• Transgender Employment Rights, Discrimination & Litigation: Expanding Understandings and Opening Doors

      Schroeder, Tambria; The College at Brockport (2016-01-01)
      The United States’ legal history shows a record of minorities being disenfranchised simply because of who they are. Humans do not have control over certain features, such as race, nationality, sex, gender, or physical ability. However, those who fall outside the “norm” of all of these things are treated as if they do, as if they choose to inhabit a specific race, sex, or disabled body. Given that lawyers and judges are just as much social beings as everyone else, they are not immune to these prejudices. Therefore, these sentiments often linger in courtrooms and are used in arguments to deny peoples some of their most basic rights. People within the transgender community tend to fall outside of society’s neatly constructed gender binary and, like so many other groups, face marginalization in various areas of social life for being different. From education to employment and marriage to incarceration, the trans community encounters discrimination almost every step of the way. In attempts to remedy these wrongs, many transgendered individuals have begun turning to litigation in recent years. There has been, and continues to be, a particularly high volume of cases filed regarding employment discrimination. While discrimination still runs rampant throughout society, the purpose of this paper is to introduce a brief history of the transgender movement and trace the extent to which four decades of litigation have redefined sex and subsequently improved employment rights for transgendered citizens in the United States of America.
    • Transient, Non-Axisymmetric Modes in Instability of Unsteady Circular Couette Flow

      Neitzel, G. P.; Kirkconnell, C. S.; Little, Leigh J.; Georgia Institute of Technology; The College at Brockport (1995-02-01)
      Laboratory and numerical experiments were conducted to quantitatively determine the modal structure of transient, nonaxisymmetric modes observed during the instability of an impulsively initiated circular?Couette flow. The instability develops initially as an axisymmetric, Görtler?vortex state and persists ultimately as a steady, axisymmetric Taylor?vortex state of different wavelength. The transition between these two states results from the instability of the Görtler mode combined with the underlying developing swirl flow and is dominated by nonaxisymmetric modes. The laboratory experiments employed flow visualization coupled with digital video and image?processing techniques; numerical experiments were performed using the spectral?element code,
    • Transitioning from Face-to-Face to Online with USER in Mind

      Rath, Logan; The College at Brockport (2017-01-01)
      This chapter focuses on how one librarian used the USER instructional design framework to redesign a seventy-five-minute, face-to-face information literacy session for the online environment.
    • Transitioning from High School: A Postgraduate Study

      Dunning, Krystal B.; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      Individuals transitioning from college face many decisions about their future. Making these decisions is not always easy for some. The role of all individuals involved in a high school is to prepare students for life after high school. A review of past postgraduate data was explored as well as programs that have been implemented to help students transition. A postgraduate survey was given to past graduates of a local school. The results of the survey were examined. Recommendations for helping students transition were made.
    • Transitioning the Voice: Considerations for Transgender Voice Therapy

      Finley, Abigail (2016)
      Transgender individuals are individuals whose gender identity does not match the sex they were assigned at birth. In order to live as their gender, transgender individuals may seek voice therapy. Researchers have tried to pinpoint what variables and therapeutic techniques can increase patient satisfaction with his or her voice. This poster consolidates research findings concerning effective transgender voice therapy techniques and goals.
    • Transitions.

      Anderson, Marcus B. (2014)
      This empirical research thesis examines how adolescents perceive their out-of-school literacies and literacy skills, and how they see themselves using or not using these skills within their current and future school work. With a sample of two participants from a rural high school in Chautauqua County, this study uses a qualitative methodology to collect data from researcher interviews and field notes. Descriptive interview data analysis reveals that adolescents instead of making connections between outside school literacies and in-school literacies appear to use the school model of literacy skills to determine out-of-school literacy skills, rather than have the out-of-school model of literacy skills to determine out-of-school literacy skills, rather than have the out-of-school literacy activities produce their own model of literacy skills. Moreover, analysis indicates that these adolescents lack meta-cognition or metalinguistic knowledge about literacy skills and how they are transferable between various social groups or settings. Instead findings indicate a disconnect between adolescents’ out- of- school literacies and literacy skills as the adolescents attempt to apply school-based literacy concepts to non-school literacy events instead of recognizing skills as being not tied to or limited to school class work. More metacognitive metalinquistic awareness may help students to recognize and transfer literacy skills across reading tasks and reading activities.
    • Translanguaging and emerging Bilingual's academic self-efficacy in Math and ELA

      Megan, Kane (State University of New York College at Fredonia, 2016)
      The population of Emergent Bilinguals (EB) in schools continues to rise annually in the United States (García et al., 2008) and with this consistent increase comes the question of how to best educate these students. Currently EBs are reporting lower levels of academic self-efficacy than their native English speaking peers (LeClair et al., 2009), which can lead to lowered academic performance (Bandura, 1993; Fan et al., 2012; Raoofi et al., 2012). Translanguaging is a revolutionary concept that rejects the classic perception of languages as separate entities within the brain. Instead, TLG views a person's multiple languages as part of one united linguistic code (Celic & Seltzer, 2012; Otheguy et al., 2015; Velasco & García, 2013). The purpose of this study was to determine the level of academic self-efficacy in math and ELA of EBs enrolled in a bilingual program that uses translanguaging in class. Furthermore, this study investigated if there was a difference in the academic self-efficacy of EBs who use translanguaging in class and EBs who do not. The results indicated that EBs who use translanguaging in class have a high level of academic self-efficacy in math and ELA. This group of participants reported slightly higher academic self-efficacy than the participant group that does not use translanguaging. However, the results of a t-test found this difference to be statistically insignificant. The results of this study were intended to add to the small body of literature on the academic self-efficacy of EBs to inform best practices for this population of learners. [from abstract]
    • Translating Embodiment: A Look at Language and Cognition of Dance Performance from Studio to Stage

      Oakes, Stephanie; Johnson, Samantha E.; The College at Brockport (2016-05-13)
      “Cognition is embodied insofar as it emerges not from an intricately unfolding cognitive program, but from a dynamic dance in which body, perception, and world guide each other’s step,” says cognitive dance researcher Edward C. Warburton. This research connects phenomenological theories of embodiment with long-standing and emerging theories of cognitive science. Specifically, it discusses cognitive science topics of the “thinking body,” autopoiesis, appraisal and arousal, kinesthetic empathy, and linguistic determinism with an eye towards the dancing body. How might such scientific notions play into answering questions of corporeity and embodiment explored so exquisitely in dance creation and performance? How might we use the dancing body as a site of cognitive embodiment research? With cognitive scientific terminology as a guiding lens of analysis, we open up a new, concerned point of view for what it means to embody, understand, and generate meaning.
    • Translations Using Project Interactivate

      Zalewski, Sandy; The College at Brockport (2006-07-18)
      Objectives: Students will be able to describe and explain what happens to an object after a reflection, translation and a rotation Students will be able to perform a translation and a reflection on a figure Student will be able to identify a rule they can use to perform the transformation
    • Transnational Discourses on Gender Variance

      Acosta, Juan Carlos; The College at Brockport (2012-08-21)
      Transgender people are multidimensional and deserve to have a constructed narrative that reflects their inherent humanity. As the current gender order becomes more entrenched in the mass media, the identities of trans identified people will be distanced further from the norm. Some smaller transnational discourses are appearing and, should they reach American viewers, have the potential to open up a critical dialogue on the values espoused in modern mass media. The scholarship on these issues, especially Judith Butler (1997), challenges the public to reexamine the construction of gender and realize that real people live in a world of fluidity where identity is truly what one makes of it.
    • The transnational far right: an exploratory paper on common ideology amongst attacks

      Ryan, Emma (2021-12)
      Far-right extremist attacks are on the rise and have demonstrated the ability to inspire other attacks. This paper examines a cluster of seven attacks, five inspired by the Christchurch attacker, the Christchurch attack itself, and the 2011 Oslo and Ut⌀ya attack that inspired the Christchurch attacker. In this exploratory paper the common ideologies of the attackers are explored to look for commonalities and trends among the data.
    • TrashTracker

      Garneau, Danielle (2013)
      The goal of the TrashTracker in-class service learning project was to increase awareness of litter habits on campus and inform buildings and grounds as to where improvements could be made. Students developed a smartphone app using Epicollect and Google Forms to monitor trash on campus and in the greater Plattsburgh area. The project was designed, promoted, implemented, monitored, analyzed, and presented by the ENV436/536 Population and Community Ecology course students in Spring 2013 to stakeholders. The TrashTracker app and project has since been duplicated on SUNY Fredonia's campus.
    • Trauma Patterns of Different Types of Ammunition: An Analysis of Skeletal Remains

      Petry, Lindsay A.; The College at Brockport, State University of New York (2014-01-01)
      This research examines the role projectile design plays in skeletal trauma through skeletal analysis and extensive research. Using four specimens, randomly assigned to four different types of projectiles, a skeletal analysis was conducted to determine if any unique patterns were distinguishable between each type of projectile and if the common characteristics of gun-shot trauma were present. The types of projectiles used were the Winchester 230 GR. full metal jacketed bullet, the hand load 185 GR. Lead semi wad cutter target round, the Winchester 230 GR. Jacketed hollow point, and the Hornady 185 GR. FTX hollow point bullet. The research found that with each level of projectile, the skeletal damage done was amplified. While each bullet created a unique signature, all wounds consistently presented the common characteristics of gun-shot trauma. More research must be conducted in order to determine a statistically significant pattern between each type of bullet design.
    • Trauma recovery through art therapy

      Brainerd, Rachel (2020-12)
      This paper provides a synthesis of research on Art Therapy, Post traumatic Stress Disorder, and explains the unique benefit this therapy may provide for the refugee population suffering from PTSD.
    • Traumatic Events Impact on Colleges Enrollment of Students with Learning Disabilities

      Blair, Shaniece; The College at Brockport (2018-07-01)
      Numerous traumatic events have occurred in recent years and have greatly impacted people of all ages, including college-aged students. One of the causes of learning disabilities may be the increasing number of traumatic events. It is hypothesized that there has been an increased enrollment of students with learning disabilities in areas where traumatic events have occurred. Using data acquired from public and private colleges or universities in New York, we will determine if the number of students with learning disabilities is increasing on New York college campuses post-traumatic events and what services are being most frequently utilized.
    • Treating Sex Offender Denial: Measuring Client Change and Contributing Therapeutic Factors

      Hickey, Jean P.; The College at Brockport (2006-01-01)
      Denial is believed to be a serious impediment to the most effective sex offender treatment. Research in support of this contention is limited, as is research into the specific content and process components which may reduce denial. Additionally, perhaps because sex offenders are so reviled by the public, soliciting their opinions on the efficacy of treatment components is rarely done. This study utilized a pretest/posttest design to measure the effect of a twelve-week treatment group on types of denial and solicited group members’ opinions on the helpfulness of specific components. Results indicated denial was lowered and group cohesiveness contributed most significantly. An implication is that group process factors in sex offender treatment might be studied more rigorously in the future.
    • Treatment and Rehabilitation of Femoral Acetabular Impingement

      Henry, Timothy; Bannister, Emily; The College at Brockport (2017-05-05)
      Femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) is a complex disorder of the hip that involves damage to the bones of the coxofemoral joint typically as a result of repetitive movements near the end range of the hip. The etiology, pathology, and prognosis of the disorder will be discussed in addition to clinical techniques used to recognize and diagnose the injury. Treatment options will also be examined including both a conservative treatment and a surgical intervention. The rehabilitation protocol will follow a step-by-step progression which will start immediately post-operation and progress through the months that follow all the way until the individual returns to competitive athletics. This rehabilitation protocol will be highly individualized therefore it is important to focus on clinical goals and patient goals while designing the progression.
    • Treatment Efficacy for Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Short and Long Term Outcomes

      Rainville, Michelle (2015)
      Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epileptic aphasia occurring in children characterized by abnormal electroencephalogram and a loss of language skills. There are many methods of treatment for LKS all with varying out comes. In this poster, different treatment methods are discussed and compared.
    • Treatment of Female Politicians and Impact on Voter Perception in the U.S.

      Bygall, Jenna B. (2019-08-09)
      This essay explores the treatment of female politicians in the United States government and the impact of negative treatment on potential candidates as well as voters’ perception of said candidates. Readers may obtain a better understanding of the stereotypes, double standards, and biases that are projected upon female politicians in the U.S. This work is based on a literature review of peer-reviewed journal entries, research-based books, and credible news sources.
    • Treatment of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Using the MyoKinesthetic System: A Case Serie

      Chapman, Erin; Thistle, Sara; The College at Brockport (2018-05-16)
      Objective: The purpose of this case series was twofold: to compare and identify the physiological and muscular differences between those with MTSS and those without MTSS as well as assess the MyoKinesthetic System’s (MYK) effect on medial tibial stress syndrome in a physically active population compared to ice massage and stretching the gastrocnemius/soleus complex and plantar fascia. Methods: The case series was completed in a state college athletic training facility. Six participants, all physically active, were included in the study. Two of the participants were included in the experimental groups due to complaints of MTSS pain and 4 participants with no pain or prior history of MTSS were placed in the control group. Mean age for the six participants was 20.3 (SD=1.86). Each participant answered select patient-rated outcome measures (PROM) and were analyzed via a navicular drop test and MyoKinesthetic System posture screen. The participant randomly placed in experimental group A was treated with a MYK System treatment and the participant placed in experimental group B was treated with traditional methods (i.e. ice massage, stretching of the gastrocnemius/soleus complex, rolling of the plantar fascia). Evidence of improvement in participant’s function and pain were based on the select PROMs. Results: The participant in experimental group A (MYK) presented with a “normal” navicular drop measurement, whereas the participant in experimental group B (traditional treatment) showed an “abnormal” navicular drop measurement in her right foot only. The control group had a lower average navicular drop measurement than both experimental participants. The experimental participants had greatest dysfunction at the L5 and S1 nerve root levels based on the MYK System posture screen. Similarly, the control group exhibited dysfunctions at the L5 and S1 levels. The participant who received the MYK System treatment improved in all 6 PROMs and the participant treated with the traditional treatment reported decreases in her overall function and an increase in her perceived pain based on the 6 PROMs. Conclusion: No relationship could be determined from the small, homogeneous sample size, but the trends in participant’s responses to treatment were in support of the MYK System as an effective treatment for MTSS. No obvious postural differences were not found between the experimental and control groups.