• Preface

      Alvarez-Altman, Grace; Burelbach, Frederick M.; The College at Brockport (2014-10-16)
    • Preface

      Stengler, A. Erik (SUNY Oneonta, 2021-05)
      This is the first of many “Cabinets of Curiosities” that students of the Cooperstown Graduate Program will imagine with objects from the collection of the Little Falls Historical Society in Little Falls, NY. As part of the course “Science Cabinet of Curiosities” the students select objects for this imaginary cabinet of curiosities, do in-depth research about them and their role in a specific aspect or period in the history of Little Falls, and then create a product that supports the Historical Society’s Museum and its programming. In 2020, the product has been this book about the industrialization in Little Falls.
    • Preference by Race is Neither Just Nor Wise

      Cohen, Carl; University of Michigan - Ann Arbor (1998-01-01)
      This paper argues that preference by race is neither just nor wise. The paper argues that, as it was originally intended, the policy of affirmative action does not involve preference by race, nor is such a system justified.
    • Preferred Player Characteristics and Skills of Division I Men's Basketball Coaches

      Stier, William F.; Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2006-07-01)
      A national survey of selected men’s basketball coaches, at the NCAA Division I level, revealed how essential the respondents felt certain work ethic characteristics were for successful basketball players on their team. The respondents also revealed how important specific skills or talents were for the success of men’s NCAA men’s Division I basketball programs. The survey was completed by means of a 36-item Likert scale questionnaire. This investigation determined to what degree NCAA Division I coaches should seek specific work ethic characteristics and physical skills/talents in their players.
    • Prefirst Placement: Parent Attitude Survey

      Zampi, Patricia; The College at Brockport (1989-08-01)
      Signs of low-achievement in kindergarten students lead to difficult decisions for parents. Often parents request that their children be pushed ahead into first grade, hoping that the child will catch up. However, studies have shown that it is rare for the child to ever be able to catch up with the rest of the class. Making children repeat kindergarten is also problematic, as children are not learning any new material, and their self-confidence may be shaken seeing their peers advance ahead of them. An alternative option is to place these children into a prefirst grade class. Prefirst grade classes have a large success rate in improving a child’s chances of succeeding in later grades, and positively impacting self-confidence. However, in spite of the success, parents often view prefirst classes as negative. In this master thesis, the author surveyed 114 parents of children enrolled in prefirst grade within the Rochester NY school district. The survey was composed of 17 questions pertaining to parent’s initial feelings of placing their children in prefirst classes, and their feelings after their children completed the class. The results show that while almost half of parents were unhappy about the initial placement, 75% of parents were happy about the placement by the end. Generally, parents found the prefirst grade to be beneficial to their child’s listening, learning, and self-esteem.
    • A preliminary study of the effects of a novice hacker's learning process on a computer hardware and base operating system component performance

      Mikijanic, Christine (2020-05)
      One of the major problems in computer security today is the mitigation of damage caused by malware. Common approaches for gathering information about this threat have been to investigate and utilize the structure of a malware attack for prevention and reduction of damage, or analysis of the effect of malware originally found in the wild on target computer systems. This thesis provides a means of determining whether or not sufficient information exists to examine the possibility of finding or identifying an inexperienced hacker inside of a computer system. Analysis of pseudo-ransomware inside a virtual machine was performed, with investigation into the performance of the system’s hardware and base operating system components. It was discovered that CPU load was the core of indicators that displayed the presence of possible ransomware, as it consistently displayed longer process completion times and signs of strain under intensified usage. Furthermore, this factor could be paired with statistics for other areas of the system in order to provide more detail about the attack itself.
    • Premature Chromosome Condensation of Synchronized Chinese Hamster Lung Cells

      Appley, Marlene; Tucci, Steven Michael; The College at Brockport (1977-06-01)
      The orderly, nonrandom pattern of nuclear chromatin is observable when it is condensed as visually distinct and structurally reproducible metaphase chromosomes. Interphase nuclei are susceptible to being induced to condense prematurely when by somatic cell fusion they become exposed to the influence of mitotic nuclei. The mitotic inducer has a differential effect on G_1, S, and G­_2 chromatin and produces varied premature condensation products. In the following experiments metaphase-G_1 fusions yielded single, elongated chromatids. The metaphase-S fusions resulted in pulverized condensation products. Metaphase-G_2 fusions produced sister, elongated chromatids. Sendai virus was used as the fusing agent in these experiments. The seed virus was injected into the allantoic cavity of 11-day chick embryos. Four days post injection the allantoic fluid was collected and titrated to give the desired virus concentration. The virus was subsequently inactivated by ultraviolet exposure. This inactive Sendai virus when suspended in medium with the Chinese hamster cells, produced cell fusion and the various premature condensation products. The percentages of these various fusion products were able to be influenced by using synchronized cell populations. Thymidine, hydroxyurea and colcemid were the drugs of choice to bring about synchrony. Both thymidine and hydroxyurea have the capability to produce a transient inhibition of DNA synthesis. Colcemid interferes with the polymerization of microtubules and therefore arrests cells in metaphase. When synchronized populations were fused and compared to asynchronous population fusions.
    • Prenatal Environmental Toxins and Possible Links to Autism

      Esposito, Samantha (2014)
      Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication. Although there is no specific etiology known to cause autism, it is believed that a combination of both genetic and environmental factors have an impact on the development of ASD. This study examines different environmental toxins that are believed to increase the likelihood of autism when present in-utero.
    • Preparing an Architectural Survey – Drawing a Plot Plan Using GIS/GPS

      Huot, Maria; The College at Brockport (2006-08-10)
      Students will be able to: a. To define and differentiate the following terms: plot plan, survey, contour lines. b. To identify and plot the necessary points of a given lot using a GPS c. To identify the altitude of predefined points in a given lot using a GPS. d. Identify tree location and species in the lot. e. Evaluate the tree species that would bring environmental benefits to the family unit (house). f. To transfer the surveyed coordinates into a CAD system. g. To draw a plot plan of the lot using a CAD system. h. To transfer CAD drawings into GSI data maps. i. To transfer the landscaped plot plan into the GSI data file.
    • Preparing English Language Learners to Succeed After High School

      Mazurett-Boyle, Rosa; Klemm, Megan (2020-08-04)
      This paper analyzes the educational pathway for English Language Learners (ELLs) and their level of preparedness for college or careers post-secondary education. How can educators better prepare ELLs for life after high school? ELLs often face hurdles when it comes to education. Research and professional development will prepare educators on how to adapt resources and information into the school curriculum to ensure ELLs gain knowledge of career paths and educational opportunities available. Topics discussed in this paper are low academic achievement rates, low socioeconomic status, and a lack of academic guidance. Through the use of Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) I will examine the question: how to prepare and inform ELLs of career paths to become College and Career Ready (CCR)? The Professional Development (PD) aims to train and build collaboration among Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) and mainstream teachers, as well as administrators and school staff in middle school and high school to deliver information. Expected outcomes include building an effective CCR program that prepares ELLs to be successful, well-rounded, contributing members of the community.
    • Preparing New Teachers to Manage the Modern Classroom

      Giblin, Thomas R.; Kaminska, Cody; The College at Brockport (2018-12-13)
      Classroom management is broadly defined as the wide variety of skills and techniques that teachers use to keep students organized, orderly, focused, on task, and academically productive during class. A teacher’s skills as a classroom manager are vital to being an efficient and effective teacher, no matter how knowledgeable a teacher may be on a subject. However, while most college curriculums focus on pedagogy and curriculum-building skills, most do not place explicit focus on classroom management strategies. This leaves many teacher candidates feeling ill-prepared to manage a classroom upon leaving academia. This paper explores the necessity of creating a college-level course dedicated to merging academic theory with research-based practices as they are performed in the field in an attempt to further prepare teacher candidates for the realities of modern classroom management.
    • Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches to Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students

      Stevens, Sharon Rose; The College at Brockport (1992-12-01)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of preschool teachers toward students with imaginary companions, in particular, their reactions to situations involving imaginary companions in the classroom settings. Past research has focused on reflections of individuals who have had imaginary companions in childhood. Professional attitudes toward these children have ranged from very positive to suggestive of mental illness, requiring treatment. The subjects were 27 female preschool teachers currently teaching nursery school in the western New York region. Eight hypothetical imaginary companion scenarios were devised. Each scenario was comprised of three to five short sentences. Subjects responded to each scenario in a free-response written format. They were instructed to respond to the situations presented as they would in their own classroom. All responses were then analyzed for overall feeling tone/theme. Eight themes were found to be present in the responses. These themes were: Responsible/”correct” behavior; Diversion/socialization; Extension/school activities; Praise, acknowledgment; Questioning/child/parent/”friend”; Sarcasm/rude comments/derision; Acceptance/ignore behavior; and Don't know. Responses elicited revealed no definitive across-case approach to imaginary companion behavior in the preschool classroom. There were definitive response patterns/themes found within cases. Each student's case was unique and specific, individualized responses were given by subjects to each scenario. Teaching implications suggested the need to treat children with imaginary companions with respect and encourage the positive aspects of such behavior. Female students in particular tended to be treated not as creative, but dependent and in need of “weaning” from the imaginary companion. Future research in real classroom settings would help determine whether stated responses are reflective of actual teacher actions. Other possible research would include cross-cultural studies and interviewing of adults who presently have imaginary companions.
    • Preschoolers' attachment to grandparent caregivers

      Filangeri-Parashar, Jessica (2008-03-28)
      Currently, there are over 2.4 million children in the United States living in the custodial care of their grandparents. Grandparents as caregivers and the problems their grandchildren face have received little attention in developmental research. The purpose of this paper is to address the possibility that secure attachment relationships with grandparents can serve as a protective factor against the risks of disrupted attachments with parents. In order to address this question, a framework is proposed that combines central elements of two differing perspectives on young children’s relationships, traditional attachment theory, and a social network model. An example of how this model can be used to investigate important developmental questions is outlined.
    • Preschooler’s Perception about Reading: Is There a Correlation between Interest Level and Reading Concept Development Among Emergent Readers?

      Begy, Gerald; Lercher, Julie Waldinger; The College at Brockport (1997-12-01)
      This study was designed to examine preschoolers' interest levels in reading and their knowledge of basic reading concepts to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between interest and concept development. In addition, preschoolers were asked twelve questions to determine their understanding of the reading process to see if any trends emerge such as age and sex. Forty preschoolers (20 male--20 female), ages 3 and 4, participated in this study. The subjects were selected from preschools across Monroe County in upper New York State. Data were collected from preschoolers' teachers and in 1:1 sessions with the preschoolers. The data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The quantitative analysis revealed that there was a statistically significant positive correlation (p < .01) between interest levels and concept development in preschoolers. In addition, there were no gender differences found for either interest levels or concept development scores. However, the qualitative analysis revealed that male subjects demonstrated a better understanding of the reading process than female subjects. No significant differences in responses were found between the 3-and 4-year-old preschoolers.
    • Presence | Absence: MFA Thesis - Ceramics

      Henry, Sara (2015-05)
      Humans are complex, imaginative, and explorative beings. We are investigators, travelers, builders, and lovers. We create and destroy—build and tear down—come together and fall apart. We are thinkers and doers, and we are determined to locate our exact physical and philosophical place within the universe. Nous, or Mind, is a philosophical term introduced by the Greeks, which describes what enables our intellect, and is necessary for our understanding of what is true or real. Nous exists in a space that is between the real, tangible, physical world and the world that exists only within the complex, confines of the brain—our imagination. I am interested in the dichotomy between investigation and imagination, and the physical world and the imaginary world and where these concepts and places converge within the spectrum of visual art. Through geology, astrophysics, metaphysics, and ontology, I explore the making process, materials, deconstruction/reconstruction, human nature, and chance. The objects I make are abstracted physical representations of the abstract concept of thought and imagination, and symbolize the space where ‘Being’ exists—between what is real and what is unreal. Martin Heidegger uses the German term ‘Dasein,’ and ‘Seiend’ which translate into English as, ‘Being,’ in his essay “Being and Time,” from 1927. As explained by Simon Critchley from “Being and Time, part 1: Why Heidegger Matters,” ‘Being’ is not something like a being. Being, Heidegger claims, is ‘what determines beings as beings, that in terms of which beings are already understood.’ In other words, being is Presence | Absence Henry 2 Presence | Absence Henry 3 distinguished from beings such as physical objects or even, as Heidegger explains in his discussion of the ‘worldhood of the World,’ that entire collection of things that constitutes the physical universe. To preserve Heidegger's distinction, translators usually render ‘Sein’ as ‘being’, the gerund of ‘to be’, and ‘Seiend’ (singular) and ‘Seiendes’ (plural) as the verb- derived noun ‘a being’ and ‘beings,’ and occasionally, perhaps preferably, as ‘an entity’ and ‘entities’. [sic] (24) The philosophical concept of the Void is referenced as the void spaces within my work. Heidegger would have understood the Void as a clearing or a space that enables the presence of, or the bringing forth of something—which is how we can begin to find the alētheia (truth) of Being. The inner content is something that is not immediately apparent, but requires an opening, a space, in which to be drawn out, where it can then be communicated and possibly understood. Anaxagoras held that everything is infinitely divisible and that even the smallest portion of matter contains some of each element. (Russell 62) Although unsupportive of the concept of the Void, which began appearing in philosophy in the fourth book of Aristotle’s “Physica,” I ask this: could the Being—the thing that separates us from other sentient beings and allows us our complexity—exist within the Void? If the ‘Being’ resides within our bodies, could there be void space within us? It is here the discussion begins; with what is ‘Being,’ what is its purpose, and where does it exist? There is much about the world and our own mental physiology that we do not know. According to Heidegger, “it is said that ‘Being’ is the most universal and the emptiest of concepts. As such it resists every attempt at definition” (Heidegger 22). I explore these questions through my sculptures by depicting the space where the soul lives,; within a mass of earth, surrounded by the elements that forge our bodies and make us what and who we are.
    • Presence, Habitat Use, and Prey Selection of Champlain ValleyOwls, New York

      Doud, Gabriella; Moseman, Erin; Straub, Jacob; Garneau, Danielle (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2016)
      In this study we examined species-specific owl occupancy and detection, habitat usage and distance to landscape features, as well as food availability of owl species encountered in Clinton County, New York. Through broadcasting owl vocalizations, we were able to identify and determine owl habitat usage using an inexpensive, non-invasive technique. Lunar cycles were also assessed to determine when the owls were most active. Lastly, we hand collected owl pellets to determine what the owls may be eating in Northern New York. Program PRESCENCE was used to assess presence and occupancy across sites. We encountered barred owls (Strix varia) and great horned owls (Bubo virginianus) occurring and co-occurring at 100% of our sites. Detection probabilities for barred owls were 29% and only 4% for great horned owls. Through the use of ArcGIS is was determined that agricultural land-use and forests were the dominate habitat types surrounding the broadcasting sites. Roads and wetlands were reoccurring habitat across sites. We observed that owls were more vocal on nights of high lunar illumination. Through the dissection of owl pellets we concluded that small mammals such as grey squirrels and mice (Peromyscus spp.) were selected prey of a great horned owl. Understanding owl habitat-use patterns is important for habitat conservation purposes in the future as habitat fragmentation and habitat destruction become more persistent across the landscape. We hope to expand our research to other location including residential areas and urban parks to create a better understanding of owl habitat usage in Clinton County.
    • Presentation of Decadent Orientalisms: The Decay of Colonial Modernity

      Fieni, David (2021-10)
      Dr. Fieni will present selections from his book, Decadent Orientalisms: The Decay of Colonial Modernity, which explores how literature in French and Arabic has imagined the relative health and morbidity of France and the Arab World since the mid-19th century. Attentive to historical and literary configurations of language, race, religion, and power, Decadent Orientalisms shows the importance of understanding Western discourses of Eastern decline together with Arab and Islamic responses in which decadence returns as a characteristic of the West. The lecture will range from a discussion of a scandalously carnivalesque Arabic text from 1855 by the Lebanese author Faris Ahmed al-Shidyaq to contemporary writing in French by Arab immigrants in Paris exorcising the specters of their own supposedly “degenerate” status.
    • Presentation of The Art of Literary Biography: Orion on the Dunes

      Payne, Daniel G. (2022-03)
      Dr. Daniel G. Payne, Distinguished Teaching Professor (Department of English) lectures on the Art of Literary Biography, drawing from Orion on the Dunes (2016), his acclaimed biography of the 20th Century American nature writer Henry Beston (1888-1968). In addition to providing an overview of Beston’s life and work, Dr. Payne discusses the methods and challenges of writing a literary biography, including stories about his own experiences as a "literary detective."
    • Preservation in Practice: A Survey of New York City Digital Humanities

      Thiede, Malina (In the Library with the Lead Pipe, 2017-05-17)
      Digital Humanities (DH) describes the emerging practice of interpreting humanities content through computing methods to enhance data gathering, analysis, and visualization. Due to factors including scale, complexity, and uniqueness, the products of DH research present unique challenges in the area of preservation. This study collected data with a survey and targeted interviews given to New York City metro area DH researchers intended to sketch a picture of the methods and philosophies that govern the preservation efforts of these researchers and their institutions. Due to their familiarity with evolving preservation principles and practices, librarians are poised to offer expertise in supporting the preservation efforts of digital humanists. The data and interviews described in this report help explore some of the current practices in this area of preservation, and suggest inroads for librarians as preservation experts
    • Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Proficiency in Solving Word Problems versus Computational Problems

      Balzano, Betsy Ann; Morgan, Elaine M.; The College at Brockport (1988-04-01)
      The purpose of this study was to determine if preservice elementary teachers are able to solve word problems as proficiently as they can perform related computational problems on a word problem inventory. The subjects were 44 preservice elementary teachers at SUNY College at Brockport, Brockport, NY. They were enrolled in a course titled Methods in the Teaching of Elementary School Mathematics. A word problem inventory was created for this study by selecting word problems from the Addison-Wesley Mathematics series for grades 4 to 8. The inventory consisted of two parts, word problems on part 1 and computations on part 2. For the purpose of analysis, a dependent t-test was used to determine if there was a significant difference between the mean mathematics scores on part 2 computational problems and part 1 word problems. The amount of difference between the mean scores that was greater than the average of the related standard deviations will be the criteria which will determine if the results are educationally important. The coefficient of correlation was used to determine the degree to which computational proficiency explained word problem proficiency. The difference between the mean performance on computational problems and word problems was statistically significant. The mean scores that were obtained exceeded the criteria for educational importance. Thus, these results were educationally important. Only 50% of the variation in word problem test scores was explained by computational problem test scores. The other 50% of the variation in word problem solving ability remained unexplained.