• Speech acquisition with cochlear implants across the life span

      Rubin, Jillian (2020-05)
      Hearing is the foundation for acquiring verbal speech and speech perception. For many of us, hearing came naturally, and we learned to engage in meaningful exchanges of languages from an early age. However, for those born deaf and/or hard of hearing or who acquire hearing loss later on, speech, language, and communication can be more difficult to develop and comprehend. Language acquisition starts from an early age, and those who are deaf or hard of hearing typically have delays in speech development, social pragmatic skills, reading skills, and more. Cochlear implantation surgery is becoming an increasingly common choice for deaf and/or hard of hearing patients who wish to be a part of the auditory world and cannot benefit from the use of hearing aids. Generally, the younger a person is implanted with a cochlear device, the better their speech and spoken language acquisition will be. Likewise, many studies show that the later in age a person is implanted, the harder speech acquisition will be. During this process I will research auditory training and speech and language development in both children and adults with cochlear implants. I will research therapies and success rates utilized by adults who are implanted at an older age and compare them to those implanted at a younger age.
    • The spirit of a composer: an analysis of the works of Joe Hisaishi

      Laaninen, Mark (2020-05)
      Joe Hisaishi is one of the most prominent and popular composers in modern Japan. Whether he writes European inspired Waltzes, Jazz inspired piano pieces, or airy music box pieces, Hisaishi’s music remains utterly unmistakable in all its forms. This characteristic sound inspired my research. I set out to analyse several of Joe Hisaishi’s most well known pieces to understand the building blocks of his trademark musical style. But analysis could only take me so far. I also wrote a pair of pieces drawing directly from the techniques I observed in Hisaishi’s work to have a deeper understanding of how and why he uses the techniques he does. My findings changed the way I viewed Hisaishi’s music. Hisaishi’s musical sensibility synthesizes classical tonal techniques of counterpoint and more modern techniques, particularly the superimposition of relative major and minor tonalities.
    • The state of student debt in the United States

      Salomon, Molli (2020-05)
      Student debt has been an ongoing issue for a while but do you know the total amount of debt the United States actually faces? Forbes recorded that in May of 2019, there were 42.8 million people that owed some form of student debt and a total of $1.64 trillion debt among students in the United States. There have been different approaches to try to solve the student debt crisis but it is still a struggle for students attending colleges and universities throughout the United States. The Presidential Candidates for the upcoming election have a lot to say regarding the student debt crisis and have different plans of tackling student loan debt. We could potentially see major changes as the presidential candidates for the upcoming election continue to share their ideas and ways to attack student debt for everyone. The contrast amongst the different candidates is significant and raises many questions and concerns for students. Though we hope to see progress in the near future, it is important to inform ourselves about the overall topic, statistics and financial background that has led students of the United States to the position we are in now.
    • A story we agree to tell each other over and over: gender and disability performance in ​Game of Thrones

      Cavallucci, Katherine (2020-11)
      Game of Thrones​ presents us with a wealth of fascinating characters, many of whom do not fit neatly into the particular roles ascribed to them by binary systems. As a result of their nonconformity, they are often ridiculed, spurned, “othered.” In this thesis, I will focus on gender and ability as performances—social constructions—rather than as natural fact, and I will utilize the literary and film theory of Laura Mulvey, Lennard Davis, and Judith Butler to explore ​Game of Thrones t​hrough this lens. I intend to analyze how certain characters perform gender or dis/ability (or both), along with the ways in which they have changed the narrative and subverted traditional ideologies and systems of power.
    • Strangers in a strange land: visualizing Syrian refugees in U.S., Canadian, and Lebanese newspapers

      Dellas, Mary (2018-05)
      Although news photographs of refugees are often perceived as objective representations of reality, they are actually the product of subjective decisions made by photographers and editors. These subjective realities are reinforced by captions when they are published in newspapers. Using a quantitative content analysis method, this study aims to understand how Syrian refugees were framed visually and lexically in the online editions of national newspapers from the United States, Canada and Lebanon from 1 September 2015 to 31 March 2017. Photographs, accompanying captions and headlines were collected from the New York Times (United States), the Globe and Mail (Canada) and Annahar (Lebanon). Eighteen variables were designed and adapted from previous research to code the sample. The results of this study complement previous research on framing of the current refugee crisis, much of which focuses on European newspapers. This paper provides valuable insight into how representation of Syrian refugees in Anglophonic newspapers compares to that of Lebanese newspapers.
    • Stress management in college students: why journaling is the most effective technique for this demographic

      Pastore, Caitlin (2020-05)
      Stress is a major health problem that faces college students today. There are many stress management techniques that get attention in the media or become popular in the form of “fads,” but journaling is one technique that goes underappreciated. This thesis will be an in-depth literature review that aims to show the effectiveness of journaling as a stress management technique among college students. Journaling will be comprehensively analyzed in order to determine the factors that make it more effective than other techniques. Other techniques that will be examined in comparison to journaling include meditation, exercise and therapy. Some factors that will be used in the examination of these techniques are cost, accessibility, convenience and overall effectiveness. The implications of this research will be applicable to all college campuses in implementing stress reduction initiatives, and in promoting overall positive well-being for their students.
    • “Structure, ideology, traditions”: defining the Akkadian State

      Hulseapple, Dan (2018-12)
      This research aims to reach a better understanding of the scholarly debate concerning Akkadian statecraft and the extent to which it can be called imperial. In so doing, it examines the political and cultural accomplishments of the Akkadians, as well as their so-called “imperial” characteristics. This examination investigates several surviving Akkadian royal inscriptions, administrative texts, and pieces of art and architecture, in conjunction with analyses by leading scholars in the fields of Assyriology, art history, and archaeology. These accomplishments and characteristics are synthesized and an overall picture of Akkadian statecraft is offered. A brief survey of major theoretical works dealing with empire is then considered, followed by a definition of empire that is sufficiently flexible to describe the phenomenon as it has appeared throughout its expansive geographical and temporal history.
    • Suicide in the veterinary field

      Kalappura, James (2021-05)
      The Veterinary field is a popular field, however, when it comes to mental health, these health care professionals are overlooked. Looking into statistical, psychological, and scientific studies on veterinarians and how they cope with depression is important to look into when covering this topic. Occupational stressors are the main cause of depression for veterinarians and veterinary students. These stressors are further exacerbated by negative coping mechanisms. Suicide is seen much too often in this field and knowing the ways that it is carried about and why can lead to a better understanding of the occupation. The pressure to care for animals and communicate with pet owners is immense and there is clearly a connection between depression and the work related stress. This is explored in this paper with the hope to find clarity in why this issue exists and how it can be addressed in the future.
    • The Tanzanian student's struggle with the English language: acquisition of English as a second language, with specific focus on the education system in Tanzania

      Lattin, Mary (2018-12)
      The way medium of instruction is set up in Tanzania’s public school system is unique. In primary school, students are taught in Swahili, the national language, but upon their transition to secondary school, they are taught solely in English. This transition occurs at a time where students have not even gained full mastery in Swahili yet which causes there to be a lack of transferable linguistic skills from first to second language acquisition. There is an emphasis placed on English in education in Tanzania because it is viewed as the language of success. Policy makers in Tanzania do not realize that educational success and attractiveness for future careers are two different things and should be treated as such. The current system in Tanzania is producing students that are not succeeding in their academic subjects as well as not becoming proficient in the English language; it is setting up their students for failure. The language problem is only exacerbated by a lack of funding for schools and unqualified teachers. In order for Tanzania to truly produce successful students, a serious change needs to be made to their system regarding language in their schools. The best option would be a true bilingual education program where an equal emphasis would be placed on English and Swahili.
    • The territorial expansion of rising powers

      Dalland, Konrad (2020-05)
      This paper is concerned with why rising states choose to skirt international norms and expand their territory. As opposed to explaining territorial expansion as the result a need for material benefits and physical security (Realism); territorial expansion is seen as a practice states that see themselves as a great power will use when their identities are misrecognized. It examines the affects of status recognition on a rising state’s identity in order to ascertain if and when a rising state will expand. Rising powers will attempt to have their identity as a great power recognized by established powers. If that identity is recognized then the rising power is accepted in their great power identity and joins the established powers as the leaders of the international order. If the identity of the rising power is misrecognized then the rising power will feel insecurity and mitigate that insecurity by reaffirming their identity. One of these ways of reaffirming ones identity is territorial expansion. My argument is that a rising power that has a great power identity will expand territorially only after it has been maximally misrecognized by established powers. I examine the relationship between the United States, NATO and Russia from 2000 onward to explore this theory.
    • Three sides to a story: different perspectives toward the deaf community

      Quinlan, Jada (2017-12)
      When looking into Deafness the medical perspective and the perspective of those in the Deaf community are taken into account. However there is also a societal aspect to Deafness that should be taken into account. This study considers the aspects and perspectives of the hearing, medical, and Deaf communities that determine the views of Deaf people. The study will also compare the Deaf community of the United States to that of Ethiopia. In conclusion, it may be shown how the different perspectives may effect the way the Deaf community is viewed.
    • Tracking genotypic changes in Paramecium isolates between ponds and seasons in Ulster County, NY

      Dobosh, Katherine (2019-05)
      The numerous species of Paramecia can vary morphologically, functionally, and genetically. Previous biogeographical studies of Paramecium suggest that the cells follow the ‘everything is everywhere’ hypothesis and that local ecology determines the particular strains found in any given location. However, there has not been much research done on strain and species changes from season to season over short geographical distances as well as if or how Paramecia overwinter under ice. Over seven consecutive seasons, we have sampled five local ponds for Paramecium cells. We isolated single cells, created lines of culture and allowed them to grow to high density from each collected sample. We then extracted DNA, amplified specific genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and sequenced them by Sanger sequencing. To determine the species, we compared the new sequences to sequences of known Paramecium species. Overall, it was found that there is species and haplotype diversity within and between ponds. For Paramecium caudatum there is a more dominant haplotype for all of the sampled ponds. However, for Paramecium aurelia there is more diversity and there are species that are only pond in certain ponds. Additionally, we were able to retrieve samples, albeit a small number, containing Paramecium cells from under the ice in a completely frozen lake suggesting that Paramecia may overwinter in this region.
    • Tracking the history of maritime art and its display

      Hawkins, Natalie (2021-12)
      Depictions of nautical vessels can be found as far back as the beginning of image making itself. Nautical art would begin to find its central themes and mediums in Medieval Europe through ship maps and illuminated manuscripts. However, it was not until the 17th century that the modern concept of maritime art would truly emerge. This genre of painting would be developed by Dutch painters at the time. This would then spread to the art of the rest of Europe and eventually to the United States. The popularity of maritime art was deeply connected to its original imperial use. Some of the first strictly maritime artists were exclusively commissioned to work on voyages of exploration, mercantile ship portraits, and naval war scenes. This history was tracked extensively up until the late 20th century, though there has been little scholarly attention given to maritime art since the 1990’s. In order to understand the way maritime art may exist in the modern world, it is crucial to look at the way that modern museums display maritime paintings. In looking at maritime art from its imperial origins to the present day, one can also see the ways in which contemporary artists are using the genre to comment on modern, post-colonial issues.
    • Traditional ecological knowledge and sustainability in cities

      Laxman, Seth (2020-12)
      This thesis is an exploration and analysis of the most efficient and appropriate ways policy makers, planners, and individuals can tap into the knowledge held by indigenous peoples around the world in order to improve urban environments to make them more sustainable and resilient to the effects of the climate crisis. Now more than ever, it is crucial to contextualize all human behaviors and practices with our history as a species. One of the best ways of doing this is lifting the voices of historically marginalized and silenced groups. By incorporating knowledge and wisdom that has been traditionally ignored into all individual and societal practices, the boundaries between the “natural” and “human” worlds can be redefined. By examining the potential that the wealth of knowledge held within indigenous cosmologies, traditions, and practices has in regard to improving urban sustainability, a number of possibilities for integrating indigenous traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) into the modern sustainability movement are assessed.
    • The transnational far right: an exploratory paper on common ideology amongst attacks

      Ryan, Emma (2021-12)
      Far-right extremist attacks are on the rise and have demonstrated the ability to inspire other attacks. This paper examines a cluster of seven attacks, five inspired by the Christchurch attacker, the Christchurch attack itself, and the 2011 Oslo and Ut⌀ya attack that inspired the Christchurch attacker. In this exploratory paper the common ideologies of the attackers are explored to look for commonalities and trends among the data.
    • Trauma recovery through art therapy

      Brainerd, Rachel (2020-12)
      This paper provides a synthesis of research on Art Therapy, Post traumatic Stress Disorder, and explains the unique benefit this therapy may provide for the refugee population suffering from PTSD.
    • Trump breaks the Internet: an analysis of the accuracy of the 45th President

      Wolf-Sonkin, Elee (2019-05)
      This paper is broken up into two parts. The first part describes the powers and consequences of presidential rhetoric. The president has defining, institutional, and psychological power over the people through their rhetoric. This power is extremely impactful and can be dangerous. The second part outlines possible reasons why the 45th President is especially inaccurate in his rhetoric, settling on the Personal Experience school, which suggests that Trump’s business history yields accuracies in economic rhetoric, yet his lack of political experience yields inaccuracies in policy rhetoric. After an analysis of ten randomly selected tweets from Donald J. Trump’s account in various categories (Unemployment, Deficit, Health Care, and Immigration), I analyzed accuracies and found that despite very low percentages of accuracies in both economic and policy rhetoric, the President was actually more accurate in policy rhetoric than he was in economic rhetoric.
    • Trumponomics in post-industrial America: understanding the causes of deindustrialization and its role in the emergence of right-wing populist economics

      Greenman, David A. (2018-05)
      Since 2001, the American economy has swiftly shed over six million manufacturing jobs. To this day, large swaths of the American rural working class are left struggling to compete with domestic and external forces that are driving American labor away from the production process altogether. Much of the political rhetoric surrounding this economic phenomenon is dominated by politicians pointing fingers across the Pacific towards China and their ‘unfair’ trade practices. This technique of political and economic scapegoating was heralded by Donald J. Trump who emerged onto the American political stage with the immediate incrimination of China in the economic woes of the American working class. Although the American trade deficit with China is an often cited cause of American deindustrialization, are there other factors at play? To what extent can the increasingly widespread variables of automation and service growth explain the “hollowing out” of the American manufacturing sector? Additionally, to what degree is Donald Trump’s anti-globalist and economic nationalist rhetoric responsible for his shocking electoral win in 2016? I explore these topics together and illustrate the troubling recent shifts in the American labor force as well as the American electorate.
    • A tune to the teatro: the relationship between Spanish theatre of the golden age and modern day music

      Brown, Emily G. (2019-05)
      For my thesis, I have decided to study Miguel de Cervantes’ famous play, “El retablo de las maravillas”, and choose specific, key scenes and interpret them through song. I will be discussing the significance of the themes of the play and how the songs I have chosen illustrate the relevance of the play to modern day society. In addition, through the usage of various articles from theatre and music theorists, I will be analyzing the role and importance of music in theatre and how music tells a story. At the conclusion, I will explain the connections of contemporary music and old theatre and how the play relates to and is meaningful to the modern day.
    • The Turkish public support for Erdogan

      Herzallah, Shahed (2021-12)
      Presidents apply the populist approach as a way to gain support from the public and to preserve their thrones. President Erdogan took this approach during his nearly 18 years in office, through multiple electoral campaigns. This research paper explores the level of Turkish public support for Erdogan and seeks to explain which citizens continue to support Erdogan’s agenda. The 7th wave of the World Values Survey in Turkey in 2018 was used in this research, in which over 2,000 Turkish citizens from all regions of Turkey were interviewed to collect the data. An analysis of those who expressed a willingness to vote for the AKP suggests that the usual demographic indicators do not predict support as expected. The Turkish public is divided in its support for continued AKP rule, and these divisions do not correlate with gender, or income. There is mild support for more religious people voting for the AKP, but most respondents actually report that religion is important in their life, even those that do not support the AKP. The picture becomes even more complicated when examining attitudes about democracy and perceptions about the democratic quality of the regime.