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Women In Medicine
Sex Discrimination Against Women
Attitude Of Health Personnel
Women – Trends
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AbstractThroughout history, society has pushed women out of the public sphere of work and into the private sphere of home. The medical field is one example of this gender segregation of work. Even though the medical field today is not as male-dominated as it once was, different sub-specializations in medicine are gender segregated. My goal for this essay is to focus on gender segregation in the workplace to show how the field of medicine has been masculinized with a particular focus on the subspecialty area of surgery. This paper will discuss these two points from a personal point of view and explain how this affects me, being a woman of color who one day plans to be a part of the medical field. This research will look at the gender segregation of medicine and examine what factors, if any, are shifting to allow more women to enter male-dominated professions such as surgery.
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Is Our Medical Community Failing Women? The PTSD Epidemic among Women in the United StatesPuleo, Erica (2021-01)PTSD has become fairly recognized within the United States Medical Community. Experts have begun to expand PTSD research beyond the confines of PTSD due to war and have begun looking at PTSD in the civilian populations. Due to this advancement in research, we now know that certain identities, like gender, can put someone at a higher risk for developing PTSD. In this essay I argue that even though we are aware that gender, and more specifically being a woman, can increase someone’s chances of developing PTSD, we still see women being misdiagnosed and mistreated by medical professionals. I examine this perspective through an analysis of current PTSD literature regarding women and compare it to my own experience as a young woman who sought out PTSD diagnosis and treatment.
The Role of Social Support in HIV Testing and PrEP Awareness among Young Black Men and Transgender Women Who Have Sex with Men or Transgender Women.Lelutiu-Weinberger, Corina; Wilton, Leo; Koblin, Beryl A; Hoover, Donald R; Hirshfield, Sabina; Chiasson, Mary Ann; Nandi, Vijay; Usher, DaShawn; Frye, VictoriaYoung black men and transgender women (transwomen) who have sex with men or transwomen are most vulnerable in terms of risk for HIV infection, also reflected in their extremely high incidence rates. As testing rates and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake remain suboptimal among these groups, primarily due to unique structural barriers, the present analyses draw on data from an online survey, administered October 2014 to August 2015, to explore social support-related predictors of knowledge and behavior around HIV prevention.Participants were 169 biological men who identified as black, with a mean age of 24 (SD = 2.97, range 17-29); 8% identified as transwomen. Logistic regression models assessed whether HIV-related social support predicted HIV testing patterns, PrEP awareness, and use. Those with higher HIV-related social support reported having been more likely to have ever tested (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.48; p < 0.001) and tested in the past 6 months (aOR = 1.22; p < 0.01). They were also more likely to intend to test in the next 6 months (aOR = 1.16; p < 0.001), including at a medical office or community-based organization (aOR = 1.20; p < 0.001), yet less likely to intend to self-test (aOR = 0.81; p < 0.001). Lastly, higher social support was significantly associated with prior knowledge of self-testing (aOR = 1.19; p < 0.05), couples testing (aOR = 1.26; p < 0.001), and PrEP (aOR = 1.22; p < 0.01), as well as prevention self-efficacy (aOR = 1.30; p < 0.001), but inversely associated with prior self-testing (aOR = 0.80; p < 0.05). For young black men and transwomen who have sex with men or transwomen, HIV-related social support, which likely has a strong peer component, appears to be a facilitator of optimal testing and intentions to test, as well as awareness of novel prevention strategies (like self-testing or PrEP). However, community resourcefulness needs to be bolstered by other mechanisms, such as changes within healthcare settings, to increase actual use of novel prevention modalities.