• Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia: Diagnosis and Treatment Efficacy

      Guardino, Nick (2015)
      Adductor spasmodic dysphonia is the most common form of spasmodic dysphonia. It is characterized by spasms that cause the vocal folds to close tightly and stiffen. This presentation seeks to compare the efficacy of traditional treatment and the efficacy of new microsurgery options. Both quality of life and vocal characteristics are important measurements to take into consideration when evaluating efficacy of treatment options. In addition the role of the speech language pathologist will be analyzed for each treatment option.
    • Best Practices in Cochlear Implantation in Prelingually Deaf Children Who Use Tonal Languages

      Campbell, Madeline (2019-05)
      Objective: This review seeks to determine what cochlear implant design, insertion technique, and aural rehabilitation method will improve tonal perception and speech perception for prelingually deaf pediatric cochlear implant and tonal language users. Methods: Seventeen relevant papers were identified in this review. Results: Fine Structure Processing coding strategy, a lateral electrode array inserted through the round window, and music training have all been found to help improve tonal perception. Conclusion: Using the Fine Structure Processing coding strategy in the low-frequency region channels, a lateral wall electrode array that is inserted through the round window, and music training postoperatively will help make individuals’ tonal perception more accurate and improve their speech perception of the tonal language they speak.
    • Brodmann Area 44 and 45 Deficits and Their Impact on Speech and Language

      Guynup, Amber (2014)
      This poster reviews Broca's aphasia, and what cerebral areas are affected. Specifically, the difference between Brodmann’s areas 44 and 45 is explained, as well as their differing roles on language and communication. Finally, the deficits experienced by individuals with lesions to these areas are discussed.
    • A Comparison of Language Deficits in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Specific Language Impairment

      Kerr, Emily (2016)
      Recently, many studies have been performed to determine the relationship of language deficits of children with autism spectrum disorder and children with specific language impairment (SLI). Both autism and SLI are defined by impairments in one specific area of language; however, overlap in the deficits of these disorders is becoming apparent. While lines have been previously drawn to separate these two disorders, the parameters of impairment between autism and SLI may not be as easily defined as once thought.
    • A Comparison of the Effect of Parkinson's Disease on Verbal and Signed Modalities

      Ball, Nora (2019-05)
      Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is the second most common progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by deficits in movement. The effects of PD on verbal communicators have long been known, but little is known of its impact on American Sign Language users (ASL). Due to impairments found in the communication of verbal PD communicators, recent studies have investigated impairments found in ASL PD communicators. Studies have shown deficits in prosody, intonation and articulatory approximations created by PD. Possible associations between an ease of articulation and increased difficulties in perception have been theorized. This literature stipulates possible similarities between the effect of PD on verbal and signed modalities. This literature review will analyze the results of previously conducted studies and speculate recommendations for future research.
    • A Comparison of Treatment Approaches for Childhood Apraxia of Speech

      Papin, Jordy (2016)
      Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is defined as a developmental disorder that affects speech motor planning and programming, and leads to disrupted accuracy and consistency of articulatory movements necessary for speech. As most cases are idiopathic, there are a wide range of treatment approaches for CAS. This presentation aims to compare the efficacy of different treatment approaches.
    • Computer-Based Therapy for Children with Low-Functioning Autism

      Brown, Celina (2015)
      Children with low-functioning autism have difficulties with social interactions and are limited in their communication skills. Even though traditional therapy methods have been beneficial, studies have shown that computer-based therapies have provided greater improvement in communication skills. The use of computers allows for the creation of a wide range of programs targeting various areas. This presentation outlines four therapy options and their computer programs, methods, and effects on improving language abilities.
    • Craniofacial morphology as a clinical implication for intelligibility-based speech therapy in adults with Down Syndrome

      Reagan, Samantha Claire (2019-05)
      Down Syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder associated with craniofacial features that may impact speech intelligibility and cause communication breakdown. Speech intervention has not been investigated in-depth in adults with DS due to the notion that motoric deficits are insensitive to therapy. This review seeks to identify literature pertaining to poor speech intelligibility as a component of communication deficits in this population for the purpose of informing clinical services. The results identified underlying articulatory characteristics that affect the quality and intelligibility of verbal output as well as the positive effect of speech therapy on intelligibility. The literature supports the significance of focusing on motoric-based intervention in adults with DS as well as the need for further research regarding clinical implications.
    • The Double D: A Review of Dementia Symptoms in Adults with Down Syndrome and the Validity of Assessment Tools

      Fishman, Lior (2017)
      Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic disorder. Individuals with DS experience cognitive and functional deficits, rapid aging and have an increased risk of dementia diagnosis. Dementia results in intellectual difficulties and disturbance to memory and language. It has been reported that approximately 70% of individuals with DS will develop dementia. Due to varying cognitive abilities, concrete diagnosis is challenging. Dementia Scale for Down Syndrome, Dementia Screening Questionnaire for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities, and the Adaptive Behavior Scale are used for dementia diagnosis in individuals with DS. As life expectancy continues to rise and the prevalence of dementia diagnosis is increasing it is important to make early concrete diagnosis in order to provide early treatment. The purpose of this review is to determine the validity of assessment tools used for dementia diagnosis in adults with Down syndrome and recognize symptoms that may be indicators to allow for diagnosis.
    • The Effect of Advanced Parental Age on Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder

      Hanlon, Abigail (2018-05)
      Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by varying deficits in social communication and social interactions, and/or restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. The origin of ASD has long been studied and speculated. There is an increased interest in the risks associated with development of ASD. In recent years, parental age has been studied as a possible contributing factor to the development of autism. Studies are investigating the link between maternal and paternal age and autism. Possible associations have been speculated to be increase gene mutations, genetics, high risk pregnancy and lifestyle. This literature to date indicates possible associated factors, but is not yet definitive. This literature review will discuss the results of several studies and the recommendations for future research.
    • The Effect of Bilingualism on the Aging Brain

      Czirr, Caitlin (2015)
      The aging brain undergoes structural changes negatively impacting its function. However, the extent of these pathologies may be experience dependent. Researchers have found evidence of bilingualism as a neuroprotective agent in the aging brain. This poster reviews structural differences and functioning of the aging bilingual brain to assess a potential link between the bilingual experience and cognitive reserve.
    • The Effect of Prosthetic Devices on Speech Intelligibility in Individuals with Cleft Lip and Palate

      Hughes, Alyssa (2015)
      Individuals with cleft lip and palate usually undergo surgery in infancy. Individuals who are not able to receive the proper reconstructive may benefit from a prosthetic device. This poster reviews the various options, their candidacy, and their effectiveness.
    • The Effects of Childhood Apraxia of Speech on the Development of Phonological Awareness

      Boyea, Stephanie (2014)
      Research shows that childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is not only a disorder of motor planning for articulation, but is characterized by an impoverished phonological representation system. This presentation investigates the breakdown of the phonological representation system and its effect on the development of phonological awareness. The effectiveness of an integrated phonological awareness intervention program for children with CAS is also investigated.
    • The Effects of Ganciclovir and Valganciclovir Antiviral Treatments in Children with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection

      Centola, Allyson (2016)
      Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is one of the leading causes of non-hereditary newborn hearing losses. Typically children with a hearing loss would receive amplification to help combat the loss; however, new research has shown that children who have cCMV can receive antiviral treatments in lieu of amplification. Ganciclovir and valganciclovir are the antiviral treatments that are currently being used. These antiviral treatments help eliminate the viral load in the blood and thus improve the child’s hearing loss.
    • Effects of peer-mediated interventions on social communication of children with autism spectrum disorders who utilize augmentative and alternative communication systems

      Scott, Jillian (2018-05)
      Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social communication and interaction. Peer-mediated interventions(PMI) have been found to have a positive impact on social interaction between children with ASD and their typically-developing peers. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices are systems that supplement or replace existing communication when impairments in speech are present. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of PMI on the use of AAC devices by children with ASD. The main focus was on the social interactions that were facilitated by PMI between children with ASD and their typically developing peers. Children with ASD may not have the internal motivation that other AAC users have to interact socially. This may be why few relevant studies have been identified on this specific topic. Results will be discussed and future research recommendations will be made.
    • Electrocochleography as a Diagnostic Tool for Ménière’s Disease: A Comparison Between Presentation Methods and Various Sound Stimuli

      Nye, Sierra (2017)
      Ménière’s disease is a vestibulocochlear disease thought to be caused by endolymphatic hydrops, or increased fluid pressure in the inner ear. At the time of this review, guidelines for diagnosis require audiometric evaluation and clinical judgment of symptoms. There is no requirement for the use of objective diagnostic tools in the diagnosis of Ménière’s disease. Electrocochleography was previously a variable and unreliable tool for diagnosing Ménière’s disease. However, with improvements in its technology, electrocochleography could play a greater role in evaluating Ménière’s disease. This poster compares several electrocochleography presentation methods, as well as different sound stimuli, and their diagnostic efficacy.
    • The Influence of Texture Modification on Nutrition in People with Dysphagia

      Runge, Mary (2015)
      Texture modification is the most common form of treatment among patients with dysphagia. It has been associated with a significant number of successful therapy outcomes for swallowing disorders. In contrast it has also been correlated with a high rate of malnutrition cases. Modifying texture to accommodate swallowing may compromise the nutritional value of food being administered. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in preventing and managing dehydration, malnutrition, and increased risk of illness.
    • Investigating the availability of services for individuals with communication disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa

      Capurso, Cynthia-Ann (2019-05)
      In Sub-Saharan Africa, it is estimated that there are at most six Speech-Language Therapists per one million individuals with communication disorders. It is evident that this population is severely limited in appropriate healthcare services. This literature review identifies the underlying factors that contribute to the healthcare shortage for those with communication disorders in order to determine solutions. The most prominent aspects that impede healthcare development in Sub-Saharan Africa for these individuals are the severely limited availability of health workers, inadequacy of training among professionals, and culturally appropriate care. Global responsibility and sustainability within the health workforce is necessary to implement the most advantageous solutions in order to mitigate this issue holistically.