• An ecological and cultural review of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae): Dreamtime - present

      Carroll, Rory; Martine, Christopher (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2011)
      Since the first humans arrived on the continent of Australia, they have been in a symbiotic dance with the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). This member of the flightless ratite family is a testament to evolutionary adaptation and survival in harsh habitats. It has also played a key role in Aboriginal survival, as it is deeply rooted in Aboriginal mythology, culture, and medicine. The use of emu oil began with the Aborigines and its use is widespread today. The influence of the emu now reaches around the world. By virtue of its unique characteristics, the emu has been the subject of studies in contemporary evolutionary theory, phylogenetics, agriculture, and medicine.
    • An Examination of Clinical Measurements of Verbal Working Memory

      Hungerford, Suzanne; Roberts, Katharine (2011)
      Research indicates that verbal working memory is an important predictor of oral and written language processing, social problem solving, and academic success. This study examines working memory scores derived from common clinical tools in speech-language pathology, the relationships among these variables, and their ability to predict language and related skills.
    • An examination of sensory input in anti-predator behavior of the American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

      Carroll, Rory; Garneau, Danielle (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2013)
      Sensing, processing, and responding to environmental cues is a fundamental process, particularly for avifauna. The degree to which signals are effectively responded to, determines an individual's and a species' ability to function and flourish in its habitat. The sensing of sight and sound are highly evolved environmental analysis tools of the American crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos). This study examined how crows respond to visual and auditory cues in urban and rural environments. Taxidermic models of a great-horned owl (Bubo virginianus) and a red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus), a recorded call of the great-horned owl, and a recorded crow mobbing call were used to test the mobbing response of local crows in several different locations. No significant difference was found in mobbing response between urban and rural environments. There was a significant difference in number of crows mobbing the two predator species. Results suggest that crows use sensory information differently; visual cues for predation avoidance and auditory cues for intraspecific communication. The results also suggest crows exhibit discretionary sensory processing and responses. This study provides insight to how a highly successful synanthropic species utilizes sensory information to thrive in natural and anthropogenic habitats.
    • "And Still We Rise": Open Pedagogy and Black History at a Rural Comprehensive State College

      Beatty, Joshua F.; Hartnett, Timothy C.; Kimok, Debra; McMahon, John (2020)
      Chapter begins: In Spring 2019, students at The State University of New York College at Plattsburgh (SUNY Plattsburgh) researched, designed, and built And Still We Rise: Celebrating Plattsburgh’s (Re)Discovery of Iconic Black Visitors (ASWR), an exhibit in the Feinberg Library on prominent Black political and cultural figures who had visited the college since the 1960s. The thirteen students in African-American Political Thought (Political Science 371), taught by Dr. John McMahon, researched in the college’s archives and secondary sources to curate photos, text and multimedia for physical and virtual exhibits....
    • Assessing Outcomes with Nursing Research Assignments and Citation Analysis of Student Bibliographies

      Heller-Ross, Holly (Reference Librarian, 2003)
      What are the library and information research requirements in a typical undergraduate nursing program? Do distance-learning library services provide undergraduate nursing students with the research materials they require for their academic work? In order to determine how the broad range of reference, instruction, and access services offered by Feinberg Library at Plattsburgh State University of New York, are used by students, the author reviewed selected nursing course syllabi for research requirements and the resulting student research bibliographies as an outcome assessment. The review included 441 bibliographic citations from 78 student research papers from 1998-1999. Results indicated no significant difference between on and off-campus student bibliography citations with regards to currency, format or number of citations. Results also indicated that the reviewed undergraduate nursing research assignments were indeed designed to promote research integration into nursing practice, and that student access to information was sufficient to allow them to complete their academic assignments.
    • Assessing teachers mobile device skills and the integration of technology into their lives

      Phillips, Dale; Speirs, Micael (2016)
      The role of technology in education is growing increasingly significant. It has implications for classroom teaching practices, assessment and systems level decision making. The success of technology programs in schools greatly depends on the attitudes and skills of teachers. This study evaluated the validity of two newly developed survey instruments for assessing an individual's skills and attitude towards mobile technology. It also looked at the relationship between those two constructs and group differences. There was a significant correlation between an individual's skills with mobile technology and their willingness to integrate the technology into their daily lives. Regression analysis revealed that an individual's skills with their device was the only significant predictor of their level of integration. Finally, skills were rated higher for individuals who used both smartphones and tablet computers versus individuals who only used smartphones. These results strengthen the validity of the two survey instruments and add to the research base for integrating mobile technology into education
    • Assessing the Quality of Ruffed Grouse Habitat in a Managed Early-Successional Mixed Hardwood Forest at Lake Alice Wildlife Management Area, Chazy, NY

      Stryszowska, Kinga; Ramsdell, Connor (2017)
      Ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus are valuable upland game birds that are found in early-successional upland forests consisting of trees such as aspen Populus spp. that form dense stands. Grouse utilize saplings found in this young forest habitat as cover from predation, while tree buds, catkins, and leaves constitute the majority of their dietary requirements. The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation established a clear cut management site at Lake Alice Wildlife Management Area (LAWMA) in the early 1970s in order to improve ruffed grouse habitat, primarily for increased hunting opportunities. In the fall of 2016, I began to research this site in an attempt to determine the current quality of the habitat. I conducted a vegetation composition and density analysis in three out of the five stands using fixed circular plots. I conducted grouse flush count surveys over nine weeks, counting the number of grouse flushes I encountered every hour. Average vegetation data supports that the area holds adequate stem density for grouse protection (4,942 stems per hectare, as suggested by DeStefano et al. (2001)). The clear-cut is heavily dominated by American elm Ulmus americana, and not aspen, although aspen are present. Flush data from the 2016-2017 hunting season shows that the number of flushes per hour collected at the site were higher than the state average from the previous hunting season, and even topped the average for the surrounding Champlain Valley and Transition region (NYSDEC 2016b). This data suggests that a healthy grouse population and grouse habitat exists at the site.
    • Assessment of a Forest Stand for Old-Growth Status at Point au Roche State Park, Clinton County, New York

      Soranno, Matthew; Adams, Kenneth (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2009)
      Potential old-growth stands continue to be located and quantified. Although there is no generally-accepted definition of oldgrowth, there is a set of attributes that describe old-growth forests. The Hemlock-northern hardwood stand at Point au Roche State Park in Clinton County, New York has been proposed for old-growth classification. The composition and structure of this stand were sampled between September and November, 2008. Attributes of this stand were compared with old-growth conifernorthern hardwoods. The list of attributes included species composition of overstory and understory, maximum tree ages, stand structure, standing dead trees (snags) and fallen trees (logs). The Hemlock-northern hardwood stand in this study compared favorably with old-growth conifer-northern hardwood stands for all measured attributes except the number and size of logs on the forest floor. Although abundance of large logs is an important component of old-growth stands, the Hemlock-northern hardwood stand at Point au Roche State Park could be described as old-growth.
    • Associativity of the Secant Method

      Northshield, Sam (American Mathematical Monthly, 2002)
      Iterating a function like 1+1/x gives a sequence which converges to the Golden Mean but does so at a much slower rate than those sequences derived from Newton's method or the secant method. There is, however, a surprising relation between all these sequences. This relation, easily explained by the use of good notation, is generalized by means of Pascal's "Mysterium Hexagrammicum". Throughout, we make contact with many areas of mathematics and physics including abstract groups, calculus, continued fractions, differential equations, elliptic curves, Fibonacci numbers, functional equations, fundamental groups, Lie groups, matrices, Moebius transformations, pi, polynomial approximation, relativity, and resistors.
    • The Ausable River

      Garneau, Danielle; Craig, Anika; McKinley, Kristine; Putnam, Alex (2016)
    • Backcountry Skiing in Alaska's White Pass

      Henley, Casey; Soroka, Larry; Stewart, Charlie (2013)
    • Baseball performance via the lens of anthropometric testing, fitness metrics, and statistics: a longitudinal cross-sectional study

      Papadakis, Zacharias; Padgett, Robert N.; Stamatis, Andreas; Karasch, Richard A. (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2021-03)
      Background: Anthropometric testing (AT) and fitness metrics (FM) are contributing factors for success in sports. Limited evidence exists regarding longitudinal baseball AT or FM roles on baseball performance statistics (PS). AT, FM, and PS associations were examined for 5 yr to create a performance model. Methods: Eighty collegiate Division I players participated in this study. Height, mass, and body fat percentage (BF%) were selected as AT variables of interest. Grip strength (GS), one repetition maximum squat (1RMSQ), and vertical-jump height were selected for FM. Batting average percentage (AVG), slugging percentage (SLG), on-base percentage (OBP) baseball statistics were selected as offensive PS. Earned run average (ERA), batting average against percentage (B/ AVG), and strike-out per innings pitched for 9 innings (SO/IP)*9 were selected for defensive PS. Results: Offensive (r=−0.15, P<0.005; rs=−0.17, P<0.001) and defensive (r =−0.253, P<0.001; rs=−0.314, P<0.001) statistics correlated with BF%. Offensive (r =0.26, P<0.001; rs=0.43, P<0.001) and defensive (r =0.39, P <0.001) statistics correlated with GS. Offensive (r =0.26, P<0.001; rs=0.43, P <0.001) and defensive (r =0.27, P <0.001) statistics correlated with 1RMSQ. Offensive statistics AVG (R2=0.48) and SLG (R2=0.46) were explained by 1RMSQ. For defensive statistics, 1RMSQ was the best fit for (SO/IP)*9 (R2=0.43) and B/AVG (R2=0.52), and GS was the best fit for ERA (R2=0.39). Squat and time interaction for B/AVG was significant (P=0.04). Conclusions: Baseball PS are associated with 1RMSQ and GS. Time moderates the effect of squat training on B/AVG. Pitchers need to include squats to lower their B/AVG. Coaches may focus on improving such FM variables and consider the time effect on selected FM that may affect PS.
    • Baseline Study of Herbivore Preferences to Plant-vigor: A Distance-Mentored Undergraduate Research Experience

      Garneau, Danielle; Titus, John; Peterson, Marc (2014)
      Plants conspicuously display their energy production by a number of phenotypic characteristics; such as the number of leaves, flowers, pods, and their growth rate. When under predation by an herbivore, these factors can change significantly. Using such indicators to classify plant-vigor or health, leaf-area measurements of Brassica rapa were used to determine if the herbivores themselves select for healthier plants. The herbivore used in this study is the common field cricket (Acheta domesticus). Wisconsin Fast Plant cultivars of Brassica were grown in eight separate terraria. Two varietals of Brassica (green and yellow) were planted, resulting in four terraria for each type. Control groups (two green and two yellow) have no herbivores added to the tanks. Conversely, the experimental groups have Acheta applied to them. Variables such as the number of leaves, flowers, seed pods, height, and cricket mortality, were measured once a week for seven weeks. Photographs of leaf-area consumed will be analyzed using ImageJ, a computer program used in scientific research. Dry biomass will also be measured as a secondary means of measuring herbivory. Preliminary data shows a significant influence of seed pod production in the experimental groups and also a lack of development in yellow varietals compared to green Brassica. Once the leaf-area of predated leaves and the biomass of the terraria are analyzed, then correlations between herbivore selection and plant-vigor can be assessed. Congestion within the green tanks and general collateral damage during data collection has no doubt influenced the numbers received. This can be amended, as every stem that snapped was recorded in a journal, and such data can be omitted to eliminate unwanted variables.
    • Best Practices in Cochlear Implantation in Prelingually Deaf Children Who Use Tonal Languages

      Campbell, Madeline (2019-05)
      Objective: This review seeks to determine what cochlear implant design, insertion technique, and aural rehabilitation method will improve tonal perception and speech perception for prelingually deaf pediatric cochlear implant and tonal language users. Methods: Seventeen relevant papers were identified in this review. Results: Fine Structure Processing coding strategy, a lateral electrode array inserted through the round window, and music training have all been found to help improve tonal perception. Conclusion: Using the Fine Structure Processing coding strategy in the low-frequency region channels, a lateral wall electrode array that is inserted through the round window, and music training postoperatively will help make individuals’ tonal perception more accurate and improve their speech perception of the tonal language they speak.
    • Bird Window Strike Monitoring at SUNY Plattsburgh

      Garneau, Danielle; Hansen, Bendik (2014)
      Bird window collisions are a major anthropogenically-derived threat, resulting in 100-1000 million bird deaths annually in the U.S., making it the second largest mortality factor for birds. The relationship between bird window collisions (BWC) and building factors, such as size, window area, proximity to nearest road (as well as traffic intensity on that road), and vegetation density surrounding buildings was studied. Six buildings, with different size and vegetation densities, were selected for this study. Daily carcass searches around each building were performed for 21 days, traffic intensity was determined via observation, and window area and vegetation density were calculated using ImageJ and ArcGIS respectively. Only one indicator of a BWC was found (a feather pile), thus there were not enough data to perform any correlation analyses between the factors mentioned above and BWCs based on the survey of SUNY Plattsburgh campus buildings alone. However, other BWC studies indicate that higher window area increases BWCs most strongly in areas of lesser development. This might be useful in focusing conservation efforts when planning major construction projects.
    • Bringing the Forest Home: Lessons Learned during the COVID-19 Pandemic about E-Planning in Community Forestry Contexts

      Beck, Samantha; Coleman, Kimberly; Tapper, J Ethan (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021-09-11)
      This paper examines “e-planning,” or the use of computer-based systems to conduct planning and decision-making, in the context of community forest management. E-planning is growing in the field of environmental planning, as it promises greater equity in terms of public participation. However, a lack of scholarly work exists on the applicability for forest planning. During the COVID-19 pandemic, county foresters and other natural resource professionals in Vermont turned to e-planning when safety restrictions limited their ability to engage in face-to-face efforts. This provided an opportunity to collect empirical data about the potential for e-planning to support the public engagement process in the context of forest planning. We provide an overview of e-planning theory and examine data from Vermont to explore the promise of e-planning for forest management. We make recommendations about the applicability of e-planning in the context of forest planning, and highlight areas for future research to investigate.
    • Brodmann Area 44 and 45 Deficits and Their Impact on Speech and Language

      Guynup, Amber (2014)
      This poster reviews Broca's aphasia, and what cerebral areas are affected. Specifically, the difference between Brodmann’s areas 44 and 45 is explained, as well as their differing roles on language and communication. Finally, the deficits experienced by individuals with lesions to these areas are discussed.