• Baseball: truly an all-American sport

      Courtney, India (2019-05)
      Baseball is recognized as an “All-American sport” specific to the United States, but in reality it's a transnational game that is imbedded into the cultures of several nations all over the world. It was used as a vehicle for Latinos in Cuba and the Dominican Republic to express nationalism and challenge their oppressors. It provided social mobility to the poor and middle class, broke down class barriers, established local attachments to the community, and fostered newfound nationalism in both countries that made baseball more than just a game. Although Latinos originally found the sport in the United States, they recreated it for themselves at home.
    • “Beautiful Little Feminist: Daisy’s perspective in The Great Gatsby”

      Lauria, Joan (2019-12)
      “Beautiful Little Feminist: Daisy’s Perspective in The Great Gatsby ” examines the backstory of Daisy Buchanan, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s famous character. The project has two parts: a creative short story and a supplemental research portion in which I researched the lives of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Zelda Fitzgerald, and Ginevra King. The short story acts as a prologue to the famous novel, taking place during the month of October 1917 when Daisy and Gatsby first met. I carefully picked specific details that paralleled with the lives of both Zelda and Ginevra in order to authentically represent their voices, while also crafting a distinct aura that would align with the fictionalized characteristics of Daisy Buchanan. This creative thesis project is a “herstory” of Daisy Buchanan’s adolescence, debunking her villainous name and suggesting a feminist background in a time of emerging activism.
    • Behind the scenes: self-presentation on Instagram versus Finsta

      Elyukin, Nicole (2021-05)
      In a rapidly advancing technological world, it is important to consider how well-documented psychological mechanisms play out in relevant online settings. The present studies do so by addressing self-monitoring of self-presentation on Instagram and finsta accounts. A “finsta” account is a second Instagram account that is typically much more private than the original Instagram account. An online survey was administered to 309 participants, ages 18-61 (M = 21.19, SD = 4.66), to assess self-monitoring, identity, self-esteem, and frequency of social media use across multiple platforms. Additionally, in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 emerging adult finsta users to explore experiences of using both accounts. Correlational analyses revealed a significant positive correlation between finsta use and self-monitoring. Independent samples t-tests revealed a higher mean score of self-monitoring among finsta users than non-finsta users. Chi-square tests of independence indicated that females, non-heterosexual individuals, and white people are more likely to own a finsta than males, heterosexual people and non-white people, respectively. An inductive thematic analysis of interview responses revealed themes of Instagram as a self-monitored space, finsta as an unfiltered space, motivations for varying types of self-presentation, developmental changes in use of both accounts, and greater negative feelings towards Instagram than finsta. This research elaborates on previous psychological literature on self-monitoring and self-presentation by addressing the lack of psychological research regarding finsta accounts. Future research should examine the relationships between motivations for social media use, self-esteem and online behaviors, as well as include new finsta users, rather than those who created their accounts years ago.
    • Being me in Trump's America

      Khan, Shahnoor (2020-05)
    • The benefits of summer camps for youth at risk: a circle of courage framework

      Klee, Allison (2018-05)
      In our ever-growing and fast-paced world, there are fewer and fewer spaces where children are afforded the opportunities to simply play. Schools and other child-centered spaces where children are supposed to be able to engage in self-exploration and creativity are becoming more and more catered to adults (Ginsburg, 2007). Although all children are suffering the consequences, youth at risk suffer at a disproportionate level (Brendtro, Brokenleg, & Van Bockern et al. 2002)... Summer camp is often defined as more than a place where children can go for a certain amount of time, and more so as an intentional community where children obtain skills and benefits in their cognitive, behavioral, physical, social, and emotional development (Povilaitis & Klee 4 Tamminen, 2017). Focusing on youth at risk is especially important in measuring the positive aspects of summer camp as this population faces greater difficulties than youth not at risk. Brendtro et al. 2002 intentionally use the term “youth at risk” to remove blame and shame rhetoric when referring to youth who are impacted by environmental hazards including poverty, substance abuse, and violence. This way, the focus is on their environment and shifts the focus from blaming the individual, to encouraging consideration of the greater social ailments youth may be facing...The Circle of Courage defines belonging, independence, mastery, and generosity as four areas to help youth develop their strengths and identify needs (Brendtro et al. 2002). Through the employment of these quadrants, the Circle of Courage can be used as a tool to identify destructive relationships, climates of futility, learned irresponsibility, and the loss of purpose as factors that prohibit youth from developing strengths in the four areas (Brendtro et al. 2002). This particular framework based on Native American philosophy provides a powerful alternative in the approach to education and youth development, placing youth at risk at the forefront of care.
    • Beyond the music: an artist's road to release

      McCabe, Jordan (2019-05)
      True artists are able to show who they are and what they stand for in every aspect of their process — not just when they are writing songs. In 2019, artists must do so much more than create music in order for it to be ready for release. This paper provides the necessary steps an artist must take to release their music on a semi-professional or professional level. Discussed topics include copyright law and how to file a claim for a work, definitions of image and brand and the best way an artist can communicate it to the world, and the importance of social media skills. I provide a Release Awareness Plan that artists can use as a roadmap to create engaging, targeted social media content that builds up listener’s hype for a release. This plan can be followed as given, but the greatest benefit comes from personal refinements made from trial and error. Finally, this paper explains distribution deals and aggregators that artists can use to upload music to streaming platforms like Apple Music and Spotify.
    • Bilingual language acquisition & development and how bilingualism is addressed in the American school system

      Hartop, Nora Elizabeth (2018-05)
      In this paper I will define the various types of bilingualism in the specific contexts of Spanish-English bilingualism in the United States. I will discuss the benefits of a bilingual education. I will explore theories of bilingual language acquisition relating to language growth over time and the ability to distinguish speech sounds of languages. I will discuss brain development of a bilingual individual and the role of code switching as a key process in language acquisition. I will emphasize the importance of bilingual education programs such as dual language and immersion schools and how these schools function. I will also discuss the importance of linguistic diversity as it connects to cultural identity. I will discuss the implication of least-biased assessment in the field of speech-language pathology for bilingual students and the topic of standardized testing in multiple languages. Overall, I propose goals to make bilingual education a sustainable model for the future of bilingual language education in the American school system.
    • Black mental health matters: an afrocentric analysis of the modern epidemic of black students' well-being at predominantly white institutions

      Patterson, Terrance John (2019-05)
      The study of the mental well-being of Black students at predominantly white colleges addresses issues of core theoretical and empirical concern to the discipline. This review summarizes current knowledge about Black mental health and identifies theoretical and procedural problems that continue to confront research in this field. Although a number of studies have focused on racial identity and the mental health Black students involved in the education system, few have investigated in depth the discriminatory experiences of Black students in conjunction with their mental well-being being upset, and providing the solution of an Afrocentric psychological healing remedy. To examine and study the relationship between Black students at PWI’s, their encounters with racism and discrimination, and their mental well-being, 66 Black students from a predominantly white college were sampled, as well as interviews with four Black students from a predominantly white college. Preliminary analysis indicates that there is a correlation between Black students who attend predominantly white colleges and negative effects on their mental health. The findings confirm that analysis and suggest that the reasoning is due to numerous discriminatory encounters with university professors, students, police, school administrators, and staff.
    • Black youth identity development: using the Black Lives Matter movement as a wake-up call for improved cultural attunement for non-black human service workers

      Rodriguez, Tiana (2021-05)
      When considering youth development, it is essential to differentiate between non-Black youth and Black youth. Black youth may be struggling in other departments with family, addictions, homelessness, etc. but it is also essential to keep in mind that they are also Black which instantly puts targets on their back literally and figuratively due to institutionalized racism and the white supremacy so deeply rooted in our society. This is why using a human rights framework is significant to understanding and aiding Black youth development. Human service workers are historically human rights advocates, so this is a part of the work that they do.
    • Breaking Bad and the intersection of critical theory at race, disability, and gender

      McDonough, Matthew (2020-12)
      Thesis Abstract: The television series Breaking Bad (created by Vince Gilligan) is considered by audience and critics alike as one of the greatest television series ever made. It tells the story of the rise and fall of Walter White (Bryan Cranston), a mild-mannered chemistry teacher turned meth kingpin. He turns to a life of crime after having been diagnosed with terminal cancer, and he sees meth manufacturing as the most lucrative way to provide for his family. It has been nearly a decade since the series finale, yet it endures through sequel films, spin-offs, and online streaming. My thesis investigates the series’ staying power, and I would argue that lies in its thematic content. Breaking Bad is not just a straightforward story of one man’s descent into a life of crime, but it is also a mediation on dominant, repressive power structures. The series offers a look at these structures through the lens of race, gender, and disability through the actions of characters and their interactions with one another.
    • Breaking down barriers to health information: an analysis of the relationship between health literacy, health equity, and patient-provider communication

      Pedrozo, Majessa (2019-12)
      This thesis examines the relationship between health literacy and patient-provider communication and how improvements in both help mitigate health disparities. A literature review was completed to examine (1) health literacy concepts, (2) health literacy disparities among minorities, individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES), the elderly, and those with communication disorders, and (3) health literacy interventions that focus on patient-provider communication. Improving the communication quality in health care may help address the overall low health literacy skills of people in the United States. Some approaches to improve patient-provider communication include using plain language, multimodal communication, a communication book, and the teach back method. As experts in communication, speech-language pathologists are in a unique position to help health care providers improve health literacy and communication quality. Improving communication quality is especially crucial considering the negative health outcomes that are associated with low health literacy.
    • Breaking into the boy’s club: the creative minds of women in jazz

      Walsh, Carly (2020-05)
      As a music performance major, I am required to do a final senior recital as a culminating performance of my studies at SUNY New Paltz. Throughout my four years here, I have always been fascinated by the relationship between gender and music in terms of instrument choice, performance opportunities, confidence levels, among other factors. Since I began studying jazz four years ago, I have noticed that for the most part jazz vocalists are female and jazz instrumentalists are male, which seems to remain the case outside of the world of academia. Why is this? My hypothesis is that it is a systemic issue, one that was ingrained into the genre from its conception back in the late 19th century. This curiosity of mine resulted in the decision to perform songs in my recital that involve a woman in the composition, whether that be lyrics or music, or both. I plan to research and discuss these composers, as well as any themes that arise along the way.
    • The Brooklynite abroad: how I turned my personal travel blog into a business

      O’Brien, Veronica (2020-12)
      COVID-19 negatively impacted thousands of vacation plans worldwide. After months of lockdown and quarantine restrictions, people are now eager to start traveling again. A travel boom is coming our way. We have already seen several spontaneous trips across the globe and it is only expected to increase as the months go on. Given all of the changes in regards to social distancing and safety regulations, the travel industry has changed. The way that we once traveled is now a thing of the past, but that doesn’t mean for the worse. Traveling still has that spark of joy associated with learning and experiencing the thrill of new cultures, even if it is within your own country. While the cure to the coronavirus pandemic is not certain to happen anytime soon, we have to adapt. By that I mean we have to completely change the way that we travel. As a matter of fact, given the demands of eager travelers, it has never been a better time than now to turn travel blogging into a career.
    • Building a performance: the art of creating a puppet

      Allen, Emma (2019-05)
      Building a puppet requires both research and physical labor- the same pieces that go into creating a performance. There are many intricate details that require long hours, undivided attention, and pricked fingertips. Despite the hardship, however, puppetry has survived the test of time much like the concept of theatre itself. For this project, I was focused on the creation of puppets in the style of Jim Henson, the creator of The Muppets, and the performance style popularized by Avenue Q , in which the puppeteer and puppet are both visible to the audience. Throughout this process, I have built a hand and rod puppet (named Amelia) and created a character that this puppet embodies. She is whimsical and innocent, tapped into a youthful energy that is made only more potent by her fuzzy purple appearance. I also crafted a presentation to allow Amelia to be introduced to the world as her slightly silly self. Along with the actual puppet, I created a short photo album to document her childhood and accompany her presentation.
    • A call for immigration reform: a response to the northern triangle epidemic

      Tejada, Michelle (2020-05)
      The current immigration crisis is a global humanitarian crisis. As members of the United Nations, the United States of America has a responsibility to provide aid to those seeking refuge from dangerous conditions in their home countries. In recent decades, however, the United States’ response to an influx in immigration has walked a fine line on constitutionality. This paper discusses the causes of migration to the United States with particular emphasis on the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) which consists of the following countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, where the majority of immigrants seeking asylum in the United States are coming from. It analyzes the United States’s response to this humanitarian crisis, as the U.S. has failed to adequately provide refuge to immigrants from the NTCA. It exposes the discriminatory policies that exist in the United States, the racialization of the United States’s approach, and the malpractices of U.S. immigration agencies such as Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). This study ultimately questions the constitutionality of these laws and practices, critiques them, and offers a more humane approach while still maintaining national security.
    • Can integrating the theory of multiple intelligences and the use of sign language assist ell students academically and emotionally in the classroom?

      Zhang, Helen (2020-05)
      English Language Learners have a difficult time learning a new language and having the extra support in a classroom can make all the difference in their education and self-esteem. As teachers in training, we know not all students are alike and because of that, we must differentiate our teaching to help students walk away with being confident in their education. Integrating the Theory of Multiple Intelligences by working to strengthen two or more intelligences can open numerous possibilities and opportunities for these students. Additionally, students who may or may not know sign language could benefit from using this form of communication to express themselves physically and emotionally in the classroom. Sign language has the ability to become the bridge that helps ELL students learn English. Through research, it has been found that sign language helps students learn new words and express themselves when English is not their native language.
    • Chatbots: history, technology, and a case analysis

      Jay, Benjamin (2020-08)
      This thesis examines the more than 50 year history of chatbots that led to the development of Amazon’s Alexa, Google’s Assistant, and Apple’s Siri. A chatbot, commonly known as a conversational agent, is a computer framework that can have a normal conversation with a user by using a natural language processor (Reshmi and Balakrishnan, 2018). The goal is to understand the psychological and mathematical theories that worked well throughout history, as well as those that did not, and the impact they had on the evolution of modern chatbots. This thesis incorporates these theories into a new chatbot created using Google’s chatbot AI platform called Dialogflow. By following a Coursera course titled Building Conversational Experiences with Dialogflow, this thesis creates a chatbot that can schedule tours of a school and can answer questions about the SUNY New Paltz 2020 Commencement ceremony. Creating even the most basic chatbot requires a comprehensive understanding of the underlying theories and extensive coding experience (Abdul-Kader & Woods, 2015). This thesis assumes a foundation knowledge of computer coding.
    • “Children in Misery” or young crusaders?: the political utilization of children by the Women’s Christian Temperance Union

      Murphy, Shayna (2020-05)
      This paper discusses the Women’s Christian Temperance Union’s use of children for political purposes during their fight for Prohibition. In an effort to sympathize their mission and to create a sense of urgency around the banning of alcohol, members of the WCTU created an image of children as victims in their propaganda. However, the WCTU understood the importance of creating future voters, and so often created propaganda that presented children as active heroes. This conflicting portrayal of children showed that the WCTU used children as political tools and used such contrasting portrayals to reach a political goal rather than aptly represent children of alcoholic families. To understand this relationship between the WCTU and children, I analyzed posters created by the WCTU that present children as victims of alcohol and then content produced directly for children by the WCTU.
    • Climate change and childhood communication disorders: a literature and policy analysis

      Dittus, Andrew (2018-05)
      In conclusion, climate change and its threats are becoming and increasingly impending problem for everyone on earth. All professional disciplines will have to come to terms with such problems, as they will affect aspects of all fields in different and unprecedented ways. That being said, communication disorders will have its own unique issues it will have to deal with as climate change ramifications grow more common. Manifesting from problems associated with heat, hydrological stress, and weather hazards, all of our patients (most particularly children) will experience new threats to their speech and language production and development. This is why it is growing exigent for communication disorders professionals to consider how climate change ramifications will affect our practice, and what we can thus do as professionals to deal with said ramifications. The approach outlined in this paper uses the “Action Model” to do just that. Once it is understood how climate change will affect us, the Action Model gives us the ability to use policy and government based approaches to solve our prospective issues. Using past policies as examples, such as the IPCC 5th Assessment Report, we can see policy and government as a route to best meet our clients’ needs. Taking the steps outlined in the “Action Model” can thus be seen 32 as one way communication disorders professionals can help adapt to prospective climate vacillations, and find ways to best help their patients moving toward the future.
    • Cobalt in the Democratic Republic of Congo: the cost of innovative technology and historical lessons in global economics for a more ethical future

      Seyler, Allison (2021-05)
      This paper focuses on the geologic and political history of the DRC and the effectiveness of existing legislation, including the Dodd Frank Act, and propositions for the Katanga mining sector, more specifically the mining of cobalt. Cobalt mining has also come under scrutiny with human rights groups, as Amnesty International released a report in 2016 finding that child labor and unsafe conditions were present in cobalt mines in the Katanga region. Cobalt is projected to continue to increase in value as the demand for EV and lithium-ion batteries increases (although recycling techniques and different types of lithium-ion batteries are being explored by manufacturers as an alternative to mining cobalt). This paper analyzes the legacy of colonialism in Katanga through a comparison with Chile, and the parallels between their histories and the corruption of their state mining companies. Through this lens, it can be seen that a different strategy can be employed in this region than with coltan in North Kivu, as the primary strategy of the Dodd Frank Act was to reduce violence by decreasing the size of the black market. Rather, business strategies can be employed that can be used to benefit the people of the Congo, as has been observed with CODELCO, the state mining company of Chile. Despite years of bloodshed from ethnic violence and political instability, the DRC shows signs of hope, as the first peaceful transition of power since their independence in 1960 occurred in 2019, and the chairman of Gécamines, the largest state mining company, announced that it would be changing and improving its business model and infrastructure beginning in 2019. The DRC has been called cursed for its geology, but rather it is cursed by colonial politics, greed, ethnic violence, and economic disadvantage. The geology of the region, and the necessity of minerals in a clean energy transition will not change. Perhaps this region’s natural resources can be used to promote development and peace, with the wellbeing of the Congolese people as a central focus.