• Trumponomics in post-industrial America: understanding the causes of deindustrialization and its role in the emergence of right-wing populist economics

      Greenman, David A. (2018-05)
      Since 2001, the American economy has swiftly shed over six million manufacturing jobs. To this day, large swaths of the American rural working class are left struggling to compete with domestic and external forces that are driving American labor away from the production process altogether. Much of the political rhetoric surrounding this economic phenomenon is dominated by politicians pointing fingers across the Pacific towards China and their ‘unfair’ trade practices. This technique of political and economic scapegoating was heralded by Donald J. Trump who emerged onto the American political stage with the immediate incrimination of China in the economic woes of the American working class. Although the American trade deficit with China is an often cited cause of American deindustrialization, are there other factors at play? To what extent can the increasingly widespread variables of automation and service growth explain the “hollowing out” of the American manufacturing sector? Additionally, to what degree is Donald Trump’s anti-globalist and economic nationalist rhetoric responsible for his shocking electoral win in 2016? I explore these topics together and illustrate the troubling recent shifts in the American labor force as well as the American electorate.
    • Strangers in a strange land: visualizing Syrian refugees in U.S., Canadian, and Lebanese newspapers

      Dellas, Mary (2018-05)
      Although news photographs of refugees are often perceived as objective representations of reality, they are actually the product of subjective decisions made by photographers and editors. These subjective realities are reinforced by captions when they are published in newspapers. Using a quantitative content analysis method, this study aims to understand how Syrian refugees were framed visually and lexically in the online editions of national newspapers from the United States, Canada and Lebanon from 1 September 2015 to 31 March 2017. Photographs, accompanying captions and headlines were collected from the New York Times (United States), the Globe and Mail (Canada) and Annahar (Lebanon). Eighteen variables were designed and adapted from previous research to code the sample. The results of this study complement previous research on framing of the current refugee crisis, much of which focuses on European newspapers. This paper provides valuable insight into how representation of Syrian refugees in Anglophonic newspapers compares to that of Lebanese newspapers.
    • Spectroscopic analysis of supernovae expansion

      Brogan, Dany (2018-05)
      In many ways, supernovae are some of the most fascinating events in the Universe. These titanic explosions can shine as bright as galaxies, and it’s theorized they’re responsible for the nucleosynthesis of more than half of the naturally occurring elements on the periodic table. 1 Their nature gives insight on the origins of the star clusters, galaxies, and beyond. While they are bright, supernovae are incredibly far away, making it impossible to study hands on, but there is a signature of sorts that supernovae leaves behind, which can be studied. All luminous objects have spectra, supernovae included. Specifically, a luminous explosion of stellar ejecta will give off an absorption spectrum as the light passes through the stellar matter escaping into space. One straightforward problem is quantifying how fast a supernova expanding through space. That expansion rate is found through spectroscopic analysis. In this process, it is detailed how this analysis can be performed at the Smolen Observatory at SUNY New Paltz.
    • A novel experience: how writing my own novel prepared me for a job in publishing

      Mason, Amber (2018-05)
      In order to understand the editing process more intimately, I decided to write a speculative/dystopian novel under the guidance of Professor Carr, whose extensive experience in the publishing industry makes him the perfect mentor for this project. We moved through every stage of the writing process from idea conception to outlining to chapter drafting. During individual meetings, we discussed how to edit the piece; I paid special attention to the kinds of feedbacks and suggestions that an editor needs to be equipped to give. In the end, I will understand the process of getting a book published from both sides of the equation—the writer and the editor.
    • Answers in the abstract

      Carpentieri, Austin (2018-05)
      Answers in the Abstract (AiA) is an unfinished work of fiction by Austin Carpentieri. AiA is a work of fiction which aims to put on display the inner minds of the characters. The story centers around a group of friends in high school, and their opinions of each other and what they each mean to each other. Exploring events of loss and tragedy, and how we move onwards and find beauty after them, AiA is a deeply personal work which is meant to be emotionally and intellectually provoking. Grief, joy, ecstasy, and yearning fuel the characters and pages developed here. Also included is a brief analysis by the author of influential works during the writing of this manuscript. AiA is by no means a finished product.
    • Acoustical test chamber

      Cabuk, Cansu (2018-05)
      The purpose of this project is to create an acoustical test chamber for use by students and faculty of the Division of Engineering Programs at SUNY New Paltz. An acoustical test chamber is a controlled environment that is instrumented with a microphone array. This allows the user to perform accurate acoustical measurements on sound sources without outside interference while also dampening internal sound. These measurements will help the user determine vital sound parameters and display information relating to the sound signal. The properties of sound that are measured include sound intensity and sound frequency. Sound frequency information is plotted and displayed using a spectrogram. In addition, a sound localization feature using time difference of arrival estimation was implemented into the chamber’s functionality. The sound is measured using four electret microphones, then transferred to a computer utilizing stereo microphone inputs. The computing environment, MATLAB, and its functions were utilized by establishing a user friendly, interactive interface between the sensor hardware and the test environment. MATLAB’s functions and Graphical User Interface (GUI) feature, proved to be critical tools in simplifying the data acquisition, algorithmic and display processes. Before final construction, the sound location feature produced results with an average of 17% error. While after final construction, the number of trials that produced feasible results decreased drastically. This may be down to slight changes in the array geometry during the chamber’s construction process. This project is important as it provides engineering students at SUNY New Paltz, an opportunity to further enhance their exposure to acoustical testing techniques. The sound chamber will be used to verify analysis techniques learned in the classroom, in addition to providing research opportunities to students. However, the sound location feature is inadequate and still needs development.
    • Constructing Jewish bodies in Germany through physical culture and racial pseudo-science

      Alperin, Marissa (2018-05)
      As industrialization heightened in Europe, so did science and technological innovation. The expanded focus on human biology, evolution and genetics coincided with the growth of racism in Europe. In Germany, one group of people who were subjugated, was the Jewish population. Since, Jewish racism was a phenomenon in Europe during the physical culture movement, scientific “findings” were used in Germany to suggest that the intellectual abilities and physical beauty of Jews were inferior to the Nordic race. As a result of social, political, economic, religious, and cultural factors, Jewish bodies were projected as being abnormal. Thus, pseudoscience was used as a tool for reinventing/protecting the German nation by preserving the blood of the glorious bodily conception of the German people.
    • Climate change and childhood communication disorders: a literature and policy analysis

      Dittus, Andrew (2018-05)
      In conclusion, climate change and its threats are becoming and increasingly impending problem for everyone on earth. All professional disciplines will have to come to terms with such problems, as they will affect aspects of all fields in different and unprecedented ways. That being said, communication disorders will have its own unique issues it will have to deal with as climate change ramifications grow more common. Manifesting from problems associated with heat, hydrological stress, and weather hazards, all of our patients (most particularly children) will experience new threats to their speech and language production and development. This is why it is growing exigent for communication disorders professionals to consider how climate change ramifications will affect our practice, and what we can thus do as professionals to deal with said ramifications. The approach outlined in this paper uses the “Action Model” to do just that. Once it is understood how climate change will affect us, the Action Model gives us the ability to use policy and government based approaches to solve our prospective issues. Using past policies as examples, such as the IPCC 5th Assessment Report, we can see policy and government as a route to best meet our clients’ needs. Taking the steps outlined in the “Action Model” can thus be seen 32 as one way communication disorders professionals can help adapt to prospective climate vacillations, and find ways to best help their patients moving toward the future.
    • Bilingual language acquisition & development and how bilingualism is addressed in the American school system

      Hartop, Nora Elizabeth (2018-05)
      In this paper I will define the various types of bilingualism in the specific contexts of Spanish-English bilingualism in the United States. I will discuss the benefits of a bilingual education. I will explore theories of bilingual language acquisition relating to language growth over time and the ability to distinguish speech sounds of languages. I will discuss brain development of a bilingual individual and the role of code switching as a key process in language acquisition. I will emphasize the importance of bilingual education programs such as dual language and immersion schools and how these schools function. I will also discuss the importance of linguistic diversity as it connects to cultural identity. I will discuss the implication of least-biased assessment in the field of speech-language pathology for bilingual students and the topic of standardized testing in multiple languages. Overall, I propose goals to make bilingual education a sustainable model for the future of bilingual language education in the American school system.
    • The appeal of the radical-right: authoritarian attitudes of the “Democratic” voter

      Enia, Peter R. (2018-05)
      As the 21st century progresses, we are experiencing a revival in radical right-wing parties in the western world. Generally, we only refer this term to European politics; however, with the rise of the Tea Party and the election of Donald Trump, America now faces this issue too. The influence of these parties even affect German politics as well since their Alternative for Deutschland is now the third largest party in their government. Many factors can cause this phenomenon – including immigration, economy, and political corruption. However, authoritarianism can link all these variables together since they all share universal values. Authoritarianism defines individuals as being fearful of change since they value their traditional social structures. Thus, with the evolving political and economic landscapes of the western world, these voters are afraid of losing their values that have been in place for centuries. Therefore, we predict that if a voter has attitudinal beliefs towards authoritarianism, it will likely predict their vote and their opinions on immigration, economy, and political corruption.
    • Aaron Burr: villain to hero upgrade

      Pralat, Barbara (2018-05)
      The research project explores the historiography surrounding Aaron Burr. For most of United States history, he has been vilified as a traitor to the nation and the murderer of Alexander Hamilton. However, Aaron Burr’s reputation has been questioned through Gore Vidal’s novel: Burr, published in 1973, which humanizes Burr without taking away from his notorious reputation. Nancy Isenberg’s historical biography: Fallen Founder published in 2007, which explores Burr as a feminist and looking at the accusations against Burr in the political world. More recently the musical Hamilton by Lin Manuel Miranda, explores Burr as Hamilton’s first friend and someone who is sympathetic and wants to get ahead in life. Using both primary and secondary sources to trace the history of Burr’s reputation and to show if Aaron Burr is really a villain, based on his character and career. Included in the research is highlights of Aaron Burr’s life and events that led to his reputation being portrayed as negative. The paper explores how one of America’s most notorious founding fathers gained such a bad reputation and if he deserves this reputation or if he deserves a better reputation and belongs with the other founding fathers.
    • Far too radical, then and now: an examination of women’s body autonomy through the work of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Margaret Sanger

      Mercer, Scout (2018-05)
      In this paper, I plan on showing the extraordinary and radical lives to two progressive feminists, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Margaret Sanger, and how their platforms for women’s body autonomy are still valuable and necessary as women’s bodies are continuously dragged into politics. This paper will explore just how politicized women’s rights to their own bodies has been, through the necessity of combating legal and social codes targeting women. I plan on comparing Stanton and Sanger, in their lives and activism, to see what aspects of their work made them valuable for the women’s rights movement. I will also bring the history of women’s reproductive rights into the present, and how similar Stanton and Sanger’s arguments for autonomy to the modern political climate concerning women’s autonomy.
    • Portrayal of deafness and deaf culture in children's books and juvenile fiction

      Heavey, Allison (2018-05)
      Throughout the course of history, numerous perspectives on deafness and Deaf Culture have been accepted by larger society. Deafness can be defined in a two dimensional way: as a physical condition, categorized by a profound hearing loss, and as a cultural construction, categorized by a Deaf identity. (Baynton, 1998, p. 2). Societies’ views on deafness and Deaf Culture can be analyzed through literature. Literature reflects the cultural norms and beliefs of a society. Literature can also have the power to influence or shape the views and ideals of a society or culture; this concept is especially true for children books, which instill ideas in children starting at a young age. (Duhan, 2015). This paper will explore the evidence of historical trends of deafness and Deaf Culture in literature for children, particularly the period of oralism, when deafness was viewed negatively and deaf people were expected to assimilate to hearing culture, and the more recent period of manualism, that embraces the use of sign language and accepts Deaf Culture. Additionally, this paper will use previous accredited research and the analysis of themes of twenty children books to draw conclusions on messages about deafness and Deaf Culture children are receiving from literature today.
    • The origins of spoken language

      Terwilliger, Megan (2018-05)
      Research regarding the origins of spoken language is extremely broad and considers many different topics in academia. These topics include: biology and anthropology, as well as anatomy, non-linguistic neurological foundations, potential protolanguages, and possible selective pressures that could have produced such a complex system of communication. Considering these topics can assist in imagining what language may have presented itself as throughout human ancestry, and how it could have developed into the intricate system of modern language. Anatomically, the descent of the larynx, increased thoracic innervation, disappearance of the laryngeal air sacs, and changes in neuroanatomical structures could have served as exaptations or adaptations for spoken language. Non-linguistic factors such as vocal learning and vocal imitation fostered new ways of learning to communicate. Protolanguages could have taken a gestural, musical, hybrid, or lexical form that increased the selective pressures to create today’s language system. Social changes, mainly increase in group size, had the potential to provide great selective pressure for the development of more efficient communication. The combination of some of these factors eventually fostered an environment for the human vocal communication system to evolve into what it is today.
    • Creating a model of integrated restorative justice and treatment for juvenile sex offenders

      Quinn, Caitlin (2018-05)
      The current United States criminal justice system uses a strictly punitive approach in handling cases of sex offenses committed by juveniles. This paper addresses the failures of the current system and analyzes the positive and negative aspects of three alternative models: restorative justice, multisystemic therapy, and the Good Lives Model. Drawing on sociological, criminological, and feminist literature, crime databases, and interviews with professionals in the fields of restorative and juvenile justice, it is shown that no single model meets the needs of stakeholders in juvenile sex offense cases. Instead, I will propose an integrated holistic model of restorative justice and multifaceted treatment that utilizes the most effective aspects of existing alternative models and adds program components related to sexuality and consent would be most beneficial for use with juvenile sex offenders.
    • The latest fashion trend: water sustainability and social ethics

      Mahoney, Musa (2018-05)
      This thesis seeks to present the current state of the fast fashion industry, focusing on water and social ethics to discuss the various health effects and environmental implications stimulated by global fashion trade, while proposing valuable solutions for both consumers and producers. The research breaks down only some of the industry’s main inputs by material selection and hazardous chemical usage found in clothing purchased by consumers. The paper can be further embellished with more recent industrial shifts, as the current market is experiencing drastic changes. It is with tremendous hope that much of this research is to become history, as creative solutions continue to surface upon the world epidemic that is fast fashion. To better answer the questions of the heavy implications brought out by the fashion trade, individual and holistic viewpoints on sustainable development have been used, supported by natural resource depletion levels (which clearly depict the capacity of our ecosystems) to discuss the future of fashion. Businesses and governments must meet with the ultimate goal of implementing conscious consumerism and improving the quality of human life. Looking good and feeling good should not be mutually exclusive from doing good.
    • The inadequacies of the Psychopath Checklist Revised (PCL-R)

      Horowitz, Eli (2018-05)
      I propose that the current criteria for diagnosing Psychopathy, the Psychopath Checklist Revised (PCL-R), is biased towards criminal and antisocial tendencies. While it may be an accurate screening method and means of predicting recidivism in antisocial Psychopaths, it does not shed light on the countless other individuals who may be thought of as “prosocial” psychopaths. There may very well be many individuals who satisfy much of the existing criteria for psychopathy and exhibit the neuro-morphology typical in antisocial psychopaths, but do not exhibit antisocial behavior and thus would not be tested, nor receive a score on the PCL-R that would classify them as a psychopath. I will examine the methods present in identifying psychopaths today and propose the idea that amongst us are many more.
    • Engagement levels on social media: a case study of Sojourner Truth Library’s Instagram

      Maiorano, Julianna (2018-05)
      Recently, libraries have begun utilizing social media to market their materials and services to the general public. Identifying best practices that lead to increased engagement between followers and library social media accounts can assist libraries to welcome more patrons. This study sought to identify what libraries can do to increase the amount of engagement with followers. This research explores the amount of engagement on Sojourner Truth Library’s social media. Amount of engagement was determined by the number of likes and comments per post. Using data compiled from the library’s social media, the relationship between amount of engagement and the content of posted photos was examined. Findings suggest that featuring human faces on Instagram affects the amount of engagement positively. Overall, it was found that featuring human faces in a social media post will increase engagement levels.
    • Animal protagonists in children’s literature

      Zito, Jessica (2018-05)
      Animal protagonists, although a rare sight in adult novels, have been a staple in the childhood literary canon for centuries. A majority of the all-time bestselling books for children in both early and middle childhood contain animal characters, with a large percentage containing at least one animal protagonist. This paper seeks to examine two research questions: 1) Why do authors prefer animal protagonists to human protagonists if the desired emotional connection is a human one? 2) What is the purpose of placing childhood themes in an animalized literary context? The paper provides a close reading of many popular children’s texts, such as The Very Hungry Caterpillar, They All Saw a Cat, Charlotte’s Web, The Pokey Little Puppy, Black Beauty, If You Give a Mouse a Cookie, and El Deafo, among many others. Books were chosen for analysis based on their embodiment of popular literary themes, as well as their general popularity, sales, and awards won. An effort was made to include popular books written during different time periods. The paper includes supporting research from published books, literary criticisms, websites, journal articles, and newspaper articles. Keywords: English, education, childhood education, early childhood education, animal protagonists, children’s literature, children’s books, animal stories, The Very Hungry Caterpillar, The Story of Babar: The Little Elephant, They All Saw a Cat, The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, Frog and Toad Are Friends, Winnie-the-Pooh, Charlotte’s Web, Make Way for Ducklings, The Pokey Little Puppy, The Tale of Peter Rabbit, Black Beauty, The Rainbow Fish, The Berenstain Bears’ New Baby, If You Give a Mouse a Cookie, Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus, El Deafo, Arthur’s Nose
    • The effect of poverty on child education (K-12) in public schools: what schools and the government can do to help student achievement

      Hunter, Hydia (2018-05)
      According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR, 1948), everyone has the right to pursue an education which includes children. Whether or not everyone is receiving a quality education is debatable. There are a few different school systems, such as public, charter, private, catholic, gender strict schools, magnet and even homeschooling. Children are considered to be the most vulnerable population, especially in the United States (Azzi- Lessing, 2017). When it comes to the child welfare system in the United States, the needs of children are not adequately being met. Azzi- Lessing (2017) states that the United States biggest downfall is the government’s lack of concern for poor families. The lack of intervention contributes to trauma and the deprivation of the needs and well-being of children (Azzi-Lessing, 2017). Additionally, this includes the quality of education children in public schools receive, more specifically those living in poverty...In the United States, it is considered neglect if parents or guardians keep their children from attending school. Even if parents send their children to school, children living in poverty are more likely not attending schools that are adequately educating and providing their students with the tools needed for success. A good quality of education is not always something that is seen a right and in some cases a financial burden. What is the point of children attending school if the education is not engaging and allowing students to reach their full potential? There are many families in the world that are affected by poverty but 2.2 billion children worldwide are currently living in poverty (McKinney, 2014). One of the factors that definitely affects the quality of education a child receives is poverty. There is a clear educational achievement gap between those living in poverty compared to those children not living in poverty.