• Aaron Burr: villain to hero upgrade

      Pralat, Barbara (2018-05)
      The research project explores the historiography surrounding Aaron Burr. For most of United States history, he has been vilified as a traitor to the nation and the murderer of Alexander Hamilton. However, Aaron Burr’s reputation has been questioned through Gore Vidal’s novel: Burr, published in 1973, which humanizes Burr without taking away from his notorious reputation. Nancy Isenberg’s historical biography: Fallen Founder published in 2007, which explores Burr as a feminist and looking at the accusations against Burr in the political world. More recently the musical Hamilton by Lin Manuel Miranda, explores Burr as Hamilton’s first friend and someone who is sympathetic and wants to get ahead in life. Using both primary and secondary sources to trace the history of Burr’s reputation and to show if Aaron Burr is really a villain, based on his character and career. Included in the research is highlights of Aaron Burr’s life and events that led to his reputation being portrayed as negative. The paper explores how one of America’s most notorious founding fathers gained such a bad reputation and if he deserves this reputation or if he deserves a better reputation and belongs with the other founding fathers.
    • Academic advising during a global pandemic

      Musmacker, Brooke (2020-05)
      A major goal that nearly all undergraduate students have is to graduate. But how to do that? What do they have to do? Who can they go to with questions during their most stressful days? Advisors. Advisors are key individuals that students in the college and university settings depend upon for support and guidance during their journeys to discover their passion, themselves, their career paths, and to graduate. During the worldwide Coronavirus pandemic of 2020, schools, colleges, and non-essential businesses have become remote. With these closures, colleges have been forced to transition, not only classes, but also support systems to an alternative, and somewhat unfamiliar, communication style. Primarily, advising is reliant on in- person meetings and creating genuine connections, a feat that becomes much more difficult when human interaction is limited or cut off. The following will focus on crisis adaptation and whether or not incorporating remote advising could be beneficial when in-person advising is a possibility.
    • Accessing disability accommodations: the barriers that college students face when trying to even the playing field


      Fachin, Brianna (2020-05)
      An increasing amount of people with disabilities have decided to attend post-secondary school. Disabilities can make schooling more difficult making it harder for students with disabilities to obtain degrees in higher education. Accommodations such as extended time on tests or receiving digital notes aid students with disabilities in achieving higher grades in class. Disability accommodations essentially even the playing field for students which is why laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) have been put in place. The Americans with Disabilities Act ensures that accommodations will be available for students. Recent studies have suggested that students with disabilities that take advantage of the accommodations that are available to them are more successful academically and have higher graduation rates. Despite the fact that accommodations are available, many students with disabilities do not choose to use them. There are many different reasons why students may not take advantage of these accommodations, all of which have the ability to alter the quality of the education experience for students with disabilities.
    • Acoustical test chamber

      Cabuk, Cansu (2018-05)
      The purpose of this project is to create an acoustical test chamber for use by students and faculty of the Division of Engineering Programs at SUNY New Paltz. An acoustical test chamber is a controlled environment that is instrumented with a microphone array. This allows the user to perform accurate acoustical measurements on sound sources without outside interference while also dampening internal sound. These measurements will help the user determine vital sound parameters and display information relating to the sound signal. The properties of sound that are measured include sound intensity and sound frequency. Sound frequency information is plotted and displayed using a spectrogram. In addition, a sound localization feature using time difference of arrival estimation was implemented into the chamber’s functionality. The sound is measured using four electret microphones, then transferred to a computer utilizing stereo microphone inputs. The computing environment, MATLAB, and its functions were utilized by establishing a user friendly, interactive interface between the sensor hardware and the test environment. MATLAB’s functions and Graphical User Interface (GUI) feature, proved to be critical tools in simplifying the data acquisition, algorithmic and display processes. Before final construction, the sound location feature produced results with an average of 17% error. While after final construction, the number of trials that produced feasible results decreased drastically. This may be down to slight changes in the array geometry during the chamber’s construction process. This project is important as it provides engineering students at SUNY New Paltz, an opportunity to further enhance their exposure to acoustical testing techniques. The sound chamber will be used to verify analysis techniques learned in the classroom, in addition to providing research opportunities to students. However, the sound location feature is inadequate and still needs development.
    • Affordable housing: there’s more to this than meets the wallet a longform, multimedia news report

      Staniscia, Tina (2020-05)
      The print article called, “Affordable Housing: This is More Than Meets the Wallet,” is a multimedia presentation with text, photographs, and data visualizations. Unfortunately, the human face/voice is lacking, providing another side to my story. But the professionals in their fields were incredibly generous with their time and expertise. With the focus being on my hometown of the City of Poughkeepsie, the pandemic has indeed stalled some projects which are providing new and renovated housing units, but others continue to move forward. For a future article, I hope to re-interview the Mayor, and others who can give me a different perspective about how they see the city continue to improve.
    • After the tipping point: investigating visuals of transgender bodies in magazine media

      Manzella, Samantha L. (2018-08)
      How do we trouble cisnormativity in a world that relies so heavily on gender identity? From the clothes we wear to the language we use, gender markers shape how we experience the world and engage with others. Too often, when we blur the boundaries of what “male” and “female” look like, we spur fear, confusion, and outrage. These sentiments have realworld repercussions: In 2017, Human Rights Campaign reported record-high numbers of fatal anti-transgender violence in America. After the Tipping Point: Investigating Visuals of Transgender People In Magazine Media seeks to explore the intersection of modern media and trans identities by analyzing editorial photographs of transgender individuals after TIME’s professed “transgender tipping point” in 2014. The project examines four key case studies from some of the U.S.’s most widely read magazines: Caitlyn Jenner’s Vanity Fair cover story (July 2015); Aydian Dowling’s Men’s Health photo spread (November 2015); National Geographic’s “Gender Revolution” issue (January 2017); and Ines Rau’s Playboy photo spread (November/December 2017), to investigate how, why, and for whom these images are produced and relate them to literature on the complex nature of publicly visible bodies. Because media content both manifests culture and informs it, magazines are a productive site for investigating public discourse on trans issues, including the shifts over time and limitations of such conversations. Though new photographs of transgender bodies have appeared in popular magazines post-“tipping point,” these depictions often fall prey to the familiar trappings of binary gender roles, highlighting the power of media representation as a force to both buck conventions and perpetuate them, sometimes simultaneously.
    • Age-related change in play: insights from a survey of Hudson Valley adults

      Ciraco, Maria R. (2019-12)
      This paper summarizes the findings of a local, unfunded study that analyzed changes in play across generations in the Hudson Valley. Adult participants were surveyed about their childhood play experiences to identify changes, or signs of decline of free play. The decline of free play in the United States has been studied by other professionals to hypothesize its future impact on children. Such research has brought about questions in regards to childhood development and academic success with future generations. Through a short survey, the experimenter examined changes in free play from 1924 to 2001. Changes include the setting of free play, the amount of time allotted for free play, the amount of supervision in play, and the use of electronics in play. The results of this study displays qualitative and quantitative evidence of changes in free play in the Hudson Valley.
    • American politics: a local government analysis of how gender influences the decision to run for office

      Eckwall, Morgan (2019-05)
      How does gender affect the decision to run for local office? This article explains how the socialization of traditional gender roles influenced a public perception where men are more qualified for political positions than women, and how in turn, the public-perception influenced a negative self-perception where women feel less qualified to run for office. In addition to those factors, this article explains how political party, professional career and recruitment opportunities pose challenges for women where they pose fewer to no challenges for men. Identifying these factors is necessary in order for women to one day achieve representation proportional to their population. The survey conducted in this research on local town and city council governments throughout New York State, seeks to uncover how all of those factors influenced the decision to run for local office.
    • “And the Word was God”: rejection, consideration, and incorporation of spiritual motivations in modernist literature

      Boyle, Katherine R. (2021-05)
      As existing scholarship demonstrates, the modernist period in literature (during the first half of the twentieth century) is generally considered to be a period marked by rationality, secularity, and persistent atheism. With the technological advances of the 1900’s, revolutions in science (such as the work of Charles Darwin), and new political priorities that valued dearly the separation of church and state, it is generally thought that the motifs and commitments of traditional, organized religion were long gone, especially within the literary world. In this project, I set out to demonstrate the ways in which three modernist authors – E.M. Forster, Virginia Woolf, and Jorge Luis Borges – reimagine and reincorporate, in their literature, traditional religious motivations. Specifically, I will examine how the “word” of God (exalted in Judeo-Christian doctrine) is utilized and examined by the three authors in order to imagine a new code of significance for language and communication during modernism. With this, I hope to demonstrate the ways in which the modernist period was not simply a rejection or forgetting of a more orthodox religious tradition, but a reimagination and relocation of spiritual experience within interpersonal communication and linguistic ecstasy.
    • Angels and echoes: an analysis of human connection and altruism on the trail

      Lee, Mary (2019-05)
      An aspect of long-distance hiking culture which ties hikers deeply to the hiking community is "trail magic” and “trail angels.” These “angels” are everyday civilians, often former or current hikers, who provide random acts of kindness for those on the trail. In recent years, with the emerging platform of online video diaries and blogs, the inner-realities of long-distance hiking culture, and the altruism hikers experience are becoming more accessible. In March of 2019, a Google search for “thru-hiking vlogs” yields more than 300,000 results. Using Turner’s theory of communitas, and Gordon’s theory of ghostliness, I argue that community building and generosity are integral to thru-hiking culture, and form the backbone of social and emotional life on the trail.
    • Animal protagonists in children’s literature

      Zito, Jessica (2018-05)
      Animal protagonists, although a rare sight in adult novels, have been a staple in the childhood literary canon for centuries. A majority of the all-time bestselling books for children in both early and middle childhood contain animal characters, with a large percentage containing at least one animal protagonist. This paper seeks to examine two research questions: 1) Why do authors prefer animal protagonists to human protagonists if the desired emotional connection is a human one? 2) What is the purpose of placing childhood themes in an animalized literary context? The paper provides a close reading of many popular children’s texts, such as The Very Hungry Caterpillar, They All Saw a Cat, Charlotte’s Web, The Pokey Little Puppy, Black Beauty, If You Give a Mouse a Cookie, and El Deafo, among many others. Books were chosen for analysis based on their embodiment of popular literary themes, as well as their general popularity, sales, and awards won. An effort was made to include popular books written during different time periods. The paper includes supporting research from published books, literary criticisms, websites, journal articles, and newspaper articles. Keywords: English, education, childhood education, early childhood education, animal protagonists, children’s literature, children’s books, animal stories, The Very Hungry Caterpillar, The Story of Babar: The Little Elephant, They All Saw a Cat, The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, Frog and Toad Are Friends, Winnie-the-Pooh, Charlotte’s Web, Make Way for Ducklings, The Pokey Little Puppy, The Tale of Peter Rabbit, Black Beauty, The Rainbow Fish, The Berenstain Bears’ New Baby, If You Give a Mouse a Cookie, Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus, El Deafo, Arthur’s Nose
    • Another housing bubble? a review of historical indicators and analysis of the current state of the U.S. residential real estate market

      Harnaga, Brandon J. (2021-05)
      The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current state of the United States residential real estate market along with its historical indicators. This study will address questions including: why the housing market is important, what housing bubbles are, and how today’s asset-price inflation is a cause for concern. Moreover, subsequent sections will attempt to address these questions by analyzing the history of gathering market data, discovering the “fundamental values” that influence home prices, and identifying which of those variables were responsible for the past housing bubble. Once these variables were identified, numerous multiple linear regression models were calculated between the periods 1994—2004, 1994—2007, 2008—2018, and 2008—2021 to determine if the run-up period to a potential bubble causes these fundamental values to become less influential in determining home prices. The results of the model indicate that these values were able to explain slightly less of the total variance in home prices during the buildup of a housing bubble. Although further research will need to be conducted, the results divulge parallels between the last housing crisis and today. With the deviations between home prices and their fundamental values greater today relative to a decade prior, this development could signify the possibility of another housing bubble.
    • Answers in the abstract

      Carpentieri, Austin (2018-05)
      Answers in the Abstract (AiA) is an unfinished work of fiction by Austin Carpentieri. AiA is a work of fiction which aims to put on display the inner minds of the characters. The story centers around a group of friends in high school, and their opinions of each other and what they each mean to each other. Exploring events of loss and tragedy, and how we move onwards and find beauty after them, AiA is a deeply personal work which is meant to be emotionally and intellectually provoking. Grief, joy, ecstasy, and yearning fuel the characters and pages developed here. Also included is a brief analysis by the author of influential works during the writing of this manuscript. AiA is by no means a finished product.
    • The appeal of the radical-right: authoritarian attitudes of the “Democratic” voter

      Enia, Peter R. (2018-05)
      As the 21st century progresses, we are experiencing a revival in radical right-wing parties in the western world. Generally, we only refer this term to European politics; however, with the rise of the Tea Party and the election of Donald Trump, America now faces this issue too. The influence of these parties even affect German politics as well since their Alternative for Deutschland is now the third largest party in their government. Many factors can cause this phenomenon – including immigration, economy, and political corruption. However, authoritarianism can link all these variables together since they all share universal values. Authoritarianism defines individuals as being fearful of change since they value their traditional social structures. Thus, with the evolving political and economic landscapes of the western world, these voters are afraid of losing their values that have been in place for centuries. Therefore, we predict that if a voter has attitudinal beliefs towards authoritarianism, it will likely predict their vote and their opinions on immigration, economy, and political corruption.
    • The art of fashion: exploring the boundaries between ceramic materials and human dress and adornment

      Gumbrecht, Rachel (2019-05)
      I am most interested in drawing closer connections between the distinct fields of fashion and ceramics. Influenced greatly by clothing and the flexibility of textile materials, my ceramic work is often inspired by the softness of fabrics and feminine figural forms. Using processes of research and design, I strive to create intelligently functional ceramic works. Fabric and clay are equally intriguing to me; while the two have vastly different properties, they are united under their quality of usefulness.Both clay and fabric can be manipulated to create new, functional forms, designed with pure purpose and attention to aesthetics. The 3–dimensional clay forms I make generally include vessels such as vases, bowls, cups, and jars, which are meant to be used daily. I also look for opportunities to create objects that are not found in the kitchen, but are equally useful in daily life. The Art of Fashion is meant to be a self-portrait that explores the way in which garments are enhanced by the addition of handmade ceramic buttons and jewelry. The elegance of my work in these varying materials derives from the simplicity of the forms in conjunction with a smooth, pastel palette of glazes. My finished products display elements of reverie and timelessness.
    • Art, objects, and memories

      Voska, Katherine (2021-05)
      As humans, there are millions of factors that shape our identities. From culture, geographic location, and family life, to education, career path, and sexuality, every aspect of our lives make us who we are. For me, the work I make as an artist and a student is a result of my identity. I am a straight, half Japanese, half American, cisgendered woman, raised in the same small town for most of my life. My parents were married for over 25 years until they separated the summer before my senior year of high school. I am the third generation of my family to be living in the same childhood home. I was raised to appreciate nature, history, and to be more giving than those who gave to me. I attend a liberal college where I majored in art but took classes in history, philosophy, music, film, language, and culture. All of these things have affected my perspective of others, the world around me, and how my work fits into it. As a society that prides themselves on the things that they own and possess, what do the objects I create add? This exhibition highlights my life and how the objects I create are influenced by other objects, my identity and experiences.
    • Asymptotic behaviors and application of nonlinear networks

      Evans, Simone (2019-05)
      We study the asymptotic behavior of networks with discrete quadratic dynamics. While single-map complex quadratic iterations have been studied over the past century, considering ensembles of such functions, organized as coupled nodes in an oriented network, generates new, interesting questions and applications to the life sciences. We extend results from single-node dynamics to the more general case of networks, and present novel, network-speci c results. We then consider two existing models from the dynamic networks literature: threshold-linear networks and a reduced model of inhibitory neural clusters. We search for graph features which lead to robust dynamics under minor perturbations within our model, as well as between the three di erent models; in other words, we search for possible features of universality and the conditions under which they hold. We create a classi cation system of large-scale networks. This classi cation system is based on network dimensionality reduction (i.e. treating a large group of nodes as a single node). Additionally, we present conditions under which reducing network dimensionality is permittable. This has important implications for applications to the study of natural networks (such as biological systems), which are often extremely large (composed of many coupled nodes). Finally, we explore possible applications of the techniques used in these three network models (complex quadratic networks, threshold-linear networks, and inhibitory clustering neural networks) to other problems in the natural sciences: a chemical oscillator model and a neural clustering model.
    • Baseball: truly an all-American sport

      Courtney, India (2019-05)
      Baseball is recognized as an “All-American sport” specific to the United States, but in reality it's a transnational game that is imbedded into the cultures of several nations all over the world. It was used as a vehicle for Latinos in Cuba and the Dominican Republic to express nationalism and challenge their oppressors. It provided social mobility to the poor and middle class, broke down class barriers, established local attachments to the community, and fostered newfound nationalism in both countries that made baseball more than just a game. Although Latinos originally found the sport in the United States, they recreated it for themselves at home.
    • “Beautiful Little Feminist: Daisy’s perspective in The Great Gatsby”

      Lauria, Joan (2019-12)
      “Beautiful Little Feminist: Daisy’s Perspective in The Great Gatsby ” examines the backstory of Daisy Buchanan, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s famous character. The project has two parts: a creative short story and a supplemental research portion in which I researched the lives of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Zelda Fitzgerald, and Ginevra King. The short story acts as a prologue to the famous novel, taking place during the month of October 1917 when Daisy and Gatsby first met. I carefully picked specific details that paralleled with the lives of both Zelda and Ginevra in order to authentically represent their voices, while also crafting a distinct aura that would align with the fictionalized characteristics of Daisy Buchanan. This creative thesis project is a “herstory” of Daisy Buchanan’s adolescence, debunking her villainous name and suggesting a feminist background in a time of emerging activism.
    • Behind the scenes: self-presentation on Instagram versus Finsta

      Elyukin, Nicole (2021-05)
      In a rapidly advancing technological world, it is important to consider how well-documented psychological mechanisms play out in relevant online settings. The present studies do so by addressing self-monitoring of self-presentation on Instagram and finsta accounts. A “finsta” account is a second Instagram account that is typically much more private than the original Instagram account. An online survey was administered to 309 participants, ages 18-61 (M = 21.19, SD = 4.66), to assess self-monitoring, identity, self-esteem, and frequency of social media use across multiple platforms. Additionally, in-depth interviews were conducted with 11 emerging adult finsta users to explore experiences of using both accounts. Correlational analyses revealed a significant positive correlation between finsta use and self-monitoring. Independent samples t-tests revealed a higher mean score of self-monitoring among finsta users than non-finsta users. Chi-square tests of independence indicated that females, non-heterosexual individuals, and white people are more likely to own a finsta than males, heterosexual people and non-white people, respectively. An inductive thematic analysis of interview responses revealed themes of Instagram as a self-monitored space, finsta as an unfiltered space, motivations for varying types of self-presentation, developmental changes in use of both accounts, and greater negative feelings towards Instagram than finsta. This research elaborates on previous psychological literature on self-monitoring and self-presentation by addressing the lack of psychological research regarding finsta accounts. Future research should examine the relationships between motivations for social media use, self-esteem and online behaviors, as well as include new finsta users, rather than those who created their accounts years ago.