• Facilitating post traumatic growth in survivors of disasters

      Schrufer, Jessica L. (2018-05)
      Natural and man-made disasters can be typified by loss and destruction. There is a need for mechanisms to promote positive outcomes to such events. Means aiming towards goals of Posttraumatic Growth can lead to successful recovery of an individual and a larger community in the aftermath of a disaster. In turn, resilience from experiencing the event and successive losses can prepare one for future difficulties. Psychological challenges in grief that arise after a traumatic event can mediate posttraumatic growth and recovery. Social Cognitive Theory posits that perceived self-efficacy in coping leads to positive results in posttraumatic recovery. Mortality Salience, a factor of Terror Management theory, also proposes that reduction in distress related to one’s own death anxiety may increase self-efficacy, resulting in growth. Through Terror Management and Social Cognitive means, the current research aims to promote Narrative Reconstruction as an important coping mechanism in relation to Posttraumatic Growth, for individuals as well as community-level bereavement in disasters.
    • Far too radical, then and now: an examination of women’s body autonomy through the work of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Margaret Sanger

      Mercer, Scout (2018-05)
      In this paper, I plan on showing the extraordinary and radical lives to two progressive feminists, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Margaret Sanger, and how their platforms for women’s body autonomy are still valuable and necessary as women’s bodies are continuously dragged into politics. This paper will explore just how politicized women’s rights to their own bodies has been, through the necessity of combating legal and social codes targeting women. I plan on comparing Stanton and Sanger, in their lives and activism, to see what aspects of their work made them valuable for the women’s rights movement. I will also bring the history of women’s reproductive rights into the present, and how similar Stanton and Sanger’s arguments for autonomy to the modern political climate concerning women’s autonomy.
    • The farming chronicles: a guide to agriculture and your food

      Falco, Victoria (2018-05)
      Food is fundamental for survival. It is important for us to be conscious of the choices that we make on what is consumed. The Farming Chronicles is an education workbook that was created for children to talk about what they eat, where it comes from, and why it matters. It concerned me that in some areas in the United States agricultural education is not a core subject. The premise of this project is to introduce the fundamentals of agriculture and inspire children and their families to take an active role in understanding how food gets to the table. I created #beyourownfarmer to emphasize that you do not need to own acres of land to be defined as a farmer. There are many other opportunities for one to engage in agricultural activities and be a part of a greater community. Some examples include tending your own family garden, visiting your local farmer’s market or state and county fairs, and joining a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) Farm Share program.
    • Feminism or homophobia: an analysis of discourse on female yaoi readers

      Snyder, Rebecca (2019-05)
      While research on the anime and manga community as a whole has been published, it is of note the sheer scale of interest shown towards women who read the yaoi genre. For every one paper written on men reading yuri, or lesbian anime/manga pornography, there is a dozen written on women who read yaoi. This extent to which these women draw attention means that the academic research on them is both widespread and intense, and the discourse on them equally so. What is of interest with the discourse on these women, known as “fujoshi”, is the dichotomy found within. This paper categorizes the discourses found within academic works published on the topic of “fujoshi” into two categories: “Fujoshi-as-Feminist” and “Fujoshi-as-Homophobic”. In describing the various arguments made by these two discourses, the paper will show the various ways each side tries to support their claims. Finally, the paper analyzes how the idea of “otherness” may have led to the creation and support of these two discourses and their opposition to one another. Each discourse is based around a group with a distinct social identity and their common beliefs. This strong self-identification has led to each group and thus discourse having strict considerations of who is a member, and who is considered and outsider or “other”. It is upon this that the dichotomy between the two discourses is built.
    • Feminist Woolf, her literary mothers, sisters and daughters

      O’Toole, Elizabeth (2021-05)
      A look at the works of Virginia Woolf and her treatment of the marriage plot. She advocates for autonomy and education in a “Room of One’s Own” but many times does not give that option to her protagonists. I looked at other female authors such as Bronte, Austen, Shelley, L.M. Montgomery, Chopin, Morrison, and the autonomy they give their female protagonists. I explain the historical and personal context of Woolf’s work and what may have influenced her.
    • Fire and ice: a memoir on grief and self-discovery

      Cassone, Kelsea (2018-05)
      A collection of poems and nonfiction combined in three parts that work to understand the grief that comes with losing my father to suicide and how to overcome it. Separated in three parts, the first part works to define grief in a personal matter. Most poems simply circle around the feeling of depression. The two nonfiction pieces describe memories of the last time I saw my father and when I was told he had passed away. The second part takes place within a few years after the loss, trying to understand what happened and working through depression and grief so I can move on with my life. Poems typically work with confusion and a feeling of loss, while nonfiction pieces are recounts of lucid dreams. Third part works through moving on and what that means. Poems are more centered around myself and how I feel up to current date, six years later. One nonfiction piece is a memory of realizing my father will always be with me. The second nonfiction piece is a meditation-like piece in which I work through my thoughts, understanding what I have been through and coming to understand that life goes on whether I want it to or not and so I should do my best to live up to my expectations. While there was no closure found in doing this project, I do feel relieved to have gotten such strong emotions released onto paper.
    • Flow and productivity: a pilot study

      Casey, Allisen (2019-12)
      Flow Theory (Csikszentmihalyi, 1975) describes the phenomenon of the ‘optimal experience ’; the experience in which individuals report feeling ‘in the zone’ . When it was found that flow occurred more at work than in leisure (Csikszentmihalyi & LeFevre, 1989), the positive psychological benefits of flow seemed appropriate to apply to organizational environments. Although, individual differences play a large role in one’s likelihood of experiencing flow during a task (Csikszentmihalyi, 1975, Fullagar & Kalloway, 2009, Ullen, 2012). Creating a work-setting that successfully leads to flow for the majority of employees can prove to be complicated and this is perhaps why many organizations are not moving toward such implementations. Using a between-groups design, the current study investigated whether a flow-related cue would influence an individual to experience a flow-like state as opposed to an individual who only experienced a neutral cue. Further, if their experience with flow had any effect on their productivity, measured by number of sentences in response to a neutral essay topic. Flow-like symptoms were measured through the short FSS-2 (Jackson, 2008) and their written responses were analyzed using an online readability analyzer (Taylor, 2013). Participants also received the Autotelic Personality Questionnaire (Tse, 2018) and the Ten Item Personality Measure (TIPI) (Gosling, 2003). The manipulation did not yield any significance, although those who reported experiencing a flow-like state did write more sentences than those who did not experience a flow-like state. Significant correlations between flow and extraversion and conscientiousness , and autotelic personalities were also found.
    • Functional analysis of Paramecium genes responsiveness to Holospora infection

      Bright, Lydia; Weiler, Jared (2021-05)
      Paramecium caudatum is a single-celled ciliate that sweeps food into its oral groove to acquire nutrients. The cells become infected through this feeding apparatus by Holospora undulata, an obligate endosymbiont that occupies the micronucleus of P. caudatum in two morphologically distinct forms, the infectious and reproductive forms. Once the P. caudatum cells begin to starve, the reproductive forms of the parasitic bacteria consume most of the food in the micronuclei and differentiate into infectious forms. The bacteria eventually break out of the cell and seek other hosts to infect. To better understand the mechanism by which H. undulata successfully infiltrates their host’s defense systems, P. caudatum strains were infected and varying levels of susceptibility to infection were identified. Whole genome RNA sequencing found that certain proteins are significantly upregulated upon uptake of the H. undulata. By cloning the significantly up-regulated genes into E. coli, feeding this silencing media to naïve stocks of P. caudatum, and analyzing the infection phenotype of each, we hoped to characterize the genes that function in the infiltration of H. undulata. Varying levels of infection prevalence were seen amongst the gene knockdowns and across replicates of each infection. However, five knockdowns show significant resistance compared to their respective controls, revealing a possible involvement of 5 genes in H. undulata susceptibility. After finding which genes are capable of inducing resistance, we plan to identify the associated proteins and track the gene’s evolutionary divergence in P. caudatum strains with varying infectability.
    • Gabe teaches his classmates to speak

      McCullagh, Julia; Gaetano, Morgan (2019-05)
    • Gillette's controversial advertisement: a content analysis on commercializing social issues

      Ohlhoff, Emily (2019-05)
      On January 13 th , 2019 Gillette released an advertising campaign highlighting the responsibility men have to stand up against bullying, sexual harassment, and sexism. The campaign aligns with the #MeTooMovement, by exposing the toxic masculinity present in their previous advertisements as well as in other media. Gillette currently dominates the male personal-care product industry, holding over half of the global market share for razors (Tiffany, 2018). Is Gillette recognizing their social responsibility or are they catering to Millennials to stay competitive?
    • ‘God Never Talks': alternative interpretations of the rhetoric used in William Friedkin and William Peter Blatty’s The Exorcist

      O’Keefe, David (2021-05)
      Competing explanations have been brought forward regarding the rhetorical implications of the 1973 horror film, The Exorcist. This paper aims to argue against those which insist that the film is meant to be viewed as endorsing a solely theistic interpretation. An opposing argument as such alienates and disregards a number of credible explanations and integral pieces of evidence, from both outside sources and the film itself. Therefore, this paper will utilize several of such sources, which include, but are not limited to film analyses and reviews, rhetorical analyses, and comparative writings with other works in the field. Ultimately, this paper will compare its own explanations and arguments with opposing ones, with the goal of illustrating that The Exorcist’s rhetoric is far more ambiguous and secular than many interpret it to be.
    • Gross motor development and the implications for learning

      Obergh, Rachel (2019-12)
      The purpose of this thesis is to identify the acquisition of developmentally appropriate gross motor and physical skills and to investigate the effects of incorporating physical activity into the classroom environment. I have explored current and foundational research literature to meet this goal with the intention, and hope that my findings will initiate further discussion and research work in this increasingly important area of development and curriculum for children. As an elementary and middle school student at the Progressive School of Long Island, I became intrigued by the high success rate of the students. I began to look for a common reason and immediately recognized the potential correlation between movement and learning. Every morning at the Progressive School, the entire student body gathered in the gym for a yoga inspired movement period. Throughout the day, movement was encouraged through classroom housekeeping, and running errands. The students also had outdoor recess every day, except in severe weather conditions. We brought boots, hats and gloves and played in the snow, helped rake the leaves and maintained our own garden. Play was so ingrained that we automatically created recess games combining physical and mental challenges.
    • A growing American identity within a Jewish community: Kingston, New York, 1880-1960

      Ehrlich, Miriam (2018-05)
      In the 19th and 20th centuries, many Jewish people immigrated to America to escape anti-semitism in Eastern Europe. Frank Reher was one of these immigrants. He opened up a successful Jewish bakery in Kingston, New York, where there was a growing Jewish population. His family provides a case study of one family who developed an American identity, largely through Americanizing events in their synagogues. However, they never lost touch with their Jewish identities.
    • Growing Rhythm

      Hummer, Alyson (2019-12)
      The ethnographic film Growing Rhythm depicts the Burmese master percussionist, Kyaw Kyaw Naing, leading students, faculty, and community members of SUNY New Paltz in the first Hsaing ensemble in the United States. This ensemble provided an environment in which to learn the musical traditions of another culture while examining and challenging the norms which Western musicians have accepted. The students of Naing learned the music using the traditional instruments of the Hsaing ensemble: chauk lon bat, kyi-waing, maung-hsaing, si do, hne, sandaya, pat-waing, si and wa, and lin quin. The rehearsal technique and experience developed into a community with a shared mission to spread this music and educate the public.
    • Halo orbit

      Buchanan, Wes D. (2021-05)
      The title of this work, Halo Orbit, from a specific type of orbit in space. The pattern comes from an interaction between the gravitational pull of two planetary bodies and the Coriolis and centrifugal force on a spacecraft. Now, I could lie and say I understand 100%, from the science end, exactly what that means, but the shorthand version is that it is a consistent orbital pattern, shaped like an infinity loop. WIND, the older of my two siblings, is in a halo orbit around the L1 Lagrange point in our Sun-Earth-Satellite system. A Lagrange point is a place in space where the gravitational pull of two celestial bodies balances the centripetal force of a satellite. I am caught in my own halo orbit, my two planetary bodies being art and science. Halo Orbit explores my placement in that orbit and focuses on my relationship to WIND and POLAR.
    • Hasbrouck explained or (how I learned to be an individual)

      Vasquez, Jason F. (2019-05)
      Hasbrouck Explained is a documentary exploring the controversy behind the names of the residence hall on Hasbrouck Quad at SUNY New Paltz.
    • Hawk Dogs: a business venture

      Barqawi, Abdelrahman G. (2018-05)
      Being a student of the business school at SUNY New Paltz has provided many experiences and knowledge which not only has helped develop skills as a student, but also as a entrepreneur. As an entrepreneur, the eye is trained to see a problem or a need as an opportunity. This was experienced through venturing on Main street in New Paltz on a Friday night, where a problem was spotted. The problem was the lack of food options late at night for college students who went to the bars throughout the week. While Main street has a plethora of restaurants, the only place open near by late at night to cater the needs of inebriated college kids was a pizzeria. Convenient Deli was also an option, however, the trek from the bars to the deli was lengthy, and the deli stopped making sandwiches by 2 AM. Thus, the gears began turning to introduce a late night eatery which would be easily accessible and affordable to college students at the bars. While the intention of a business is to be profitable and fill a need, the primary motivation behind building this business was to earn real world experience in terms of being a business owner. For a student, obtaining first hand experience of running a business was far valuable than the monetary reward that comes with the business. The social aspect of running a business was also very rewarding. The connections that were made by meeting different customers every night was immense. Learning about the lives and aspirations of others through conversation provided a sense of empathy which helped in developing skills of rapport. These social interactions were not exclusively limited to students, but also other business owners in New Paltz. Conversing and establishing a connection with other business owners provided knowledge which was inaccessible by only being a student. Overall, the experience of owning and running a business proved to be a rewarding experience.
    • The healing project: journey from self doubt to self discovery

      Graham, D-Amini (2020-11)
      When first starting this project, so many thoughts ran through my head. I wanted to create a project that documented people’s views on love, life, and happiness, while traveling to Bali, North Carolina, and New York City. Unexpectedly, life changed for all of us in March. March marked the beginning of the global pandemic known as COVID-19. Despite the positive outcomes of the pandemic like spending time with family or healing one’s inner child, it is extremely important to take note of the countless lives lost to COVID-19 and the simple fact of the matter, not everyone lives in an open and welcoming environment. Therefore, COVID-19 brought as much pain as it did joy. All of that to say, when I thought of creating this passion project, I knew my focus and direction changed and wanted to focus on the importance of healing one’s self. This important, yet vital, step is what leads to happiness, love, and long-term self-fulfillment. The goal and intention put behind every video and word is to inspire the next person to heal. There are three compact stages to healings: self acceptance stage, action stage, and the putting it into practice stage. Remember that nothing comes easy, anything that's great takes time and dedication. May this journey be as fruitful, unique, and healing.
    • Heterogeneous implementation of an artificial neural network

      Carvino, Anthony; Coppola, Thomas (2018-05)
      Reconfigurable logic devices, such as Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA), offer ideal platforms for the dynamic implementation of embedded, low power, massively parallel neuromorphic computing systems. Though somewhat inferior to Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) with regard to performance and power consumption, FPGAs compensate for this small discrepancy by providing a versatile and reconfigurable fabric that is capable of implementing the logic of any valid digital system. Using the Xilinx ZYNQ 7 Series All Programmable System on Chip, as actuated and exposed by the PYNQ-Z1 Development Environment, the present work aims to provide a demonstration of the efficacy of the heterogeneous approach to neuromorphic computing. We expose a hardware implementation of a configurable neural layer to the processing system as a software module and handle its data and parameter flow at the productivity level using Python. Results indicate a nearly negligible increase (3%) in dynamic power consumption over that consumed by the processing system alone. Further, by specifically utilizing the embedded Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and memory blocks of the ZYNQ device, we employ a relatively large percentage of these resources (13% and 11%, respectively), but consume only 5% of the Lookup Table (LUT) fabric, preserving the vast majority of resources for the implementation of other, perhaps complementary systems. Although the successfully completed heterogeneous system demonstrates that it possesses the capacity to learn, the proper training of neuromorphic systems such as this Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is a project in and of itself, and so the focus herein is more on the heterogeneous system engineered than on the prototypical application selected, which is text-independent speaker verification using Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) and log-filterbank energies as features. Fast, low power, small footprint neuromorphic systems are desirable for embedded applications that might improve the state of their art by exploiting applied artificial intelligence. Systems such as the configurable neural layer developed herein – which make use of the naturally versatile, low power, and high-performance FPGA in conjunction with a microprocessor control system – seem not only technologically viable, but well suited for handling intelligent embedded applications.