• Women on hormonal contraception: a behavioral biopsychosocial perspective

      Newmark, Rebecca L. (2013-06-28)
      Normally cycling females experience natural cyclic shifts in their physical appearance and in various psychological traits (Haselton & Gildersleeve, 2011; Alvergne & Lummaa, 2009). When women use hormonal contraception (HC), these natural cyclical changes are no longer present (Welling et al., 2012; Miller, Tybur, & Jordan, 2007). Many physical differences between hormonal contraception users and non-users have been examined (Shulman, 2011). However, far fewer psychological and behavioral traits that are likely associated with hormonal contraceptive use have been studied. My goal was to examine relevant dispositional and behavioral traits that differ in hormonal contraceptive users and non-users. The variables examined include life history strategy, sociosexuality, intrasexual competition, social support and risk-taking behavior. One’s life history strategy is indicative of one’s mating pattern among other attitudes and behavior relevant to reproductive success. Sociosexuality is an individual’s tendency to engage in promiscuous behavior. Intrasexual competition is the competition among members of the same sex over mates and status. I included these variables based on the broad prediction that a lack of ovulation leads women to spend a higher proportion of time in a state of long-term mating (with the idea that these women do not experience the ovulatory state so wellnoted for leading to various short-term mating tactics). Thus, women on HC were predicted to show markers of a relatively slow life history and a relatively restricted sociosexuality, coupled with low levels of both intrasexual competition and risky behavior. HC users reported to engage in between-group competition risk-taking more heavily compared to non-users in their ovulatory phase. HC users reported a more restricted sociosexuality in terms of the desire facet compared to non-users. HC users reported to receive higher levels of social support compared to normally cycling women. Lastly, HC users reported to be more intrasexually competitive compared to normally cycling women in their ovulatory phase.
    • Word : a post-postmodern redemption of the meaning and the word

      Menon, Ashwathi (2019-08)
      In this thesis, I wish to draw a theoretical frame-work that establishes this visceral characteristic of Post-Postmodern literature. In the literature that has come to be defined as Post-Postmodernism (more so contemporary literature), there is a sense of reclaiming the meaning of the modern word, much like embedded meaning in the adamic word. This contemporary literature is shaping a language that fills in what Althusser calls the arbitrary link between the word and the meaning. Consciously or unconsciously, there has been an attempt to unfold the word in its own meaning and to form the word through the meaning, therefore diminishing any scope of ambiguity or disconnect. I wish to map this transition of the word from being logocentric in Derridean terms to being more visceral and material post the Postmodern age. To form the basis of this argument, I have chosen two contemporary novels: Ian McEwan’s Atonement, focusing more on Ruth Ozeki’s A Tale for the Time Being.
    • Working with your enemy : out-group cooperation's effect on reducing bias

      Betancourt, Kian (2019-12)
      Prior research has shown that in-group identification does not necessarily lead to out-group derogation or bias, and certain conditions are necessary to have one result in the other. One such instance is that of a shared perceived conflict or threat, whereby we reconceptualize our prior thinking of in/out-group dynamics according to what is needed in a conflict (e.g., prior out-group now becomes an in-group if forced to cooperate against a threat). The current study used a video game as a means to measure in/out group dynamics in cooperative and competitive gameplay, in order to examine potential effects of group dynamics on general helping attitudes, out-group bias, and perceived out-group altruism.