• The Magdalen Laundries: holding Irish society to account for the treatment of fallen women

      Donohue, Nikki A. (2021-05)
      The Magdalen Laundries, or Magdalen Asylums, operated from the eighteenth century to 1996 in Ireland. In 1993 a major scandal erupted when 155, originally 133, unidentified bodies were found in a mass grave on the convent grounds. Eventually, news broke to the Irish public that the “fallen women,” who were sent to the laundries for having children out of wedlock or deviating from societal norms in any other ways, were actually being abused mentally and physically by the nuns running the facilities. When the laundries first began operating, they started out as rehabilitation centers for women to come and go to learn to live better lives by Irish Catholic standards and eventually, the women were sentenced to the laundries by court orders to work for the Irish public. Historians have cited the Magdalen Laundries for arguments surrounding a lack of accountability from the Irish Church and State, reproductive justice and domesticity, and Ireland’s reliance on contemporary slavery. This paper will argue the level to which the Irish public should be held accountable for being complicit and upholding the social norms that landed the women in the laundries. This question is important to answer because this framework can be used for more modern events and cases of oppression that still impact us today.
    • Making an online movement:
 a content analysis of tweets by @AMarch4OurLives account

      Hannan, Erin (2020-05)
      The March for Our Lives movement began four days after another historic school shooting occurred at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. With more than 400,000 followers in 2020 and more than a million supporters taking part in nationwide school walkouts and protests over the last two years, this social media movement that began with #MarchForOurLives has developed into a rigorous campaign to call on U.S. elected officials to change gun-control and for citizens to get educated and vote. This study looks at how Twitter users engaged with the March for Our Lives movement’s (@AMarch4OurLives) original tweets from February 18, 2018 to December 31, 2019. The impact of this social media movement has resulted in unprecedented U.S. policy changes on gun-reform and an ongoing conversation on gun control policy. A content analysis was conducted (n = 500) to discover what characteristics of the tweets such as topic, tone, hashtags, and year influenced social media engagement in the form of likes, retweets, and replies. The purpose of this research was to uncover how the popularity of this movement online could have played a role in setting a new political agenda on gun-control. The results showed that tweets about the topics of the NRA received the most replies from Twitter users, and tweets pertaining to the topic of shootings gained greater user engagement in the form of likes and retweets. The general tone of @AMarch4OurLives tweets on a 5-point scale of negative to positive varied depending on the topic of the tweet, with an average tone of all the tweets being slightly above neutral (M= 3.38). Lastly, the results of this study reflected that tweets posted in 2019 received less user engagement than tweets in 2018 which were shared closer to the events of the Parkland shooting.
    • Manic? : a play in two acts

      Rausch, Zachary (2017-12)
      This thesis is about the power of story. All medical systems throughout the world are based upon specific stories which they believe about the nature of human existence. Oftentimes, it is easy to lose ourselves in the narratives we know, claiming them to be ultimately true. I will explore and compare two distinct medical narratives, Western and Tibetan Buddhist psychiatry, in order to explore deeper questions about the nature of human suffering. I will take you on this exploration through my own personal narrative as I straddled these two worlds to find grounding and purpose in life. We will explore how these traditions conceptualize mental illness, personal identity, human nature, purpose, and health. We will explore their underlying assumptions and values that are often unquestioned. When we speak of medical narratives, we cannot separate them from our lived experiences. These narratives are not static, do not exist in a vacuum, and may be experienced differently by one person to the next. Therefore, I am only expressing one perspective of infinite. But these are the stories I know and these are the stories that I can genuinely share. I have a fundamental understanding by studying and analyzing the primary texts of the two psychiatric systems: The Fifth Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the rGyud Bzhi . I also have a basic understanding of Tibetan Buddhist psychiatry through four months of study in Bodh Gaya and Darjeeling, India and four months of research of Western psychiatric and psychological history and thought.
    • Marlboro Safety Group (MSG) Inc. goes to France

      Leduc, Olivia (2021-12)
      My thesis, Marlboro Safety Group (MSG) Inc. Goes to France, is a theoretical international expansion of my formerly owned company into France. This research explored internationalization strategy, accounting principles and a comparison of cultural dimensions between the United States and France. The purpose of this expansion would be to utilize our experience within the world of OSHA, specifically the procurement of OSHA 30 and 10 hour cards within the construction sector and focus on the greater New York City area, and donate our administrative services to the filing of the Carte BTP, the OSHA card equivalent, in France. Findings suggested that the creation of a subsidiary would be the most beneficial for the undertaking of this expansion with emphasis placed on finding a contact person who can both speak French and has experience with French policy and government. Once established as a subsidiary, accounting principles call for the subsidiary to be deemed an LLC and in France it is a SARL de famille due to the fact that there is more than one owner and MSG is a family-owned business. When taxed as an SARL de famille, income is subject to personal income tax and when filing income taxes at home, a tax credit is given in the amount of tax withholdings paid to the French government so that income made abroad is not taxed twice. Finally, cultural differences are imperative to acknowledge when creating a work environment that is both appropriate and comfortable for those working under our guidance in France. For this evaluation, research of Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions evaluated topics such as acceptance of the business hierarchy, individualism, factors for motivation, uncertainty avoidance, adaptation to or acceptance of change and indulgence. In addition to Hofstede’s dimensions, general culture norms were explored in order to give a baseline of accepted behaviors when doing business in France.
    • Marriage and abduction myths of the ancient Greeks: a means of reinforcing the patriarchy

      Alwang, Camryn (2021-05)
      Greek mythology is filled with stories of abduction and marriage, which played an important role in reinforcing patriarchal societal structures. My Honors thesis will analyze these myths through a feminist lens and examine how they functioned in Greek literature and visual culture. I will be observing how these narratives seem to have acted as guides in a girl’s ritual transition to adulthood and advocated the virtues of an ideal wife by reminding women of their expected place in society. Specifically, I will look at representations of women in Homeric epics and Greek plays as well as focus my visual sources on painted vases, taking into account the context in which these objects would be found. Of particular interest are the narratives of three mythological women. First, Persephone, the daughter of the goddess Demeter who was forcefully abducted by Hades, god of the underworld. Second, Helen, who was abducted by Athenian Hero Theseus as a girl and more famously known as the woman who sparked the Trojan War. Third, Thetis, a Nereid prophesied to give birth to a child greater than their father and thus forced to marry a mortal. In addition, I will examine myths about women like the Amazons who refused to conform to expectations set upon them and form cautionary tales for Greek women.
    • A Marxist-Feminist analysis of gender reveal parties in the United States

      Seiden, Molly (2019-05)
      The modern celebration surrounding the gender reveal party has become commonplace in our society, with family and friends bearing gifts and rejoicing at their newfound knowledge of the gender identity of a soon-to-be baby. Although social media websites like Pinterest and Instagram have served as an outlet for the widespread recognition of this phenomenon, the indoctrination of this trend as a mere product of technological advancement or social media necessitates a feminist intervention that pays astute attention to the productive necessities of our state and the socialization it in turn produces. Since mainstream liberal feminist theory naturalizes the inequalities that are perpetuated by our society while working to find equality within our current societal framework, the mechanism that dictates gender and its aligning qualities cannot be effectively challenged, or even recognized at all. Through the implementation of a revolutionary, materialist analysis of our state and the socialization and identities that it necessitates, the gender reveal party is displayed as a consequence of our society, and with this recognition, feminists organize with the long-term goal of building a fundamentally different world develop a critique of the gender-reveal tradition as a celebration that strengthens the gender binary while reinforcing fixed, neoliberal economic incentives.
    • Measuring gene expression of MORN, SANT, and Sig 1, “ ” 4, in Paramecium caudatum over the course of Holospora infection

      Vislocka, Karin (2021-05)
      Paramecia are single-celled organisms that live in ponds and feed on other single celled organisms like bacteria or algae. They are typically oblong and are covered with short structures called cilia. They have interactions with bacteria as they are infected intranuclearly by Holospora. Paramecium caudatum is known to express genes such as MORN, SANT, and Sig 1, “ ”, 4. Paramecium shows a response upon infection by Holospora as it navigates through the various stages of infection. The Holospora bacteria may cause varying degrees of expression of genes in the single celled organism. The genes were chosen due to their upregulation in Paramecium in a previous RNA sequencing study (Kagemann et al, in prep). Through the use of microscopy, imaging and qPCR, gene expression was tracked in the control and in the samples in which MORN, SANT, and Sig 1, “ ”, 4 genes were knocked down. The amount of gene expression was measured in each stage of the infection using qPCR. A comparison was made between the results of the control samples, which have no knocked down genes, to the samples which have knocked down genes. The amplitude of expression between Sig 1, Sig 2, Sig 3, and Sig 4 was compared as they function as protein kinases in Paramecium caudatum.
    • The #MeToo movement: its strengths and weaknesses, and its potential psychological impact

      Kramek, Emily (2019-05)
      The modern “Me Too” Movement has made waves for the movement against sexual assault, giving more publicity than ever before and shedding light on a much larger systematic issue. Sexual harassment and assault are ingrained in so many different aspects of society, from film to medicine, and perpetrators are finally beginning to be held accountable. However, with all the capacity of the recent #MeToo movement, there has still been a shortage of space and representation for minority groups and underserved populations that often face these issues the most.
    • Mindfulness-based outdoor behavioral healthcare for individuals with autism spectrum disorder: possibilities, suggestions, and challenges

      Gluckman, Nicole (2021-05)
      The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder has been rapidly increasing. Traditional treatment interventions such as applied behavior analysis (ABA) have been very successful in targeting specific behaviors to shape and reinforce, thus eliminating problem behaviors such as self-injury and aggression. However, comprehensive treatment options are being developed with more of a focus on the strengths of the individual. These treatment options seek to use the natural environment in order to form positive relationships, increase self-esteem, and lead to a greater quality of life. In this paper, I synthesize research on outdoor-based interventions, and propose mindfulness as a fundamental building block for an outdoor-based therapy for individuals with autism to foster psychological and emotional growth in addition to established social and behavioral benefits. Future research should seek to make this approach as inclusive as possible so that it can be of benefit to individuals of various ages, dispositions, and tendencies (i.e. speaking or non-speaking).
    • The (mis-) use of Greco-Roman history by modern white supremacy groups: the implications of the classics in the hands of white supremacists

      King, Emily Anne (2019-05)
      Extensive research was conducted to address the historical significance of the use of Greco-Roman history by modern white supremacists’ in the United States. I found that the use of the Classics by hate groups, such as white supremacy groups, follows a pattern of behavior beginning with the development of race theories between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. I examined the writings of race theorists from the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries to prove how they used the work of Tacitus, for example, to coin both this idea of “white racial superiority” and project their own view of race onto the past. It is imperative to understand that our modern views of race did not exist in antiquity. Instead, the ancient Greco-Romans credited the physical differences amongst groups of people as a result of their geolocation, i.e. climate. I found this truth after poring over the ancient Greco-Roman texts that proved their idea of environmental determinism. Furthermore, I traced the implementation of this incorrect classical reception in the history of the United States, specifically in the legislation and education system in the nineteenth century onwards. By doing so, I was able to clearly see where modern white supremacists collected their skewed view of history from and how they continue to propagate false realities of antiquity. I argue that the Trump administration created an atmosphere where white supremacy groups feel entitled to outwardly demonstrate and incite acts of violence. I proposed my view that classicists have a duty to disseminate the truth from fiction and educate society as a whole during this time of rampant fake news.
    • Mismatch: translating concepts of evolutionary psychology into an aggregation of various aesthetic mediums

      McQuade, Brianna (2021-12)
      Preliminary research in regard to this thesis project began in part of Glenn Geher’s Seminar in Psychology course that focused on the concept of positive evolutionary psychology. This literature review, similarly to aspects of evolutionary psychology, is not stand-alone. In addition to research that will be provided on the concept of evolutionary mismatch, I will be discussing how I chose to artistically interpret these subconcepts within mismatch—and apply them to various mediums within the realm of fine arts. Having the space and support to combine my interests to create this interdisciplinary project is something I am really thankful for.
    • “The Most Anxious Generation”: the relationship between Gen Z students, social media, and anxiety

      Vultaggio, Gabrielle (2021-05)
      This proposed study explores the relationship between Gen Z students and anxiety. The primary research of this study is based off of four interviews with current Gen Z college students, as well data collected from peer reviewed studies, government data and statistics. This study has revealed that a post-graduation fear of the unknown plays a large role in the upwards trend of anxiety disorders among Gen Z college students. This is heavily influenced by the increasing use of technology and the effects of social media, like FOMO, pressures of social comparison, and the immediacy of results. School, politics, school shootings, and financial worries are also deciding factors of mental health issues among this age group.
    • Music of the Baroque period: how its styles and techniques changed music

      Felis, Lauren (2019-05)
      This paper explores the music of the Baroque era and how its unique traits made it diverge from the music that preceded it, as well as pave the way for music styles to come. The Baroque period, which is generally agreed to range from around 1600 to 1750, was a time of great advancement not only in arts and sciences, but in music as well. The overabundance of ornamentation sprinkled throughout the pieces composed in this era is an attribute that was uncommon in the past, and helped distinguish the Baroque style of music. A composer of the Baroque period that this paper will analyze in greater depth is Arcangelo Corelli. Corelli’s contributions to the Baroque music style have impacted how the violin is perceived and played to this day.
    • Narrative identity and agency: association between mood and psychological well-being

      Fitapelli, Brianna (2021-05)
      Narrative research is an evolving methodology that has been utilized in research and clinical practice. This study seeks to understand how the structure of narratives predict psychological well-being and mood, and how processing information in narrative form immediately affects respondents. A survey was created on Qualtrics and through an all-student email and social media, a recruitment script was advertised for individuals 18 years or older and English speaking. In this randomized, between-subject design, we gathered 289 complete datasets where one of three randomly assigned prompts asked the participant to write about a positive or negative event or list the foods they recently consumed. All narratives were coded for agency by the first author and 25% of narratives were also coded by one independent rater with an 86% agreement. Results indicated that participants who wrote about a positive life experience had higher levels of positive mood and agentic features. Further, higher levels of agency were associated with specific aspects of psychological well-being. The type of memory one recalls therefore may be beneficial for not only the self, but for relationships with others.
    • Narratives in psychology: a qualitative analysis of individuals’ life stories

      Fiakos, Kristina M. (2019-05)
      The researcher’s aim is to examine how individuals structure the narrative of their own life story and examine how this influences their own sense of identity and psychological well-being. This qualitative study involved two structured interviews, one with a 23-year-old white male and the other with a 56-year-old white female. Participants were sought through word of mouth and had minimal acquaintance to the researcher. Each participant participated in an in-depth semi-structured interview, where they were asked to narrate the story of their life. Interviews were coded both inductively and deductively to determine the nature of how these stories were articulated by the participant and their relationship to the participant’s well-being. It was found that the participant who had more redemptive sequences and themes of agency throughout their narrative had a stronger sense of identity within themselves and had a higher sense of life satisfaction. Being that there were only two participants, these results are not generalizable. However, they can be used as a reference for future research and forming hypotheses.
    • Neuromodulation of aggression behavior by Neuropeptide-F in Drosophila melanogaster

      Gopee, Tyler (2020-04)
      Neuromessenger proteins such as Neuropeptide-F (NPF) have been linked to aggression in animals such as the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. To better understand NPF’s influence on aggression, we investigated the direct effects of NPF release on fly fighting aggression behaviors. Utilizing targeted gene-expression techniques that can be confirmed via antibody- based immunohistochemical tissue analysis, we created a transgenic line of flies with light- inducible ion channels in NPF-secreting cells. Upon confirmation, utilizing optogenetic tools we performed fly fight bioassays in a ring with limited food to see the direct effects of NPF on aggression through light activation. The results of this study suggest the secretion of NPF impinges upon aggression circuits enough to depress aggression levels in flies.
    • Neuroplasticity: the impact of age and injury

      Celentano, Alexis M. (2017-12)
      Background: Neuroplasticity is an ongoing process of the brain that allows for learning, changing, and adapting to every day changes as well as to trauma. As we age, the rate of neuroplasticity (that combats the ramifications of brain injury) starts to decline. This has been seen throughout many different species and is the justification for why adult systems have more devastating deficits from injury than children. The brain can spontaneously recover from injury but for improved long-term results, speech and language therapy in conjunction with spontaneous recovery is ideal for maximal recovery of function and language. Purpose: In this review, the primary goal is to discuss past and present research on neuroplasticity, neural aging and the effects of injury on the language centers of the brain. Results: I have discussed neuroplasticity and peak neuroplasticity in children known as the critical periods and sensitive periods, discussion of normal aging on neuroplasticity, the results of prenatal strokes in comparison to the results of adult strokes, and the different types of recovery that occurs post-stroke/traumatic brain injury (TBI).
    • No longer Celia

      Stein, Mariel (2019-05)
      After following her cousin, Rosalind, into banishment, Celia finds herself more lost than ever before. Without the comforts of the palace, her father, and even her name (which is now Aliena), she must identify the new and mysterious feeling that binds her to the Forest of Arden: a profound love for Rosalind. In this one-act reimagining of William Shakespeare’s pastoral comedy, As You Like It, Celia, seeks to earn her place as the protagonist of the story and the object of Rosalind’s affection.
    • Noise-induced hearing loss in military personnel: a comparative review

      Lavan, Kayleen (2021-05)
      Military service members are often exposed to damaging occupational noise levels. The focus of this research is to investigate why noise induced hearing loss is still so prevalent in the military today, despite modern day regulations, protection, and programs. I will be working on this research under the guidance of Dr. Arnao and Professor Beers, as my senior thesis advisors. Primarily using peer reviewed journals and government statistics, as well as surveys, I will be investigating and documenting the correlation between combat and noise-induced hearing loss. I will be discussing the different sources of noise exposure in the military. I will also discuss how the different branches of the military compare in their noise exposure, as well as comparing hearing conservation and hearing protection of soldiers/sailors/airmen during the Vietnam War to those of more recent wars. I will be delving into the history of audiology within the military as well as the science of audiology itself, and attempting to explain why hearing loss is still the number one disability among veterans. In conclusion, I will summarize and discuss the commonalities and/or differences found between the published literature and the survey results.
    • A novel experience: how writing my own novel prepared me for a job in publishing

      Mason, Amber (2018-05)
      In order to understand the editing process more intimately, I decided to write a speculative/dystopian novel under the guidance of Professor Carr, whose extensive experience in the publishing industry makes him the perfect mentor for this project. We moved through every stage of the writing process from idea conception to outlining to chapter drafting. During individual meetings, we discussed how to edit the piece; I paid special attention to the kinds of feedbacks and suggestions that an editor needs to be equipped to give. In the end, I will understand the process of getting a book published from both sides of the equation—the writer and the editor.