strategies to help recruit new officials. (Titlebaum, Haberlin, & Titlebaum 2009). This synthesis will review the literature on two common issues in Sports Officiating: Recruitment and Retention. Keywords: Recruitment, retention, mentorship, official, association, referee.
    • Two Constraints on Interpreting

      Stern, Laurent; Rutgers University (1987-01-01)
    • Two Family Names: Faulkner and Sartoris

      Burelbach, Frederick M.; The College at Brockport (2014-10-24)
    • Two New Techniques for Evaluating Connectivity of Septic Fields to Great Lake Watersheds and Embayments

      Richards, Paul L.; David, Marine; Georgakakis, Christine; DeRose, Nicole; Rodgers, Michael D.; Walter, M. Todd; Cornell University; The College at Brockport (2016-02-02)
      Pictometry Oblique Imagery was successfully used to map septic fields in Oak Orchard watershed. Analysis of the imagery proved to be efficient for finding leach fields, and between 66 to 81% of the septic fields previously mapped by the Genesee Orleans County Department of Health, were identified. The remainder were not identified because of canopy cover, or were either septic systems without leach fields, the septic field postdated the imagery, or were not visible. Consequently under ideal conditions (septic systems with leach fields and no canopy or shadows) the method should be able to identify over 80% of the systems. Imagery taken during the transition from dormant to growing season proved best for identifying leach fields. One example of a plume from a short circuited system was recorded. A total of 1277 septic fields were mapped in the watershed. Spatial distribution was heterogenous, with dense sites of septic fields concentrated along residential road corridors. Approximately 4.2% of the leach fields were located less than 100 feet of a tributary. This is below the minimum separation distance of a leach field to a waterbody that is required by the NYS Department of Health code. The average distance of a leach field to a tributary is 327 meters with 50% of the leach fields occurring within 240 meters of mapped tributaries. Maps of important septic field “hotspots” were developed for watershed stakeholders and include tributaries along Batavia-Elba Townline Rd., Marsh Creek, and tributaries near the intersections of Alleghany and Lockport Rds, Judge Rd and Knowlesville Rd., and Lockport and Albion Rd. Considerable numbers of septic fields occur along Lake Alice in the main stem of the river, however this stretch is probably diluted by water input from the Erie Canal at the Glendale Dam. In a second set of experiments, a new DNA-based groundwater tracer was introduced to two septic systems to see if it could be used to trace individual septic systems. The tracer was not discovered in one site, however, a breakthrough curve was obtained in the second site 31 days after being introduced into the toilet. This tracer passed through at least 200 meters of groundwater flowpath and 1 km of stream. The results of these experiments suggest that frequent, systematic sampling and careful lab protocols to identify the signal to noise threshold of the procedure are critical to the success of the technique. In summary we suggest that Pictometry Oblique Imagery can be used to map septic fields in a watershed and that the DNA Tracer technique may be successful in some septic systems. Further research needs to be conducted to improve the success of the latter.
    • Tying Shoes: A Collection of Essays

      Scavo, Laura; The College at Brockport (2004-12-14)
      This collection of seven personal essays centers on certain commonalities of human experience as discovered in the life experience of the author. Issues of discussion include the acceptance and/or alienation of self, the way issues of gender are transferred to succeeding generations, the divide between spirituality and physicality or faith and reason, the transformation of the stages of grief, as well as the dichotomy of living in a world filled with beauty and horror, pleasure and pain. Also discussed are issues dependent on human institutions or frameworks such as self in relation to community, family, friendship, as well as marriage, and parenting. In each of the texts, it is the author's intent to demonstrate that hope or faith can be evident through subtle paradigm shifts and simple actions rather than miraculous epiphanies or heroic deeds.
    • Typha (Cattail) Invasion in North American Wetlands: Biology, Regional Problems, Impacts, Ecosystem Services, and Management

      Bansal, Sheel; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Lishawa, Shane C.; Tangen, Brian A.; The College at Brockport (2019-01-01)
      Typha is an iconic wetland plant found worldwide. Hybridization and anthropogenic disturbances have resulted in large increases in Typha abundance in wetland ecosystems throughout North America at a cost to native floral and faunal biodiversity. As demonstrated by three regional case studies, Typha is capable of rapidly colonizing habitats and forming monodominant vegetation stands due to traits such as robust size, rapid growth rate, and rhizomatic expansion. Increased nutrient inputs into wetlands and altered hydrologic regimes are among the principal anthropogenic drivers of Typha invasion. Typha is associated with a wide range of negative ecological impacts to wetland and agricultural systems, but also is linked with a variety of ecosystem services such as bioremediation and provisioning of biomass, as well as an assortment of traditional cultural uses. Numerous physical, chemical, and hydrologic control methods are used to manage invasive Typha, but results are inconsistent and multiple methods and repeated treatments often are required. While this review focuses on invasive Typha in North America, the literature cited comes from research on Typha and other invasive species from around the world. As such, many of the underlying concepts in this review are relevant to invasive species in other wetland ecosystems worldwide.
    • Typha Control and Sedge/Grass Meadow Restoration on a Lake Ontario Wetland

      Czayka, Alex; The College at Brockport (2012-01-01)
      To identify control techniques for cattails (Typha angustifolia and the hybrid Typha x glauca) in a Lake Ontario drowned-rivermouth wetland, multiple physical and chemical treatment techniques were implemented over two years at Kents Creek, New York. Treatments included cutting (C), spraying (S) glyphosate (Rodeo) onto cut stalks, tilling (T) rhizomes, and wicking (W) cattail re-sprouts later in the growing season (August). Each treatment technique had year options; for example, the cut treatment could be applied in year 1 or in both years 1 and 2 (C1 or C12). All possible treatments yielded 24 treatment combinations, plus two control plots; these were randomly assigned to each of the five treatment replicates established in equivalent stands of cattail. Vegetation sampling occurred in early summer (late June) and again in late summer (August) before treatment in both years. Cattail stem counts and species percent cover data were collected to analyze the effects of the treatments. Environmental variables (soil moisture, sediment depth, water-table elevation, soil organic matter, and bulk density) were measured to assist in the explanation of treatment success and differences observed among replicates. In addition to looking at the direct effects the treatments had on cattails, I assessed how the treatments affected the growth and expansion of sedge/grass meadow community species (Carex lacustris and Calamagrostis canadensis). Treatments combinations C1W1, C1SW1, C1WT, C12SW1, C12W1T, and C12SW1T significantly reduced cattail stem counts from June 2010 to August 2011. The most important treatment technique was the wick (W) treatment, vi which was implemented in August; it was included in every successful treatment for reducing cattails. The C12W1T treatment significantly reduced cattail stem counts the most (mean of 15.9 stems per plot), while treatments C12SW1T (12.9) and C12SW1 (12.2) also caused large reductions in Typha stems. Eight treatments significantly increased the amount of C. lacustris, including C1, C1W1, C1SW1, C1WT, C1SW1T, C12W1, C12SW1, and C12W1T. Five treatments that significantly reduced Typha stems also significantly increased C. lacustris cover. Overall, C. lacustris increased an average of 18% for any plot that had treatments applied. Treatment replicate 3 had some significantly different environmental variables that likely led to more successful treatments. Replicate 3 was positioned at a slightly higher elevation compared to the other replicates, leading to lower soil moisture, which helps control cattails. Although application of the wick treatment in August was the most important treatment method, addition of other treatments earlier in the year increased stress on cattails and led to increased reductions. Reduction of cattails also led to increased growth of Carex lacustris if C. lacustris was present before treatments were implemented. For management implications, I suggest using the cutting (early summer) and wicking treatments (late summer), as these two treatments were the most effective at reducing Typha stems. If funds are available, the tilling treatment combined with cutting and wicking, could be implemented, as it helped increase stress on Typha and led to increased stem reductions.
    • Typha Latifolia versus Phragmites Australis.

      Cross, Michael A. (2014)
      Phragmites australis and Typha latifolia rhizomes were planted in a factorial experiment under a number of intra- and inter-specific competition scenarios, two salinities and three moisture levels. Typha rhizome mortality was 100% and Phragmites rhizome mortality was 64%. Phragmites plants were not significantly different in final height or biomass across density, salinity or moisture treatments. Typha rhizomes were planted into Phragmites patches with five and monitored for two seasons. At Bonita Swamp all of the Typha rhizomes survived and sprouted. There were no clear differences in Typha cover, density or height between treatments. At Presque Isle all of the rhizomes in the Phragmites removal treatments sprouted but the rhizomes did not sprout in the plots without Phragmites removal At Tifft none of the Typha rhizomes sprouted. Also, at these three wetlands plots were monitored at the boundary between Phragmites and Typha patches and monitored for two years. Over that time little spread of the species occurred. The short duration of field observations renders conclusions difficult to make but the results do support the possibility that Typha rhizomes can be planted into Phragmites patches as part of a restoration project.
    • U.S.history curriculum adapted for English language learner through flipped learning

      McCarthy, Daniel (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2017-12)
      The purpose of this project was to provide educators an alternative method to the traditional method of teaching content courses. Many areas of content are taught through the instructional method of lecture style where students are passive learner instead of active learners. This curriculum project was to address the change to active learning and the need to improve content course learning for English Language Learners (ELLs). As technology becomes a vital part of the classroom, teachers are in need to find effective ways to implement it. One effective way that would improve content learning education for ELLs is through the flipped learning or flipped classroom. Research has shown that flipped classrooms can impact student achievement, student learning outcome, student motivation, and teacher preparation. Flipping the classroom allows for educators to change the environment of the classroom to become more interactive and also suit each individual needs more. This curriculum project created videos and material for flipped classroom on the American Colonies unit, is to provide an active learning environment for teachers to use towards developing their flipped classroom. [from author's abstract]
    • Ultra-Structural Identification of the Interstitial Cells of Cajal in the Zebrafish Danio rerio

      Ball, Evan R.; Matsuda, Miho M.; Dye, Louis; Hoffmann, Victoria; Zerfas, Patricia M.; Szarek, Eva; Rich, Adam; Chitnis, Ajay; Stratakis, Constantine A.; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; et al. (2012-01-01)
      The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are important mediators of gastrointestinal motility due to their role as pacemakers in the GI tract. In addition to their function, ICCs are also structurally distinct cells most easily identified by their ultra-structural features and expression of the tyrosine kinase receptor c-KIT. ICCs have been described in mammals, rodents, birds, reptiles and amphibians ; there are no reports at the ultra-structural level of ICC’s within the GI tract of an organism from the teleost lineage. This report describes the presence of cells in the muscularis of the zebrafish intestine with similar features to ICCs in other vertebrates. ICC-like cells were associated with the muscularis, were more electron dense than surrounding smooth muscle cells, possessed long cytoplasmic processes and mitochondria, and were situated opposing to enteric nervous structures. In addition, immunofluorescent and immunoelectron microscopic studies using antibodies targeting the zebrafish ortholog of a putative ICC marker, c-KIT (kita), demonstrated c-kit immunoreactivity in zebrafish ICCs. Taken together, these data represent the first ultra-structural characterization of cells in the muscularis of the zebrafish Danio rerio and suggest ICC differentiation in vertebrate evolution may date back to the teleost lineage.