Physical activity interventions for children with Down syndrome: A synthesis of the research literature
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Strength Therapy And Therapy
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AbstractThis synthesis highlights the available physical activity interventions/programs for children with Down syndrome. More specifically, the literature review examined evidence-based research in the areas of dance and movement, balance and stability, two-wheel bicycle, strength and agility and barriers and facilitators. The literature review used peer-reviewed and scholarly articles in order to examine the most effective physical activity intervention/programs for children with Down syndrome. Results showed that all physical activity interventions/programs can be effective for children with Down syndrome, especially when developmentally appropriate modifications and adaptations are incorporated. Dance and movement programs, balance and stability exercises using virtual reality games, learning to ride a two-wheel bicycle and strength and agility interventions can enhance the whole child’s quality of life through participation and exposure.
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Movement Therapy for School Age Children with Autism: A Review of the LiteraturePetersen, Susan C.; Bradish, Courtney; The College at Brockport (2017-12-18)One in every 68 children in the United States has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), affecting boys more than girls (4:1). Physical activity is important for children with ASD because it promotes life-long fitness and prevents chronic conditions. The purpose of this synthesis was to determine the most effective research-based movement therapy for children with autism, as well as discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each therapy presented. The literature review used peer-reviewed scholarly articles to examine evidencebased research in the areas of music therapy, dance therapy, yoga therapy and aquatic therapy. Results indicated family-centered music therapy (FCMT) improves the quality of social and parent-child interactions and a motivating social environment for preschool aged children. Yoga therapy displays positive effects for treating behavioral difficulties in elementary school children. Aquatic therapy was recommended for secondary children with ASD, due to the reductions in inappropriate behavior and increased on-task behavior. Recommendations for parents and physical educators include implementing activity schedules, performing tasks in sequential order, modifying instruction, modifying equipment and using visual aids. Overall, research indicated that dance therapy, music therapy, yoga therapy and aquatic therapy have advantages and disadvantages in treating children with ASD. Movement therapies can be used successfully for individuals with ASD but not every individual will experience the same benefits.
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