• Bilingual language acquisition & development and how bilingualism is addressed in the American school system

      Hartop, Nora Elizabeth (2018-05)
      In this paper I will define the various types of bilingualism in the specific contexts of Spanish-English bilingualism in the United States. I will discuss the benefits of a bilingual education. I will explore theories of bilingual language acquisition relating to language growth over time and the ability to distinguish speech sounds of languages. I will discuss brain development of a bilingual individual and the role of code switching as a key process in language acquisition. I will emphasize the importance of bilingual education programs such as dual language and immersion schools and how these schools function. I will also discuss the importance of linguistic diversity as it connects to cultural identity. I will discuss the implication of least-biased assessment in the field of speech-language pathology for bilingual students and the topic of standardized testing in multiple languages. Overall, I propose goals to make bilingual education a sustainable model for the future of bilingual language education in the American school system.
    • Second language acquisition in immigrant groups in Germany

      Cagar, Nicole (2018-05)
      After the fall of the Nazi regime, Germany’s immigration policy drastically changed. The need for guest workers (Gastarbeiter) was high in order to rebuild German infrastructure, with a majority of the guest workers coming from Turkey. Prior to and after the fall of the Berlin Wall, ethnic German Russians (Aussiedler) repatriated back to Germany, representing a second major wave of immigrants in the postwar era. The contemporary international crisis in Syria has led to an influx of refugees and Arabic speaking populations in Germany. As a result of these historical shifts in the latter half of twentieth century Germany to the present, Germany has taken language acquisition more seriously and consequently sees itself as an immigration nation. This is an overview of scholarship informing the context for second language acquisition among immigrants in Germany. This study explores language acquisition among these groups and finds that Turkish people do the best at learning German.
    • The Tanzanian student's struggle with the English language: acquisition of English as a second language, with specific focus on the education system in Tanzania

      Lattin, Mary (2018-12)
      The way medium of instruction is set up in Tanzania’s public school system is unique. In primary school, students are taught in Swahili, the national language, but upon their transition to secondary school, they are taught solely in English. This transition occurs at a time where students have not even gained full mastery in Swahili yet which causes there to be a lack of transferable linguistic skills from first to second language acquisition. There is an emphasis placed on English in education in Tanzania because it is viewed as the language of success. Policy makers in Tanzania do not realize that educational success and attractiveness for future careers are two different things and should be treated as such. The current system in Tanzania is producing students that are not succeeding in their academic subjects as well as not becoming proficient in the English language; it is setting up their students for failure. The language problem is only exacerbated by a lack of funding for schools and unqualified teachers. In order for Tanzania to truly produce successful students, a serious change needs to be made to their system regarding language in their schools. The best option would be a true bilingual education program where an equal emphasis would be placed on English and Swahili.