• The Tanzanian student's struggle with the English language: acquisition of English as a second language, with specific focus on the education system in Tanzania

      Lattin, Mary (2018-12)
      The way medium of instruction is set up in Tanzania’s public school system is unique. In primary school, students are taught in Swahili, the national language, but upon their transition to secondary school, they are taught solely in English. This transition occurs at a time where students have not even gained full mastery in Swahili yet which causes there to be a lack of transferable linguistic skills from first to second language acquisition. There is an emphasis placed on English in education in Tanzania because it is viewed as the language of success. Policy makers in Tanzania do not realize that educational success and attractiveness for future careers are two different things and should be treated as such. The current system in Tanzania is producing students that are not succeeding in their academic subjects as well as not becoming proficient in the English language; it is setting up their students for failure. The language problem is only exacerbated by a lack of funding for schools and unqualified teachers. In order for Tanzania to truly produce successful students, a serious change needs to be made to their system regarding language in their schools. The best option would be a true bilingual education program where an equal emphasis would be placed on English and Swahili.
    • The territorial expansion of rising powers

      Dalland, Konrad (2020-05)
      This paper is concerned with why rising states choose to skirt international norms and expand their territory. As opposed to explaining territorial expansion as the result a need for material benefits and physical security (Realism); territorial expansion is seen as a practice states that see themselves as a great power will use when their identities are misrecognized. It examines the affects of status recognition on a rising state’s identity in order to ascertain if and when a rising state will expand. Rising powers will attempt to have their identity as a great power recognized by established powers. If that identity is recognized then the rising power is accepted in their great power identity and joins the established powers as the leaders of the international order. If the identity of the rising power is misrecognized then the rising power will feel insecurity and mitigate that insecurity by reaffirming their identity. One of these ways of reaffirming ones identity is territorial expansion. My argument is that a rising power that has a great power identity will expand territorially only after it has been maximally misrecognized by established powers. I examine the relationship between the United States, NATO and Russia from 2000 onward to explore this theory.
    • Three sides to a story: different perspectives toward the deaf community

      Quinlan, Jada (2017-12)
      When looking into Deafness the medical perspective and the perspective of those in the Deaf community are taken into account. However there is also a societal aspect to Deafness that should be taken into account. This study considers the aspects and perspectives of the hearing, medical, and Deaf communities that determine the views of Deaf people. The study will also compare the Deaf community of the United States to that of Ethiopia. In conclusion, it may be shown how the different perspectives may effect the way the Deaf community is viewed.
    • Tracking genotypic changes in Paramecium isolates between ponds and seasons in Ulster County, NY

      Dobosh, Katherine (2019-05)
      The numerous species of Paramecia can vary morphologically, functionally, and genetically. Previous biogeographical studies of Paramecium suggest that the cells follow the ‘everything is everywhere’ hypothesis and that local ecology determines the particular strains found in any given location. However, there has not been much research done on strain and species changes from season to season over short geographical distances as well as if or how Paramecia overwinter under ice. Over seven consecutive seasons, we have sampled five local ponds for Paramecium cells. We isolated single cells, created lines of culture and allowed them to grow to high density from each collected sample. We then extracted DNA, amplified specific genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and sequenced them by Sanger sequencing. To determine the species, we compared the new sequences to sequences of known Paramecium species. Overall, it was found that there is species and haplotype diversity within and between ponds. For Paramecium caudatum there is a more dominant haplotype for all of the sampled ponds. However, for Paramecium aurelia there is more diversity and there are species that are only pond in certain ponds. Additionally, we were able to retrieve samples, albeit a small number, containing Paramecium cells from under the ice in a completely frozen lake suggesting that Paramecia may overwinter in this region.
    • Traditional ecological knowledge and sustainability in cities

      Laxman, Seth (2020-12)
      This thesis is an exploration and analysis of the most efficient and appropriate ways policy makers, planners, and individuals can tap into the knowledge held by indigenous peoples around the world in order to improve urban environments to make them more sustainable and resilient to the effects of the climate crisis. Now more than ever, it is crucial to contextualize all human behaviors and practices with our history as a species. One of the best ways of doing this is lifting the voices of historically marginalized and silenced groups. By incorporating knowledge and wisdom that has been traditionally ignored into all individual and societal practices, the boundaries between the “natural” and “human” worlds can be redefined. By examining the potential that the wealth of knowledge held within indigenous cosmologies, traditions, and practices has in regard to improving urban sustainability, a number of possibilities for integrating indigenous traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) into the modern sustainability movement are assessed.
    • Trauma recovery through art therapy

      Brainerd, Rachel (2020-12)
      This paper provides a synthesis of research on Art Therapy, Post traumatic Stress Disorder, and explains the unique benefit this therapy may provide for the refugee population suffering from PTSD.
    • Trump breaks the Internet: an analysis of the accuracy of the 45th President

      Wolf-Sonkin, Elee (2019-05)
      This paper is broken up into two parts. The first part describes the powers and consequences of presidential rhetoric. The president has defining, institutional, and psychological power over the people through their rhetoric. This power is extremely impactful and can be dangerous. The second part outlines possible reasons why the 45th President is especially inaccurate in his rhetoric, settling on the Personal Experience school, which suggests that Trump’s business history yields accuracies in economic rhetoric, yet his lack of political experience yields inaccuracies in policy rhetoric. After an analysis of ten randomly selected tweets from Donald J. Trump’s account in various categories (Unemployment, Deficit, Health Care, and Immigration), I analyzed accuracies and found that despite very low percentages of accuracies in both economic and policy rhetoric, the President was actually more accurate in policy rhetoric than he was in economic rhetoric.
    • Trumponomics in post-industrial America: understanding the causes of deindustrialization and its role in the emergence of right-wing populist economics

      Greenman, David A. (2018-05)
      Since 2001, the American economy has swiftly shed over six million manufacturing jobs. To this day, large swaths of the American rural working class are left struggling to compete with domestic and external forces that are driving American labor away from the production process altogether. Much of the political rhetoric surrounding this economic phenomenon is dominated by politicians pointing fingers across the Pacific towards China and their ‘unfair’ trade practices. This technique of political and economic scapegoating was heralded by Donald J. Trump who emerged onto the American political stage with the immediate incrimination of China in the economic woes of the American working class. Although the American trade deficit with China is an often cited cause of American deindustrialization, are there other factors at play? To what extent can the increasingly widespread variables of automation and service growth explain the “hollowing out” of the American manufacturing sector? Additionally, to what degree is Donald Trump’s anti-globalist and economic nationalist rhetoric responsible for his shocking electoral win in 2016? I explore these topics together and illustrate the troubling recent shifts in the American labor force as well as the American electorate.
    • A tune to the teatro: the relationship between Spanish theatre of the golden age and modern day music

      Brown, Emily G. (2019-05)
      For my thesis, I have decided to study Miguel de Cervantes’ famous play, “El retablo de las maravillas”, and choose specific, key scenes and interpret them through song. I will be discussing the significance of the themes of the play and how the songs I have chosen illustrate the relevance of the play to modern day society. In addition, through the usage of various articles from theatre and music theorists, I will be analyzing the role and importance of music in theatre and how music tells a story. At the conclusion, I will explain the connections of contemporary music and old theatre and how the play relates to and is meaningful to the modern day.
    • Underrepresented students in STEM

      Robles, Hanami (2019-05)
      African Americans, Mexican American/Latino, and Native American/Alaska Native students have historically been considered a minority in the United States. However, their population growth and influence in the nation is unproportioned to their growth in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The amount of students graduating from undergraduate school is even lower than those enrolled. Underrepresented students do not only take into account the individual’s race and ethnicity, but also the individual’s gender. The gap created by the lack of diversity in universities is a potential dilemma to the nation as a whole. This study will look into understanding diversity in STEM fields as well as practices implemented in schools that are effective in being inclusive and increase the rates of degree attainment from minorities in STEM majors.
    • Understanding cult membership: beyond “Drinking the Kool-Aid”

      Greiser, Melissa M. (2019-05)
      While there is a plethora of research discussing the concepts of social psychology that are involved in cult membership, which explain that the people involved with cults are typical individuals and there are many basic factors that contribute to their involvement, public perception of cults and their members still seems to be deeply negative. It is possible that if these studies were more widely acknowledged, public perception of cult members would become less negative. Examining the psychology behind cult membership can shed light on the many factors that influence human behavior, which may make it easier for the public to understand how cults can be appealing. Fundamental concepts of social psychology, including affiliation motivation and the need to belong, persuasion and the factors that are responsible for making it more effective, cognitive dissonance, ingroup bias, and social identity theory, can be used to explain how people become involved in cults and why they choose to remain in the group.
    • Understanding how definitions of identity are established and altered when literary works are translated to film

      Carter-Huffman, Christine (2019-12)
      This paper analyzes the translation of two different stories from their original story in the form of literature to their corresponding adaptation in film. The poem “The Man from Snowy River” translates to film, The Man from Snowy River ; and the novella, Story of Your Life translates to the film, Arrival. Australian identity and human identity, respectively, are altered once translated across the different genres of a poem to film and a novella to film. These genres have intrinsic components specific to each type, which shape how the story is told and perceived. The medium of literature creates an intimate connection between the text and the reader, but the intimacy ranges between poem and novella. A film shifts its storytelling as we now see and hear the story in dramatic ways through a Hollywood style narrative. Parts of each story is lost once translated, but there is information gained when they are compared. Furthermore, the two stories differ in their more specific genres of fiction and science-fiction. By analyzing form, genre, and the components native to each piece of work, there is an understanding of what life was like when each work was created and what values, perspectives, and intentions are important for the author to show to the reader. This paper will show how the audience’s expectations, the details delivered, and the ultimate messages are shaped and altered throughout each piece of work.
    • Understanding the housing experiences of trans* and non-binary college students

      Montmarquet, Honor (2021-05)
      While it is well known that the United States has a problem with high rates of homelessness and housing insecurity, the specific housing experiences of transgender college students is an under-explored topic. Existing studies suggest that a significant subset of youth experience housing insecurity during their years as college students; research also indicates that LGBTQ and specifically trans* youth experience disproportionately high rates of homelessness and housing insecurity. As such, it is important to capture the stories of those who fall into both of these categories. This interview-based study with trans* college students, including students who have experienced housing insecurity and homelessness during college, begins to fill the gap in our knowledge about this population. This research begins to shine light on the particular housing experiences of trans* college students with a goal of shaping policy that might better serve the needs to this population.
    • The unspoken truth deafness around the world

      Ferrer, Johanna (2019-05)
      Deafness has been a topic fairly unspoken of. The Deaf community and culture, like any other culture has unwritten and written bylaws. After personally experiencing deafness overseas, it sparked an interest to explore the Deaf culture around the globe. Looking at countries around the world from North America to South America, Central America, moving to the Caribbean, Europe, Asia, and lastly Africa, there were different things that were worth taking a deeper look at. In the course of researching, I found that deaf people throughout the world have many similarities: they are marginalized, underrepresented, and there is a common lack of resources that can help individuals who are deaf. Moving through regions, one will explore how deafness is viewed around the world, and what can be done as individuals to change the perception of deafness. The Deaf community varies from nation to nation based on the resources that are available to them. The accessibility to these resources affects education, exposure, and the awareness within the various Deaf communities.
    • Unveiling the queen of the underworld: images of Persephone in Greece and southern Italy

      Ferguson, Teresa C. (2020-05)
      During antiquity, Persephone, the storied “Queen of the Underworld,” assumed multiple forms throughout the Greek world. The most famed myth involving Persephone details the goddess’ abduction by Hades and her later reunification with her mother, Demeter. For the inhabitants of mainland Greece, Persephone was known simply as Kore, the “maiden”; her significance as a goddess relied heavily on her familial connection to Demeter and the role that she played in the Eleusinian Mysteries. However, within certain Greek settlements in Southern Italy (often referred to as Magna Graecia or “Great Greece” due to the number of its Greek sites), Persephone had a distinct identity separate from that of Demeter, and she was more commonly associated with marriage and the salvation of the deceased. This contrast in the beliefs held about Persephone can be observed in visual depictions of the goddess from sites in Greece and Southern Italy. The goal of this paper is to explore the multivalent nature of Persephone by examining her representation in objects from various areas around mainland Greece and Magna Graecia. This paper will focus on material evidence in varying media from four different locations, two in Greece (Eleusis and Corinth) and two in Southern Italy (Locri Epizephyrii and Sicily) Through this study, I hope to discover how geography and differing religious beliefs can inform the way in which a particular deity is represented in art.
    • Vocal strain and student teachers: are you at risk?

      Brower, Madison (2019-05)
      Teachers are one of the most at risk populations for developing voice disorders, and are prone to vocal damage due to the nature of their occupations. The primary objectives of this paper were to evaluate pre-existing literature regarding vocal strain in teachers, and apply the information to students in their first semester of student teaching at the State University of New York at New Paltz. A web-based questionnaire was distributed to 150 student teachers at SUNY New Paltz. In total, 65 responses were received. The questionnaire consisted of questions on background information and risk factors for voice damage. The results showed that 92% of the student teachers surveyed had experienced ten or more risk factors for vocal strain on a regular basis. According to the students’ answers on the survey, as well as developed research, vocal hygiene education may be useful to help prevent the development of vocal strain in student teachers.
    • The wage gap: history, controversies, and the status quo

      Hatzipetrakos, Anna (2019-05)
      It is often very difficult for society to accept the mechanisms of an intangible concept. The abstract factors of an intangible concept further lead to the inability to resolve pivotal societal issues. This is the case for the gender wage gap controversy that is prevalent in the United States. By studying the commonly held assumptions that controversialists believe attribute to the inaccuracies of the wage gap, the existence of the societal issue gains a greater awareness. The following research is intended to pinpoint the factors that are often linked to the inaccuracies of the wage gap and in turn explain how these factors are unable to explain away the entirety of the gap. The gender biases and discrimination prior to women entering the workforce are often overlooked by skeptics of the societal issue. Therefore, by drawing from both quantitative and qualitative research on the history of the issue, its status quo in modern day America unravels. In order to provoke awareness of the undoubtable problem the gender wage gap imposes on women across the nation, the following pinpoints and transparently states the fact based evidence found on the gap.
    • Watering strange fruits: a study and analysis of the inadequate advising received by students of color at a predominantly white institution

      Joseph, Eryka “Ree” (2020-05)
      Throughout predominantly white institutions nationwide, the contemporary issues surrounding race, access, ethnicity, and diversity have been put under an increasingly bright spotlight over the past decade, calling into question the impact these matters have on a Student of Color in regards to educational control. The main aim of this dissertation is to examine how Students of Color, attending predominantly white institutions, are not being supported in academic spaces, specifically in regards to academic advising. Moreover, how they are redefining and reclaiming what scholarship means to them. This dissertation will possibly be structured in five main chapters: (1) Introduction, referring to aim, scope and background reasoning, (2) Case Study, addressing the methodology and analysis of interviews, (3) Literary Analysis, addressing prior scholarly works surrounding this issue, (4) Solutions, discussion on how to fix the question at hand, and (5) Conclusions, Limitations and Future Research, discussing the relevance and how this can and will mostly be used for future implementation for master’s work, professors and future career work as a diversity and inclusion expert.
    • Weak State caused long duration of insurgency between 1995 to 2016

      Abukosi, Vincent (2017-12)
      Saddam Hussein’s government and the Taliban regime were both toppled in the early months of U.S. invasion. Nevertheless, the U.S. and coalitions’ supported government in both Iraq and Afghanistan have been battling insurgencies since the U.S. invasion. To be exact, the U.S. has been conducting counterinsurgency campaigns in Afghanistan since 2002, and in Iraq since 2003. Why would such operations last so long despite U.S. military might? Many scholars have argued differently on the causes of long duration insurgencies but none has given an argument that can explain all cases of prolonged insurgencies. In this paper, I used the theory of political opportunity structure which posits that “repertoires for protest have traditionally been seen as influenced by political opportunity structure, consisting of both a formal, institutional aspect and an informal, cultural one (Porta 2008, 223)” to argue that weak states caused long duration insurgency between the years of 1995 to 2016. My argument gives another alternative argument that can explain the causes of long duration insurgencies. Using 66 cases of insurgency, from the Global Terrorism dataset, I showed that state weakness caused long duration insurgency between the periods of 1995 to 2016, but the only indicators of state weakness that are statistically significant to the duration of insurgency are security effectiveness score and security legitimacy score. Therefore, my policy recommendation is that for states to carry on successful Counterinsurgency campaigns they need to focus on improving the capability of their security forces, and seek public approval of their security apparatus .
    • What to do about planet earth: a visionary approach to consumption, energy, and structure

      Buckheit, Donna (2018-05)
      In this paper, I seek to establish that what the consequences of climate change are, which activities contribute to it the most, what types of resources are being used to carry out these activities, and who participates in these kinds of activities the most. I will gather this information from census data and peer reviewed experimental results. Based on these assessments, I will then propose three solutions: 1. Adjustment of physical aspects of the environment and structure we live in, including the use of bike paths, passive solar architecture, and hexagons in construction. 2. Implementation of a carbon tax to curtail carbon dioxide emissions and prevent resource exploitation by corporations. 3. Installation of a universal “solar grid” that utilizes the most efficient solar technology in order to provide a clean, sustainable source of energy.