• Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Symptomatology Comparison

      Drake, Ashley (2014)
      The different symptoms of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder are compared, with particular attention to the overlap of symptoms. In addition, a subset of children with Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder who experience abnormal epileptic activity is also discussed.
    • Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome: Associated Symptoms, Anomalies, and Management

      Gartner, Alex (2014)
      Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS) is a congenital disorder in which the vestibular aqueduct is larger than normal. As a result, patients with LVAS experience a sudden and progressive sensorineural hearing loss in early infancy or childhood. There are several ways to attempt to manage this progressive hearing loss, but as of yet there are no treatments.
    • Leaf Litter Quality in Adirondack Upland Streams: Managed vs. Preserve

      Bombard, Victoria; Mihuc, Timothy; Jones, Jeffry; Fuller, Robert; Woodcock, Thomas (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2008)
      Leaf litter quality has an important nutritional role in headwater streams. Since upland streams are relatively small (1st order and 2nd order streams) with a dense forest canopy, primary productivity from stream macrophytes and microphytes is hindered (Fisher and Likens 1973). This creates a dependence on the adjacent riparian zone as a primary productivity input, making upland stream ecosystems detrital based and dependent on allochthonous organic matter (Fisher and Likens 1973, Cummins and Klug 1979). Differing riparian vegetation allocate varying nutritional value which in turn reflects the stream macro and microscopic fauna. Riparian vegetation composition can be influenced by disturbances such as logging or natural disasters. This study focused on the effects of logging on leaf litter composition. To determine if logging had an effect on riparian leaf litter food quality indicators, four managed (logged) sites were compared to three Forest Preserve sites within the Adirondack Park. Food quality indicators, protein, ash free dry mass and hydrolysis resistant organic matter, were compared across sites. Managed sites had a slightly higher contribution by volume of all food quality indicators. Differences for individual indicators largely reflected changes in litter species composition.
    • Let's talk about it: challenges in narrative-discourse skills for children who use AAC

      Blais, Olivia (2019-05)
      Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices are used by individuals that are unable to successfully communicate with the use of speech or are used to supplement other forms of communication. Children who use AAC devices in their daily lives may be at a higher risk for impairments in their narrative language skills due to many factors. The intent of this scoping review was to examine which factors may influence a child’s narrative language skills when using an AAC device, which other elements of language may be impacted among this population, and which types of intervention have been used in response to these obstacles. This review also discusses further research recommendations.
    • Letting the Trip Take Us: One Expedition, Four Different Journeys

      Soroka, Larry; Beckler, Jenn; Farnham, Maeghan; Stone, Aaron (2014)
      This Senior Expedition Proposal created and submitted by seniors Jenn Beckler, Maeghan Farnham and Aaron Stone, compiles the research and clarifies the intentions of our month-long rock climbing expedition in the Southeastern US, in adherence to SUNY Plattsburgh's Expeditionary Studies (EXP) guidelines. Included in the proposal are explanations of Expedition Theory and Planning course requirements; team member introductions and goals with group dynamics, leadership and decision making preparation; logistical preparations including training, nutrition, equipment, budget and risk management plan; and the natural history and climbing culture of three climbing locations with specific itinerary. Beyond executing our Senior Expedition to obtain a bachelor's degree, we consider it our greater goal to gain confidence as climbers and outdoor professionals. Fourth team member, EXP sophomore Alex McLaren completes the team (referred to as we/us/our). In May and June 2014 we will be spending four weeks rock climbing in Red River Gorge, KY; Linville Gorge, NC; and Seneca Rocks, WV specifically to improve our relatively new lead and multi-pitch climbing skills. Certainly at times, the planning--the writing-- seemed a struggle, but in its realization we have discovered how intentional our adventure has become and we can hardly wait to learn where it will take us.
    • Life in the Range of Light: Reaching New Heights

      Soroka, Larry; Friedland, Aaron (2014)
      The following expedition proposal created and submitted by myself, Aaron Friedland, with input from my expedition partner Aaron Stone, is a compilation of all the research, as well as a clarification of the intentions and goals of our team during an extended backcountry-climbing trip to California's Sierra Nevada mountain range. This plan is in accordance to the guidelines, rules and ethics established by SUNY Plattsburgh's Expeditionary Studies (EXP) program. Included in this proposal is a detailed explanation of our goals, theories and methods. This is the senior capstone course that puts all of our learning into practice in the form of an unsupported student planned and led expedition. However, beyond the surface level motivation to complete the course requirements and obtain our bachelor's degree, this expedition is a manifestation of our desire to build our skills, gain practical, hands-on experience and further our professional development.
    • Locating Information Literacy within Institutional Oppression

      Beatty, Joshua F. (In the Library with the Lead Pipe, 2013-09-24)
      The ACRL's draft Framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education represents a chance to undo the neoliberal assumptions of earlier information literacy standards. Despite some positive changes, the language of the Framework still reinforces existing structures of power. The Framework relies on a rhetoric of crisis and on the metaphors "information marketplace" and "information ecosystem." These metaphors naturalize information resources as a series of walled gardens that might instead have been part of a larger commons.
    • Long-term and short-term effects of childhood hemispherectomies on language abilities

      Richardson, Brooke A. (2019-05)
      Introduction: A cerebral hemispherectomy is a surgical procedure in which either the left or right hemisphere of the brain is completely removed, and is undergone as a result of intractable seizures. Methods: This scoping review was conducted using eighteen relevant articles, and utilized the databases provided through the Feinberg Library. Results: Because language deficits are so significant in many patients prior to hemispherectomies, language abilities tend to either stay the same or improve once the hemispherectomy is complete. Discussion: Although the trends appear to be consistent across studies, it is important to acknowledge that individual factors may have impacted patients language success, maintenance, or regression following surgery. Conclusions: This literature review suggests that further research is needed regarding postoperative language therapy.
    • Long-term Impact of an Ice Storm and Restoration Cutting in a Rare Pine Barren

      Ceradini, Joseph; Dame, Caitlin; Glidden, Brian; Hays, Daniel; Livensperger, Carolyn; Schiesser, Robert; Adams, Kenneth (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2009)
      One of the more significant natural disturbances in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada in recent memory was the ice storm of January, 1998. In northern New York, thick accumulations of ice on tree branches caused severe crown damage across 280,000 ha of forest, including a rare pine barren in Clinton County. More than half of the trees in the pine barren were severely damaged by the ice storm, especially small-sized jack pine (Pinus banksiana) and mid-sized pitch pine (P. rigida) and red pine (P. resinosa). Over 60 percent of the sampled trees were dead after 10 growing seasons. Survival of damaged pitch pine trees was enhanced by growth of new branches from epicormic buds on the main stem. Experimental restoration cuttings were used in portions of the ice-damaged barren to decrease hazardous fuel loadings, reduce the density of ericaceous shrubs, scarify the soil surface and stimulate the release of jack pine seeds from the serotinous cones attached to broken branches. After 10 growing seasons, jack pine seedling density in the restoration cuttings averaged 9,500 stems per ha. The experimental cuttings successfully regenerated new jack pine stands without fire. Meanwhile, tree regeneration in the ice-damaged, unmanaged stands was sparse and most of these seedlings were generally red maple (Acer rubrum) or red oak (Quercus rubra). This study demonstrated that ice-damaged, fire-structured pine stands can be successfully regenerated using mechanical site treatments in northern New York.
    • A Lyness equation for graphs

      Northshield, Sam (Journal of Difference Equations and Applications, 2012)
      The Lyness equation, x(n+1)=(x(n)+k)/x(n-1), can be though of as an equation defined on the 2-regular tree T2: we can think of every vertex of T2 as a variable so that if x and z are the vertices adjacent to y, then x,y,z satisfy xz=y+k. This makes sense for any 2-regular graph. We generalize this to 3-regular graphs by considering xyz=w+k and xy+xz+yz=w+k where x,y,z are the three neighbors of w. In the special case where an auxiliary condition x+y+z=f(w) also hold, a solutions is determined by (any) two values and, in some cases, an invariant can be found.
    • Lyon Mountain: A Timeline of the History of a Small Mining Town

      Garneau, Danielle; Moll, Emily; Thomas, Brandi (2016)
    • Magicians of the Twenty-first Century: Enchantment, Domination, and the Politics of Work in Silicon Valley

      Crandall, Emily K.; Brown, Rachel H.; McMahon, John (Project Muse, 2021)
      What is the political theorist to make of self-characterizations of Silicon Valley as the beacon of civilization-saving innovation? Through an analysis of "tech bro" masculinity and the closely related discourses of tech icons Elon Musk and Peter Thiel, we argue that undergirding Silicon Valley's technological utopia is an exploitative work ethic revamped for the industry's innovative ethos. On the one hand, Silicon Valley hypothetically offers a creative response to what Max Weber describes as the disenchantment of the modern world. Simultaneously, it depoliticizes the actual work necessary for these dreams to be realized, mystifying its modes of domination.
    • Male-to-Female Transgender Clients: Voice Assessment and Therapy

      Peña, Naomy (2015)
      Male-to-Female transgender clients seeking voice feminization therapy are not considered having an organic voice disorder. Because the perception of their voice often does not align with their new identity it negatively affects their quality of life and is considered a handicap to the transition process. The current research provided examines clinician directed assessment considerations for the transgender population, and symptomatic targets for voice feminization therapy.
    • Mannequin Renewal

      Suphan, Jessica (2018)
      In a small, sheltered home of modern day United States, an older man named Josef paints those slaughtered in the Holocaust on mannequins. But his solitary passion is interrupted by a high schooler named Lydia; she bursts into his home in a flurry of excitement and hope. Her aunt sent her to Josef, with the teenager hoping he’ll help her create a birthday present for her elderly grandmother. Her sweetheart, Lydia’s grandfather, was lost in a concentration camp. Josef takes on this custom order. At her grandmother’s birthday he experiences the bittersweet effect his art can have on the family of those long lost, and is inspired.
    • Maternal Drug Abuse and Neonatal Hearing Impairment

      McKenna, Michael (2015)
      Mothers who abuse legal and/or illicit drugs while pregnant harm not only themselves, but their unborn children as well. Of the many detriments caused to the developing fetus by maternal drug abuse, hearing impairments are amongst those most common. There are a plethora of drugs that may be taken by pregnant mothers; however, alcohol and cocaine are used most frequently. Hearing impairment found in neonates who were prenatally exposed to teratogens, may consist of damage done to the auditory system either as a direct or indirect result of maternal drug abuse.
    • Methods for Determining New Biovolumes for Copepods and Cladocerans

      Binggeli, Casey; Waring, Allison; Mihuc, Timothy (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2011)
      Zooplankton are an important component of the food web in freshwater lake ecosystems. Despite there being an abundance of density data for zooplankton taxa in these lakes, there is very little information that exists about pelagic zooplankton biovolume or biomass in temperate lakes. Biovolume is a useful estimate of biomass energy because it determines how much space a species occupies. For this research, we developed new biovolume techniques for freshwater zooplankton based on body size and geometric shape. These techniques were applied to two groups of crustacean zooplankton, the copepods and the cladocerans. Copepod biovolume is broken into two formulas: the ellipsoid formula and the cone formula. For the cladocerans, two formulas were used: one for the Bosminidae family and one for Daphnidae family. Daphnia biovolume is composed of two formulas: the ellipsoid formula and the cylinder formula. The Bosminid family biovolume formula is the same as the ellipsoid formula. These new biovolume fomulas proved to be a useful measurement of zooplankton community structure when compared with density data.
    • Micro-plastic Bioaccumulation in Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens) of Lake Champlain

      Mason, Sherri; Garneau, Danielle; Moseman, Erin (2015)
      Micro-plastics are discharged into watersheds through wastewater treatment plant effluent and onward into waterbodies. Studies have shown that micro-plastics are bioaccumulating within aquatic organisms found in both fresh and salt water. Students at SUNY Fredonia are jointly working with SUNY Plattsburgh to identify and quantify micro-plastics from within fish digestive tracks from the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain. Dr. Sherri Mason's team at Fredonia has identified dark fibers as the most abundant micro-plastic in fish digestive tracts (> 85%), with yellow perch (Perca flavescens), being the most frequent species containng plastics (94.4%). SUNY Plattsburgh sampled eight yellow perch caught ice fishing in Monty's Bay, Lake Champlain. Digestive tract samples were digested in a wet-peroxide solution then left to dry for further examination. All fish sampled contained microfibers within their digestive tracts, 75% of individuals contained fibers present while 25% had foam-like plastics. These samples will be further examined by Dr. Sherri Mason's lab for further confirmation on type, color, and polymer. In the future SUNY Plattsburgh plans to examine micro-plastics in zooplankton and cormorants to represent a trophic dynamic bioaccumulation of micro-plastics in Lake Champlain.
    • Micro-plastic Pollution: A Comparative Survey of Wastewater Effluent in New York

      Garneau, Danielle; Mason, Sherri; Chaskey, Elizabeth; Hirsch, Taylor; Drake, Todd; Ehmann, Karyn; Chu, Yvonne (2014)
      Micro-plastics are hypothesized to be discharged into the waterways through wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent. Students from SUNY Fredonia, jointly with students from SUNY Plattsburgh, have conducted a survey of regional plastic pollution at WWTPs in Chautauqua County, NY (Dunkirk and Fredonia) and Clinton County, NY (Peru and Plattsburgh) to explore this hypothesis. Samples of wastewater treatment effluent were collected using sieve arrays and materials were analyzed in the lab for any suspect micro-plastics. The suspect micro-plastics were placed into sample containers for future analysis. Preliminary results of this survey suggest suspect particles were present and discharged at rates of 109,556, 81,911, and 1,061,953 particles per day from Plattsburgh, Fredonia, and Dunkirk, respectively. Continued monitoring and dissemination of micro-plastic results to sewer facilities, may result in mitigation to reduce the amount of plastic discharge. These micro-plastics have become ubiquitous freshwater and marine pollutants, that are negatively impacting survival and fitness of aquatic species. Technological improvements to older facilities are likely to reduce micro-plastic waste and harm to the ecosystem.
    • Microaggression Prevalence in a Mid Sized College

      Phillips, Dale; Gaston, Venessa (2015)
      Microaggressions are defined as everyday verbal or nonverbal exchanges that convey contemptuous and derogatory messages that may be interpreted as acts of non-physical aggression. They can also be described as subtle acts of discrimination directed at marginalized groups that unfortunately occur on a daily basis. Psychological research has shown that there are many detrimental effects to those who experience these microaggressions, and specific to this research, can impact individuals in the school environment. The purpose of my study is to determine whether students attending the State University of New York at Plattsburgh are experiencing these subtle acts of discrimination.