• Brodmann Area 44 and 45 Deficits and Their Impact on Speech and Language

      Guynup, Amber (2014)
      This poster reviews Broca's aphasia, and what cerebral areas are affected. Specifically, the difference between Brodmann’s areas 44 and 45 is explained, as well as their differing roles on language and communication. Finally, the deficits experienced by individuals with lesions to these areas are discussed.
    • Prenatal Environmental Toxins and Possible Links to Autism

      Esposito, Samantha (2014)
      Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication. Although there is no specific etiology known to cause autism, it is believed that a combination of both genetic and environmental factors have an impact on the development of ASD. This study examines different environmental toxins that are believed to increase the likelihood of autism when present in-utero.
    • Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome: Associated Symptoms, Anomalies, and Management

      Gartner, Alex (2014)
      Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS) is a congenital disorder in which the vestibular aqueduct is larger than normal. As a result, patients with LVAS experience a sudden and progressive sensorineural hearing loss in early infancy or childhood. There are several ways to attempt to manage this progressive hearing loss, but as of yet there are no treatments.
    • Treatment Options for Dysphagia

      Chiudina, Nicole (2014)
      Dysphagia is a swallowing disorder that can affect both children and adults. Treatments include rehabilitative and/or compensatory swallowing strategies. The type of treatment used differs for each client depending on their diagnosis and/or what phase of the swallow is affected. This poster review candidacy issues for these treatments.
    • The Effects of Childhood Apraxia of Speech on the Development of Phonological Awareness

      Boyea, Stephanie (2014)
      Research shows that childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is not only a disorder of motor planning for articulation, but is characterized by an impoverished phonological representation system. This presentation investigates the breakdown of the phonological representation system and its effect on the development of phonological awareness. The effectiveness of an integrated phonological awareness intervention program for children with CAS is also investigated.
    • Training Communication Effectiveness in Individuals with Alzheimer’s Disease and Their Caregivers

      Ferrell, Jackie (2014)
      Frequent communication breakdowns associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) negatively affect the patient-caregiver relationship. This indicates a need for proper communication training to achieve an improved quality of life for both parties. The purpose of this poster is to investigate recommended communication strategies and tools for effective communication between individuals with AD and their formal and informal caregivers.
    • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Symptomatology Comparison

      Drake, Ashley (2014)
      The different symptoms of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder are compared, with particular attention to the overlap of symptoms. In addition, a subset of children with Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder who experience abnormal epileptic activity is also discussed.
    • The Stuttering Brain: Activation Patterns and Anatomy Differences

      Torrans, Laura (2014)
      The brain activation and anatomy differences seen in people who stutter is examined. The significance of right hemisphere overactivation and left hemisphere activation patterns, as well as pertinent gray and white matter differences are compared across research studies. Recent research on the connectivity of the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cortical circuit as it relates to the neural mechanism of stuttering are also discussed.
    • Otitis Media Treatment in Children: Surgery vs. Antibiotics

      Urlacher, Mary Catherine (2014)
      Acute otitis media is one of the most common medical illnesses among children. Cases that are left untreated or reoccur may lead to hearing loss or further health complications such as mastoiditis. Recurrent infections may also lead to problems in the development of speech and language. The correct form of treatment is critical in curing acute otitis media. In this age of antibiotic resistance, the decision to prescribe antibiotics is approached with caution. Tympanostomy tubes is also considered when ear infections are persistent and speech is impacted. But which of the two treatments is the most efficient?
    • The Effect of Prosthetic Devices on Speech Intelligibility in Individuals with Cleft Lip and Palate

      Hughes, Alyssa (2015)
      Individuals with cleft lip and palate usually undergo surgery in infancy. Individuals who are not able to receive the proper reconstructive may benefit from a prosthetic device. This poster reviews the various options, their candidacy, and their effectiveness.
    • The Influence of Texture Modification on Nutrition in People with Dysphagia

      Runge, Mary (2015)
      Texture modification is the most common form of treatment among patients with dysphagia. It has been associated with a significant number of successful therapy outcomes for swallowing disorders. In contrast it has also been correlated with a high rate of malnutrition cases. Modifying texture to accommodate swallowing may compromise the nutritional value of food being administered. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in preventing and managing dehydration, malnutrition, and increased risk of illness.
    • Computer-Based Therapy for Children with Low-Functioning Autism

      Brown, Celina (2015)
      Children with low-functioning autism have difficulties with social interactions and are limited in their communication skills. Even though traditional therapy methods have been beneficial, studies have shown that computer-based therapies have provided greater improvement in communication skills. The use of computers allows for the creation of a wide range of programs targeting various areas. This presentation outlines four therapy options and their computer programs, methods, and effects on improving language abilities.
    • The Effect of Bilingualism on the Aging Brain

      Czirr, Caitlin (2015)
      The aging brain undergoes structural changes negatively impacting its function. However, the extent of these pathologies may be experience dependent. Researchers have found evidence of bilingualism as a neuroprotective agent in the aging brain. This poster reviews structural differences and functioning of the aging bilingual brain to assess a potential link between the bilingual experience and cognitive reserve.
    • Treatment of Vocal Abuse in Adult and Pediatric Populations

      Reedy, Meghan (2015)
      Vocal abuse is a common problem faced by many individuals. This poster explains the treatment of vocal abuse, specifically in the adult and pediatric populations. Both groups experience vocal abuse, but there are differences and similarities in treatment methods.
    • Treatment Efficacy for Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: Short and Long Term Outcomes

      Rainville, Michelle (2015)
      Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epileptic aphasia occurring in children characterized by abnormal electroencephalogram and a loss of language skills. There are many methods of treatment for LKS all with varying out comes. In this poster, different treatment methods are discussed and compared.
    • Why Alaryngeal Speech Has a Reduced Level of Intelligibility and How It Can Be Maximized

      Mattice, Sylvia (2015)
      Treatment protocol for carcinoma of the larynx often involves total laryngectomy, the surgical removal of the larynx. Laryngectomees can achieve voice restoration using the following alaryngeal speech methods: esophageal, electrolaryngeal, pneumatic device, and tracheosophageal speech. This poster investigates the best methods to maximize intelligibility in individuals who use alaryngeal speech.
    • Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia: Diagnosis and Treatment Efficacy

      Guardino, Nick (2015)
      Adductor spasmodic dysphonia is the most common form of spasmodic dysphonia. It is characterized by spasms that cause the vocal folds to close tightly and stiffen. This presentation seeks to compare the efficacy of traditional treatment and the efficacy of new microsurgery options. Both quality of life and vocal characteristics are important measurements to take into consideration when evaluating efficacy of treatment options. In addition the role of the speech language pathologist will be analyzed for each treatment option.