• The keeper of the belt: exploring objects, family, and the Russian diaspora

      Kohn, Carina (2018-05)
      My project consists of a collection of short stories which explore material culture through the lens of the Russian diaspora. Each piece gives voice to Russian immigrants who have experienced what it feels like to uproot one’s entire life and leave almost everything behind. My focus is on the items they have held on to. In preparation to tell these stories, I have examined historical texts and memoirs discussing the cultural and political structures of the Soviet Union. I have also interviewed Russian family members and friends—many of whom are represented as protagonists in their respective stories. Throughout my first of set interviews, it became evident that these individuals were deeply attached to the items they presented, and were able to tap into a reservoir of memories associated with them. I have my own set of Russian objects, which have been passed down to me by my mother, and this project has helped me pay attention to them in new ways. It has also given me the opportunity to contextualize my mother’s immigration and view it as a part of a larger experience. I am currently in the process of adding to my pool of interviews. With every story that I write, I gain a deeper understanding of what it means to have a relationship to places where you live, and the people who you love. If a photograph is known to speak a thousand words, then how many can a preserved candy wrapper say, or a loved one’s wallet?
    • Language, queerly phrased: a sociolinguistic examination of nonbinary gender identity in French

      del Caño, Madeleine (2019-05)
      Language, a uniquely human skill, is intrinsic to the self. Beyond its base communication purpose, language serves to shape the identity of the speakers who use it. One of the biggest examples of language defining and confining interlocutors’ identities is the concept of gender. Based on a language’s use of gender, speakers of that language are confined to the gender rules set forth in grammatical systems. How then can people who do not identify as male or female be recognized as legitimate if the language they speak does not accommodate for their gender identity? This thesis aims to examine how gender variant people speak in gendered languages, first examining English, Hebrew and Japanese as case studies, then moving on to the historically rigid and regulated French. This study examines respondents’ proposed solutions to the French language’s lack of a non-gendered pronoun on social media to see if it is indeed possible for people to identify themselves and each other in a language that does not structurally recognize them as legitimate.
    • The latest fashion trend: water sustainability and social ethics

      Mahoney, Musa (2018-05)
      This thesis seeks to present the current state of the fast fashion industry, focusing on water and social ethics to discuss the various health effects and environmental implications stimulated by global fashion trade, while proposing valuable solutions for both consumers and producers. The research breaks down only some of the industry’s main inputs by material selection and hazardous chemical usage found in clothing purchased by consumers. The paper can be further embellished with more recent industrial shifts, as the current market is experiencing drastic changes. It is with tremendous hope that much of this research is to become history, as creative solutions continue to surface upon the world epidemic that is fast fashion. To better answer the questions of the heavy implications brought out by the fashion trade, individual and holistic viewpoints on sustainable development have been used, supported by natural resource depletion levels (which clearly depict the capacity of our ecosystems) to discuss the future of fashion. Businesses and governments must meet with the ultimate goal of implementing conscious consumerism and improving the quality of human life. Looking good and feeling good should not be mutually exclusive from doing good.
    • Literature for liberation: the development and application of black children’s literature

      Vasta, Tessa America (2021-05)
      One of the greatest injustices being committed against minority people in the United States is a lack of representation in literature. The curriculum being used in the vast majority of schools lacks representation of anyone who is not white. The few times minorities are represented, it is stereotypical or racist. This lack of representation ultimately silences students and discourages them from engaging in school. Which then snowballs into greater problems later on, fewer opportunities, dropping out, school to prison pipeline. In order to lessen the achievement gap between white students and students of color, improvements must be made in the US education system.
    • Literature in America: the effect of worldstates on literary popularity

      Kapusinsky, Carly (2020-05)
      How does the impact of historical events which occurred throughout a generation’s formative years affect the popularity of stories, and how might this analysis be used for current estimations of literary trends?
    • Living Strange, a novel

      Giese, Allison (2018-05)
      Living Strange is about a young webcomic artist, Aaron Bateson, as he survives a suicide attempt and must begin the arduous process of recovery. However, a muddled and strained family situation, along with the fact that he’s begun to see his dead ex-boyfriend’s ghost, is making it even harder. Living Strange is a story about healing and reclamation. Structurally speaking, it’s a coming-of-age story, filled with phantoms of the past. Mental illness, specifically chronic depression and anxiety, feature prominently in the story and how they color the voice of the protagonist. Additionally, persona narration and free indirect style are used to show how Aaron’s mental illnesses affect his consciousness and how he tells his story. Parallels are drawn between the protagonist and the late Dmitri through specific and controlled encounters, as Dmitri was never able to seek help for his depression. At its heart, this novel is a character study about how we heal when things go wrong, and when we’re at our rawest and most vulnerable.
    • Love Canal: community vulnerability and human-induced environmental disaster

      Goldstein, Hana (2018-05)
      This case study paper will examine the causes and effects of the human-induced environmental disaster at Love Canal. It will specifically highlight the significant impact it had on a lower income, working class neighborhood. Lower income communities tend to have less power and less resource accessibility, which in turn creates their enhanced vulnerability when a disaster strikes. In 1978, it was discovered that hazardous waste had contaminated homes and schools in the Love Canal area, a former chemical landfill which later became a 15 acre neighborhood in the City of Niagara Falls in Western New York. On August 7, 1978, the United States President Jimmy Carter declared a federal emergency at the Love Canal. It became the first man-made disaster to receive emergency funds from the federal government to remedy an industrial disaster. Lessons to take away from this environmental tragedy include the significant leadership role of local resident, Lois Gibbs in the environmental justice movement and the proper disposal of hazardous waste for the protection of the public health and the environment.
    • Love in lockdown: how the pandemic affects dating and relationships for emerging adults

      Fego, Emily (2021-05)
      The longform feature article documents how young people navigate dating and relationships during the COVID-19 pandemic. During this time in their lives, young adults are meant to explore their identity and find out who they are and who they want to surround themselves with. They can meet lifelong friends at college and even find their lifelong partner. But, for the most part, socialization has been put on hold this past year due to COVID-19. Finding a new romantic partner seemed especially difficult with strictly online dating platforms. Social distancing guidelines made the prospect of safely going on dates nearly impossible. Those already in relationships faced the challenges of maintaining a long-distance connection when they might have only lived a block away from each other. Others felt trapped with only the company of their partners during stay-at-home orders. The article addresses these challenges with expert insight from psychologists who provide advice and hope for the future of young love.
    • The Magdalen Laundries: holding Irish society to account for the treatment of fallen women

      Donohue, Nikki A. (2021-05)
      The Magdalen Laundries, or Magdalen Asylums, operated from the eighteenth century to 1996 in Ireland. In 1993 a major scandal erupted when 155, originally 133, unidentified bodies were found in a mass grave on the convent grounds. Eventually, news broke to the Irish public that the “fallen women,” who were sent to the laundries for having children out of wedlock or deviating from societal norms in any other ways, were actually being abused mentally and physically by the nuns running the facilities. When the laundries first began operating, they started out as rehabilitation centers for women to come and go to learn to live better lives by Irish Catholic standards and eventually, the women were sentenced to the laundries by court orders to work for the Irish public. Historians have cited the Magdalen Laundries for arguments surrounding a lack of accountability from the Irish Church and State, reproductive justice and domesticity, and Ireland’s reliance on contemporary slavery. This paper will argue the level to which the Irish public should be held accountable for being complicit and upholding the social norms that landed the women in the laundries. This question is important to answer because this framework can be used for more modern events and cases of oppression that still impact us today.
    • Making an online movement:
 a content analysis of tweets by @AMarch4OurLives account

      Hannan, Erin (2020-05)
      The March for Our Lives movement began four days after another historic school shooting occurred at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. With more than 400,000 followers in 2020 and more than a million supporters taking part in nationwide school walkouts and protests over the last two years, this social media movement that began with #MarchForOurLives has developed into a rigorous campaign to call on U.S. elected officials to change gun-control and for citizens to get educated and vote. This study looks at how Twitter users engaged with the March for Our Lives movement’s (@AMarch4OurLives) original tweets from February 18, 2018 to December 31, 2019. The impact of this social media movement has resulted in unprecedented U.S. policy changes on gun-reform and an ongoing conversation on gun control policy. A content analysis was conducted (n = 500) to discover what characteristics of the tweets such as topic, tone, hashtags, and year influenced social media engagement in the form of likes, retweets, and replies. The purpose of this research was to uncover how the popularity of this movement online could have played a role in setting a new political agenda on gun-control. The results showed that tweets about the topics of the NRA received the most replies from Twitter users, and tweets pertaining to the topic of shootings gained greater user engagement in the form of likes and retweets. The general tone of @AMarch4OurLives tweets on a 5-point scale of negative to positive varied depending on the topic of the tweet, with an average tone of all the tweets being slightly above neutral (M= 3.38). Lastly, the results of this study reflected that tweets posted in 2019 received less user engagement than tweets in 2018 which were shared closer to the events of the Parkland shooting.
    • Manic? : a play in two acts

      Rausch, Zachary (2017-12)
      This thesis is about the power of story. All medical systems throughout the world are based upon specific stories which they believe about the nature of human existence. Oftentimes, it is easy to lose ourselves in the narratives we know, claiming them to be ultimately true. I will explore and compare two distinct medical narratives, Western and Tibetan Buddhist psychiatry, in order to explore deeper questions about the nature of human suffering. I will take you on this exploration through my own personal narrative as I straddled these two worlds to find grounding and purpose in life. We will explore how these traditions conceptualize mental illness, personal identity, human nature, purpose, and health. We will explore their underlying assumptions and values that are often unquestioned. When we speak of medical narratives, we cannot separate them from our lived experiences. These narratives are not static, do not exist in a vacuum, and may be experienced differently by one person to the next. Therefore, I am only expressing one perspective of infinite. But these are the stories I know and these are the stories that I can genuinely share. I have a fundamental understanding by studying and analyzing the primary texts of the two psychiatric systems: The Fifth Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the rGyud Bzhi . I also have a basic understanding of Tibetan Buddhist psychiatry through four months of study in Bodh Gaya and Darjeeling, India and four months of research of Western psychiatric and psychological history and thought.
    • Marriage and abduction myths of the ancient Greeks: a means of reinforcing the patriarchy

      Alwang, Camryn (2021-05)
      Greek mythology is filled with stories of abduction and marriage, which played an important role in reinforcing patriarchal societal structures. My Honors thesis will analyze these myths through a feminist lens and examine how they functioned in Greek literature and visual culture. I will be observing how these narratives seem to have acted as guides in a girl’s ritual transition to adulthood and advocated the virtues of an ideal wife by reminding women of their expected place in society. Specifically, I will look at representations of women in Homeric epics and Greek plays as well as focus my visual sources on painted vases, taking into account the context in which these objects would be found. Of particular interest are the narratives of three mythological women. First, Persephone, the daughter of the goddess Demeter who was forcefully abducted by Hades, god of the underworld. Second, Helen, who was abducted by Athenian Hero Theseus as a girl and more famously known as the woman who sparked the Trojan War. Third, Thetis, a Nereid prophesied to give birth to a child greater than their father and thus forced to marry a mortal. In addition, I will examine myths about women like the Amazons who refused to conform to expectations set upon them and form cautionary tales for Greek women.
    • A Marxist-Feminist analysis of gender reveal parties in the United States

      Seiden, Molly (2019-05)
      The modern celebration surrounding the gender reveal party has become commonplace in our society, with family and friends bearing gifts and rejoicing at their newfound knowledge of the gender identity of a soon-to-be baby. Although social media websites like Pinterest and Instagram have served as an outlet for the widespread recognition of this phenomenon, the indoctrination of this trend as a mere product of technological advancement or social media necessitates a feminist intervention that pays astute attention to the productive necessities of our state and the socialization it in turn produces. Since mainstream liberal feminist theory naturalizes the inequalities that are perpetuated by our society while working to find equality within our current societal framework, the mechanism that dictates gender and its aligning qualities cannot be effectively challenged, or even recognized at all. Through the implementation of a revolutionary, materialist analysis of our state and the socialization and identities that it necessitates, the gender reveal party is displayed as a consequence of our society, and with this recognition, feminists organize with the long-term goal of building a fundamentally different world develop a critique of the gender-reveal tradition as a celebration that strengthens the gender binary while reinforcing fixed, neoliberal economic incentives.
    • Measuring gene expression of MORN, SANT, and Sig 1, “ ” 4, in Paramecium caudatum over the course of Holospora infection

      Vislocka, Karin (2021-05)
      Paramecia are single-celled organisms that live in ponds and feed on other single celled organisms like bacteria or algae. They are typically oblong and are covered with short structures called cilia. They have interactions with bacteria as they are infected intranuclearly by Holospora. Paramecium caudatum is known to express genes such as MORN, SANT, and Sig 1, “ ”, 4. Paramecium shows a response upon infection by Holospora as it navigates through the various stages of infection. The Holospora bacteria may cause varying degrees of expression of genes in the single celled organism. The genes were chosen due to their upregulation in Paramecium in a previous RNA sequencing study (Kagemann et al, in prep). Through the use of microscopy, imaging and qPCR, gene expression was tracked in the control and in the samples in which MORN, SANT, and Sig 1, “ ”, 4 genes were knocked down. The amount of gene expression was measured in each stage of the infection using qPCR. A comparison was made between the results of the control samples, which have no knocked down genes, to the samples which have knocked down genes. The amplitude of expression between Sig 1, Sig 2, Sig 3, and Sig 4 was compared as they function as protein kinases in Paramecium caudatum.
    • The #MeToo movement: its strengths and weaknesses, and its potential psychological impact

      Kramek, Emily (2019-05)
      The modern “Me Too” Movement has made waves for the movement against sexual assault, giving more publicity than ever before and shedding light on a much larger systematic issue. Sexual harassment and assault are ingrained in so many different aspects of society, from film to medicine, and perpetrators are finally beginning to be held accountable. However, with all the capacity of the recent #MeToo movement, there has still been a shortage of space and representation for minority groups and underserved populations that often face these issues the most.
    • Mindfulness-based outdoor behavioral healthcare for individuals with autism spectrum disorder: possibilities, suggestions, and challenges

      Gluckman, Nicole (2021-05)
      The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder has been rapidly increasing. Traditional treatment interventions such as applied behavior analysis (ABA) have been very successful in targeting specific behaviors to shape and reinforce, thus eliminating problem behaviors such as self-injury and aggression. However, comprehensive treatment options are being developed with more of a focus on the strengths of the individual. These treatment options seek to use the natural environment in order to form positive relationships, increase self-esteem, and lead to a greater quality of life. In this paper, I synthesize research on outdoor-based interventions, and propose mindfulness as a fundamental building block for an outdoor-based therapy for individuals with autism to foster psychological and emotional growth in addition to established social and behavioral benefits. Future research should seek to make this approach as inclusive as possible so that it can be of benefit to individuals of various ages, dispositions, and tendencies (i.e. speaking or non-speaking).
    • The (mis-) use of Greco-Roman history by modern white supremacy groups: the implications of the classics in the hands of white supremacists

      King, Emily Anne (2019-05)
      Extensive research was conducted to address the historical significance of the use of Greco-Roman history by modern white supremacists’ in the United States. I found that the use of the Classics by hate groups, such as white supremacy groups, follows a pattern of behavior beginning with the development of race theories between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. I examined the writings of race theorists from the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries to prove how they used the work of Tacitus, for example, to coin both this idea of “white racial superiority” and project their own view of race onto the past. It is imperative to understand that our modern views of race did not exist in antiquity. Instead, the ancient Greco-Romans credited the physical differences amongst groups of people as a result of their geolocation, i.e. climate. I found this truth after poring over the ancient Greco-Roman texts that proved their idea of environmental determinism. Furthermore, I traced the implementation of this incorrect classical reception in the history of the United States, specifically in the legislation and education system in the nineteenth century onwards. By doing so, I was able to clearly see where modern white supremacists collected their skewed view of history from and how they continue to propagate false realities of antiquity. I argue that the Trump administration created an atmosphere where white supremacy groups feel entitled to outwardly demonstrate and incite acts of violence. I proposed my view that classicists have a duty to disseminate the truth from fiction and educate society as a whole during this time of rampant fake news.
    • “The Most Anxious Generation”: the relationship between Gen Z students, social media, and anxiety

      Vultaggio, Gabrielle (2021-05)
      This proposed study explores the relationship between Gen Z students and anxiety. The primary research of this study is based off of four interviews with current Gen Z college students, as well data collected from peer reviewed studies, government data and statistics. This study has revealed that a post-graduation fear of the unknown plays a large role in the upwards trend of anxiety disorders among Gen Z college students. This is heavily influenced by the increasing use of technology and the effects of social media, like FOMO, pressures of social comparison, and the immediacy of results. School, politics, school shootings, and financial worries are also deciding factors of mental health issues among this age group.
    • Music of the Baroque period: how its styles and techniques changed music

      Felis, Lauren (2019-05)
      This paper explores the music of the Baroque era and how its unique traits made it diverge from the music that preceded it, as well as pave the way for music styles to come. The Baroque period, which is generally agreed to range from around 1600 to 1750, was a time of great advancement not only in arts and sciences, but in music as well. The overabundance of ornamentation sprinkled throughout the pieces composed in this era is an attribute that was uncommon in the past, and helped distinguish the Baroque style of music. A composer of the Baroque period that this paper will analyze in greater depth is Arcangelo Corelli. Corelli’s contributions to the Baroque music style have impacted how the violin is perceived and played to this day.
    • Narrative identity and agency: association between mood and psychological well-being

      Fitapelli, Brianna (2021-05)
      Narrative research is an evolving methodology that has been utilized in research and clinical practice. This study seeks to understand how the structure of narratives predict psychological well-being and mood, and how processing information in narrative form immediately affects respondents. A survey was created on Qualtrics and through an all-student email and social media, a recruitment script was advertised for individuals 18 years or older and English speaking. In this randomized, between-subject design, we gathered 289 complete datasets where one of three randomly assigned prompts asked the participant to write about a positive or negative event or list the foods they recently consumed. All narratives were coded for agency by the first author and 25% of narratives were also coded by one independent rater with an 86% agreement. Results indicated that participants who wrote about a positive life experience had higher levels of positive mood and agentic features. Further, higher levels of agency were associated with specific aspects of psychological well-being. The type of memory one recalls therefore may be beneficial for not only the self, but for relationships with others.