• Caddisflies (Insecta: Trichoptera) of Fringing Wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes

      Armitage, Brian J.; Hudson, Patrick L.; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Midwest Biodiversity Institute, Inc.; The College at Brockport; U.S. Geological Survey (2001-09-01)
      Fringing wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes are subject to natural processes, such as water-level fluctuation and wave-induced erosion, and to human alterations. In order to evaluate the quality of these wetlands over space and time, biological communities are often examined. Ideally, the groups of organisms selected for these evaluations should be resident in the wetlands themselves. Fish are often sampled, but many species are not truly resident, visiting wetlands on an occasional basis to feed or on a seasonal basis to breed. Aquatic vascular plants are perhaps the most common group selected for evaluation. However, in some cases, aquatic plants give a false impression by providing photosynthetic capabilities and structural infrastructure but having greatly diminished herbivore and carnivore communities.
    • Caer Brythwch and Brythach and Nerthach in 'Culhwch and Olwen'

      Breeze, Andrew; Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona (2014-07-09)
      No abstract.
    • Caffeine and Sleep

      Sanchez, Socorro M.; Newman, Logan; The College at Brockport (2006-08-01)
      This project looked at the effects of caffeine on students.
    • Calabash series: MFA Thesis - Metal

      Qu, Mengnan (2015-05)
      In recent decades, the structure of the Chinese family has been transformed by the government’s One Child Policy. Urbanization and industrialization have further complicated the social shifts that have resulted in rapid and unbalanced transformation. I use the traditional Chinese form of the calabash as a canvas to explore and record stories that illustrate these social shifts. These stories demonstrate the impact of this policy and its transformation of China. These calabash objects suggest that everyday life can be surreal, ridiculous, and absurd. This paper supports my Calabash work series, providing important cultural context, material and technical information, academic statistics, and media reports of the stories told.
    • Calculating Shapes

      Ezell, Stephen; The College at Brockport (2006-07-20)
      Objectives: Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to calculate the area and perimeter of a random rectangular shape on a grid.
    • Calculating Slopes

      Iacchetta, Dave; The College at Brockport (2006-08-16)
      To teach students the importance of slope in the real world and how it is calculated and utilized in the real world (i.e. ski slopes, soap box derby locations, residential / commercial / agricultural development.
    • Calculator dependency and operations with exponents in an introductory college mathematics class.

      Karpie, Mabra B. (2013-10-21)
      This research explores students’ dependency on calculators particularly with exponents. Recently, students have become increasingly technology-dependent: cell phones, iPods, even calculators. It is hypothesized in this research that students will be reliant on calculators. In this study, two groups of students were given an assessment twice, once with and once without access to a calculator; the order of calculator access was changed with the groups. The students averaged better with access to the calculator, but not significantly better. In conclusion, calculators should be used limitedly in the classroom.
    • A call for immigration reform: a response to the northern triangle epidemic

      Tejada, Michelle (2020-05)
      The current immigration crisis is a global humanitarian crisis. As members of the United Nations, the United States of America has a responsibility to provide aid to those seeking refuge from dangerous conditions in their home countries. In recent decades, however, the United States’ response to an influx in immigration has walked a fine line on constitutionality. This paper discusses the causes of migration to the United States with particular emphasis on the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) which consists of the following countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, where the majority of immigrants seeking asylum in the United States are coming from. It analyzes the United States’s response to this humanitarian crisis, as the U.S. has failed to adequately provide refuge to immigrants from the NTCA. It exposes the discriminatory policies that exist in the United States, the racialization of the United States’s approach, and the malpractices of U.S. immigration agencies such as Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). This study ultimately questions the constitutionality of these laws and practices, critiques them, and offers a more humane approach while still maintaining national security.
    • Call Me Madam

      du Gard, Rene Coulet; University of Delaware (2014-10-24)
    • Callous Mind: MFA Thesis - Printmaking

      Lane, Christopher (2017-05)
      Post-traumatic stress disorder is a life altering condition that impacts millions. It changes the way we think, see, feel, act and live our lives. Witnessing those suffering from this mental disease that often goes untreated due to poor acceptance, misdiagnosis, and lack of awareness brought me to create these series of monotypes. This selection of five monotypes captures moments within the lives of those who are and have suffered the wrath of this debilitating illness.
    • Camera Trap Evaluation of Wildlife Use of Culverts in Northern New York

      Garneau, Danielle; Cheeseman, Craig; Rafferty, Alicia; Lauria, Ashley; Lee, Elizabeth (2016)
      Culverts are structured tunnels that are designed to divert water underneath roadways. Wildlife use culverts to connect to other habitat within their home range and their use reduces roadkill mortalities. The goal of this study was to determine the species completing passage through culverts of varied characteristics (e.g., shape, size, surrounding vegetation, construction material), as well as seasonal and diel patterns of usage. Eight cameras were deployed to and monitor bi-weekly to assess wildlife passage at four culverts between Fort Ann and Whitehall, New York. The greatest frequency of successful passage occurred at the box culvert (62 individuals), however the greatest richness of species (n=26) was observed near the circular culvert 7. Raccoons were the most commonly observed species, followed by fisher, red and gray foxes, eastern coyote, beaver, white-tailed deer, river otter, mink, and weasels. The higher water levels in the box culvert facilitated greater passage of aquatic species. The need to reduce wildlife and human damage resulting from roadkill is great, especially as landscapes become more fragmented. It is important to determine ideal culvert characteristics to increase wildlife connectivity through culvert use in the Adirondack Park and across the United States.
    • Camera trap monitoring of wildlife following a wildfire at the Altona Flat Rock forest

      Jaeger, Tristan; Adams, Matthew; Staats, Lloyd; Garneau, Danielle; Lesser, Mark (2020-05-05)
      Forest disturbance can drastically alter wildlife habitat (i.e., cover, forage and prey abundance). Response of wildlife to disturbance events, particularly the timing involved in returning to pre-disturbance conditions, are important aspects of overall ecosystem recovery and resilience. Here, we study wildlife occurrence and usage patterns following a disturbance at a sandstone pavement pine barren in northern NY. This site is dominated by Pinus banksiana (Jack Pine) with an understory largely comprised of Vaccinium angustifolium (Low-bush Blueberry) and Gaylussacia baccata (Huckleberry) serving as a major wildlife resource and fuel for this fire-dependent system. In July 2018, ~220ha of this forest was burned in a wildfire. In fall 2018, eight game cameras were installed along transects traversing a gradient of burn severity as well as an adjacent unburned reference area. Annual and seasonal abundances, and diel wildlife activity were characterized using the camTrap package in R Studio. Over the course of the study, overall species richness in the unburned and burned areas were differed (n= 15 and n= 13 respectively), though total occurrences were higher in the unburned (n = 361) than in the burned area (n = 480). Common species captured on the barren include Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer), Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare), and Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel) which more prevalent in the unburned, while Canis latrans (Coyote) were more common in the burned area. Seasonal trends in wildlife abundance show a clear benefit to being in the unburned area in fall through winter 2018 as it provides resources and hiding cover. In spring, wildlife increased activity within the regenerating burn which remained in high use until summer-fall 2019. Interestingly, Coyote’s use of burned and unburned areas tracks that of their Snowshoe Hare prey and is most pronounced in the burn during spring. At the barren, Snowshoe Hare and Coyote behave nocturnally as compared the diurnal activity of White-tailed Deer. In the unburned area, Coyote appear to shift activity to capture the morning peak of Deer. Further long-term monitoring will elucidate how wildfire affects wildlife community composition, abundance, and distribution on the Altona Flat Rock sandstone pavement barren.
    • Can American Universities be Depoliticized

      Aiken, Henry David; Brandeis University (1970-01-01)
      Every institution in society is involved in politics, and the university is no exception. So the university cannot be depoliticized. The question is how, and to what ends the university should be involved in politics. The answer is determined by the task of the university, which is to educate men and women for life in a free society. This has some specific political implications.
    • Can athletes be tough yet compassionate to themselves? Practical implications for NCAA mental health best practice no. 4

      Stamatis, Andreas; Deal, Paul J.; Morgan, Grant B.; Forsse, Jeffrey S.; Papadakis, Zacharias; McKinley-Barnard, Sarah; Scudamore, Eric M.; Koutakis, Panagiotis (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020-12-31)
      Recent tragic events and data from official NCAA reports suggest student-athletes’ wellbeing is compromised by symptoms of mental health (MH) disorders. Self-compassion (SC) and mental toughness (MT) are two psychological constructs that have been shown effective against stressors associated with sports. The purpose of this study was to investigate SC, MT, and MH in a NCAA environment for the first time and provide practical suggestions for MH best practice No.4. In total, 542 student-athletes participated across Divisions (Mage = 19.84, SD = 1.7). Data were collected through Mental Toughness Index, Self-Compassion Scale, and Mental Health Continuum–Short Form. MT, SC (including mindfulness), and MH were positively correlated. Males scored higher than females on all three scales. No differences were found between divisions. SC partially mediated the MT-MH relationship, but moderation was not significant. Working towards NCAA MH best practice should include training athletes in both MT and SC skills (via mindfulness).
    • Can Attitudes Predict Outcomes? Public Opinion, Democratic Institutions and Environmental Policy

      Shum, Rob; The College at Brockport (2009-01-01)
      The ‘post-materialist’ value hypothesis, positing heightened concern for the environment, should predict eventual convergence in environmental policies. In the meantime, surprisingly wide variations persist, even when controlling for income levels. Is there a role for public opinion to explain better the divergences and outcomes observed in environmental policies? This paper explores a possible mechanism by which widely hypothesized income effects on policy can occur via pressure from public opinion. By building upon a median voter model of environmental policy-making and developing an extension to include voter information characteristics, we test these effects on air pollution outcomes of varying (global, regional and local) scales. The results provide evidence of significant effects, but suggest two antecedent conditions necessary for political and opinion variables to have an effect: redistributive opportunities, and credible frameworks for addressing collective action problems. The implication is that relying on democratic reform alone may not suffice to improve environmental performance if underlying collective action problems are not addressed.
    • Can General Education' Teachers and Inclusive Teachers Collaborate and Teach Effectively For the Services of Their Students With Disabilities?

      Rae, Shanna Delores; The College at Brockport (2004-05-15)
      This paper describes a study conducted in a suburban school district. A focus group session was established and consisted of four participants. Two participants are certified special education teachers; the other two participants are certified general education teachers. The researcher and one observer conducted the research. During the focus group session, the four educators discussed five questions amongst each other. The researcher asked the questions and wrote down the responses. The observer wrote down the responses as well to ensure accurate analysis of the responses. The research questions focused on collaboration efforts between general and special education teachers, and how collaboration is necessary in order for students with disabilities to be successful academically and socially. The purpose of this study was to provide the general feelings of general and special education teachers regarding collaboration. The results of the study found that both general and special education teachers see a need for positive collaboration. The themes that emerged throughout the focus group session was the need for planning time, the need for common goals and for all teachers to be able to choose their own model of collaboration. This study is important because it helps teachers identify some issues with collaboration and the effect that poor collaboration may have on the academic and social success of students with disabilities.
    • Can integrating the theory of multiple intelligences and the use of sign language assist ell students academically and emotionally in the classroom?

      Zhang, Helen (2020-05)
      English Language Learners have a difficult time learning a new language and having the extra support in a classroom can make all the difference in their education and self-esteem. As teachers in training, we know not all students are alike and because of that, we must differentiate our teaching to help students walk away with being confident in their education. Integrating the Theory of Multiple Intelligences by working to strengthen two or more intelligences can open numerous possibilities and opportunities for these students. Additionally, students who may or may not know sign language could benefit from using this form of communication to express themselves physically and emotionally in the classroom. Sign language has the ability to become the bridge that helps ELL students learn English. Through research, it has been found that sign language helps students learn new words and express themselves when English is not their native language.

      Perreault, Melanie; Houston-Wilson, Cathy; McConnell, Allison (2020-08-15)
      The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the benefits of physical activity, as opposed to prescription medication, on mental health, specifically the diagnosis of depression and anxiety. Within this synthesis there is research done showing data of overprescribing and a lack of healthy treatment options from this generation’s medical professionals. The studies reviewed within the critical mass highlight many factors bringing positive data to using physical activity as a treatment for depression and anxiety in many different types of ways. Studies were reviewed through the length of intervention, type of intervention, based on participant’s symptoms and medication levels. The participants were looked at through the course of using physical activity through their knowledge/interest of activity, ideas for activity, guidance for activity etc. in the hopes that physical activity will become a lifelong treatment option for their diagnosis as opposed to prescription medication. It is the hope that future research continues to gather data to support this topic and spread awareness of it for a healthier future for both the mind and the body. Keywords: [physical activity, mental health, depression/anxiety, medication, overprescribing, symptoms, positive]
    • Can Science Disprove the Existence of God?

      van Inwagen, Peter; University of Notre Dame (2004-01-01)
      In order for science to establish that God does not exist, it would be necessary to determine which observations we would make if there were a God, and which observations we would make if there were not a God. However, these claims about what we would observe if God does or does not exist, are philosophical claims, not scientific claims. Therefore science alone could not disprove the existence of God.
    • Can the First Amendment Survive?

      Haiman, Franklyn S.; Northwestern University (1984-01-01)