• 01. Who Will Take Care of Me in 2020? (Full text)

      Downey, Edward H.; Guhde, Robert; The College at Brockport (1980-04-10)
      In the Summer of 1979 Profs. Robert Guhde and Ed Downey of the Department of Public Administration at the College at Brockport offered a special seminar to consider ways to deal with rising health care costs with a focus on long term care. The seminar called Public Management Simulation included a competition among MPA students from Brockport, Syracuse University, and SUNY Albany to see who could come up with the best solutions. The seminar and competition were funded by a grant to the Department of Public Administration from the 1979 Title IX Higher Education Act. Papers from the students were edited and published as a book entitled: Who Will Take Care of Me in 2020? A Speculative Look at Government-Funded Long Term Care. Prof. Guhde submitted the paper written by the Brockport students (Laura Volk, Jeanne B. Hutchins, and Jean S. Doremus) to the Public Administration Review, where it won the prestigious Garvey Award and was published in the Sep. – Oct. 1980 edition of the journal. This work is of interest today because it chronicles earlier attempts to deal with rising health care costs and provides insight into some of the policy and administrative remedies under current discussion.
    • 02. Front Matter - Who Will Care For Me in 2020?

      Downey, Edward H.; Guhde, Robert; The College at Brockport (1980-04-10)
      In the Summer of 1979 Profs. Robert Guhde and Ed Downey of the Department of Public Administration at the College at Brockport offered a special seminar to consider ways to deal with rising health care costs with a focus on long term care. The seminar called Public Management Simulation included a competition among MPA students from Brockport, Syracuse University, and SUNY Albany to see who could come up with the best solutions. The seminar and competition were funded by a grant to the Department of Public Administration from the 1979 Title IX Higher Education Act. Papers from the students were edited and published as a book entitled: Who Will Take Care of Me in 2020? A Speculative Look at Government-Funded Long Term Care. Prof. Guhde submitted the paper written by the Brockport students (Laura Volk, Jeanne B. Hutchins, and Jean S. Doremus) to the Public Administration Review, where it won the prestigious Garvey Award and was published in the Sep. – Oct. 1980 edition of the journal. This work is of interest today because it chronicles earlier attempts to deal with rising health care costs and provides insight into some of the policy and administrative remedies under current discussion.
    • 03. Table of Contents - Who Will Care For Me in 2020?

      Downey, Edward H.; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
    • 04. Introduction

      Downey, Edward H.; Guhde, Robert; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      The Public Management Simulation (PMS) was conceived as a unique way to combine teaching and research in, public administration. The ideal of combining teaching and research all too often finds its expression as a classroom lecture on somebody's pet study or as the lonely process of grinding out a dissertation or thesis. While both of these methods have undeniable merit, they tend to lack the vitality and challenge that comes from working with a group of intelligent and informed people to understand complex social phenomenon. PMS provides an alternative that utilizes the students as policy researchers with the added stimulus of an adversary setting. In this instance the PMS was used to develop alternatives for government funding of Long Term Care.
    • 05. Uncovering the Issues

      Logel, Tracy; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      The goal in this chapter is to uncover the issues as viewed by the three student teams. First is a synopsis of the papers in the order they were presented at the competition in Brockport. Each is outlined in terms of stated values, problems and causes, and recommended solutions. A few of the questions and answers asked after the presentation are included at the end of each synopsis. An analysis of the similarities and differences among the team approaches to the problem is presented. The chapter concluded with some unanswered questions and paradoxes that arise in the long term phase of health care. The complete team answers may be found in the Appendix to this monograph .
    • 06. Standards For Long Term Care Facilities: The Need For Reform

      Boetcher, Glenn; Price, Sharon; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      Standards of care are the foundation of the long-term care industry. Without a national effort to improve the quality of life of those confined to LTC facilities, our elderly can be guaranteed of poor or inappropriate care. Expenditures for Medicaid dollars must become accountable to that level of government responsible for allocating those dollars. Our nation can no longer tolerate the inflationary spiral of an open ended system, that is not accountable for its deeds or actions.
    • 07. Appropriate Levels of Care

      Vogel, Robert R.; Simpson, Judith; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      Consumers of long-term care are primarily the elderly, whose numbers are approaching 25 million; they comprise almost eleven percent of this nation's population.1 They experience higher incidents of chronic disease and long term illness, with the most serious health care problems occurring in those over 75.2 These health care problems are usually costly because of the need for hospital and nursing home care, as well as other forms of intervention, and the unavailability of suitable, less costly alternatives, particularly in rural areas. In addition, these problems are compounded by lack of mobility, poor nutrition, lack of primary care and other elements often related to limited financial resources.
    • 08. The Financing of Long Term Care

      O'Connor, Kevin; Volpe, Fred J.; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      Two arguments, one for full Federal funding and one for a continuance of state - Federal funding of long term care, are made in this chapter. Both arguments have one important area of agreement; they both set forth cost containment as a primary objective of any funding scheme. Furthermore, both suggest that this can best be achieved through some form of prospective reimbursement. Under the present system of retrospective reimbursement Medicaid pays, without limit, for all eligible services provided. This, many believe, encourages the provision of unnecessary services which results in an unnatural escalation of costs. Prospective reimbursement simply means forecasting service needs for some future period (usually one year) and then determining how much will be paid for those services. This would establish a limit or "cap" on Medicaid expenditures which would presumably have the effect of containing run-away costs.
    • 09. Federalizing the Administration of Medicaid

      Caccamise, Sandra; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      This chapter presents an argument for the federal domination of Medicaid Administration. Unlike the other chapters, this one includes no counterpoint, no position paper exploring state control of Medicaid Administration due to one participant's inability to sufficiently research the area. While we consider the omission a serious one, there are a few mitigating circumstances. First, the state control perspective is essentially an argument for the status quo which suggests that little which is fresh or innovative would be included. Second, the system of state control for large federally-funded programs that provide local services has been extant in this country for the past decade. Two notable examples, the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) and Community Development Block Grants, have long provided us with state control management models.
    • 1/28,000: working for Disney World in the midst of a pandemic

      Fisher, Shyana (2021-05)
      The Walt Disney Company is facing the biggest employment crisis it has had in years. Since March of 2020, the company has been laying off and furloughing college students, interns and even upper management culminating in the firing of 28,000 part-time and full-time cast members in September. While this may not sound like a big deal, most cast members think of this as not just any job, but of THE job for them. ( I know I did.) In this written feature article and accompanying photo essay, paired with personal anecdotes, I intend to highlight a few of the employees that threw themselves into their roles and what it meant to work for the Walt Disney Company. I intend to focus on those in their mid-twenties who have participated in the Disney College Program and then made the choice to stay on with the company, and those who are based out of the Orlando theme park.
    • 10. Ethics: The Quality of Life

      Gonzalez, Litz; Palokoff, Kathy; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      The quality of life for the elderly is something we all wish to improve; yet, there is wide disagreement on how this is to be done. In this chapter, the contributing authors address themselves to this question, and although they differ as to the means, there is an implied consensus on the end sought. Broadly speaking, the authors indicate that a quality life is one in which the individual considers himself and is considered by others to have not only a past but a meaningful future over which he has control. Furthermore, it is a life in which the individual is able to retain, wherever applicable and whenever possible, his connection to the activities of the family, the community and the work force. However agreement on goals does not extend to agreement on strategy. This chapter presents two views, two possibilities for an improved system of long term care for the elderly. First, there is an examination of long term care delivery under federal control and then a consideration of delivery under a state controlled system.
    • 11. Concluding Comments

      Downey, Edward H.; Guhde, Robert; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      The time to consider our futures, who will care for us when we are the sick and the aged, is now! Today, the answer to that question is often the skilled nursing facility, the most expensive way for society to bundle off the chronic health problems associated with aging. As the elderly increase as a portion of the population, the increase in payments for LTC will cause a massive redistribution of wealth, far outstripping inheritance taxes and other mechanisms for transferring wealth from one generation to another. It will eat away at our national savings and the domino effect it generates may affect the housing industry, industrial investments and other forms of industry reliant upon a ready supply of capital.
    • 12. Medicaid Reimbursement for Long Term Care: Problems and Options

      Bozeman, Barry; Hug, Rick; Schryba, Paul; Syracuse University (1980-04-01)
      We shall attempt in this paper to present some of the more important problems associated with Medicaid reimbursement for long term care (LTC) and pose some strategies for attacking those problems. Since political values are important determinants of the way public policy problems are viewed, we shall begin our analysis by describing the values that have shaped the problem for us .
    • 13. Long Term Care: Medicaid Reimbursement Does High Cost Yield High Quality?

      Balk, Walter; Muscarella, Maria; Rosenthal, Jean; Sanders, Garrett; Albany State University (1980-04-01)
      This paper suggests a new focus for government policy in the providing of Medicaid services. To put it simply, the government needs to provide incentives (and sanctions) that make the business of caring for the elderly profitable to proprietary nursing home. Although "profit" and "quality care" are strange bedfellows, the government must adapt the Medicaid system to keeping them close (i.e., maintaining a positive relationship between profit and quality care) .
    • 14. The Long Term Care Medicaid Reimbursement Problem

      Ekstrom, Carl; Doremus, Jean S.; Hutchins, Jeanne B.; Volk, Laura B.; The College at Brockport (1980-04-01)
      A growing public concern about the high cost of Medicaid reimbursement for Long Term Care (LTC) has created the need for careful analysis of the causes & consequences of past public policies and to develop strategies that provide solutions to identified problems. Guiding the team through the assigned simulation, that reflects a serious public concern, were our stated political values serving to shape our policy proposals. Using a systems approach, we analyzed current public policy and explored alternatives. We considered the forces that operate in the environment producing demands on the political system, pressing for allocation of resources toward desired objectives. An integral part of the medical inflation picture, Medicaid reimbursement costs reflect the system's failure to create a cost-effective balance between supply and demand, government and the private sector, quality and price, provider and consumer, flexibility and control.
    • 2000 Survey of Local Government Policy Issues, Training Needs and Technology Use in New York State (Review Draft, NOT for quote or citation)

      Hattery, Michael R.; State University of New York College at Brockport (Cornell University, 2001-04-01)
    • 2008 Lake Ontario Lakewide Fishery Assessment

      Lantry, Brian F.; Lantry, Jana R.; Schaner, Ted; NYSDEC Lake Ontario Unit; OMNR; USGS Great Lakes Science Center (2010-04-01)
      Lake trout abundance in Lake Ontario is now at a low level that has not been observed since modern restoration efforts began in the 1970s. However, the continued observations of small numbers of naturally spawned age-2 lake trout in assessment surveys and the appearance of mature lake trout of suspected natural origin, despite low abundance of the stocked population, is encouraging. Changes in stocking policy for Canadian waters in the early 1990s has produced a situation where lake trout along the north shore are concentrated in the west and east and suggests that the lakewide indicators of restoration progress used in the past for this part of the lake are in need of re-evaluation. In addition, this absence of lake trout along the central northern shore may be decreasing ecosystem stability and resistance to invasive species affects. Low lake trout abundance also seems to have positive implications for native preyfish recovery. Concurrent with lake trout declines, native deepwater sculpin (Myoxocephalus thompansonii) have reappeared (Lantry et al. 2007) and their recovery may indicate an enhanced opportunity exists for restoration of extirpated native deepwater coregonines. The results from this study thus far indicate that it would be beneficial to periodically repeat the whole lake survey and the five year interval of the EPA/EC Great Lakes cooperative monitoring cycle seems adequate and presents an ideal opportunity for researchers from this and other programs to share data and sampling infrastructure. Periodic lakewide lake trout assessments will extend annual monitoring of the condition of the lake trout population for the southern and north eastern areas of the lake to the whole lake and provide opportunity for assessment along the north shore. The whole lake surveys will also provide opportunities to calibrate between the annual USGS/NYSDEC standard lake trout assessments along the south shore and the OMNR community index netting occurring in the northeast portion of the lake; and an opportunity for collection of tissue samples for periodic examination of dietary trends and reproductive health.
    • 2009 Survey of New York's Local Chief Elected Officials: The Details

      Hattery, Michael R.; State University of New York College at Brockport (SUNY Binghamton, 2009-01-01)
    • 2010 Status of the Lake Ontario Lower Trophic Levels

      Holeck, Kristen T.; Hotaling, Christopher; Swan, Jonathan W.; Rudstam, Lars G.; McCullough, Russ; Lemmon, Dave; Pearsall, Web; Lantry, Jana R.; Connerton, Mike; LaPan, Steve; et al. (2010-01-01)
      This report presents data on the status of lower trophic level components of the Lake Ontario ecosystem (zooplankton, phytoplankton, nutrients) in 2010 and compares the 2010 data with available time series. Lower trophic levels are indicators of ecosystem health [as identified by the Lake Ontario Pelagic Community Health Indicator Committee (EPA 1993) and presented in the biennial State of the Lake Ecosystem Conference (SOLEC) reports] and determine the lake’s ability to support the prey fish upon which both wild and stocked salmonids depend. Understanding the production potential of lower trophic levels is also integral to ecosystem-based management. Continued evaluation of lower trophic levels is particularly important for fisheries management, as the observed declines in alewife and Chinook salmon in Lake Huron in 2003 may have been partly the result of changes in lower trophic levels (Barbiero et al. 2009).
    • 2013 Conversations in the Disciplines

      Myers, Kim; Barnes, Gordon; Hockenberry, Benjamin; Beatty, Joshua; St. John Fisher College; SUNY Plattsburgh; The College at Brockport (2013-04-01)