• Tainted Lives

      Kiroy, Nicholas (2018)
      The work describes in a 20-line standard stanza the lives of six individuals who were affected in some way by the holocaust. I tried not to just define each character by their status and circumstances, but also by a dominant emotion that would carry with them. The first character, Alfons, I share the closest connection with personally because he and I both are nineteen. I attempted to imagine how my life would be affected if I were forced to endure this event at a time of discovering I face now. Along with devaluation, expectations, and hopelessness as elements, what path was he set on by this exterior force on his life? The other characters are much similar in having faced normal human difficulties in their pre-holocaust lives, endured unimaginable hardship during the events that took place, and were forever disadvantaged and scarred by this portion of their lives in which they involuntarily relinquished control to a great evil. Each of the characters are distinct in their own unique experiences shaped by where they went, who they were before they became involved, and how they cope with these hardships. Each of the characters are also the same inasmuch as they are unsuspecting victims in a merciless campaign to de-humanize that which is different, an increasingly relevant concept as the post-modern age progresses in a globalized world of self-awareness shared in a space with that of many others different from ourselves.
    • Talk Amongst Yourself: A SoTL Manifesto

      Neuhaus, Jessamyn (The Common Good: A SUNY Plattsburgh Journal on Teaching and Learning, 2015)
      This article identifies four ways that both public presentations as well as published work in the scholarship on teaching and learning could be improved, calling on all potential SoTL contributors to 1.) be yourself 2.) be convincing—but be clear 3.) be honest and 4.) be generous. The author concludes by arguing for the benefits of conceiving of the field as the “study” of teaching and learning, rather than “scholarship.”
    • Teaching Children with Autism to Join In

      Egan, Patricia; Titherington, Sarah (2016)
      In order to develop and maintain interpersonal relationships, one must possess certain social skills. Because children with an autism spectrum disorder have significant difficulty with social skills, it is imperative to implement training programs to remediate these deficits. The current study was designed to teach children with an autism spectrum disorder how to join in a conversation or play situation that is already in progress. Video models were used to show participants a five step (S.O.D.A.) strategy in a recreational program for children with autism spectrum disorders. The results show that two participants immediately acquired the skill, but their performance did not maintain when the intervention components were faded, even when a reminder was given to follow the SODA steps.
    • Teaching Global Issues through Public Intellectuals

      Hornibrook, Jeff (The Common Good: A SUNY Plattsburgh Journal on Teaching and Learning, 2014)
      By focusing on individual writers, public intellectuals, who are both thoughtful and easily accessible—rather than reading about these broader topics in textbooks—students learn about many of the same important issues while pointing them to specific individuals who they can turn to in the newspapers and political web sites whenever political conflicts and debates arise long after they leave college.
    • Texting Hotlines: A Pilot Study

      Phillips, Dale; Fournier, Kristen (2016)
      Texting has been integrated into virtually all aspects of society, including medical and mental health interventions. Researchers examined the use of crisis hotline among college students and their willingness to consider text-based forms of counseling. A surprising number of undergraduate students expressed willingness to seek counseling support through a text-based hotline. In a one-year study, researchers' text-based hotline was texted more often by women survivors of sexual assault than their traditional hotline alternative. These results should be taken into consideration by college campuses and mental health providers when expanding their mental health interventions to include text messaging services.
    • The "French Traveller," Patrick Henry, and the Contagion of Liberty

      Beatty, Joshua F. (2011-03-26)
      In 1921 the American Historical Review published the journal of a "French traveller" describing his trip to Britain's North American colonies in 1765. From the West Indies, the traveler sailed north to the North Carolina coast and journeyed overland to New York. Over those nine months he broke bread and drank wine with a cross-section of the colonies' wealthiest and most powerful men. The journal is unusual in two ways. First, it was written in English and yet found in a French naval archive. With its detailed descriptions of colonial port cities and their defenses, the journal was apparently written by a spy for Britain's greatest rival. Second, it contains the only extant eyewitness account of the debates in Virginia's House of Burgesses over the Stamp Act. These debates and the set of resolves that emerged served as a spark for resistance to the Stamp Act throughout Britain's North American colonies -- and yet we know little about the drama played out in the Capitol that day. The traveler never revealed his identity within the pages of the journal. Neither the editor of the AHR copy nor later historians could connect the journal to a known historical figure. This paper, then, will reveal the identity of the "French Traveller," reevaluate what the journal tells us in light of the author's identity, and examine the implications on our understanding of how the Virginia House of Burgesses and their resolves ignited colonial resistance to the Stamp Act.
    • The Company He Kept: The Aftermath of a Student Death at SUNY Plattsburgh

      Neuhaus, Jessamyn; Goldblum, Jacob (2014)
      This senior project consists of two transcribed oral history interviews with student administrators at SUNY Plattsburgh reflecting on the impact on the campus of a hazing death, and detailed Finding Aids for the interviews. Walter Dean Jennings died in 2003 from water poisoning during a hazing at an unrecognized fraternity off campus. These interviews are with Allison Swick-Duttine, the current Director of Fraternity and Sorority Life at Plattsburgh, and Bryan Hartman, current Vice President of Student Affairs. Topics covered in the interview include: crisis management after the 2003 death; change in campus culture; hazing prevention programs; Greek life at Plattsburgh; student organizations; and public relations.
    • The Effects of Check-In-Check-Out in Reducing Externalizing Behaviors in Young Children

      Laci Charette; Kwan, Man Ling (2016)
      Targeted interventions, or Tier II interventions, are implemented within a comprehensive three-tiered system of support (Response to Intervention Model) consisting of Tier I interventions (for all students), Tier II interventions (for students exhibiting mild behavioral difficulties), and Tier III interventions (for students requiring individualized support). Check-in-check-out (CICO) is a targeted group. Tier II intervention designed to reduce frequency of disruptive/problem behavior and increase prosocial behaviors, mainly in the school setting. The current study evaluated effects of a school's implementation of CICO with five kindergarten level students in reducing their problem behaviors.
    • The Effects of Working Memory and Attention Impairments on Language Symptoms in Aphasia

      Coppens, Patrick; Melhuish, Michelle; Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders (2015-05)
      A growing body of evidence has corroborated the notion that aphasia is not a pure linguistic disturbance, but is one that is exacerbated or perhaps generated by underlying cognitive weaknesses. Varying degrees of dysexecutive syndrome, attention deficit, and working memory impairment are thought to interfere with semantic, syntactic, and phonological processing. As a result, symptoms of aphasia may be intensified. This thesis reviews evidence for the existence of a modular cognitive-linguistic system in terms of Baddeley and Hitch’s (1974) single resource model, and outlines how this interplay is manifest in persons with aphasia (PWA). An instantiation of two reciprocally interactive components implicating long-term linguistic representations and the mobilization of cognitive resources for linguistic processing is proposed in order to condense relevant literature on the matter, and to support McNeil and Pratt’s (2001) proposition for an operational definition of aphasia that universally includes a cognitive element. Due to persistent ambiguity surrounding the nature and separation of working memory, attention, and the central executive in PWA, the ability to draw clinical conclusions on the precise characterization of neuropsychological deficits manifest in various aphasia severities remains to be poorly defined, particularly in the acute and early subacute stages of aphasia recovery. This is due to the fact that authors tend to exclude participants with severe aphasia syndromes who are in the rapidly changing acute and early subacute stages of functional recovery. Consequently, the current study originally aimed to elucidate the roles of multiple cognitive facets across the severity continuum in persons within the acute and early subacute stages of aphasia recovery using procedures designed to bypass verbal responses. Specifically, this study explored the nature and exclusivity of verbal and nonverbal working memory subdivisions, as well as the influence of attentional control, for the purpose of elucidating certain cognitive-linguistic syndromes in persons with severe aphasia. A comprehensive cognitive battery was assembled to include the following: two n-back programs, one tapping phonological working memory, the other tapping semantic working memory (entitled “phonoback” and “semback,” respectively, both administered at the 1-back and 2-back levels), forward and backward block tapping tasks, and a nonverbal numeric Stroop task with measures of both inhibition and facilitation. The effect of response modality on simple and complex digit spans was also explored to elucidate the effect of verbal responses on certain cognitive tasks in PWA. Consequential to unexpected recruitment difficulties, persons in the acute and early subacute stages of aphasia recovery could not be included; therefore, findings apply to those with chronic aphasia. While participants presented with a range of severities, only 1 group could be formed, precluding a priori sample divisions. Results of this study alluded to the presence of processing deficits in all participants, although effects of inhibition and facilitation could not be precisely determined. All participants presented with phonological working memory deficits as measured by complex digit span, which was not influenced by response modality. Results on a measure of visuospatial working memory were mixed, but found to be inversely associated with aphasia severity. The role of semantic working memory in aphasia severity could not be determined; however, a relationship between visuospatial working memory and the semantic n-back was identified, suggesting intrusion of visual working memory that was, perhaps, compensatory in nature. This study also identified that pronounced cognitive deficits can exist in both younger and older adults with aphasia, thus diminishing the putative influence of natural cognitive decline on aphasia symptoms. While quantitatively limiting, this study was able to corroborate many research claims for the presence of distinct linguistic processing deficits in PWA, as well as the possibility of nonlinguistic processing deficits, through qualitative means. Results ultimately supported a need to further elucidate the nature of cognitive impairment in PWA across time, severity, and syndrome in order to derive standard therapeutic interventions that sufficiently remediate both cognitive and linguistic aspects of aphasia. Specifically, it is suggested that future studies explore whether or not working memory, attention, and executive control are relatively separable constructs in PWA, and whether cognitive processing deficits can be (a) localized within Baddeley’s and Hitch’s (1974) framework and (b) reduced to phonological, semantic, or syntactic domains.
    • The Foundations of Naval Science: Alfred Thayer Mahan’s The Influence of Sea Power on History and the Library of Congress Classification System

      Adams, Ellen E.; Beatty, Joshua F. (Canadian Journal of Academic Librarianship, 2017)
      This article is a history of the creation of the Naval Science class within the Library of Congress Classification System (LCCS) during that system’s fashioning and development at the turn of the 20th century. Previous work on the history of classification and especially of the LCCS has looked closely at the mechanics of the creation of such systems and at ideological influences on classification schemes. Prior scholarship has neglected the means by which ideologies are encoded into classification systems, however. The present article examines the history of a single class by looking at the ideological and political assumptions behind that class and the means by which these assumptions were written into the LCCS. Specifically, we argue that the Naval Science class resulted from a concerted effort by naval theorists to raise their field to the status of a science, the interest in Washington’s political class in this new science as a justification for imperial expansion, and a publishing boom in naval matters as the American public became eager consumers of such work during the Spanish-American War. This complex narrative thus illustrates the manifold influences on the creation of any classification system and asks us to consider that multiplicity of influences, whether we as librarians teach about existing systems or work to build new ones.
    • The Genetic Analysis of High Risk Athletes for the Presence of the DRD4 7 Variable Tandem Repeat

      Yablin, Dorian; Elwess, Nancy (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2016)
      This study examined the DRD4 tandem repeats within three self-described risk-taking groups ranging in expertise from students in the Expeditionary Studies program to internationally ranked Olympic Bobsledders. Prior studies done on novelty seeking have had conflicting results on the 7 variable tandem repeat of the Dopamine Receptor D4. The goal of this study was to find a statistically significant relationship between the 7+ repeat and its possible genetic influence on risk taking behavior. Results indicated that when the experimental group was compared to the control, the 7+ repeat did influence an individual's willingness to take risk. When compared separately, both the Olympic Bobsledders and Free Soloing Rock Climber groups had statistically significant results. The Expeditionary Studies group by itself was not statistically significant in the amount of 7+ repeats present. Professional certifications in the experimental groups were not taken into account for this study.
    • The House Always Wins (Except When It Doesn't): Billy Wilkerson, Bugsy Siegel, and the Elusive Dream of Las Vegas

      MacMahon, Brianna (2016-04-30)
      This paper focuses upon the Flamingo, a 1940's casino and hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada that was imagined by Hollywood restaurant owner Billy Wilkerson and realized by mobster Bugsy Siegel. Using newspaper articles, FBI files, advertisements, and other such primary sources, the paper traces Wilkerson's involvement with the Flamingo, as well as Siegel's eventual rise as the project's head. Three main secondary sources were examined in order to provide historical context for the Flamingo, Wilkerson, and Siegel. Firstly, Wallace Turner's 1965 work Gamblers' Money: The New Force in American Life</em> examines Las Vegas's economy and the rise of the casino hotels. Secondly, John L. Smith's 1997 essay "The Ghost of Ben Siegel" focuses upon Siegel's evolving image and his lasting hold on Las Vegas folklore. Lastly, Larry Gragg's 2015 biography, Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel: The Gangster, the Flamingo, and the Making of Modern Las Vegas, explores Siegel as both a mobster and a businessman, concluding that he was much better suited for the former. Both Wilkerson and Siegel were intoxicated by Las Vegas's corrupting allure of wealth; the city simultaneously entranced and destroyed them. Yet, although they both ultimately failed in their roles as Las Vegas capitalists, I argue that the Flamingo paved the way for future casinos and hotels on the Strip, thus inaugurating modern-day Las Vegas.
    • The Human Heart

      Maher, Kailey (2019-04-30)
      Albert Einstein once wrote, “The world is too dangerous to live in – not because of the people who do evil, but because of the people who sit and let it happen.” We are all merely human, but where the fight lies is trying to stay human. One of the things that binds us, above all else, is our humanity. As such, no human life is more important than another. As human beings alike, we have a personal responsibility to one another to protect and preserve the life and rights of those who have lost their voice or no longer have a voice. We – as individuals, as students, and at our very essence, as human beings – have the power to promote change because, unlike so many unfortunate others, our voices can still be heard.
    • The Impact of Meditative Practices on Physiology and Neurology: A Review of the Literature

      Dooley, Christopher (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2009)
      A general awareness of meditation has grown significantly in the western world within the last fifty years yet with little accurate understanding of the nature of the practice. In addition, the broad diversity of meditative practices and their variations of physiological results make a standardized study of effects difficult. Recent advances in technology have provided an opportunity for investigators to systematize their efforts so that the body of research may be more coherent. A more accurate understanding of the physiological and neurological effects of meditation will likely reveal means of therapeutic application for both individual and social benefit as well as further insight into attentional states. The preponderance of literature points to meditation as a practice facilitating a general return to neurological and physiological homeostasis.
    • The Interstate Highway System as an Agent for Cultural Expression and Transformation

      Schaefer, Richard; Lindgren, James; Student, Zachary (2014)
    • The Man I Never Knew

      Cohen, Alice (2015)
      The atrocities of the Holocaust have left many without grandparents, husbands and wives, sons and daughters; generations were wiped out, cutting family trees short and memories to never be made. This poem is in honor of my grandfather whom I never had the chance to meet, but also speaks for all who were lost from this tragedy in history, for all who have “a man they never knew.” Through the power of repetition, the message strongly conveyed in this poem is about what was taken—the future and the memories of what could have been. I was truly inspired by this concept and created a poem around the sensations that I have been robbed of. For that alone, I believe that this poem will resonate with those who have lost loved ones in the Holocaust and also trigger the image of what could have been if “the man I never knew” was here today.
    • The Mekong River: An Expedition Proposal

      Maynard, Steve; Soroka, Laurence; Cooper, Garrett (2012)
    • The Obligation to Support the Widow: Settlement, the New Poor Law and the Scottish Local State

      Gordon, Wendy M. (Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, 2015-05)
      Although the New Poor Law was passed by the Westminster Parliament, it was implemented at the most-local level through newly established parochial boards. By tracing the case of a Paisley widow in need of poor relief through the changing landscape of the Scottish Poor Law in the 1850s, this article analyzes the changing interpretation of the law regarding widows’ settlements and highlights the interplay between local bodies and higher courts in interpreting the law. Individual experience and practice in localities worked together to create a national system that reflected Scottish understandings of gender, marriage, and independence.
    • The Paradox of Democracy and Higher Education

      Moran, Thomas (The Common Good: A SUNY Plattsburgh Journal on Teaching and Learning, 2014)
      At the heart of democracy lies a paradox. Democracy is dependent upon citizen participation, but if citizens, exercising the freedom that democracy permits, choose not to participate in the political life of the society, democracy by definition ceases to exist. That paradox confronts higher education today. The question for faculty is how to explore the foundations of civic responsibility in ways that productively acknowledge the paradoxes and the requirements of democratic life in ways that compellingly prepare our students for the civic commitments that they will need to exhibit.