• Analysis of ground plane size, topography and location on a monopole antenna's performance utilizing 3-D printing

      Ciraco, Vito (2021-09)
      The monopole antenna is widely used in communication applications and is typically mounted on various surfaces that act as ground planes; a prime example being the roof of a car. The shape of the ground plane can drastically change the patterns of the electromagnetic radiation of a monopole antenna as well as its RF performance. Extensive work [1,12-13] has been done on the numerical modeling of arbitrarily shaped ground planes. However, due to their geometric complexity, there is very little work reported on the practical testing component of physical antennas with these obscure ground plane structures. This thesis illustrates how the additive manufacturing process presented can be used to physically realize arbitrarily shaped ground planes and provides a low-cost process to verify the numerical model. Ground Planes were modified while maintaining the same antenna length to evaluate the impact on antenna performance. The antenna was not optimized or changed to a standard antenna design. Varying radius spherical ground planes are modelled, as well as modified ground plane structures to evaluate the impact of the ground plane on a 1.3GHz monopole antenna's performance and in some cases to modify the antenna's performance in terms of gain, bandwidth, and radiation pattern. Designs such as the planar ground with horn was found to enhance monopole bandwidth by more than 5 times that of a standard planar ground but significantly deteriorate the antenna's radiation pattern. Moreover, complex geometry such as the fin sphere ground plane offered a 25% increase in gain relative to the standard sphere ground. Designs like the edge-mounted sphere can offer directive gain and radiation characteristics simply by altering the antennas' location mount location with respect to its ground plane. The techniques presented in this thesis offer new ways of producing 3-D printed ground planes for RF applications that are easier to manufacture, lighter in weight, and can enhance antenna performance over their conventional counterparts.
    • Anti-thesis: the new rhetoric of Jim W. Corder

      Thomas, Kevin (2022-05)
      Unfortunately, Jim W. Corder passed away in August of 1998. But, as I hope will be apparent by the end of this paper, he put more of himself into his writing than most writers of academic prose. And, as I hope will be apparent by the end of this paper, his ideas about rhetoric and composition are as relevant today as they were during his life, and, in some cases, more so. While these last two sentences might sound a bit like a poorly crafted thesis, they aren't quite-­ though, I suppose a thesis statement might lie less in the pen of the writer and more in the eye of the beholder. I'm trying to offer myself in this paper on Jim Corder-because I feel like he'd want it that way. If you're with me so far, I hope you recognize that I share two things in common with my (as-yet-unannounced) thesis. The first is that both myself and my thesis are forthcoming. The second: I am my argument, just as you are yours.
    • Are cognitive processes affected by evolutionary precepts? Iconic memory and mating strategies

      Earl, Nathan B. (2013)
      Evolutionary psychologists criticize cognitive psychology for using arbitrary stimuli that ignore presumed evolutionary constraints on cognition. In two experiments, we explored how the Sperling paradigm in iconic memory was influenced by factors often stressed in evolutionary psychology: facial attractiveness and gender of visual targets, as well as gender of the participants. Ancillary measures used by some evolutionary psychologists studying mating strategies, scores on Sociosexuality and Jealousy scales, were also taken. In Experiment I, pictures of human faces were superimposed over letter matrices: 10 each of attractive males, attractive females, average males and average females. All faces used in both studies had been used in previously published reports of evolutionary influences on cognitive processing. In Experiment I, the Sperling effect was replicated, with Partial Report superior to Whole Report; no other factors affected performance. In Experiment II, the saliency of the factors related to evolutionary psychology was increased by using only one attractive female face and one attractive male face, repeatedly. Controls included the standard Original, blank background, and a non-facial object, a Flower. While the overall Sperling effect was replicated again, there was some disruption of the Sperling effect, with females showing no Partial advantage. Males retained the Partial advantage for both attractive pictures, but they, like the female participants, showed no Partial advantage for the Flower. Aside from one minor correlation, the Sociosexuality and Jealousy scales were not predictive of performance in either study. In sum, in rapid cognitive processing, precepts of evolutionary psychology did not have a differential effect on cognition. Results are discussed in terms of procedural differences between this traditional cognitive task and those devised by evolutionary psychologists.
    • Are dementia caregivers planning for their own future?: a needs assessment and examination of barriers to services

      Suarez, Jeanette L. (2021-05)
      Due to the complex nature of the decline of persons with Alzheimer’s and other types of dementia, dementia caregivers are at greater risk of psychological morbidities, which often has an effect on caregivers’ own physical health. These caregivers, who are usually family members, experience first-hand the demands of caring for their loved ones. The present research examined how the demands of caregiving (caregiver burden) had impacted decisions regarding their own future care needs in the form of financial and advance care planning. Sixty-six caregivers from Meals On Wheels & Services of Rockland and the SUNY New Paltz community participated in this study. Although caregiver burden did not have an impact on caregivers’ view of the financial future, caregivers who scored high in the dimensions of Challenges to Self-fulfillment and Physical Health Challenges had completed more advance care planning steps than other caregivers. Caregivers with a clearer view of the financial future had also completed more financial planning steps than other caregivers. Caregivers over 40 years of age completed the most financial and advance care planning steps. Barriers to financial and advance care planning were also identified and explored.
    • An arts-informed study: a music therapists personal journey with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD and generalized anxiety disorder

      German, Brittany E. (2018-12)
      This arts-informed, first-person study examines how having a diagnosis of Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder has affected a music therapists’ journey through her personal and professional life. The data used in this study includes: a) an analysis of referential musical improvisations based on my past experiences, my feelings in the present, and what I am hoping for in the future; (b) an analysis of paintings created in response to the musical improvisations; and (c) the personal experience of the researcher during the artistic creations. Through analysis of the data nine themes were found, three in each time period: past - chaos, hardship, and heartache; present - building self-confidence, emerging happiness, and hope; and future - acceptance, joy, and confidence. These themes provide insight into the changes in perception of the researcher’s disability.
    • An arts-informed study: developing my identity as a new music therapist during the COVID-19 crisis

      Gawricki, Jillian T. (2021-01)
      This arts-informed, first-person study examines the growth I have achieved as a new music therapist in vocal psychotherapy training, in my own personal therapy, and as a healthcare worker during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data in this study includes (a) poems I wrote based on these experiences, (b) an analysis of musical improvisations based on these experiences, and (c) the personal excerpts of my clinical experiences, and of my experiences creating these poems and musical improvisations. Through the analysis of the data, eight themes were identified: vocal psychotherapy - reflection, growth, and joy; personal therapy - apprehension, reflection, belonging, and growth; COVID-19 - fear, confusion, and chaos. These themes provide insight into my development as a new music therapy professional with generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety over the course of a year.
    • Attention to low & high prevalence events in action video game players & non-action video game players using sustained multiple object tracking & change detection tasks

      Racioppo, Keith R. (2020-05)
      Surveillance is an important real-world skill involving several cognitive abilities over a prolonged period. Multiple object tracking (MOT) and change detection research have begun to conceptualize the cognitive processes associated with surveillance in a laboratory setting. The current study incorporated change detection into a more sustained MOT task than what had been studied previously. This experimental design may better represent real-world situations in which identification of changes in items occurs in the real world due to the often-infrequent rate in which it is necessary to recognize changes. Additionally, long-term action video game experience and short-term experiences, such as exposure to rates of prevalence, are examined to help identify potential trainings to improve performance. After four 10-minute MOT trials, a short change detection task was conducted to assess a possible relationship of gaming and recent prevalence experience on later tasks. A main effect of items tracked was the only significant effect found throughout the research, indicating individuals can effectively track 2 items for changes and not 4. A main effect of prevalence was found in the MOT task, giving merit to the inclusion of prevalence in change detection MOT tasks put forth by this study. However, neither gaming experience in the MOT task nor prevalence experience in the follow-up task led to improved performance in the task. This study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in a small sample size and low power. Further research is necessary to examine potential mechanisms for surveillance training, but the current design can serve as guidance for future studies.
    • Becoming a music therapist: professional and personal growth of a master’s student

      Maher, Alyssa (2019-05)
      To honor and integrate what I have learned in graduate school, this paper presents an exploration of my clinical foundations, professional development, and paths for future growth as a music therapist. As I have traditionally connected with academic pursuits, writing a paper outlining my graduate school journey in music therapy feels satisfying. However, part of my journey has been reconnecting with my own musical identity and developing my identity as a music therapist. For me, it is difficult to encompass all areas of growth with only words, and thus I have composed a piece of music that mirrors my development. This musical composition became the lens in which I examined myself, and illuminated important aspects of my personal and professional development. The journey to becoming a board-certified music therapist has impacted my life and identity on multiple levels; completing this paper and piece of music serve as ways to integrate what I have learned and honor my new identity.
    • Becoming “spiritual but not religious”: narratives on family of origin, conversion, and commitment

      Marks, Kaelyn Marie (2021-12)
      This qualitative narrative study explored how individuals raised within organized religion(s) came to associate with the orientation of “Spiritual but Not Religious” (i.e., SBNR). Ten semi-structured interviews delved into topics such as family upbringing, religious environment, spiritual development, cognitive dissonance, and resolutions. Notable parental relationship qualities within categories of being positive, distant, strict, and/or abusive emerged. Parental conflict with at least one parent was a shared experience across the sample. It was more common for conflict with fathers to exist as previous literature has suggested. Compared to those raised in more severely religious environments, those raised within less religious environments were more prone to feeling confident and committed with their present spiritual beliefs. This work contributes to further understanding the various developmental pathways and influences on spirtual identity exploration and commitment. Further considerations and implications of the study are discussed.
    • Benedictine, Bridge Back, and beyond : a proposal for an integrated music therapy program involving graduated levels of substance misuse treatment

      Hitchcock, Sarah (2020-05)
      The following document is an in-depth proposal for expanding a part-time music therapy program in a medical setting focused on the needs and concerns of people who are struggling to recover from an addiction to drugs and/or alcohol. The enlarged program would include a full-time music therapist with expanded responsibilities.This proposal has been designed for the HealthAlliance programs in Kingston, New York: First Step Detoxification Program and the First Step Rehabilitation Program at Benedictine Hospital, the Outpatient Program at Bridge Back South. The needs of patients recovering from alcohol and drug misuse are specific to their stage in the recovery process, detoxification, early rehabilitation, or longer-term rehabilitation. This proposed music therapy program addresses the specific needs of the patient at each stage of the recovery process. This proposal focuses on the needs of the patients, describes details of the actual program, and shows how the music therapy program integrates into the larger context of the medical program. Finally, it lays out the financial needs of the proposed music therapy program and its expected outcomes. This proposal will demonstrate how a strong, integrated music therapy program can assist in the care and healing of people suffering from substance misuse and how to address its underlying causes.
    • The benefits of pet companionship in emerging adults

      DeMarco, Leighann (2012-06-28)
      The present study examines the benefits associated with pet companionship in emerging adults. Past research suggests that pet companionship can have many positive impacts on individuals’ lives; however, little research has explored pet companionship during the transitional developmental period known as emerging adulthood. Three hundred and seventeen participants completed an online survey which measured five dependent variables, including loneliness, stress, life satisfaction, pet attachment, and anthropomorphism. An ANOVA indicated that participants who own and live with their pets are more likely to report lower levels of loneliness compared with those who do not own a pet. Also, t-tests revealed a significant difference in self-reported loneliness between dog and cat owners, with dog owners reporting significantly less loneliness than cat owners. Overall, the findings suggest that there are benefits to owning a pet during emerging adulthood.
    • Beyond the trenches: the impact of women's great war narratives on contemporary women in combat

      Kirchenheiter, Haleigh Taylor (2021-06)
      Four narratives from Great War V.A.D.s (Voluntary Aid Detachment): Mary Borden's The Forbidden Zone (1929), Ellen LaMotte's The Backwash of War (1916), Lesley Smith's Four Years Out of Life (1931), and Vera Brittain's Chronicle of Youth (1981) skillfully weave disenchanted and enchanted language to place readers inside the chaotic "second battlefield," unintendedly showing the resilience of the human spirit...These women overcame societal pressure to conform to traditional gender norms and serve their country in a war whose violence still haunts the world. Their bravery in facing death and sharing their experiences enrich the overall knowledge of war and demonstrate ways women improve combat effectiveness and provide a look at what it means to be wholly human in the face of such violence and destruction. Working on broken bodies daily forces one to face their own humanity.
    • Blood

      Philippas, Emma (2022-05)
    • Brain MRI landmark identification and detection

      Asaei, Ali (2015-12)
      Knowledge of the location of anatomical landmarks on the brain is important in neuroimaging. Applications include landmark-based image registration, segmentation of brain structures, electrode placement in deep brain stimulation, and prospective subject positioning in longitudinal imaging. Landmarks are specific structures with distinguishable morphological characteristics. In this study, we only consider point landmarks on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans. The most basic method for locating anatomical landmarks on MRI is manual placement by a trained operator. However, manual landmark detection is a strenuous and tedious task, especially if large databases are involved and/or multiple landmarks need to be located. Therefore, automatic landmark detection on MRI has become an active area of research. Model-based methods are popular for detecting brain landmarks. Generally, model-based landmark detection includes a training set of MRI scans on which the location of certain landmarks are known, usually by manual placement. The location of landmarks on the training set is then used to derive and store models for individual landmarks. Then, when the same landmarks are to be located on a test MRI volume, the models are recalled and their information is used to automatically detect the landmarks. In this thesis, we propose a new unsupervised landmark identification method for the training phase of this process to replace manual landmark identification on the training set of MRI volumes. This method employs an iterative algorithm for detecting a set of landmarks on the training set that are leave-one-out consistent. In addition, we suggest a detection method to locate the corresponding points on a given test volume. In this study, the method was implemented and applied to a dataset of sixty 3D MRI volumes. The training was performed on 30 volumes. The remaining 30 volumes were used as a test set on which the detection algorithm located the corresponding landmarks. In the landmark identification approach, a set of candidate seeds are necessary as the initial guesses of landmark positions. The position and number of the seeds are optional. In this study, we used 154 candidate seeds spread uniformly across the entire brain volume. All the identified and detected landmarks were inspected manually us- ing a graphical user interface. To further evaluate the performance of the introduced method, we registered a set of 152 brain images to a reference space employing this method. Brain overlap of the registered volumes improved as a result of landmark based registration. As a further application, we used landmark detection for rigid-body registration of longitudinal MRI volumes. These are MRI volumes scanned from the same individual over time. We show that landmark detection is a fast method that can be used to obtain a good initial rigid-body registration which can then be followed by fine-tuning of the registration parameters.
    • Bypassing fingerprint scanners using artificial fingerprints

      Ford, Kerry C. (2021-05)
      Although fingerprint scanning technology is a convenient and user-friendly method of securing many modern devices, it is not without its flaws. In this paper, a methodology for creating artificial fingerprints is presented, as well as the experimental results, in order to display several low-cost techniques that can be used to bypass modern fingerprint sensors. Three methods are employed: direct collection, indirect collection (mold), and indirect collection (copy). First, using direct collection, a mold and cast of a physical fingerprint is created using very low-cost materials. Second, a fingerprint is indirectly collected from a surface and is used to create a 3D printed mold. Finally, a fingerprint is gathered using the indirect collection method, but is then inverted to achieve a higher resolution 3D printed copy of the original finger. Experimental results are presented, showing the effectiveness of the three fingerprint fabrication techniques on optical and capacitive sensors. Experimental results reveal that it is possible to bypass most sensors 80-100% of the time. The artificial fingerprints produced this way are reusable for many months. This was accomplished using widely available tools, and at a lower cost than that which has been previously reported in other research.
    • Cantaloupe kingdom

      Camilleri, Peter (2022-05)
      Maurice Morrigan lives and works on an organic farm owned by Anselmo, in the Pang Yang, a historic misnomer in the Hudson Valley. The Black Creek runs through the farm and creates highly fertile soil, compromised by weeds, flooded irrigation ditches, beaver dams, and storms. Maurice gives all his energy to maintaining the farm, despite its cost on his social life and Anselmo's antagonistic dismissiveness.
    • The caregiver experience : the impact of environmental music therapy in the surgical intensive care unit

      Millstein, Allison (2016-12)
      This study examines the effects of an Environmental Music Therapy (EMT) protocol on the caregiver experience in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU). For the purpose of this study, EMT may be understood as a music therapy intervention designed to implement live music that attunes to the sonic environment of a medical unit while gradually shifting to address psychological, physical, and contextual needs of caregivers. In this study, caregivers are defined as family members and loved ones, ages 18 an older, involved in active care of related patients within the SICU at Mount Sinai Beth Israel. An experimental design was implemented via examining one group’s pre and post-intervention surveys. Results did not indicate statistically significant impact of an EMT protocol on caregiver experience in regards to interactions with staff, perceived pain of patients, or ability of music to mask/blend with noxious environmental sounds. However, without regard to statistical significance, results do indicate preliminary levels of impact of EMT on caregiver experience in the SICU. Small sample size may be accountable for lack of statistical significance given preliminary results. This research study, while unable to yield significant results, may point to a need for future research regarding the use of music therapy interventions within intensive care unit environments.
    • Childhood adversity, fantasy proneness, openness to experience, and the use of imagination in the work of fine artists

      Carella, Amanda (2022-05)
      Why do some artists choose to create work from their imagination while others produce work based on things they see? Psychologists have long been aware of a link between mental health and the healing powers of creation, but have yet to examine if there is a specific distinction between why someone chooses fantasy or realism as the subject of their works of art. This study draws upon research done on childhood adversity, fantasy proneness, and openness to experience to determine correlations between artists who report using ideas from their imagination, and those who report using ideas from everyday life or other artists’ work. Childhood adversity, fantasy proneness, and openness have each been linked to greater creativity, which may help to better understand stylistic differences between artists. Participants were assessed using the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire, Creative Experiences Questionnaire, and openness to experience subscale from the Big Five Inventory, as well as a brief self-report survey regarding the use of imagination as the inspiration behind their art-making. Results showed significant support for a relationship between adverse childhood experiences and both fantasy proneness, and openness. These three variables were also found to significantly predict use of imagination, with openness being the only variable to contribute unique variance to the prediction of imagination. These findings give insight into some of the developmental and phenomenological aspects of artistic creativity.
    • The cognitive effort of lying

      Altebrando, Geena (2015-07)
      Being able to directly measure if an individual is lying or not can have many advantages. The current study set out to determine if there were differences in cognitive effort when lying and telling the truth. Participants (N=20) were asked to create or recall 8 events from the Life Events Inventory list. In half of the trials participants told a story, in the other half they told a story and performed an irrelevant simple reaction time task. Disfluency in the participant’s narratives and reaction time in the reaction time task were measured to assess how well participants performed each task. For the reaction time task, there were significant differences between the task type conditions, but not between the story type conditions. For the disfluency measures, there were significant main effects of story type (truth versus lie) for all measures, but no main effects of task type (dual versus single). There was an interaction for filled pauses which indicated more filled pauses for the single, lie condition than any other condition. Overall, reaction times suggested no difference in cognitive effort when lying or telling the truth, whereas disfluency suggested there were some cognitive differences.