• Sampling of local lakes to assess Paramecium diversity and distribution

      Rajpura, Isma (2021-05)
      Paramecia species are fairly ubiquitous in freshwater bodies. It has been found in our past research that the distribution of Paramecia in small ponds in the Ulster County region is diverse and varies depending on the biogeochemical qualities of the water. To expand on this research, the distribution of Paramecia in larger bodies of water throughout New York State was determined through sampling and genotyping. Water samples were collected from six larger lakes throughout the state. These samples were scanned for Paramecia cells, and single-cell lines were established from these cells. Cells were cultured in wheatgrass medium. Genomic DNA was extracted from these cultures through use of Chelex preparations. The ITS gene was chosen as the gene to be amplified through polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplified gene was sequenced at a commercial lab. The sequences were then genotyped for Paramecia species (through NCBI Blast) and strain (through alignments with known sequences). We found that the diversity of Paramecia species and strains was greater in these larger lakes compared to the small ponds that were sampled previously. We also found several new strains that had not been found before. We suspect that these strains are endemic to the ponds that they were found in, due to their limited distribution. More extensive sampling and sequencing will be needed to determine the true distribution of these strains, as well of Paramecia overall.
    • Second language acquisition in immigrant groups in Germany

      Cagar, Nicole (2018-05)
      After the fall of the Nazi regime, Germany’s immigration policy drastically changed. The need for guest workers (Gastarbeiter) was high in order to rebuild German infrastructure, with a majority of the guest workers coming from Turkey. Prior to and after the fall of the Berlin Wall, ethnic German Russians (Aussiedler) repatriated back to Germany, representing a second major wave of immigrants in the postwar era. The contemporary international crisis in Syria has led to an influx of refugees and Arabic speaking populations in Germany. As a result of these historical shifts in the latter half of twentieth century Germany to the present, Germany has taken language acquisition more seriously and consequently sees itself as an immigration nation. This is an overview of scholarship informing the context for second language acquisition among immigrants in Germany. This study explores language acquisition among these groups and finds that Turkish people do the best at learning German.
    • Shakespearean process guided by feminist ideals: the drive of presence with an engine of collaboration

      Amiran, Maayan (2018-12)
      This thesis seeks to explore how Feminist ideals simultaneously guide and emerge from Shakespearean theatrical process through my observations of the actors’ experiences in our production of William Shakespeare’s, The Tempest . I produced this play adhering to traditions of 17th century English theatre. Within those constraints and that of the text, I found that the presence and collaboration necessary to produce Shakespeare was strengthened and sustained through the Feminist ideals of listening, vulnerability, love, play, pleasure, and curiosity.
    • Shifting sandstone: German monuments as vessels of collective memory

      O’Riordan, Conor (2019-05)
      Based on the extensive history each and every single one of these monuments bears witness to, the preconceived notion that monuments represent only a static period of time is incorrect. Rather, monuments shift to reflect an ever-changing society. For example, the journey of the quadriga of the Brandenburg Gate resembles the trajectory of German history. Monuments embody the ideals of multiple generations, but they can also serve to remind future generations of past failures. This is particularly true for monuments associated with nationalism and fascism. However, as these chosen monuments make clear, even if they are tainted with a dark past, these monument have a place in German society.
    • Shui

      Ma, Jingdi (2019-05)
      Shui is the Pinyin form of the Chinese word for water. This thesis centers itself around the complexities of how water is connotative to the emotional state of human nature. In the forms of a fifteen minute compilation of videos and a book, water shows its transformative essence and can relate to the point of evolution in identity. The usage of a Chinese word mirrors the identity of the maker. The series of videos are manipulating the elements of water, ink, oil and light to bring the viewer into a false-reality. The work intends for all focus to be on sound and imagery. At the same time, dissociation from the present surroundings occurs. The editing of time relates to the feeling of being underwater discarding time. The display of the nature of water can be seen as being both soothing and deteriorating. The overall experience envelops the viewer to consume and to reflect. The book is a personal account for both how the videos came to be conceived, as well as the thoughts that have come after the process of filming. The stillness juxtaposes the movement of visuals in the videos to present a dilemma of whether to pause or to continue onward.
    • Slay: owning your queer identity

      Paredes, Andrea (2019-05)
      SLAY is a magazine targeted to specifically queer audiences with an emphasis on normalizing queer identities and the love that comes with it. Print media is saturated with heteronormative notions and this magazine combats that by keeping the layout of a traditional magazine but creating stories on queer love, gay history, and other marginalized communities.
    • Social media and society: a generation transformed and transforming consciousness and culture

      Rupolo, Marisa (2019-12)
      The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the scholarly literature regarding social media use and the effects it has on human communication, consciousness and culture. Social media are ubiquitous; thus, our mediated and non-mediated interactions are being affected and transformed because of it. After analyzing myriad studies, it is possible to conclude that the literature tends to surmise the implications of media are either all good or all bad but fail to acknowledge the complexity of the impacts on transforming consciousness and culture and how they exist on a continuum. One dichotomy that appears in the literature is that people are either being selfish or selfless in their motivation for sharing on social media, but not both. In this paper I analyze two case studies that explode this dichotomy. Stoneman Douglas activists and Greta Thunberg and youth climate activists use their social media for activism both in their own self-interest and in the interest of the greater good of society at large. The literature review suggests this dichotomy can only exist exclusively. Yet, integrating and analyzing current examples it is possible to conclude this dichotomy is false. Moreover, the reality of this false dichotomy is exactly what has shaped this generation to be transformed by, and transform, consciousness and culture.
    • Something old, something new

      Cocuzza, Giovanna (2021-05)
      This thesis is in the form of a business model for a new company, Something Old, Something New, an app that allows brides and bridesmaids to buy and resell used gowns in order to be more sustainable. The goal of this presentation is to pitch the business to investors, and get them to invest in the company. Research was collected online using various wedding planning sites.
    • Songwriting in music therapy: a rapid review

      DeRusso, Gianna (2020-12)
      Songwriting in music therapy is the process of creating, notating, and/or recording lyrics and music by the client or clients and therapist within a therapeutic relationship to address psychosocial, emotional, cognitive, and communication needs of the client. Over time, this method has developed to address new goals and new clinical populations. The purpose of this review is to update the comprehensive review of songwriting methods in music conducted by Baker et al. (2008). Articles reviewed met the following inclusion criteria: 1) published in a peer review journal between 2008 and 2020, and 2) examined the effect of a songwriting method used to with a clinical population using quantitative research methods., The results of this review identified a song writing method, 2 clinical populations, and goals that were not reported on in the 2008 Baker et al. study. This study supports the conclusion that songwriting has evolved over time and will continue to do so to support an array of goals and clinical populations.
    • Spectroscopic analysis of supernovae expansion

      Brogan, Dany (2018-05)
      In many ways, supernovae are some of the most fascinating events in the Universe. These titanic explosions can shine as bright as galaxies, and it’s theorized they’re responsible for the nucleosynthesis of more than half of the naturally occurring elements on the periodic table. 1 Their nature gives insight on the origins of the star clusters, galaxies, and beyond. While they are bright, supernovae are incredibly far away, making it impossible to study hands on, but there is a signature of sorts that supernovae leaves behind, which can be studied. All luminous objects have spectra, supernovae included. Specifically, a luminous explosion of stellar ejecta will give off an absorption spectrum as the light passes through the stellar matter escaping into space. One straightforward problem is quantifying how fast a supernova expanding through space. That expansion rate is found through spectroscopic analysis. In this process, it is detailed how this analysis can be performed at the Smolen Observatory at SUNY New Paltz.
    • Speech acquisition with cochlear implants across the life span

      Rubin, Jillian (2020-05)
      Hearing is the foundation for acquiring verbal speech and speech perception. For many of us, hearing came naturally, and we learned to engage in meaningful exchanges of languages from an early age. However, for those born deaf and/or hard of hearing or who acquire hearing loss later on, speech, language, and communication can be more difficult to develop and comprehend. Language acquisition starts from an early age, and those who are deaf or hard of hearing typically have delays in speech development, social pragmatic skills, reading skills, and more. Cochlear implantation surgery is becoming an increasingly common choice for deaf and/or hard of hearing patients who wish to be a part of the auditory world and cannot benefit from the use of hearing aids. Generally, the younger a person is implanted with a cochlear device, the better their speech and spoken language acquisition will be. Likewise, many studies show that the later in age a person is implanted, the harder speech acquisition will be. During this process I will research auditory training and speech and language development in both children and adults with cochlear implants. I will research therapies and success rates utilized by adults who are implanted at an older age and compare them to those implanted at a younger age.
    • The spirit of a composer: an analysis of the works of Joe Hisaishi

      Laaninen, Mark (2020-05)
      Joe Hisaishi is one of the most prominent and popular composers in modern Japan. Whether he writes European inspired Waltzes, Jazz inspired piano pieces, or airy music box pieces, Hisaishi’s music remains utterly unmistakable in all its forms. This characteristic sound inspired my research. I set out to analyse several of Joe Hisaishi’s most well known pieces to understand the building blocks of his trademark musical style. But analysis could only take me so far. I also wrote a pair of pieces drawing directly from the techniques I observed in Hisaishi’s work to have a deeper understanding of how and why he uses the techniques he does. My findings changed the way I viewed Hisaishi’s music. Hisaishi’s musical sensibility synthesizes classical tonal techniques of counterpoint and more modern techniques, particularly the superimposition of relative major and minor tonalities.
    • The state of student debt in the United States

      Salomon, Molli (2020-05)
      Student debt has been an ongoing issue for a while but do you know the total amount of debt the United States actually faces? Forbes recorded that in May of 2019, there were 42.8 million people that owed some form of student debt and a total of $1.64 trillion debt among students in the United States. There have been different approaches to try to solve the student debt crisis but it is still a struggle for students attending colleges and universities throughout the United States. The Presidential Candidates for the upcoming election have a lot to say regarding the student debt crisis and have different plans of tackling student loan debt. We could potentially see major changes as the presidential candidates for the upcoming election continue to share their ideas and ways to attack student debt for everyone. The contrast amongst the different candidates is significant and raises many questions and concerns for students. Though we hope to see progress in the near future, it is important to inform ourselves about the overall topic, statistics and financial background that has led students of the United States to the position we are in now.
    • A story we agree to tell each other over and over: gender and disability performance in ​Game of Thrones

      Cavallucci, Katherine (2020-11)
      Game of Thrones​ presents us with a wealth of fascinating characters, many of whom do not fit neatly into the particular roles ascribed to them by binary systems. As a result of their nonconformity, they are often ridiculed, spurned, “othered.” In this thesis, I will focus on gender and ability as performances—social constructions—rather than as natural fact, and I will utilize the literary and film theory of Laura Mulvey, Lennard Davis, and Judith Butler to explore ​Game of Thrones t​hrough this lens. I intend to analyze how certain characters perform gender or dis/ability (or both), along with the ways in which they have changed the narrative and subverted traditional ideologies and systems of power.
    • Strangers in a strange land: visualizing Syrian refugees in U.S., Canadian, and Lebanese newspapers

      Dellas, Mary (2018-05)
      Although news photographs of refugees are often perceived as objective representations of reality, they are actually the product of subjective decisions made by photographers and editors. These subjective realities are reinforced by captions when they are published in newspapers. Using a quantitative content analysis method, this study aims to understand how Syrian refugees were framed visually and lexically in the online editions of national newspapers from the United States, Canada and Lebanon from 1 September 2015 to 31 March 2017. Photographs, accompanying captions and headlines were collected from the New York Times (United States), the Globe and Mail (Canada) and Annahar (Lebanon). Eighteen variables were designed and adapted from previous research to code the sample. The results of this study complement previous research on framing of the current refugee crisis, much of which focuses on European newspapers. This paper provides valuable insight into how representation of Syrian refugees in Anglophonic newspapers compares to that of Lebanese newspapers.
    • Stress management in college students: why journaling is the most effective technique for this demographic

      Pastore, Caitlin (2020-05)
      Stress is a major health problem that faces college students today. There are many stress management techniques that get attention in the media or become popular in the form of “fads,” but journaling is one technique that goes underappreciated. This thesis will be an in-depth literature review that aims to show the effectiveness of journaling as a stress management technique among college students. Journaling will be comprehensively analyzed in order to determine the factors that make it more effective than other techniques. Other techniques that will be examined in comparison to journaling include meditation, exercise and therapy. Some factors that will be used in the examination of these techniques are cost, accessibility, convenience and overall effectiveness. The implications of this research will be applicable to all college campuses in implementing stress reduction initiatives, and in promoting overall positive well-being for their students.
    • “Structure, ideology, traditions”: defining the Akkadian State

      Hulseapple, Dan (2018-12)
      This research aims to reach a better understanding of the scholarly debate concerning Akkadian statecraft and the extent to which it can be called imperial. In so doing, it examines the political and cultural accomplishments of the Akkadians, as well as their so-called “imperial” characteristics. This examination investigates several surviving Akkadian royal inscriptions, administrative texts, and pieces of art and architecture, in conjunction with analyses by leading scholars in the fields of Assyriology, art history, and archaeology. These accomplishments and characteristics are synthesized and an overall picture of Akkadian statecraft is offered. A brief survey of major theoretical works dealing with empire is then considered, followed by a definition of empire that is sufficiently flexible to describe the phenomenon as it has appeared throughout its expansive geographical and temporal history.
    • Suicide in the veterinary field

      Kalappura, James (2021-05)
      The Veterinary field is a popular field, however, when it comes to mental health, these health care professionals are overlooked. Looking into statistical, psychological, and scientific studies on veterinarians and how they cope with depression is important to look into when covering this topic. Occupational stressors are the main cause of depression for veterinarians and veterinary students. These stressors are further exacerbated by negative coping mechanisms. Suicide is seen much too often in this field and knowing the ways that it is carried about and why can lead to a better understanding of the occupation. The pressure to care for animals and communicate with pet owners is immense and there is clearly a connection between depression and the work related stress. This is explored in this paper with the hope to find clarity in why this issue exists and how it can be addressed in the future.
    • The Tanzanian student's struggle with the English language: acquisition of English as a second language, with specific focus on the education system in Tanzania

      Lattin, Mary (2018-12)
      The way medium of instruction is set up in Tanzania’s public school system is unique. In primary school, students are taught in Swahili, the national language, but upon their transition to secondary school, they are taught solely in English. This transition occurs at a time where students have not even gained full mastery in Swahili yet which causes there to be a lack of transferable linguistic skills from first to second language acquisition. There is an emphasis placed on English in education in Tanzania because it is viewed as the language of success. Policy makers in Tanzania do not realize that educational success and attractiveness for future careers are two different things and should be treated as such. The current system in Tanzania is producing students that are not succeeding in their academic subjects as well as not becoming proficient in the English language; it is setting up their students for failure. The language problem is only exacerbated by a lack of funding for schools and unqualified teachers. In order for Tanzania to truly produce successful students, a serious change needs to be made to their system regarding language in their schools. The best option would be a true bilingual education program where an equal emphasis would be placed on English and Swahili.
    • The territorial expansion of rising powers

      Dalland, Konrad (2020-05)
      This paper is concerned with why rising states choose to skirt international norms and expand their territory. As opposed to explaining territorial expansion as the result a need for material benefits and physical security (Realism); territorial expansion is seen as a practice states that see themselves as a great power will use when their identities are misrecognized. It examines the affects of status recognition on a rising state’s identity in order to ascertain if and when a rising state will expand. Rising powers will attempt to have their identity as a great power recognized by established powers. If that identity is recognized then the rising power is accepted in their great power identity and joins the established powers as the leaders of the international order. If the identity of the rising power is misrecognized then the rising power will feel insecurity and mitigate that insecurity by reaffirming their identity. One of these ways of reaffirming ones identity is territorial expansion. My argument is that a rising power that has a great power identity will expand territorially only after it has been maximally misrecognized by established powers. I examine the relationship between the United States, NATO and Russia from 2000 onward to explore this theory.