• Eagle Buddies: An Evaluation of a Peer Mentoring Program

      Charette, Laci; Rainis, Dana (2016)
      The present study evaluated a peer mentoring program (Eagle Buddies) in a rural K-12 school to assess its effects on the academic achievement of student participants. Several types of data were collected: standardized ELA and Math scores were obtained over time, the students were interviewed about their experiences, and teachers were surveyed for suggestions of ways to improve the program. Results showed that academic scores significantly increased over time and the overall opinion of the program from both students and teachers was positive. Several limitations of the design of this program evaluation will be discussed.
    • The Ecological Value of Cemeteries and Historical Places

      Moriarty, Melissa; Zborowski, Daniel; Garneau, Danielle (2018)
      Habitat loss and fragmentation is a common conservation threat in the United States. Land in urban areas is at a premium for biodiversity preservation and historic landmarks and cemeteries are green spaces that undergo limited disturbance. Historic and sacred sites, such as those designated by historical markers and listed as cemeteries often contain remnant old growth trees, native species and potentially rare or endangered flora. Old growth trees are often considered a ‘keystone structure’, providing resources that are crucial for other species and/or a ‘foundational species’, essential in forest ecosystems providing food and shelter for wildlife. These mature trees are more prone to environmental factors such as competition with invasive plants, climatic extremes, air pollution, disease/pets and habitat fragmentation, therefore it is crucial to evaluate these historical places to assess their ecosystem service roles. A rapid decline of old foundational trees will have major impacts on the ecosystem services reported in this study. Using a citizen science survey approach and the iNaturalist smartphone app, as well as i-Tree Eco software, we surveyed trees at cemeteries and various historical places in Clinton County, NY. Tree species, diameter at breast height, tree height, percent crown dieback, as well as signs of disease, and woodpecker damage were recorded. The survey found that the most common tree species were Picea abies (Norway spruce), Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust), and Picea pungens (blue spruce). Black locust sequesters the most carbon ≈ (525 kg/yr), while Norway spruce reduces runoff (≈75 m3). Annually, mature foundational trees combined annually removed ≈ 57.03 kg ($870/yr) of pollution, stored ≈ 148.7 tons ($21,300) of carbon, ≈ sequestered 1.302 tons ($186.00/yr) of carbon, and produced ≈ 3.472 tons of oxygen. Locally, Riverside Cemetery annually sequestered the most carbon (0.4 tons), produced ≈ 1.2 tons of oxygen, and stored ≈ 1.5 tons of CO2, followed by Gilliland Cemetery. Interestingly, Gilliland Cemetery was found to be a monoculture of the invasive species black locust; more research could provide insight as to ecosystem functioning prior to the invasion. Further research is needed to help provide a stronger ecological value to these historical and sacred spaces.
    • Economic, Strategic, and Rhetorical: Justifications for U. S. Hegemony in Cuba

      Reagan, Ben (2016-04-30)
      "Economic, Strategic, and Rhetorical: Justifications for U.S. Hegemony in Cuba" is about the depictions of Cubans in American popular culture before the Spanish-American War to after the First World War. Cuba has been seen in a number of ways including a market and a potential addition to the United States. The depictions of Cuba are very important. To justify its economic control over Cuba, the United States used the rhetoric and representation of race, culture and gender to control Cuba and ensure it was firmly within the American sphere of influence. Not only is this important from the historical perspective but also from the perspective of current politics. Some of the depictions of Cubans continued to be used when Castro took power in Cuba. That means that while many Americans may have forgotten that part of history, Cuba's leadership has not. One of the most prolific writers on the topic is Louis A. Perez. His book, "Cuba in the American Imagination: Metaphor and the Imperial Ethos", was a valuable source for this project. The book is about the evolution of the perceptions of Cuba in the United States. It also talks about the goals the United States had in the country and how they changed.
    • Educating in and for uncertainty: climate science, human evolution and the legacy of Arne Naess as guidance for ecological practice

      García-Notario, Margarita (Informa UK Limited, 2021-03-12)
      This paper reflects on how the issue of climate change and the general state of our planet is, among other causes, a main factor in the paralyzing divisions ailing Western societies. This situation, while unsettling to democracies, is promoting a kind of education in and through fear and I question if education can succeed under these circumstances without becoming indoctrination. This paper does not try to diminish the urgency and the importance of current environmental problems but rather expands today´s perspectives and incorporates research in more constructive ways of thinking and doing. I use scientific contributions in climatology, evolution, environmental conservation, economics, and neuroscience to bring new light to today’s investigations about the human and the non-human world. Finally, I propose Deep Ecology’s principles of deep questioning, deep experience and deep commitment, as a guide for new educational and ecological practices.
    • The Effect of Advanced Parental Age on Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder

      Hanlon, Abigail (2018-05)
      Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by varying deficits in social communication and social interactions, and/or restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. The origin of ASD has long been studied and speculated. There is an increased interest in the risks associated with development of ASD. In recent years, parental age has been studied as a possible contributing factor to the development of autism. Studies are investigating the link between maternal and paternal age and autism. Possible associations have been speculated to be increase gene mutations, genetics, high risk pregnancy and lifestyle. This literature to date indicates possible associated factors, but is not yet definitive. This literature review will discuss the results of several studies and the recommendations for future research.
    • The Effect of Bilingualism on the Aging Brain

      Czirr, Caitlin (2015)
      The aging brain undergoes structural changes negatively impacting its function. However, the extent of these pathologies may be experience dependent. Researchers have found evidence of bilingualism as a neuroprotective agent in the aging brain. This poster reviews structural differences and functioning of the aging bilingual brain to assess a potential link between the bilingual experience and cognitive reserve.
    • Effect of electric vehicle sales on the price of oil

      Arnob, Archi (2021)
      The primary goal of this study is to observe the relationship between the fluctuation of the oil price and the increasing number of sales of electric vehicles based on data from 20 developed and developing countries. As the number of electric vehicles on the market is growing, the demand in the world oil market is declining slightly and, as a result, oil prices are also declining due to several factors. Consumer theory tells us that oil prices could decline due to a rise in the number of electric vehicles sold. Electric vehicles can minimize carbon dioxide emissions and pollutants even when considering indirect emissions from power production and battery generation. Soon, the world may start banning regular gasoline vehicles as a part of the solution to climate change which has already started in Norway. The result shows us there is a slight negative relationship between the oil price and sales of electric vehicles. I can expect that the sales of electric vehicles will keep increasing and after a certain time, it will become a perfect substitute for regular gasoline vehicles.
    • The Effect of Prosthetic Devices on Speech Intelligibility in Individuals with Cleft Lip and Palate

      Hughes, Alyssa (2015)
      Individuals with cleft lip and palate usually undergo surgery in infancy. Individuals who are not able to receive the proper reconstructive may benefit from a prosthetic device. This poster reviews the various options, their candidacy, and their effectiveness.
    • Effects of an Ice Storm on Fuel Loadings and Potential Fire Behavior in a Pine Barren of Northeastern New York

      Sargis, Gregg; Adams, Kenneth (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2004)
      Ecological effects of natural disturbances depend on the disturbance type, frequency, intensity and spatial scale. Of the major natural disturbances in the Northeast, ice storms are more frequent than fires or wind storms. Affecting nearly ten million hectares, the ice storm of January, 1998 was probably the most intense and widespread natural disturbance in the Northeast during the 20th Century. Some of the areas heavily impacted by this ice storm were sandstone pavement pine barrens of northeastern New York, among the rarest ecological communities in New York State. Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) is the dominant tree species in the barrens. Ice storm damage to pine trees resulted in estimates of woody debris averaging 18 tons/ac (40 tonnes/ha) at the eight sites sampled in this study. These unusually high fuel loadings increase the probability for catastrophic wildfire. Predictions of fire behavior and fire intensity in these ice storm-damaged stands were made using the TSTMDL subsystem of BEHAVE. Estimates of fire behavior in these ice storm-damaged stands include flame lengths between 10 and 17 ft (3 and 5 m) and fireline intensities between 900 and 2600 Btu/ft/sec (3175 and 9400 kW/m). Fires of these intensities would be very difficult to suppress and would cause adverse ecological effects, including destruction of seeds contained in the slash. Further research is necessary to customize fuel models used to predict fire behavior in northeastern forests affected by disturbances.
    • The Effects of Childhood Apraxia of Speech on the Development of Phonological Awareness

      Boyea, Stephanie (2014)
      Research shows that childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is not only a disorder of motor planning for articulation, but is characterized by an impoverished phonological representation system. This presentation investigates the breakdown of the phonological representation system and its effect on the development of phonological awareness. The effectiveness of an integrated phonological awareness intervention program for children with CAS is also investigated.
    • The Effects of Ganciclovir and Valganciclovir Antiviral Treatments in Children with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection

      Centola, Allyson (2016)
      Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is one of the leading causes of non-hereditary newborn hearing losses. Typically children with a hearing loss would receive amplification to help combat the loss; however, new research has shown that children who have cCMV can receive antiviral treatments in lieu of amplification. Ganciclovir and valganciclovir are the antiviral treatments that are currently being used. These antiviral treatments help eliminate the viral load in the blood and thus improve the child’s hearing loss.
    • Effects of land use on periphyton chlorophyll a concentrations and biomass in Adirondack Upland Streams

      Bulova, Jessica; Woodcock, Thomas; Mihuc, Timothy (Scientia Discipulorum: SUNY Plattsburgh, 2006)
      In this study we examined bottom-up (light, nutrient availability) and habitat (stream velocity, stream depth) factors affecting benthic chlorophyll a and periphyton biomass in logged and Forest Preserve watershed streams located in the Adirondack Uplands. Chlorophyll a concentrations and ash-free dry mass on ambient substrate were measured in six Preserve and six logged catchments, five samples were taken per site. In a nutrient amendment experiment, porous artificial substrates containing nutrient agar treatments (agar only, N, P, N+P) were secured to the bottom of two streams (one Preserve, one logged), and chlorophyll a concentrations measured after 19 days. Biomass was significantly higher (p=0.034) in streams located in the Preserve. Chlorophyll a was marginally higher (p=0.063) in the Preserve sites. Stream velocity and depth were significant covariables for both chlorophyll a concentrations and biomass. Light, while different between lands uses (p=0.045), was not a significant covariable of periphyton standing stock. In the nutrient amendment experiment, all treatments in the Preserve stream showed higher chlorophyll a concentrations than in the logged stream (p<0.001). Treatments within the logged stream showed higher chlorophyll a concentrations for the N+P treatment only, and treatments within the Preserve stream were not different (p=0.226). Higher ambient nutrient concentrations in the Preserve stream may explain these results.
    • Effects of peer-mediated interventions on social communication of children with autism spectrum disorders who utilize augmentative and alternative communication systems

      Scott, Jillian (2018-05)
      Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social communication and interaction. Peer-mediated interventions(PMI) have been found to have a positive impact on social interaction between children with ASD and their typically-developing peers. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices are systems that supplement or replace existing communication when impairments in speech are present. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of PMI on the use of AAC devices by children with ASD. The main focus was on the social interactions that were facilitated by PMI between children with ASD and their typically developing peers. Children with ASD may not have the internal motivation that other AAC users have to interact socially. This may be why few relevant studies have been identified on this specific topic. Results will be discussed and future research recommendations will be made.
    • The effects of short selling on market efficiency

      Dang, Haily (2021)
      Using monthly data instead of daily data, I investigate the dynamic relationship between the short selling activity, market return, illiquidity and volatility of the NASDAQ 100 from February 2000 to December 2020. The findings suggest that high level of short selling can lower illiquidity and volatility. This relationship weakens during the financial crisis of 2008. The finding also suggests that the idea that short selling destabilizes the market is unfounded.
    • Electrocochleography as a Diagnostic Tool for Ménière’s Disease: A Comparison Between Presentation Methods and Various Sound Stimuli

      Nye, Sierra (2017)
      Ménière’s disease is a vestibulocochlear disease thought to be caused by endolymphatic hydrops, or increased fluid pressure in the inner ear. At the time of this review, guidelines for diagnosis require audiometric evaluation and clinical judgment of symptoms. There is no requirement for the use of objective diagnostic tools in the diagnosis of Ménière’s disease. Electrocochleography was previously a variable and unreliable tool for diagnosing Ménière’s disease. However, with improvements in its technology, electrocochleography could play a greater role in evaluating Ménière’s disease. This poster compares several electrocochleography presentation methods, as well as different sound stimuli, and their diagnostic efficacy.
    • Elegy

      Pfaff, William (2013)
      Elegy is a brief composition without overt repetition in its large-scale formal design. The piece is unified instead by the developing variation of a single motive. The variations manifest themselves in two ways. First, the motive undergoes constant intervallic variation (what is heard at the outset as a perfect eleventh appears later as a major ninth, etc.). Second, concurrent with the intervallic alterations, the motive functions in different contexts within individual phrases: the motive may begin or end a phrase, or occur abruptly in the middle of a phrase. The combination of these two processes generates a sense of musical evolution and growth within defined boundaries.
    • Enabling Behaviors, Stigmatization, and Attitudes towards Substance Abuse and Bulimia

      Dunham, Katherine; Mattice, Melissa (2018)
      Enabling behaviors may impair the recovery of individuals with substance use and eating disorders. Participants read one of six vignettes portraying a character with either a substance use disorder or bulimia and were asked how they would react. The effects of several factors, such as gender, knowledge of disorder, disorder type, and enabling behaviors, on the likelihood of specific responses were examined for the most common responses. Some notable results included that females were more likely to intend to provide support. Participants who had higher enabling scores were less likely to tell a professional and were more likely to do nothing. Higher stigma scores were observed for those in the other category, which encompassed several less definitive responses. Responses did not vary by character gender, knowledge of disorder, or disorder type. The results point to the need for education and stigma reduction efforts for substance use and eating disorders.
    • An Engaging and Fun Breakout Activity for Educators and Students about Laboratory Safety

      Nephew, Shannon; Sunasee, Rajesh (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2020-10-13)
      To maintain a safe laboratory working environment, academic institutions are highly committed to providing safety training to all employees, and engaging educators and students in the process must be an integral component of an overall safety training program. At SUNY Plattsburgh, annual mandatory safety training is required for all employees. One of the main challenges is trying to maintain a high level of engagement of educators during the safety training session. This recently led to designing an engaging and simple hands-on breakout safety activity to teach educators and students about safe laboratory practices. The breakout safety activity mimics the fun of a typical “escape room” game. The different components of the breakout safety activity and the effect on the level of engagement of the participants are highlighted here. The versatility of the novel breakout safety activity is appealing as it can easily be modified for various science laboratories and implemented with diverse participants including educators and undergraduate and graduate students. Overall, this new breakout safety activity turned out to be not only engaging, but also fun and effective for all.
    • Environmental Impact of Trains in the Adirondacks

      Garneau, Danielle; Busch, Ali; Varin, Zoey (2016)