• The wage gap: history, controversies, and the status quo

      Hatzipetrakos, Anna (2019-05)
      It is often very difficult for society to accept the mechanisms of an intangible concept. The abstract factors of an intangible concept further lead to the inability to resolve pivotal societal issues. This is the case for the gender wage gap controversy that is prevalent in the United States. By studying the commonly held assumptions that controversialists believe attribute to the inaccuracies of the wage gap, the existence of the societal issue gains a greater awareness. The following research is intended to pinpoint the factors that are often linked to the inaccuracies of the wage gap and in turn explain how these factors are unable to explain away the entirety of the gap. The gender biases and discrimination prior to women entering the workforce are often overlooked by skeptics of the societal issue. Therefore, by drawing from both quantitative and qualitative research on the history of the issue, its status quo in modern day America unravels. In order to provoke awareness of the undoubtable problem the gender wage gap imposes on women across the nation, the following pinpoints and transparently states the fact based evidence found on the gap.
    • Watering strange fruits: a study and analysis of the inadequate advising received by students of color at a predominantly white institution

      Joseph, Eryka “Ree” (2020-05)
      Throughout predominantly white institutions nationwide, the contemporary issues surrounding race, access, ethnicity, and diversity have been put under an increasingly bright spotlight over the past decade, calling into question the impact these matters have on a Student of Color in regards to educational control. The main aim of this dissertation is to examine how Students of Color, attending predominantly white institutions, are not being supported in academic spaces, specifically in regards to academic advising. Moreover, how they are redefining and reclaiming what scholarship means to them. This dissertation will possibly be structured in five main chapters: (1) Introduction, referring to aim, scope and background reasoning, (2) Case Study, addressing the methodology and analysis of interviews, (3) Literary Analysis, addressing prior scholarly works surrounding this issue, (4) Solutions, discussion on how to fix the question at hand, and (5) Conclusions, Limitations and Future Research, discussing the relevance and how this can and will mostly be used for future implementation for master’s work, professors and future career work as a diversity and inclusion expert.
    • Weak State caused long duration of insurgency between 1995 to 2016

      Abukosi, Vincent (2017-12)
      Saddam Hussein’s government and the Taliban regime were both toppled in the early months of U.S. invasion. Nevertheless, the U.S. and coalitions’ supported government in both Iraq and Afghanistan have been battling insurgencies since the U.S. invasion. To be exact, the U.S. has been conducting counterinsurgency campaigns in Afghanistan since 2002, and in Iraq since 2003. Why would such operations last so long despite U.S. military might? Many scholars have argued differently on the causes of long duration insurgencies but none has given an argument that can explain all cases of prolonged insurgencies. In this paper, I used the theory of political opportunity structure which posits that “repertoires for protest have traditionally been seen as influenced by political opportunity structure, consisting of both a formal, institutional aspect and an informal, cultural one (Porta 2008, 223)” to argue that weak states caused long duration insurgency between the years of 1995 to 2016. My argument gives another alternative argument that can explain the causes of long duration insurgencies. Using 66 cases of insurgency, from the Global Terrorism dataset, I showed that state weakness caused long duration insurgency between the periods of 1995 to 2016, but the only indicators of state weakness that are statistically significant to the duration of insurgency are security effectiveness score and security legitimacy score. Therefore, my policy recommendation is that for states to carry on successful Counterinsurgency campaigns they need to focus on improving the capability of their security forces, and seek public approval of their security apparatus .
    • What to do about planet earth: a visionary approach to consumption, energy, and structure

      Buckheit, Donna (2018-05)
      In this paper, I seek to establish that what the consequences of climate change are, which activities contribute to it the most, what types of resources are being used to carry out these activities, and who participates in these kinds of activities the most. I will gather this information from census data and peer reviewed experimental results. Based on these assessments, I will then propose three solutions: 1. Adjustment of physical aspects of the environment and structure we live in, including the use of bike paths, passive solar architecture, and hexagons in construction. 2. Implementation of a carbon tax to curtail carbon dioxide emissions and prevent resource exploitation by corporations. 3. Installation of a universal “solar grid” that utilizes the most efficient solar technology in order to provide a clean, sustainable source of energy.
    • "A Whole New World": redefining gender in Disney films from the 20th to 21st century

      Alshabasy, Shrien (2019-05)
      Disney Princess films in the 20th century, notably ones made in the Golden and Silver Age of the studio’s production, uphold the patriarchal gaze by portraying Disney princesses in the identity of the true woman, forcing them to participate in the domestic household and wait for their prince to initiate their agency and freedom. The Princesses inability to stray away from their portrayal as an item of consumption and sexual/social control and desire make them unable to claim a desire other than marriage to complete their process of Lacanian development. In comparison, the patriarchal gaze is manifested through these earlier Disney films by placing men as the strong, capable heroes who gain a romantic partner at the end of the film. The dichotomization of evil and good women in these 20th century Disney films only serve to emphasize the idea of the true woman. Women who are aware of their social place and attempt to manipulate or resist it are oftentimes villainized through their appearance (they are often old, fat or not traditionally “beautiful”) all weaknesses that are tied to their sexualized role in society. In this paper, I will examine the way that 21st Century Disney films in the Revival Era resist and participate in social structures relating to the male gaze, the myth of womanly masks and notions of true womanhood. I will examine Disney’s shift toward more progressive gender politics through three lenses: Lauren Mulvey’s analysis of the male gaze and Lacanian notions of the Other, and Gilbert and Gubar’s theorization of womanly masks and Barber Welter’s tenants of True Womanhood. I will also examine the ways that these advancements may be limited to a capitalistic, neo-liberal framework, considering that Disney’s changes are financially motivated.
    • Why chivalry should die: the effects of benevolent sexism on hetero-romantic relationships

      Wallin, Sarah (2019-05)
      Relationships aid in our physical and mental well-being, therefore it's important that one of the most intimate relationships we have should be satisfying and functional. I discovered that while benevolent sexism does have some benefits, overall its effects are overwhelmingly negative regarding the functionality and satisfaction of romantic relationships. It reinforces gender roles, through rewards and punishments of gender -typical or non-typical behavior, creates women to become less ambitious in careers, leads women to perform more poorly, excuses violent behavior from "benevolent" men, legitimizes unequal domestic labor, and produces lofty expectations which lead to lower relationship satisfaction. Although benefits have been shown, such as physical/economic protection, greater investment in family, and life satisfaction, these do not outweigh the negative impact benevolent sexism causes and its perpetuation of gender inequality.
    • Why do we hate math and how do we teach it?

      Seiter, Ashley (2019-05)
      In this thesis, I am going to discuss teaching methods and practices that lessen anxiety, due to Math Phobia, in an adolescent setting. I first discuss that students develop Math Phobia, from ineffective teaching strategies, lack of success, and mathematical mindset. To reduce anxiety, effective teachers, must teach how we learn mathematics, using the 3 learning principles and the BDA lesson format. The teaching method, problem-based learning, serves as platform which students learn through discovery, in which teachers create a positive classroom culture, through discussion. I will discuss strategies inside PBL that promote a growth mindset, such as the power of a mistake, differentiation, and formative assessments. Jo Boaler (2016) serves as the main source of research in this thesis, providing insight towards Math Phobia. I argue that these teaching strategies and mindsets are effective in lessening anxiety to allow all students to succeed in the classroom. Keywords: Adolescent Education, Mathematics, Math Phobia, math anxiety, teaching strategies, mathematical mindset growth mindset, fixed mindset, success, prior knowledge, conceptual understanding, procedural fluency, problem-solving skills, metacognition, BDA format, essential question, learning objective, learning through discovery, problem-based learning, direct instruction, positive classroom culture, discussion, power of a mistake, memorization, differentiation, multiple modalities, scaffolding, student choice, heterogeneous grouping, homogeneous grouping, assess for learning, formative assessment, summative assessment
    • Why sustainable business is better

      Santa Maria, Nicole (2018-05)
      With growing concerns and numerous sources of data confirming climate change we must look toward a future in sustainable practices. While individual people can do their part in reducing their personal carbon footprint it is clear that the ones who truly need to change are corporations. Big businesses are the largest contributors to the negative effects of greenhouse gases. With this in mind it is only a matter of time until the people demand change. This change does not need to be delayed, if companies can become leaders in sustainable business reforms and practices, not only will we find better results, for our planet but they may even find better results in their profits. To demonstrate the positive results, of what may be seen as relatively “small” changes, we will analyze the implementations and the implications of the State University of New York at New Paltz “Green Revolving Fund.” This will be accomplished through an understanding of past projects and my own proposal for the current University community. This paper will also touch on much larger business decisions through reimagining and redefining industry standards. While we will also explore the limitations of these processes; any company can take steps towards a better, more sustainable, business.
    • Why there are no black Dominicans: how anti-Haitian sentiment in the era of Trujillo and the deeply rooted black history of the island of Hispaniola affects how Dominicans racially identify in New York today

      Frasco, Melissa (2020-12)
      Within the island of Hispaniola are two countries: the Dominican Republic and Haiti. In 1808 the island was split into two distinct areas and today remains segregated geographically and culturally. Haiti is often associated with poverty, corrupt governments, and blackness, while the Dominican Republic is associated with tropical vacations, baseball, and the Caribbean. By considering the role of socio-political, historical, and ethno-cultural factors in Dominicans’ racial self-identification, this study examines why some Dominicans may not identify as “Black” despite the history of the African slave trade across the island. Using a snowball sampling method to identify study participants, I interviewed Dominican individuals about their racial self- identification and the cultural factors that influenced them. The view of race will be recognized as both a construct and as a significant factor in one’s identity. My research provides insights into how Dominicans in New York identify ethnically, racially, and culturally. Dominicans have a complicated relationship with race, partially due to the thirty-year reign of General Rafael Trujillo, whose promotion of a racial ideology associates blackness with Haitians rather than Dominicans, the historical colonization of the island, post-coloniality, and migration. Dominicans have a notoriously complicated relationship with blackness, when referred to as Black (in the United States) some Dominicans are quick to retort back phrases such as “I’m not Black, I’m Dominican!”. The Dominican racial identity and its relationship with the country of Haiti cannot be explained by the simplicity of the United States racial binary of Black or white. However, Dominicans have historically migrated to states such as New York, New Jersey, and Florida and continue to straddle racial imaginaries spanning from Latin America and the Caribbean to the receiving country.
    • The women who produce the media: a podcast series

      Gross, Maxine K. (2019-05)
      In 2018, only 26% of the top 250 grossing films were produced by women. Still, there are statistically more women working as producers in the film industry than any other Above-the-Line position. Through a three part podcast series that includes interviews with six women working as Line Producers, Production Supervisors, and Executive Producers and a paper, The Women Who Produce the Media: A Podcast Series sheds light on the current state of the film industry in the wake of the #MeToo movement from the perspectives of women working in it. Organized through the lense of the past, present, and future of women in film. The Women Who Produce the Media: A Podcast series explores the intersection of the film industry and current women’s issues, along with setting out a solution for how to expand diversity among the film industry.
    • Women’s impact on environmental policy: the case for greater female representation in the legislature

      Hayes, Isabelle (2019-05)
      Female legislators make for different legislators than their male counterparts. One aspect of this lies in their role in shaping environmental policy. Women are disproportionately impacted by climate change and therefore will have a unique perspective and insight to offer. In this analysis, I frame environmental issues as ones women will be more likely to support and advocate for. Using the data from the Congressional Bills Project, I seek to discern whether female legislators are more likely to introduce environmental bills in the House of Representatives than their male counterparts. I look at specific environmental and energy subtopics and find that gender is positive and significant for a few issues, but that the percent of females in the legislature has more of a positive and significant impact on the introduction of environmental policy that promotes sustainability and serve as a step to solving the global climate crisis.
    • Wrongful convictions: new solution to an old problem

      Russell, Jessie (2018-12)
      This paper will explore the prevalent issue of wrongful convictions and how exonerees of the prison system spend several years of their life innocent but in prison. A solution, a committee on prosecutorial conduct is analyzed and considered whether it is helpful enough to change a racist judicial system. There has to be more done overall and to combat how innocent people, mainly black men, are convicted of crimes they did not commit.