Now showing items 1-20 of 255

    • One morning fair

      Stuhr, Elias (2023-12)
      What I have written is hopefully a relatable story about anyone. Myself and everyone else I know spend a lot of time inside our own heads, and that's kind of what this one's about. I hope that what I have done here is not strange or surreal and I hope that it is not disturbing, because that would be against the point. What I hope this story does for the reader is just the feeling that they have been understood, if just for a brief moment. By way of introduction, this is a story about two people–Ruth and Jed–and their attempts at trying to get along with one another. In the story I also mention Arthel, Mallory, Dalton, Leslie, and Gary and Geraldine. They are important too. So are Mandy and Jenna. That's just about everybody.
    • Time perception embodied: the effect of yogic posture and meditation on retrospective time estimations

      Cullen, Emily (2023-12)
      The current study aims to integrate models of embodied and cognitive time perception by investigating the role of attention allocation, physiological arousal, and arm length on retrospective time estimations. We operationalize attention through an open monitoring meditation and physiological arousal through expansive and contractive yogic postures. Arm length was analyzed as a covariate. Participants (N=60) reported estimated time spent on a brief attention task after either listening to music or meditating and the adoption of an expansive or contractive yogic posture. We found that the expansive posture lengthened time estimations in comparison to the contractive posture, and that this effect was accentuated for individuals with longer arms. No significance was found for the effect of meditation on retrospective time estimations. Interactive effects of posture and arm length feed into embodied models of time perception, emphasizing the idea that our spatial relationship to the external world directly influences our internal perceptions.
    • Dot: a novel in progress

      Russo, Emily (2023-12)
    • Nothing to do with reverence

      Siegelski, Steven (2023-12)
    • Towards a compassionate rhetoric: a Buddhist & feminist exploration of substance abuse

      Couch-Tellefsen, Skylar (2023-12)
      This essay is a proposal for compassionate rhetoric, and an inquiry into compassion as a rhetorical way of being. Compassionate rhetoric is best understood as a set of human behaviors that one develops and practices to construct and reflect one’s transient identity with the world through action, even if the action is ‘not-doing.’ Founded on both feminist and Buddhist schools of thought, compassionate rhetoric consists of the following practices: (1) cultivating the beginner’s mind; (2) recognizing the similarities in our differences; and (3) the acceptance of contradiction. Inspired by Sonja K. Foss and Cindy L. Griffin’s “Beyond Persuasion: A Proposal for an Invitational Rhetoric,” compassionate rhetoric relies on their explication of invitational rhetoric as the foundational rhetorical theory for compassionate communication.
    • Gravetender

      Acevedo, Lily (2023-12)
    • Students experiences of navigating college with a disability

      Pullar, Jessica (2023-09)
      The purpose of this study was to conduct an exploratory analysis of the experiences of students with disabilities in college. Participants (N=26) were SUNY New Paltz students aged 18-54, who identified as having a disability. A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted on Zoom, in person, and through an online typed version of the questionnaire. The Postsecondary Student Survey of Disability-Related Stigma (SSDRS) was completed online before completing the interview. To gain a better understanding of what it is like to be a student with a disability attending a post-secondary institute, participants were asked to talk about their experiences. Additionally, participants were asked different questions based on whether they were registered with the Disability Resource Center. Three themes were identified as the most prominent: the importance of accessibility, accommodations (the good and the bad); and the struggle with faculty to receive accommodations. Overall, participants felt a lack of accessibility on campus and had issues acquiring accommodations. Participants also noted that there seemed to be some stigma on campus. Participants were overwhelmingly interested in a self-advocacy class. Findings were discussed in light of recent scholarship.
    • The relationship between basic need fulfillment and prosocial behavior: the moderating role of culture

      John, Aaron (2023-08)
      We explored the relationship between the satisfaction of basic psychological needs (autonomy, relatedness, and competence) and prosocial behavior. We also investigated how this relationship may differ between cultural groups. We administered an online survey to participants in the U.S. and India using Amazon Mechanical Turk. This survey included a measure of basic psychological need fulfillment (Van der Kaap-Deeder et al., 2020), self- construal as an individual-level marker for cultural differences (Singelis, 1994) and a four-item measure of prosocial intentions (Baumsteiger & Siegel, 2019). We hypothesized that satisfaction of the basic needs would predict increased prosocial intentions. Keywords: prosocial behavior, basic psychological needs, self-construal, culture.
    • Lived experiences of music therapist-mothers: an interpretative phenomenological analysis

      Ellks , Amy M. (2023-05)
      The purpose of this interpretive phenomenological analysis was to learn more about how music therapist-parents experience their dual roles, how these roles might influence one another, and to identify key issues associated with successfully maintaining them. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three practicing music therapist-parents, in which participants shared their experiences of their dual roles. The results of these interviews suggest that the roles of music therapist and parent are intertwined and reciprocally influential; both deepening and enriching one another, but also introducing conflict and complication. A total of 11 themes emerged from the data. Themes surrounding the effects on parenting included a) mindful musical parenting, b) strengths-based resource-oriented parenting, c) socially aware parenting, and d) use of therapeutic skill and knowledge in the parenting role. Themes related to effects on the therapist role included a) strengthening of the therapist-client relationship, b) increased perspective and empathy for the client experience, and c) use of parenting skill and knowledge in the clinical space. Themes related to the challenges of managing dual roles included a) logistical challenges, b) financial challenges, c) psychological challenges, and d) ethical challenges.
    • “Presence into absence”: the production of national identity in The Emperor’s Babe and Girl, Woman, Other

      Sobiesk, Lizzy (2023-05)
      Bernardine Evaristo's artistic project includes establishing, uncovering, inventing, and expanding a Black British literary canon. While growing up, Evaristo did not encounter any Black British women "who were born or raised here and writing our stories from this perspective" (72). Instead, Evaristo's literary inspirations "came from African Americans: Audre Lorde, Toni Morrison, Gloria Naylor, and Alice Walker were foremost among them, and of course Ntozake Shange…These were the writers who foregrounded black women's lives and in so doing gave me permission to write" (72). This canon of African American feminist and womanist writers informs the purposeful tensions in Evaristo's novel, such as the struggle between collective power and individual subjectivity, and universality and particularity. Although these authors provide that foundation for Evaristo, their presence also denotes a significant absence of representations of Black British women in novels…Faced with the dismissal of her own experience, Evaristo is conscious that her writing must unsettle the difference between how the literary market conceives of Black British readers and how Black British readers interact with fiction. To address the precarious presence of Black British writers in the British literary market, Evaristo foregrounds activism in her writing career.
    • Ann Radcliffe's female counter-publics

      Hill-Caruso, Elizabeth (2023-05)
      We know so little about Ann Radcliffe's life that it is difficult generate a complete image of who she was. We can, however, situate the few facts of her life within the context of her gender, class, and historic moment. First, while Radcliffe achieved notoriety and influence within the dominant, male-centered, bourgeois public sphere, she began and ended her life in country retirement. Her fiction, often contrasted with the "low" Gothic of Matthew Lewis, features smaller public spheres of women--what I will call counter-publics--that speak to her real-life subject position as a woman writer of the middling class. Unlike other scholars, who restrict their critical frames to categories such as male/female or horror/terror Gothic, this thesis will turn its attention to the nuances of Radcliffe's work, examining the ways in which the women of these counter-publics engage in education, commerce and politics--all in opposition to the patriarchal public. When we examine these counter-publics outside of the binary constructions that have come to dominate literary criticism about the Gothic, new readings of Radcliffe can emerge. In particular, the marriage plots of A Sicilian Romance and The Italian begin to look less stereotypical and more political, linking women's happiness to alternative communities made possible only by the unique dynamics of Radcliffe's counter-publics.
    • From John Reed to Jane Addams: or what time will it be when the last El crashes? Nelson Algren’s proletarian roots, the FWP, and the granular naturalism of Never Come Morning

      Gallagher, William D. (2023-05)
      As a literary figure, Nelson Algren draws small change. While there is certainly a modestly respectable drip of scholarship that flows down through the decades since the height of his success in 1949, with the publication of his magnum opus, The Man with the Golden Arm, it rarely emits more than the babble of a backyard brook. Algren himself, in a 1963 interview with H.E.F. Donahue, referred to his legacy as that of “the tin whistle of American letters” (Donahue 151). It comes as no surprise then that his work pre-The Man with the Golden Arm receives all the attention due to a squeaky penny whistle. While Algren’s first two novels, Somebody in Boots from 1935 and Never Come Morning from 1942, received their share of plaudits and support from critics and authors that traveled similar political and literary circles, the timing of their publication did the author no financial favors – one arriving amidst the Great Depression, and the other during a paper shortage resulting from America’s participation in World War II.
    • “This Image of My Humiliation”: writing and reading embodied illness in John Donne’s Devotions upon Emergent Occasions

      Boss, Erin (2023-05)
      The great paradox of illness is that embodied suffering is an inevitable shared experience of mortality, but at the moment suffering occurs, the embodied experience appears unshareable. Sickness is profoundly ordinary, in the sense that any one of us will experience it in multiple iterations, many times over, but each experience of sickness is unique and particular to the perceptions and interpretations of its host. When the sick patient attempts to communicate their experience, language mediates and transforms the experience. In spite of the distance created between the experience of illness and the experience of witnessing another’s illness, however, many writers turn to sickness as a motivating theme of personal narratives, as does John Donne in his prose work, Devotions upon Emergent Occasions. Donne’s Devotions constructs a container of one speaker’s isolating experience of illness that transports the reader, through formal moves that create an extended present tense to reflect the consuming effect of illness on the body, as close as possible to the experience of illness itself.
    • Do time perspectives moderate the link between Covid-19-related anxiety and excessive smartphone use?

      Akhmadi, Ferdaus (2023-05)
      The COVID-19 pandemic forced a major shift in how we use technology. During the early context of lockdown, many of students' social and academic activities predominantly took place online, with laptops and smartphones becoming indispensable tools in navigating daily life. The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns had given rise to a significant increase in social media use, particularly during the early stages of the crisis. Weekly screen time has shown a notable rise from pre-pandemic levels, with platforms like Twitter, YouTube, TikTok, and Instagram accounting for a big chunk of daily use. The emerging behavioral patterns associated with excessive social media use have raised concerns among researchers investigating the psychological impact of Covid-19 in young adults. Although the threat of COVID-19 has been diminished due to vaccines and rapid testing, this research aimed to explore the prevalence of Covid anxiety and assess whether this residual anxiety can lead to an increased dependence on social media platforms as a means of alleviating such distress. By investigating the relationship between COVID anxiety and overreliance on social media, this research aimed to shed light on the coping strategies individuals employ and their reliance on digital platforms in response to COVID-related anxiety.
    • The self-care experiences of Chinese music therapy graduate students in the United States: a thematic analysis

      Ou, Huan (2023-05)
      This research aimed to explore the self-care experiences and emotions of Chinese graduate students studying music therapy in the United States. Through thematic analysis of interviews, the researcher identified various benefits associated with self-care. Participants reported a sense of pleasure, release, and venting during the self-care process, as well as feelings of support and vitality. Moreover, some participants were motivated to further develop their own self-care strategies through the interview process. The research also highlighted the stress and challenges faced by these students, including academic pressures, internships/fieldwork, and cultural and language barriers. The findings clearly demonstrated the effectiveness of self-care as a coping strategy, which can take diverse forms based on individual preferences. Engaging in self-care activities facilitated self-awareness, catharsis, and a sense of calm and support. Furthermore, participants found that practicing self-care enabled them to differentiate between their personal and clinical lives, allowing them to focus more effectively on their clinical responsibilities. Self-care also played a significant role in fostering personal identity and breaking cultural barriers, providing opportunities for self- reflection, personal growth, and progress. Recognizing international music therapy students as valuable assets to the profession, it is essential for the field to become more aware of their challenges and implement the research's recommendations for practical improvements. Collaboration and mutual understanding among international students, educators, supervisors, and administrators are crucial to achieving this goal. Overall, this study emphasizes the importance of self-care as a valuable tool for Chinese graduate students studying music therapy in the United States, enabling them to navigate the challenges of their academic and personal journeys while promoting overall well-being and professional development.
    • The neural effects of music on anxiety: a rapid review with implications for music therapy practice

      Ye, Keqian (2023-05)
      The use of music as a therapeutic tool for reducing anxiety has been extensively studied. This rapid review includes forty studies that provide neural evidence for the effects of music on anxiety-related brain structures, specifically the amygdala, hippocampus, and insula. The results indicate that to relieve anxiety, music therapists can tailor their musical selection to the client's preferences, focus on music with a steady rhythm to engage the clients, ensure musical continuity and integrity for each session, utilize instrumental improvisation to shift clients' perspectives, avoid dissonant and unexpected sounds when incorporating voices, and combine music with physical exercise.
    • Music and mindfulness: a rapid review of music and music therapy’s implementation with mindfulness practice

      Cohen, Matthew L. (2023-05)
      The modern practice of mindfulness has been used to clinically treat stress, active depression, depression relapse, addiction recovery, and eating disorders, and to promote self-awareness and acceptance. Mindfulness skills and mindfulness meditation have been used in conjunction with theoretical applications, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectic behavioral therapy, and positive psychology, as well as creative arts therapies, such as dance/movement therapy, Insight Improvisation, and art therapy, to affect change. Though mindfulness has also been used with music and music therapy to achieve similar goals, a minimal amount of literature exists that directly discusses this. This rapid review summarizes the quantitative research published between January 2012 and July 2022 investigating the implementation of music with mindfulness practice. Recommendations for research are also included.
    • Music-based stress reduction for undergraduate students: a program proposal

      Wolfson, Andrew (2023-05)
      The proposed 8-week resource-oriented psychoeducational music therapy program intends to support undergraduate students in managing stress and promoting wellness. The program aims to teach undergraduate students at SUNY New Paltz through music therapy based stress reduction methods, such as music-assisted relaxation, song discussion, songwriting. The program is resource-oriented and psychoeducational. This program has the potential to improve the SUNY New Paltz undergraduate student population's mental health and well-being.
    • Music therapy in the PICU: an integrated synthesis of the literature and recommendations

      Mueller, Lauren (2023-05)
      There is an expansive amount of music therapy literature that discusses how music therapy may alleviate adult pain, but there is limited research dedicated to pediatric pain management and music therapy. Even more scarce is how, why or when music therapy is provided for patients in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) suffering with chronic or acute pain. An integrative review was conducted to create a synthesis of the literature on music therapy being conducted for pediatric pain in the PICU. A total of 7 research articles and 3 book chapters met the authors’ search criteria for final analysis. These articles discussed specific circumstances where music therapy was utilized, with some examples being biopsies, ultrasounds, dressing changes, cardiac care, and utilization of mechanical ventilation. This integrative review demonstrated that music therapy may be helpful in regulating and managing pediatric pain for patients in the PICU. Music therapists and medical professionals must continue researching how music therapy can be utilized for PICU patients experiencing pain in order for these patients to receive the highest quality of evidence-based care.
    • An exploration of second-stage recovery through song collage: an interpretative phenomenological analysis

      Isles, Brandon K. (2023-05)
      Addiction continues to be a pervasive issue worldwide. Research indicates that music therapy is a promising treatment modality for individuals who struggle with addiction. However, most of the current music therapy and addiction research focuses on short-term interventions in early phases of recovery. Music therapy is uniquely suited to address the emotional, psychological, and spiritual needs that often emerge later in the recovery process. The purpose of this study is to achieve a clearer understanding of one individual’s experience of the phenomena of creating a song collage, a specific music therapy intervention design, that was representative of his process of long-term recovery. This individual was interviewed about his retrospective experience of this process, which was then analyzed using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. The results revealed four main themes: Process, Role of the Music, A Musical Artifact, and Relationship. The results indicate that this intervention design facilitated a profundity and depth of experience that is not well represented in the literature and a sustained perceived benefit to the participant. It appears that song collage is well suited to address the needs of later recovery, has potential to address other phases as well. The results are discussed along with implications for music therapy practice and recommendations for future research.