• Predictors of social estrangements

      Sung, Annie (2020-12)
      Human connection plays a significant role in an individual's life. Belonging is one of the key components of living a successful life. With that being said, humans are programmed to prevent being exploited by others. This study examines what characteristics an individual may have that lead to having a high number of social estrangements. The hypothesis of this study was that if impulsivity, borderline tendencies, risk-taking, and fast life history strategy were all present in an individual's personality, then this would lead to a higher number of estrangements in that individual’s life. Using a sample of 413 participants, it was found that the hypothesis was partially supported. The more borderline tendencies someone had, the more estrangements he or she had in life.
    • A Re-evaluation on racism: how a strong U.S. tradition of anti Mexican sentiment was responsible for the 1930s Mexican repatriation crisis

      Donofrio, Nikki (2018-10)
      My paper will discuss the events that led to the 1930s Mexican repatriation crisis as well as the social and cultural motivations of racism that allowed for both the local and national government to repatriate around 400,000 Mexicans during 1930-32. The most agreed upon number is 400,000 and that includes lawful U.S. residents, illegal aliens, and Mexican Americans who were U.S. citizens. While it has most often been cited as an outcome of the economic depression during the late 1920s and early 1930s, the specific brand of anti Mexican racism that flourished post 1924 Immigration Act cannot be ignored. By looking at specific case studies, such as the Los Angeles La Placita Raid and repatriation processes in cities like Detroit and Gary, Indiana, I was able to identify a frustration targeted against anyone Mexican, automatically labeled a non-citizen, disguised as economic anxiety. These events and the racism that motivated them cannot be ignored, especially in today’s mindset of ‘America First’.
    • The reactionary movement spawned by the deregulation of the uterus: the Christian conservative legal movement’s decades-long battle in response to Roe

      Gasparian, Mary A. (2020-12)
      The debate on the right to choose has become one of the most polarizing issues within American law and politics. Since the landmark decision of​Roe v. Wade​ (1971), the conservative legal movement has been looking for ways to overturn it and began to find its niche in the 1980s, only after the liberal legal movement dominated largely from the 1960s through the 1970s. Shortly thereafter, the conservative legal movement gained momentum and the pro-life movement found where it belonged. This research will address how the Christian right has been able to efficiently mobilize to incrementally challenge the right to choose and the organizational tactics behind this movement. The relative successes of the conservative legal movement can be attributed to a vast network of attorneys, donors, academics, and elected officials. The influence of dark money groups will be discussed in regards to abortion rights in the United States, as well. Given the current trajectory of the conservative legal movement, it appears that the right to choose will likely remain intact, but will face difficult challenges in the near future.
    • Reactions to behaviors: the role of education on people’s perceptions of body-focused repetitive behaviors

      Scarimbolo, Katrina (2018-05)
      Reactions to body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs) (trichotillomania, excoriation disorder, onychophagia, and trichophagia) were measured by evaluating people's reactions on a Likert scale. A total of 221 participants completed the survey. It was predicted that educating people about those conditions would produce more positive ratings. However there was no difference between the experimental and control group that received no information. It was found that trichophagia was viewed most negatively followed by trichotillomania, excoriation disorder, and then onychophagia which was viewed most positively. These findings suggest that information presented in a quick and limited format did not impact the views of participants. However, it is seen that attention needs to be directed toward promoting a greater understanding of these disorders in order to minimize the negative perceptions of people with these conditions.
    • The reality of black owned business, what can we do to make a difference?

      McDonald, Lonniece (2020-05)
      As a black woman studying finance, I am concerned about the success of black owned businesses. I explore the history of black owned businesses highlighting challenges and factors that made them successful. Going back as far as the 18th century, black people have always been a part of the business community but unfortunately were never able to prosper immensely compared to white businesses. They have been systematically oppressed and suffered from hidden agendas inflicted by the white race; including but not limited to; racism, sexism, classism and the list goes on, causing a cycle of debt. After interviewing a few individuals involved with the business industry, we continue to see people of color face similar problems. It is only through education and with the help of organizations devoted to the economic development of black communities that we see black businesses thriving. While there are a number of black owned businesses with successful stories, black people are inadvertently struggling to find investments and run a self-sufficient business. Reasons ranging from a lack of support from their communities to poor reputation from white superiors. As a result, black businesses are disproportionately represented, impairing their socio-economic status and causing a life of struggle. With everything being said, there is a way that we can help black owners achieve success and get the proper investment needed for their businesses. With the help of banks, local communities, government officials etc., people can work together to uplift black businesses. There is a dire need to establish diversity, equity and inclusion, support groups, directly invest in black owned businesses, and educate the ignorant and uncertain. The end goal is for people to have the same opportunities, despite their race class or gender, and to develop a world where there are a higher number of black owned businesses thriving.
    • The relationship between family socialization and financial behaviors in college students

      Casanova, Samantha (2020-05)
      This pilot study examined the relationship between family financial skills and behaviors and the financial behaviors and skills of college students. The goal of this study was to see if findings from Gudmunson and Danes (2011) who developed family financial socialization theory, would be replicated among SUNY New Paltz college students. Fifty-nine college students were surveyed using items from Jorgenson and Salva’s (2007) College Student Financial Literacy Survey (CSFLS). A correlational study was conducted; results suggested a positive, weak relationship; as family financial skills increased, financial skills increased. Overall results were not statistically significant; family financial interactions were not associated with the financial behaviors of college students. While no associations were identified at the variable level, at the item level, several associations were identified in the expected direction. Self- reported ability to manage one’s own finances was associated with learning about and observing financial management from parents/guardians. Self-reported ability to manage one’s own finances was associated with observing parents/guardians save money. Furthermore, among the 37 students who reported having one or more credit cards, family saving was negatively associated with owing money on one’s own credit cards. This research suggests the importance of family communication about financial skills and behaviors to encourage better financial behaviors in young adults.
    • The relationships between morphology, luminosity, and redshift in active galactic nuclei

      Bartholomew, Amy; Sporcic, Cole C. (2021-05)
      Active galactic nuclei (AGN) are an area of astronomy research with many questions still unanswered. This paper uses x-ray data taken from XMM-Newton to correlate different properties of AGN. In particular, we correlate morphology, luminosity, and redshift. We attempt to explain the trends we see, drawing on insight from the current scientific literature on AGN. We find trends consistent with a classification scheme based primarily on line of sight obscuration. Among other trends, obscured AGN have lower redshifts and luminosities, while unobscured AGN have higher redshifts and luminosities.
    • “The Rent is Too Damn High”: why renters deserve more affordable housing policies in the United States, such as good cause eviction

      Bale-Crowder, Sarah (2022-05)
      The housing crisis in the United States has plagued our country and will continue to persist without further governmental action. Across the country, renters face housing insecurity, which was made worse during the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to the housing crisis, state and local lawmakers in New York proposed the Good Cause Eviction bill to prevent community members from being unfairly forced out of their homes. The proposed legislation gives additional rights to renters, making sure the most vulnerable are not being pushed out of their community. The housing crisis hurts everyone in the housing market, but it is especially hard on low-income, people of color. The legislation has sparked debate among both Republicans and Democrats around the state. The Good Cause Eviction Law has not yet passed at the state level but has gained support and passage in cities across New York State, including Poughkeepsie, Newburgh, and Albany. As the law continues to gain support in towns and cities across New York, it is clear that Good Cause Eviction law is a first step in helping renters yet appears to be a temporary solution to a much deeper, affordable-housing crisis that requires more attention from federal, state, and local governments. While the scope of this paper focuses on current and past legislation within New York, the paper will examine policies and research from across the country.
    • The representation of African American girls and women in popular culture throughout the 20th century

      Honigman, Lindsay (2021-12)
      Photographs are a key component in deepening one’s comprehension of Black portrayals and their profound impact on the Black community. This picture essay focuses on the positive and negative representations of Black girls and women throughout the 20th century. Black girls and women had been sexually and physically objectified by a variety of stereotypes. The most familiar example of this would be the Aunt Jemima caricature, a face and product of the Mammy stereotype that desexualized and devalued Black women. Meanwhile, another stereotype, the Jezebel, oversexualized Black girls and women. This advertised Black women as undesirable while simultaneously justifying assault from white men. While negativity about Black girls and women was created by white people, positive portrayals were also being produced by the Black community. Media like sheet music, Ebony Magazine, and The Cosby Show, were just a few examples of positive representations created by Black people. Rather than allowing white people to define Blackness as animalistic and Black culture as one that lacked civility, the Black community sought to assert themselves as valuable, respectable, and intelligent middle-class humans in America. As Black girls grew up with the white definition of Blackness, the effects from these portrayals shifted how they judged their own beauty, intelligence, and value. This paper strives to explain how the stereotypes that Black girls and women have been categorized under are prevalent and perpetuated through the early 20th century to the latter end of the century, and beyond. Keywords: ● Bachelor of Science Early Childhood/Childhood Education, History (B-6) ● Mammy Caricature ● Jezebel Stereotype ● Sapphire Caricature ● Picaninny Stereotype ● Colorism
    • A review in geriatrics and quality of care: impact of communication disorders on older adults

      Migliore, Kaitlyn (2021-05)
      The interaction of physical and mental health factors determines life quality and social participation levels. Many conditions and communication disorders also contribute. Three that are highly prevalent in the older adult population are age-induced hearing loss (presbycusis), dementia/aphasia, and traumatic brain injuries. A brief overview is provided on the physiology of these conditions, as well the effects they have on someone’s language status. Due to the varying natures of the disorders, their comorbidity and overlapping development will be considered. The geriactric population is further examined in terms of nationality and economic background. This provides a focus on how different populations face a variety of issues because of these conditions. Health support systems that work with individuals to satisfy their needs are evaluated, in terms of the acceptance and accessibility they provide. The biases and issues resultant of healthcare disparities are expanded upon. Psychological and social systems of older adults are considered, as well as how they change when health or communication fails to function. Specific topics addressed include the development of mental illness, the effects of communication loss on social skills, and challenges with self image. The availability of support systems is vital. Understanding practices and systems that threaten life areas and quality of life for older adults enables service providers to produce better outcomes through advocacy.
    • Sampling of local lakes to assess Paramecium diversity and distribution

      Rajpura, Isma (2021-05)
      Paramecia species are fairly ubiquitous in freshwater bodies. It has been found in our past research that the distribution of Paramecia in small ponds in the Ulster County region is diverse and varies depending on the biogeochemical qualities of the water. To expand on this research, the distribution of Paramecia in larger bodies of water throughout New York State was determined through sampling and genotyping. Water samples were collected from six larger lakes throughout the state. These samples were scanned for Paramecia cells, and single-cell lines were established from these cells. Cells were cultured in wheatgrass medium. Genomic DNA was extracted from these cultures through use of Chelex preparations. The ITS gene was chosen as the gene to be amplified through polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplified gene was sequenced at a commercial lab. The sequences were then genotyped for Paramecia species (through NCBI Blast) and strain (through alignments with known sequences). We found that the diversity of Paramecia species and strains was greater in these larger lakes compared to the small ponds that were sampled previously. We also found several new strains that had not been found before. We suspect that these strains are endemic to the ponds that they were found in, due to their limited distribution. More extensive sampling and sequencing will be needed to determine the true distribution of these strains, as well of Paramecia overall.
    • Second language acquisition in immigrant groups in Germany

      Cagar, Nicole (2018-05)
      After the fall of the Nazi regime, Germany’s immigration policy drastically changed. The need for guest workers (Gastarbeiter) was high in order to rebuild German infrastructure, with a majority of the guest workers coming from Turkey. Prior to and after the fall of the Berlin Wall, ethnic German Russians (Aussiedler) repatriated back to Germany, representing a second major wave of immigrants in the postwar era. The contemporary international crisis in Syria has led to an influx of refugees and Arabic speaking populations in Germany. As a result of these historical shifts in the latter half of twentieth century Germany to the present, Germany has taken language acquisition more seriously and consequently sees itself as an immigration nation. This is an overview of scholarship informing the context for second language acquisition among immigrants in Germany. This study explores language acquisition among these groups and finds that Turkish people do the best at learning German.
    • Shakespearean process guided by feminist ideals: the drive of presence with an engine of collaboration

      Amiran, Maayan (2018-12)
      This thesis seeks to explore how Feminist ideals simultaneously guide and emerge from Shakespearean theatrical process through my observations of the actors’ experiences in our production of William Shakespeare’s, The Tempest . I produced this play adhering to traditions of 17th century English theatre. Within those constraints and that of the text, I found that the presence and collaboration necessary to produce Shakespeare was strengthened and sustained through the Feminist ideals of listening, vulnerability, love, play, pleasure, and curiosity.
    • Shifting sandstone: German monuments as vessels of collective memory

      O’Riordan, Conor (2019-05)
      Based on the extensive history each and every single one of these monuments bears witness to, the preconceived notion that monuments represent only a static period of time is incorrect. Rather, monuments shift to reflect an ever-changing society. For example, the journey of the quadriga of the Brandenburg Gate resembles the trajectory of German history. Monuments embody the ideals of multiple generations, but they can also serve to remind future generations of past failures. This is particularly true for monuments associated with nationalism and fascism. However, as these chosen monuments make clear, even if they are tainted with a dark past, these monument have a place in German society.
    • Shui

      Ma, Jingdi (2019-05)
      Shui is the Pinyin form of the Chinese word for water. This thesis centers itself around the complexities of how water is connotative to the emotional state of human nature. In the forms of a fifteen minute compilation of videos and a book, water shows its transformative essence and can relate to the point of evolution in identity. The usage of a Chinese word mirrors the identity of the maker. The series of videos are manipulating the elements of water, ink, oil and light to bring the viewer into a false-reality. The work intends for all focus to be on sound and imagery. At the same time, dissociation from the present surroundings occurs. The editing of time relates to the feeling of being underwater discarding time. The display of the nature of water can be seen as being both soothing and deteriorating. The overall experience envelops the viewer to consume and to reflect. The book is a personal account for both how the videos came to be conceived, as well as the thoughts that have come after the process of filming. The stillness juxtaposes the movement of visuals in the videos to present a dilemma of whether to pause or to continue onward.
    • Slay: owning your queer identity

      Paredes, Andrea (2019-05)
      SLAY is a magazine targeted to specifically queer audiences with an emphasis on normalizing queer identities and the love that comes with it. Print media is saturated with heteronormative notions and this magazine combats that by keeping the layout of a traditional magazine but creating stories on queer love, gay history, and other marginalized communities.
    • Social media and society: a generation transformed and transforming consciousness and culture

      Rupolo, Marisa (2019-12)
      The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the scholarly literature regarding social media use and the effects it has on human communication, consciousness and culture. Social media are ubiquitous; thus, our mediated and non-mediated interactions are being affected and transformed because of it. After analyzing myriad studies, it is possible to conclude that the literature tends to surmise the implications of media are either all good or all bad but fail to acknowledge the complexity of the impacts on transforming consciousness and culture and how they exist on a continuum. One dichotomy that appears in the literature is that people are either being selfish or selfless in their motivation for sharing on social media, but not both. In this paper I analyze two case studies that explode this dichotomy. Stoneman Douglas activists and Greta Thunberg and youth climate activists use their social media for activism both in their own self-interest and in the interest of the greater good of society at large. The literature review suggests this dichotomy can only exist exclusively. Yet, integrating and analyzing current examples it is possible to conclude this dichotomy is false. Moreover, the reality of this false dichotomy is exactly what has shaped this generation to be transformed by, and transform, consciousness and culture.
    • Something old, something new

      Cocuzza, Giovanna (2021-05)
      This thesis is in the form of a business model for a new company, Something Old, Something New, an app that allows brides and bridesmaids to buy and resell used gowns in order to be more sustainable. The goal of this presentation is to pitch the business to investors, and get them to invest in the company. Research was collected online using various wedding planning sites.
    • Songwriting in music therapy: a rapid review

      DeRusso, Gianna (2020-12)
      Songwriting in music therapy is the process of creating, notating, and/or recording lyrics and music by the client or clients and therapist within a therapeutic relationship to address psychosocial, emotional, cognitive, and communication needs of the client. Over time, this method has developed to address new goals and new clinical populations. The purpose of this review is to update the comprehensive review of songwriting methods in music conducted by Baker et al. (2008). Articles reviewed met the following inclusion criteria: 1) published in a peer review journal between 2008 and 2020, and 2) examined the effect of a songwriting method used to with a clinical population using quantitative research methods., The results of this review identified a song writing method, 2 clinical populations, and goals that were not reported on in the 2008 Baker et al. study. This study supports the conclusion that songwriting has evolved over time and will continue to do so to support an array of goals and clinical populations.
    • Spectroscopic analysis of supernovae expansion

      Brogan, Dany (2018-05)
      In many ways, supernovae are some of the most fascinating events in the Universe. These titanic explosions can shine as bright as galaxies, and it’s theorized they’re responsible for the nucleosynthesis of more than half of the naturally occurring elements on the periodic table. 1 Their nature gives insight on the origins of the star clusters, galaxies, and beyond. While they are bright, supernovae are incredibly far away, making it impossible to study hands on, but there is a signature of sorts that supernovae leaves behind, which can be studied. All luminous objects have spectra, supernovae included. Specifically, a luminous explosion of stellar ejecta will give off an absorption spectrum as the light passes through the stellar matter escaping into space. One straightforward problem is quantifying how fast a supernova expanding through space. That expansion rate is found through spectroscopic analysis. In this process, it is detailed how this analysis can be performed at the Smolen Observatory at SUNY New Paltz.