• Made in the USA, When gnomes need to clean their homes: MFA Thesis - Sculpture

      Leu, Maxine (2020-05)
      My work, Made in the USA , focuses on the environment, communication, and identity. Using critical humor along with dark playfulness, I open doors to difficult conversations relating to issues of overconsumption and the culture of waste in America, through the lens of my own awareness of cultural differences. The works are based on my experience of being a foreign person in America. I choose familiar, everyday objects and commonly considered waste materials as the raw materials for my work and for their potential to initiate cross-cultural, nonverbal communication. Then I transform those materials into situational, humorous, and metaphorical artworks that double back and question our relationship to the commonplace things I started with.
    • The Magdalen Laundries: holding Irish society to account for the treatment of fallen women

      Donohue, Nikki A. (2021-05)
      The Magdalen Laundries, or Magdalen Asylums, operated from the eighteenth century to 1996 in Ireland. In 1993 a major scandal erupted when 155, originally 133, unidentified bodies were found in a mass grave on the convent grounds. Eventually, news broke to the Irish public that the “fallen women,” who were sent to the laundries for having children out of wedlock or deviating from societal norms in any other ways, were actually being abused mentally and physically by the nuns running the facilities. When the laundries first began operating, they started out as rehabilitation centers for women to come and go to learn to live better lives by Irish Catholic standards and eventually, the women were sentenced to the laundries by court orders to work for the Irish public. Historians have cited the Magdalen Laundries for arguments surrounding a lack of accountability from the Irish Church and State, reproductive justice and domesticity, and Ireland’s reliance on contemporary slavery. This paper will argue the level to which the Irish public should be held accountable for being complicit and upholding the social norms that landed the women in the laundries. This question is important to answer because this framework can be used for more modern events and cases of oppression that still impact us today.
    • Magicians of the Twenty-first Century: Enchantment, Domination, and the Politics of Work in Silicon Valley

      Crandall, Emily K.; Brown, Rachel H.; McMahon, John (Project Muse, 2021)
      What is the political theorist to make of self-characterizations of Silicon Valley as the beacon of civilization-saving innovation? Through an analysis of "tech bro" masculinity and the closely related discourses of tech icons Elon Musk and Peter Thiel, we argue that undergirding Silicon Valley's technological utopia is an exploitative work ethic revamped for the industry's innovative ethos. On the one hand, Silicon Valley hypothetically offers a creative response to what Max Weber describes as the disenchantment of the modern world. Simultaneously, it depoliticizes the actual work necessary for these dreams to be realized, mystifying its modes of domination.
    • Main Street, Marion, and Miscegenation: The Warren Harding Race Rumor and the Social Construction of Race and Marriage

      Parker, Alison; O'Brien, Kenneth; Lang, Stephen K.; The College at Brockport (2013-10-01)
      In the final weeks of the 1920 presidential election campaign, an eccentric college professor from Ohio, William Estabrook Chancellor, distributed a series of leaflets across the Midwest that claimed the Republican candidate and future president, Warren G. Harding, was racially “impure.” Much has been written about Chancellor, his racist theories, which were based on the “scientific racism” of the time, and his relationship to the Democratic Party. What has not been examined, however, is how his allegations about Harding were connected broadly to the social construction of whiteness in America in the twentieth century. In this context, the Harding race rumor is not at all a marginal moment in the history of the twenty-ninth president. Rather, it helps to show that Warren Harding's experience with the race dichotomy of the early twentieth century had much in common with that of other persons accused of mixed-race status at the time. Harding's extended family members were put under severe risk of being discredited and disenfranchised in a nation where it only took a hint of white racial “impurity” to deprive a person of the privileges of whiteness. As such, there is ample reason to reconsider the ways we remember Warren Harding's life and presidency
    • Maintaining Untraditional Virginity

      Hurd, Ashley Norris; The College at Brockport (2009-09-01)
      Ovid's Metamorphoses contains a world full of supernatural beings, violent confrontations, and scandalous relationships. Many myths contain stories of sexual pursuits, which often involve a god lusting after a young virgin. Those tales establish the fragility of virginity within the poem, especially when a female is a beautiful huntress. According to those factors, Diana, the virgin goddess of the hunt, should be unable to maintain her virginity. However, she defies convention and keeps her virginity, despite the many factors within her life that align her with the sexual pursued females. Because of that, Diana stands out among gods and mortals alike as a superior being whose life does not follow the standard rules of her world. In a similar manner, the Cullen family from Stephenie Meyer's Twilight maintains their own brand of virginity by choosing to drink animal blood instead of human blood. They defy the conventions of their species and live as a part of human society. Although the Cullens possess a different type of virginity than Diana, there are striking similarities between the vampires and the goddess. Through their virgin connection, the two texts demonstrate the universality of the conception of virginity and the complexity that can come with it.
    • Major College Basketball in the United States: Morality, Amateurism, and Hypocrisies

      Schneider, Robert C.; The College at Brockport (2011-01-01)
      The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and member institutions’ presentation of major college basketball in the United States as an endeavor of amateurism is contradictory to the realities of college basketball. Discussed are the following amateurism related hypocrisies: a) requiring players to fully engage in formally structured basketball activities as a priority over education, b) expansion of the post season March Madness tournament regardless of the fact that players will miss more classes, c) compensating basketball coaches with salaries contingent on success defined by winning, and d) the athletic scholarship. Literature supports amateurism hypocrisies in major college basketball (Bermuda 2010, Colombo 2010, Sundram 2010). Understanding the effect of NCAA and member institution hypocritical behavior on determining the moral standing of major college basketball is discussed in the context of claims by Grant (1997), that Machiavelli recognized the necessity of political hypocrisy. A utilitarian analysis using Jeremy Bentham’s holistic utilitarian approach calling for the agent to “sum up all the values of all the pleasures on the one side, and those of all the pains on the other” (p. 39) to determine the degree of morality, indicates a presence of morality in major college basketball. Under the premise that major college basketball is an extension of core values held by higher education, Aristotle’s Golden Mean (Aristotle, 1941) is used to help identify a point of balanced moral perspective concerning sentiments of the sporting community held for the sport. The end goal is to maintain major college basketball’s strong level of satisfaction among members of the sporting community, while controlling the false representation of amateurism surrounding it to preserve the moral and structural integrity of major college basketball.
    • Make America Curious Again: Integrating Feminism into Undergraduate International Relations Studies

      Schroeder, Tambria (2017-09-07)
      The systems and institutions that exist in our country are strategically designed to maintain patriarchy and privileged masculinity. Complacency of the majority ensures that these structures remain intact. In this paper, I consider the exclusion of feminism and discussions of gender from undergraduate political science and international studies courses, and why it is critical for us to be paying attention to it now perhaps more than ever before. I suggest that this exclusion only helps to ensure that patriarchal dominance continues into the future. We have the potential to change by adopting a more curious mindset.
    • Make it Plain: MFA Thesis - Metal

      Richards, Shani (2016-05)
      Knowing the history of craft and the material traditions are important to making my work. I insist on having this metalsmithing label, and I purposely challenge and subvert the discourse of what a metalsmith is. As a metalsmith I investigate like an archaeologist, and I search for objects and people that reflect the history of post colonialism in America. I had to take a critical look at the effects of slavery had on this country. How this country was built with was on the backs of slaves. History excludes working class minorities: The faceless and nameless who worked the land picking cotton, digging coal, and cleaning ditches.
    • Make it real : diversity and literacy, standards and dispositions

      Fairbrother, Anne (2005-09)
      Dr. Anne Fairbrother, a faculty member in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, the host for this journal, authors our guest editorial for this issue. She is a former high school English and ESL teacher who taught in Salinas, California, and in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Her doctoral work focused on the schooling experiences of Mexican-American students in low-track English classes. She received her Ph.D. in Educational Thought and Sociocultural Studies (ETSCS) from the University of New Mexico. Dr. Fairbrother is particularly interested in issues of multicultural education, educational equity, teaching for social justice, and in multicultural literature. Recently she has been exploring issues of student voice, and students-as-researchers. In the following editorial, Dr. Fairbrother addresses the connections between the seven articles of this issue of the Journal of Authentic Learning and current diversity and literacy concerns. Preceding introductory remarks by Co-Editor Audrey C. Rule.
    • Make-Believe and Its Role in Pictorial Representation and the Acquisition of Knowledge

      Walton, Kendall L.; University of Michigan (1992-01-01)
      Pictures are not merely imitations of visual forms, nor are they merely signs that signify or stand for things of the kind they represent. Pictures, like hobby horses, are props in games of make-believe in which people participate visually, and also psychologically.
    • Making an online movement: a content analysis of tweets by @AMarch4OurLives account

      Hannan, Erin (2020-05)
      The March for Our Lives movement began four days after another historic school shooting occurred at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. With more than 400,000 followers in 2020 and more than a million supporters taking part in nationwide school walkouts and protests over the last two years, this social media movement that began with #MarchForOurLives has developed into a rigorous campaign to call on U.S. elected officials to change gun-control and for citizens to get educated and vote. This study looks at how Twitter users engaged with the March for Our Lives movement’s (@AMarch4OurLives) original tweets from February 18, 2018 to December 31, 2019. The impact of this social media movement has resulted in unprecedented U.S. policy changes on gun-reform and an ongoing conversation on gun control policy. A content analysis was conducted (n = 500) to discover what characteristics of the tweets such as topic, tone, hashtags, and year influenced social media engagement in the form of likes, retweets, and replies. The purpose of this research was to uncover how the popularity of this movement online could have played a role in setting a new political agenda on gun-control. The results showed that tweets about the topics of the NRA received the most replies from Twitter users, and tweets pertaining to the topic of shootings gained greater user engagement in the form of likes and retweets. The general tone of @AMarch4OurLives tweets on a 5-point scale of negative to positive varied depending on the topic of the tweet, with an average tone of all the tweets being slightly above neutral (M= 3.38). Lastly, the results of this study reflected that tweets posted in 2019 received less user engagement than tweets in 2018 which were shared closer to the events of the Parkland shooting.
    • Making Confessions: The Confessional Voice Found Among Literary Genres

      Harrod, Mary Beth; The College at Brockport (2007-05-12)
      This graduate thesis will explore the term "confessional" and its application to literature. The term "confessional" varies; confessional writing can take different forms in different genres. In this thesis, works by contemporary authors of personal lyric poetry, memoir, and fiction are discussed and an investigation of confessional writing within their work is undertaken. While not all authors use a direct confessional voice, the overall effect of their writing creates an intimate space between the writer and reader. A sense of self-reflection on the part of the author gives a confessional feel to his or her work. While the lines of literary conventions separate genres, confessional writing tends to blur those lines by bringing the message of the work to the forefront. A piece of literature said to be of a particular genre is challenged when one discovers a confessional voice, as it weaves itself among genres and changes the face of the genre itself. While the confessional voice may be less pronounced in fiction, when we think we hear it speaking, albeit unconsciously on the part of the writer, the same effect takes place: writer and reader become engaged in a communicative relationship that reveals secrets of the heart. In exploring personal lyric poetry and memoir of Gregory Orr, personal lyric poetry of Linda Gregerson and Frank Bidart, short stories and essays by Susan Sontag, and finally, the short stories, essays, and letters of Flannery O'Connor, confessional writing proves to be ambiguous in meaning and difficult to define; nevertheless, each author uniquely incorporates varying degrees of confessionalism to achieve a sense of intimacy that is not a result of the genre they are working in, but in how they say what they do within the genre they have chosen to write in.
    • Making Connections: An Essay on Creativity in Science and Poetry

      Tilghman, B. R.; Kansas State University (1986-01-01)
    • Making Decisions About Nonpoint Source Pollution

      1985-01-01
      Point/Nonpoint Source Trading Program for Dillon Reservoir and Planned Extensions for Other Areas (p. 413) Optimizing Point/Nonpoint Source Tradeoff in the Holston River Near Kingsport, Tennessee (p. 417) Protecting Tillamook Bay Shellfish with Point/Nonpoint Source Controls (p. 425) Point/Nonpoint Source Interface Issues in Wisconsin (p. 426)
    • Making Healthy Babies: The Role of a Mother’s Education

      Adjei, Anabel (2019-01-01)
      The purpose of this research is to synthesize information that expectant parents can use in promoting long term health benefits, both for themselves and their new born baby. To achieve this, an extensive review of the literature review was conducted to identify the most up- to date peer- reviewed information on how the mother’s attitude and lifestyle choices play a role in their health, and how these decisions could ultimately determine their newborns long-term well- being as well. This literature review identifies several important themes for expectant parents and other stakeholders. These themes include: the role of education, prenatal nutrition, behavior, immunization and exercise during pregnancy.
    • Making It Real: Using a Collaborative Simulation to Teach Crisis Communications

      Olson, Karen S.; The College at Brockport (2012-01-01)
      Even seasoned public relations (PR) practitioners can find it difficult to handle communications during a crisis situation when the consequences of making poor decisions may seem overwhelming. This article shares results from using a collaborative simulation to teach college students about crisis communications in an advanced-level PR course. During this experiential-learning activity, students confront responsibilities and make decisions faced by PR professionals as they deal with a client’s crisis and plan a news conference that is attended by journalism students. During the simulation, students have many opportunities to “fail,” yet succeed at the same time. They also learn valuable lessons that stay with them years afterward.
    • Making it theirs : literacy teachers use reflection as a tool for shaping practice

      Lassonde, Cynthia A.; Reinhart, Lauren (2004)
      Teachers are often faced with the difficult task of implementing programs in the development of which they had little input. However, we cannot assume that teachers use the programs without thought. This article presents an examination of the reflection that has taken place as teachers implemented a systematic, scripted phonics program. Teachers used both inner and collaborative reflection to examine their teaching philosophies, theoretical beliefs and student needs. The authors identify a continuum of program modifications related to literacy-teaching philosophies.
    • Making Percents Make Sense

      Abbott, Melissa Leigh; The College at Brockport (2008-08-01)
      Since our culture relies upon technology, calculators, cash registers, and other devices, to complete math calculations, the conceptual idea of figuring out percentages has been devalued. In a sense, technology has allowed our culture to disengage common mathematical knowledge without any major concerns. The usefulness of mathematics skills is often questioned by students who believe they only need basic math procedures such as simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in their daily lives. Educators bear the added challenge of not only teaching these concepts and their significance in daily application but in assisting students to understand the importance of doing so without the aid of technology. The average middle school student not only struggles with mathematic concepts and their application in real world situations but vocabulary and reading comprehension as well. This double challenge exacerbates the difficulty of instruction and application of lessons such as percentages. This thesis project explores different strategies for student understanding and engagement with a foundational mathematics concept, percentages. It looks at the literary and reading comprehension effects on teaching math as it impacts student acquisition of this particular subject. The research literature reviews the idea of mathematic concept comprehension as a necessary life-long skill beyond the math classroom. It highlights the partnership of reading comprehension and academic success in math. The project includes a curriculum unit for teaching percentages which incorporates visual aids, hands on activities, and different literacy techniques. A two week unit on percentages was taught in a rural middle school, eighth grade classroom of eighteen students. Conclusions observed from student testing comparisons showed not only increased understanding of the percentages unit material but student engagement was also noted as participants were able to articulate added understanding of life application for this skill.
    • Making Sense: Inclusive and Multi-Sensory Activities at Pathfinder Village School

      Boardman, Kathryn; Booth Trudo, Thaddeus; DelDuca, Nick; Johnson, Mary; Jordan, Wilkes; McGee, Megan; Magan, Shyia; Snyder, Cait; Tubbs, Sybil (2022)
      Pathfinder Village School, part of the Pathfinder Village in Edmeston, NY, aims to support children, teenagers, and young adults with Down syndrome and developmental disabilities teaching them about community while gaining independence. As part of our coursework in Applied Education and Interpretation—a course focusing on creating inclusive informal education programming in a nonprofit setting—we created and facilitated three educational activities for the school’s 22 students. Divided into three classes, the students’ ages range from 6 to 21. Each student has different cognitive and physical capabilities, so the activities had to engage multiple senses, while being adaptable to different ages and physical ability while being. The activities were not only supposed to be a fun break from their school day, but also reinforce what they were practicing and learning in class. With such a unique audience, we needed to experience what learning techniques were most effective in the classroom, as well as what the students loved to do for fun. After visiting with the students, observing their day-to-day learning in the classroom, and speaking with teachers and faculty about their students’ needs and interests, we created the three distinct activities based on the school’s theme of the month: play.
    • Maladaptive Behavior in College Students and Breaking Student Codes of Conduct

      Dauenhauer, Kristin C.; The College at Brockport (2014-04-01)
      This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of conduct interventions to deter recidivism among college students. Colleges and universities have adopted student codes of conduct in an attempt to manage the college environment. A 12-item conduct effectiveness survey was emailed to students who had been found responsible of breaking the student code of conduct. Findings showed a 19% recidivism rate and that students who engaged in community service, attended a civility workshop, or lost residence hall privileges were less likely to violate the code a second time. Twenty-two percent of students reported an attitude change regarding alcohol and drug use post intervention and students who were mandated to individual counseling were more likely to report an attitude change. A one size fits all approach to alcohol polices, prevention programs, and intervention strategies may not be an effective way to address problematic drinking on college campuses.