• The economics of stress and education for the low income area schools of the USA

      Randazzo, Peter (2018-05)
      Economics, racism, and education all play a very important part in today’s society. The history of these themes in America have determined a state of existence for many minority and low income neighborhoods. This thesis attempts to show that because of inequality in America, schools in low income communities suffer, and thus the students themselves suffer. In order to completely change this negative feedback loop, where low income area students go into underprivileged schools to experience classrooms which lacks resources and low graduation rates come out to a racist and strife ridden community, we need to give more federal funding to low income area schools. Low income areas suffer high rates of stress as well which also diminish low income test scores and graduation rates. In order to help these communities from the inside out, improved federal funding targeting these struggling schools can even the playing field, and lower rates of stress.
    • The effect of concussions in professional sports with a focus on the National Football League: a meta-analysis

      Neville, Kerri (2019-12)
      This study reviews what concussions are, how they affect the brain, and how professional sports, specifically the NFL, put athletes at risk of obtaining traumatic brain injuries. To find this the reasoning behind why concussions are more prevalent in the NFL and the different ways a concussion could happen during different plays to specific positions are examined as well. The long-term effects that concussions have on athletes is permanent and life-threatening, as athletes are getting stronger and faster each year, concussions have been on an upward trend. Revealing the social and physical effects of concussions on professional athletes is a needed meta-analysis that has not been done, there are a lot of studies about concussions in the NFL that reveal different information. By researching this topic and bringing similar data and information from published studies together, there is a stronger report that reveals the truth. This study opens a light to the dangers of football, and sports in general, and provokes a change in the professional sporting policies.
    • The effect of poverty on child education (K-12) in public schools: what schools and the government can do to help student achievement

      Hunter, Hydia (2018-05)
      According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR, 1948), everyone has the right to pursue an education which includes children. Whether or not everyone is receiving a quality education is debatable. There are a few different school systems, such as public, charter, private, catholic, gender strict schools, magnet and even homeschooling. Children are considered to be the most vulnerable population, especially in the United States (Azzi- Lessing, 2017). When it comes to the child welfare system in the United States, the needs of children are not adequately being met. Azzi- Lessing (2017) states that the United States biggest downfall is the government’s lack of concern for poor families. The lack of intervention contributes to trauma and the deprivation of the needs and well-being of children (Azzi-Lessing, 2017). Additionally, this includes the quality of education children in public schools receive, more specifically those living in poverty...In the United States, it is considered neglect if parents or guardians keep their children from attending school. Even if parents send their children to school, children living in poverty are more likely not attending schools that are adequately educating and providing their students with the tools needed for success. A good quality of education is not always something that is seen a right and in some cases a financial burden. What is the point of children attending school if the education is not engaging and allowing students to reach their full potential? There are many families in the world that are affected by poverty but 2.2 billion children worldwide are currently living in poverty (McKinney, 2014). One of the factors that definitely affects the quality of education a child receives is poverty. There is a clear educational achievement gap between those living in poverty compared to those children not living in poverty.
    • An empirical study and simulation of EHR software in light of COVID-19

      Ali, Ayman (2021-05)
      The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for attention directed towards accurate and accessible disease surveillance. As eighty-five percent of all health data is now processed in electronic form, the healthcare industry is increasingly becoming dependent upon patient healthcare data to facilitate well-coordinated and efficient decisions in a timely manner. Electronic health records can be crucial in unearthing the health disparities found among disadvantaged communities in terms of treatment and patient care. By creating a cloud-based software solution, electronic health records will not only be able to share patient health information to multiple healthcare settings, but also provide earlier disease detection and intervention. While implementing telemedicine is proving to be advantageous in reducing physical contact and maintaining social distancing guidelines, much of the dismay from clinicians has been towards the challenges with clinical documentation and patient flow. The CDC has stressed the importance of sending electronic health record case reports to public health officials on countless occasions. The software that vendors create are by no means perfect. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to focus on minimizing disruptions and COVID-19 related errors when using the software. In order to devise software aimed at mining sufficient data and providing tools solely directed at patient care, medical practitioners and software vendors are in endless communication. Implementing the necessary features best suited to support the general population requires eradicating any sort of configuration that can contribute to patient harm. This research will look into the role of EHRs in improving data tracking and collection and whether or not this software can be relied upon in the current climate.
    • Engagement levels on social media: a case study of Sojourner Truth Library’s Instagram

      Maiorano, Julianna (2018-05)
      Recently, libraries have begun utilizing social media to market their materials and services to the general public. Identifying best practices that lead to increased engagement between followers and library social media accounts can assist libraries to welcome more patrons. This study sought to identify what libraries can do to increase the amount of engagement with followers. This research explores the amount of engagement on Sojourner Truth Library’s social media. Amount of engagement was determined by the number of likes and comments per post. Using data compiled from the library’s social media, the relationship between amount of engagement and the content of posted photos was examined. Findings suggest that featuring human faces on Instagram affects the amount of engagement positively. Overall, it was found that featuring human faces in a social media post will increase engagement levels.
    • Engineering with a purpose: nontraditional perspectives

      Gangewere, Megan (2018-05)
      In this thesis, a short film titled “Engineering with a Purpose: Nontraditional Perspectives” is produced. A film written, edited, and produced by a mechanical engineering undergraduate was something outside of the norm for a final report. In order to successfully create a film, research on the types and style of films was performed. Movavi Editor software was utilized for purposes of editing. This film challenges perspectives and opens eyes to the cross-disciplinary skills engineering requires while drawing attention to the lessons engineers can learn from other disciplines. The meaning, history and stereotypical views that engineering possesses is expressed. The correlations between philosophy and engineering are filmed with an Ancient Greek Socratic lens. The challenges women must overcome in a predominantly male field are conveyed. Inspirational and telling clips to encourage young women considering engineering concludes this portion of the film. Art and engineering is also expressed through the opportunities 3D manufacturing provides. The film is concluded with multiple languages to open the audience eyes that the basis of engineering, problem solving, is nondiscriminatory. The film’s mission is to inspire non-engineers about how they can relate to engineering practice while motivating current engineers to never give up. It also draws attention to the role an engineer plays in society for progress and future development. Creating a film was a whole design process that required countless iterations. Motivation for this film stemmed from professional opportunities with a mechanical engineering degree and the potential positive impacts and purposeful work engineering requires.
    • English literacy in deaf education

      Ackerman, Celina (2018-01)
      The purpose of this paper is to discuss the factors influencing the English literacy development of signing deaf children. The literacy rates of deaf high school graduates have been consistently reported as equivalent to that of an average 3rd or 4th grade hearing child (Mayer, 2009, p. 326). The factors contributing to this gap in literacy rates revolve around language acquisition and development. Issues in first language access, exposure and quality as well as differences in deaf and hearing language development are discussed. Theories of bimodal language and literacy development show unique qualities of ASL-English bilingual-bimodal that may begin to explain the cause of difficulty in English literacy skills among signing deaf children in the academic setting. Further research much be conducted in order to further develop educational programs for literacy development that are effective for deaf students.
    • Entitlement, masculinity, and violence? an analysis of New York Times reporting and Twitter discourse on US school shootings

      Condelles, Eleanor (2019-05)
      A handful of salient factors are consistently omitted in public discourse surrounding school shootings in the United States. Uniformity of shooters’ race and gender persists across almost all of these events, as perpetrators of US school shootings have overwhelmingly been white boys and men. Following the work of previous scholars, I assert that the production and perpetuation of hegemonic masculinity and aggrieved entitlement play a pivotal role in school shootings. Today’s world relies heavily on the media for information dissemination, which in turn shapes our understanding of major events, social issues, and cultural values .I collected reports of recent US school shootings from the New York Times and later collected tweets that allowed for a comparison of how traditional (NYT) vs new social media (Twitter) frame these events. My research suggests that conversations surrounding the role of racialized/toxic masculinity and school shootings are occurring in some spaces rather than others, and has generated findings that could assist future scholars/activists in identifying how to effectively disseminate discourse surrounding this factor.
    • Epigraphic decoration of three time periods:
 case studies on the connection of written language and visual culture

      Cooke, Sophie (2020-05)
      This paper analyzes the connection of written language and artistic expression, through three case studies on epigraphy. Written language is secondary to spoken word and has been given various forms, even within the same culture. I aim to addresss the significance of written language in the cultural purpose of an object. Through three case studies I will analyze the way in which the artists are conveying a message to the viewer through written language. First is pectoral necklaces of Ancient Egypt, which are artistically produced and communicate a sentence in hieroglyphs. Second is the study of Greek funerary epigraphic decoration on tombstones which utilize first person narrative. First is pectoral necklaces of Ancient Egypt, which are artistically produced and communicate a sentence in hieroglyphs. First is the use of Pseudo-Arabic in the Italia Renaissance, particularly in paintings of religious subjects. Three very different cultures all carefully using language to convey political power, autonomy in death, and cultural literacy / connections to early Christianity, respectively. I will back up these connections with specific artistic objects, paying close attention to their purpose and cultural origins. I will convey the importance of the analysis of written language in an art historical sense, and its significance in the analysis of visual art.
    • Everybody belongs: incorporating disability studies into the classroom

      Albano, Alyssa (2021-12)
      A Disability Studies (DS) framework is often overlooked in general education, yet disabled people make up a large part of the population. As a result, students are often not informed about the importance of disability history, disability culture, and disability narratives. Therefore, it is imperative for DS to be taught in secondary education through a Disability Studies in Education (DSE) framework. Incorporating a DSE framework into a secondary classroom would not only teach students about empathy and allyship but also teaches students about our socio-cultural history and the diverse narratives prominent in our society. The goal of my research is to create an inclusive Disability Studies program that secondary teachers can seamlessly incorporate into their current curriculums. The program will provide a teacher’s guide with resources and background information about disabilities for teachers to follow, as well as multiple detailed lesson plans. The entire program will be fully accessible and model what an inclusive lesson plan should look like. As a whole, my program invites teachers and faculty to help create an inclusive environment for all students.
    • The evolution of cannibalism in Lake Minnewaska

      O’Brien, Brenna (2020-05)
      Cannibalism is the evolutionary anomaly where an organism consumes individuals of the same species. Through literature analysis, the conditions that foster cannibalism are introduced and explained with principles of evolution. The different types of cannibalism are identified with examples that cover a variety of invertebrate and vertebrate organisms. The cultural and biological evolution of cannibalistic practices observed in humans are also discussed. The scope of cannibalism and its adaptations are narrowed by case studies of fish, and specifically the largemouth bass. An experimental design was proposed by the Richardson lab in order to determine the health of largemouth bass in the New York lake, Lake Minnewaska. The largemouth bass were the only fish species to inhabit Lake Minnewaska since 2014, so the health of this population was determined from data acquired by mark and recapture, scale analysis, and standard measurement techniques. The relatively stable population trends and below average growth of the largemouth bass were consistent with the literature on cannibalistic largemouth bass and supported the hypothesis that cannibalism was an evolutionarily adaptive means of survival for the largemouth bass in Lake Minnewaska. The evolution of cannibalistic practices under starvation environments was exemplified in the largemouth bass population of Lake Minnewaska and may be used to understand the state of natural ecosystems.
    • Expanding educational methods for students and staff: exploring non-traditional methods

      Porcari, Olivia (2019-12)
      According to the National Center for Education Statistics (2019), from the fall of 2000 to the fall of 2015 the population of children enrolled in public schools increased from 47.2 million to 50.4 million, and is projected to reach 52.1 million by the fall of 2027. The two million increase in the number of students enrolled in public schools is extremely significant given the current climate within the educational system in the United States. As the population of students in schools increases, schools have to be able to accommodate the needs of each of these students. The traditional educational model in public schools in place today already fails to meet the needs of all students and lacks individualized educational methods (Gao, 2014). Through analyzing the current system, alternative or non-traditional models of education, exploring the roles of educators, school social workers, counselors, and educational policies, interventions are recommended at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels to assist schools in changing to better fit the needs of all students as the population increases.
    • Exploring love languages: the key to building and maintaining healthy relationships

      Adams, Aryiah (2020-05)
      Communication is the heart of who we are as human beings. It is just as necessary as food and shelter because communication allows us to develop a civilized society that can transmit valuable information and knowledge. The desire to be loved and nurtured is also a fundamental human need that can be expressed through language. Through a series of interviews, the paper explores five “love languages” developed by Dr Gary Chapman used to communicate emotional fulfillment. The paper challenges the idea that time is a key component to the development of the five love languages. The research demonstrates that over time individuals discover their love language and that of their partner. Time further serves as a learning period that allows couples to recognize the emotional desires of their partner. Time then becomes the impetus for consistent acts of love creating growth between couples as they express love their partner accepts. The five love languages speak to the basic fundamentals needed to communicate love.
    • An extension of the Budyko model with iceline

      Morasse, Monika (2021-05)
      Budyko's energy model is a historic system of differential equations, capturing the effect of the water albedo on climate trends. This has been analyzed by many researchers and is the basis of our work. The position of the Earth's iceline, and its coupling with temperature, play a very important role in determining long term climate patterns (which range between extremes from a water covered to an ice covered Earth). We built upon established results of Budyko and others, and additionally studied how two important system parameters related to water purity (the glacier forming temperature, Tc, and the water albedo, _w) may impact the long-term climatic outcome. We found that perturbing either of these parameters had significant global effects. Moreover, these effects were enhanced when occurring in combination, and even more so when in the presence of an elevated greenhouse effect.
    • Facilitating post traumatic growth in survivors of disasters

      Schrufer, Jessica L. (2018-05)
      Natural and man-made disasters can be typified by loss and destruction. There is a need for mechanisms to promote positive outcomes to such events. Means aiming towards goals of Posttraumatic Growth can lead to successful recovery of an individual and a larger community in the aftermath of a disaster. In turn, resilience from experiencing the event and successive losses can prepare one for future difficulties. Psychological challenges in grief that arise after a traumatic event can mediate posttraumatic growth and recovery. Social Cognitive Theory posits that perceived self-efficacy in coping leads to positive results in posttraumatic recovery. Mortality Salience, a factor of Terror Management theory, also proposes that reduction in distress related to one’s own death anxiety may increase self-efficacy, resulting in growth. Through Terror Management and Social Cognitive means, the current research aims to promote Narrative Reconstruction as an important coping mechanism in relation to Posttraumatic Growth, for individuals as well as community-level bereavement in disasters.
    • Far too radical, then and now: an examination of women’s body autonomy through the work of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Margaret Sanger

      Mercer, Scout (2018-05)
      In this paper, I plan on showing the extraordinary and radical lives to two progressive feminists, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Margaret Sanger, and how their platforms for women’s body autonomy are still valuable and necessary as women’s bodies are continuously dragged into politics. This paper will explore just how politicized women’s rights to their own bodies has been, through the necessity of combating legal and social codes targeting women. I plan on comparing Stanton and Sanger, in their lives and activism, to see what aspects of their work made them valuable for the women’s rights movement. I will also bring the history of women’s reproductive rights into the present, and how similar Stanton and Sanger’s arguments for autonomy to the modern political climate concerning women’s autonomy.
    • The farming chronicles: a guide to agriculture and your food

      Falco, Victoria (2018-05)
      Food is fundamental for survival. It is important for us to be conscious of the choices that we make on what is consumed. The Farming Chronicles is an education workbook that was created for children to talk about what they eat, where it comes from, and why it matters. It concerned me that in some areas in the United States agricultural education is not a core subject. The premise of this project is to introduce the fundamentals of agriculture and inspire children and their families to take an active role in understanding how food gets to the table. I created #beyourownfarmer to emphasize that you do not need to own acres of land to be defined as a farmer. There are many other opportunities for one to engage in agricultural activities and be a part of a greater community. Some examples include tending your own family garden, visiting your local farmer’s market or state and county fairs, and joining a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) Farm Share program.
    • Feminism or homophobia: an analysis of discourse on female yaoi readers

      Snyder, Rebecca (2019-05)
      While research on the anime and manga community as a whole has been published, it is of note the sheer scale of interest shown towards women who read the yaoi genre. For every one paper written on men reading yuri, or lesbian anime/manga pornography, there is a dozen written on women who read yaoi. This extent to which these women draw attention means that the academic research on them is both widespread and intense, and the discourse on them equally so. What is of interest with the discourse on these women, known as “fujoshi”, is the dichotomy found within. This paper categorizes the discourses found within academic works published on the topic of “fujoshi” into two categories: “Fujoshi-as-Feminist” and “Fujoshi-as-Homophobic”. In describing the various arguments made by these two discourses, the paper will show the various ways each side tries to support their claims. Finally, the paper analyzes how the idea of “otherness” may have led to the creation and support of these two discourses and their opposition to one another. Each discourse is based around a group with a distinct social identity and their common beliefs. This strong self-identification has led to each group and thus discourse having strict considerations of who is a member, and who is considered and outsider or “other”. It is upon this that the dichotomy between the two discourses is built.
    • Feminist Woolf, her literary mothers, sisters and daughters

      O’Toole, Elizabeth (2021-05)
      A look at the works of Virginia Woolf and her treatment of the marriage plot. She advocates for autonomy and education in a “Room of One’s Own” but many times does not give that option to her protagonists. I looked at other female authors such as Bronte, Austen, Shelley, L.M. Montgomery, Chopin, Morrison, and the autonomy they give their female protagonists. I explain the historical and personal context of Woolf’s work and what may have influenced her.