• Music therapy in the NICU and PICU : a program proposal for WakeMed Children’s Hospital

      Early, Kirstin A. (2020-05)
      This proposal is for a music therapy program for the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at WakeMed Children’s Hospital, located at the WakeMed Raleigh Campus in Raleigh, North Carolina. The children’s hospital treats a variety of medical issues including critical illnesses, injuries, automobile accident injuries, life-threatening childhood diseases, and respiratory and heart conditions. Music therapy is an evidence-based therapy that can not only effectively address treatment goals, but can offer comfort, joy, and a means of self-expression for patients and their families. A full-time music therapist can work with patients in individual and/or group settings using various methods and techniques to meet each patient’s individual goals and needs. Establishing a music therapy program at WakeMed Children’s Hospital would be beneficial for the care of infants, children, families, and their caretakers.
    • Music therapy program for older adults in Boryeong-Si, South Korea

      Kim, Cholong (2018-05)
      The purpose of this thesis is to implement a music therapy program to the Geriatric Rehabilitation Hospital in Boryeong-Si (BGRH), South Korea. BGRH is a long-term health institution devoted entirely to the surrounding community. This music therapy program is designed to have a positive impact on older adults receiving treatment at BGRH. As the older adult population steadily increases in South Korea, a growing concern is whether there are appropriate plans that improve health or battle illnesses associated with older age. In Boryeong-Si, the older adults population over 65 years old has been increasing 1% every year (Kim, 2018). This proposal investigates the views of a holistic music therapy approach and how the music therapy influences older adults at BGRH. The music therapy program is designed to help diverse symptoms in aging related psychological disorders, neurologic disorders, and will also improve the quality of life for older adults in Boryeong-Si. Music therapy interventions will examine and address the aging symptoms especially related to depression, dementia, stroke, and Parkinson’s disease in older adults.
    • A music therapy program proposal for pediatric palliative care in hospice

      Fini, Alexa Marie (2022-05)
      The purpose of this proposal is to provide a framework for Hudson Valley Hospice to add music therapy as a treatment option for the children and adolescents they serve. Pediatric palliative care is a rapidly expanding field in American healthcare (Hildenbrand et al., 2021 ). The majority of pediatric palliative care programs in the United States do not meet practice standards set forth by The American Academy of Pediatrics. This means current pediatric palliative care programs are not providing patients and families with 24-hour availability and staffing that includes physicians, nurses, social workers, and chaplains (Rogers et al., 2021). Additionally, the lack of clinical units, funding, and the field's ever-changing nature have a negative impact on pediatric palliative patients' and their families' care needs.
    • Music therapy program proposal for rehabilitation unit in Hong Kong Adventist Hospital

      Yu, Guo (2019-08)
      The purpose of this program proposal is to implement a music therapy program on the rehabilitation unit of Hong Kong Adventist Hospital (HKAH). HKAH is a healthcare institution that offers attentive care for the local community, expatriates in Hong Kong, and patients who are temporarily living or working in Hong Kong (HKAH, 2019). This music therapy program is designed to positively affect people who have acquired neurological damage and are receiving care and treatment at the HKAH rehabilitation unit. This program proposal presents various music therapy methods, and how these methods may help the rehabilitation population at HKAH.
    • Music therapy service delivery trends in special education settings in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States

      Myers, Amy L. (2020-05)
      This survey research sought to identify music therapy service delivery trends in special education settings in the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States. A total of 25 individuals who oversee the provision of special education programming and services in public school districts in Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia were included in this study. The majority of participants indicated that music therapy services are not being provided in their respective school districts. Inadequate funding, limited access to music therapists and their services, and a lack of awareness of music therapy were identified as factors that impact the provision of music therapy services in special education settings within the Mid- Atlantic Region. The findings of this study point to an overall need for increased advocacy for music therapy services in special education settings at the client/family level, the community level, the school district administrative level, the state level, and the federal level. Further research in each state would provide a clearer picture of these trends and would be beneficial in guiding music therapists, district administrators, and clients/families who are seeking music therapy services.
    • Music therapy with Chinese elderly immigrant patients with dementia in the United States : recommendations for clinical practice

      Liu, Ke (2019-12)
      There are a large number of Chinese elderly immigrant patients (CEIP) living in the United States. It is increasingly likely that music therapists will have opportunities to work with members of the Chinese immigrant community. Thus, more research is needed to understand the experiences of elderly Chinese immigrant patients and investigate culturally appropriate ways to work with this population. Music therapy research with Chinese elderly immigrant patients should include an awareness of clinicians’ biases toward Chinese people and Chinese culture, knowledge about Chinese culture, and the use of Chinese music in therapy. With an attitude of openness, flexibility, sincerity, and a willingness to learn, American music therapists will be able to acquire the skills and experiences to be effective and helping patients from a wide variety of countries, cultures, backgrounds, and needs. It was my goal to explore the best ways to work with CEIP with dementia, based on my own understanding of Chinese culture and literature about Chinese elderly immigrants. I hope the information gained from my experiences can provide a different perspective for music therapists who working with CEIP with dementia or those associated with Chinese patients, and also lead to increase research efforts with this population.
    • Musical aptitude and emotional intelligence

      Gleason, Morgan E. (2014-12)
      Prior literature has demonstrated a strong link between musical ability and trait emotional intelligence (Juslin & Laukka, 2003; Juslin & Sloboda, 2001; Lima & Castro, 2011; Trimmer & Cuddy, 2008).The current study seeks to expand on this by including variability in quality of music production as a predictor variable and employing comprehensive measures of emotional intelligence. Past literature has operationally defined musical ability as either duration of musical training or self-reported musicianship (Bigand, Vieillard, Madurell, Marozeau & Dacquet, 2005; Resnicow & Salovey & Repp, 2004;Trimmer & Cuddy, 2008). Moreover, prior studies have measured emotional intelligence by assessing participants' ability to identify inflection in speech or valence of musical pieces (Lima & Castro, 2011; Juslin & Lukka, 2003; Juslin & Laukka, 2003; Juslin & Sloboda, 2001; Trimmer & Cuddy, 2008). This study seeks to expand on these findings by identifying a potential mediating effect of musical ability on the moderating effect of musical training on emotional intelligence. We propose that although musical ability enhances emotional intelligence, this relationship is a function of ability rather than the result of mere training. In order to examine how musical ability informs emotional intelligence. Participants will create original compositions that will later be appraised by knowledgeable musicians. We will utilize both text-based and an ability-based measures to asses trait emotional intelligence. Participants’ musical perception abilities and personality traits also be assessed. Primarily, we expect to find that musical ability, (i.e. the quality of music produced) will mediate the effect of training on emotional intelligence. We propose that musical ability will be a stronger predictor than duration of training on emotional intelligence. The study of music and emotion has been fraught with controversy. Scholars from differing paradigms disagree about the ultimate purpose of musical expression, and on its potential to influence the human emotional state. For instance, numerous studies challenge whether music can induce “genuine” or “every day” emotions (Noy, 1993; Scherer, 2003). Others maintain that music serves no obvious adaptive function in humans (Huron, 2001; Pinker, 1997) and that this “auditory cheesecake” arose accidentally as a byproduct of other processes that is “merely meant to tickle…our mental faculties” (Pinker, 1997, p. 534). Although this perspective seems extreme, postulating as to the bygone purpose of music is somewhat problematic. After all, evolutionary traits change over time (Reeve & Sherman, 1993), making it difficult to find convincing evidence as to the adaptive role music served. One common explanation points to “cross-modal similarities” between music and language and indicates they evolved from common origin (Brown, 2000). Although this explanation is controversial, there is evidence that musical representation could generate emotive expression because of similarities shared with vocal patterns found in speech (Thompson, Shallenberg & Husain, 2001). Given the underlying acoustic similarities between vocal and musical expression (Budd, 1985; Davies, 2001; Gabrielsson & Juslin, 2003; Salovey & Mayer, 1990; Juslin & Laukka, 2003) it seems justifiable to say that a key function of music is to communicate emotion (Juslin & Sloboda, 2001; Behne, 1997). It is clear from recent experimental work that music has an intense effect on arousal and mood (Blood & Zattore, 2001; Thompson, Shallenberg & Husain, 2001) thereby confirming that musical expression facilitates communication of feelings. For instance, Blood and Zattore (2001) examined the pleasure responses experienced by participants while listening to music, using an FMRI machine. The researchers concluded that simply listening to music activated award centers and regions of the brain implicated in the experience of deep emotional states. This research seeks to further examine the connection between emotions and musical ability.
    • Musical experience and the pursuit of music therapy: the influence of active music making

      Levitan, Safrah (2020-12)
      This qualitative study explores the relationship between one’s musical experience and the decision to become and remain a professional music therapist. This study includes interviews with six board certified music therapists ranging from 4-15 years of experience in the field. Three questions were asked during the interview process regarding the lived musical experience of these therapists: 1) Describe the role of active music making throughout your life; 2) What do you perceive as the relationship between music experience and choosing music therapy as a career?; and 3) What role does active music making play in your decision to maintain a career in music therapy? Once the interview process was complete, a thematic analysis was done to formulate main themes and codes within the interviews. These themes and codes were then supported by interview quotes as a form of evidence. After reviewing all findings, a reflection was done focusing on the key aspects of the interviews and personal thoughts regarding the results. These key aspects included the participants’ relationship to music, active music making experiences, competencies, primary education, educational privilege, collegiate education, and self-identity.
    • Navigating cultures: immigrant mothers’ parenting beliefs

      Mangione, Heather (2011-09-12)
      Parenting beliefs of immigrant mothers typically emerge from their culture of origin; each woman negotiates the new challenges that are presented in parenting their “American” children through her own cultural lens (Bornstein & Cote, 2004). A mixed-methods study of nine immigrant women living in New York State was conducted. The present research examined the parenting beliefs of immigrant mothers who arrived in the United States after the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. The “developmental niche” model (Super & Harkness, 1996) and Bronfenbrenner’s (1986) “ecological” model provided the theoretical basis for this study. Qualitative themes that emerged included the importance of social support, the formative experience of immigration, and hybridized discipline styles. Findings suggest that immigrant mothers do hold unique parenting beliefs as a marginalized group.
    • Need for cognition, need for affect and their relationship to hypnotic susceptibility

      Salerno, Michael (2011-12-27)
      Previous research on hypnosis has revealed that imaginative involvements, absorption, and fantasy proneness predicted hypnotic susceptibility. Attempts at examining personality correlates of hypnotic susceptibility have not only fallen short they have come to a halt. Because hypnosis is a tool that can aid and assist individuals in a myriad of areas, delineating the personality traits and characteristics associated with susceptibility will provide practicing hypnotists, clinicians, and psychologists with an even greater understanding of who is most receptive to it. One area that might shed light on this may be research examining how individuals differ in their susceptibility to persuasion. Because the marketing and advertising process attempts to focus an individual’s attention on a product, and then delivers a persuasive message; the persuasion process has been likened to hypnosis. Personality characteristics linked to persuasibility may also be linked to hypnotizability. Two characteristics related to persuasibility are need for cognition and need for affect. The present study examined if there is a relationship between need for cognition and or need for affect and being susceptible to hypnosis. Sixty-nine subjects were administered the need for cognition scale of Cacioppo, Petty, and Kao (1982) and the 26-item need for affect scale of Maio and Esses (2001) to assess these personality characteristics. Following the administration of these two scales, hypnotic susceptibility was measured using the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility (HGSHS) (Shor & Orne, 1962). The results showed no significant correlations between need for cognition or a need for affect and being susceptible to hypnosis. Consistent with previous findings personality does not predict hypnotizability and susceptibility to hypnosis is likely to be an aptitude that some individuals possess more than others.
    • Never the same iceberg: theories of omission, misinterpretation, and dead metaphors in Hemingway's work

      Pennisi, Alex (2018-06)
      The intent of this thesis was inspired by the variety of interpretations of Ernest Hemingway’s fiction that have been influenced by words, metaphors, and symbols whose meanings have changed (and continue to change) over time. Writing within the language of their contemporary context and culture, all writers are vulnerable to future generations misinterpreting their writing; this fact speaks for itself in the footnotes of any critical edition of an author writing before the twentieth century. The twentieth century, though, is moving quickly towards a distant past. Almost 100 years after Hemingway began to publish his work, it is clear that the language and culture of the twenty-first century is undoubtedly different from the time for which Hemingway wrote.
    • No Influence of Articulatory Suppression on the Word and Pseudoword Superiority Effects

      Stillwell, Monica (2010-03-18)
      In this study, we explored the role of phonological recoding in word and pseudoword superiority effects, previously characterized as pure orthographic effects. Participants were asked to identify letters embedded in briefly presented words, pseudowords, and nonwords, with and without concurrent articulatory suppression. This manipulation had the purpose of occupying the participants’ phonological loop and interfering with the phonological recoding of stimuli in working memory. We predicted that the presence of articulatory suppression would lower accuracy across stimuli, and that this decrease would be more dramatic for pseudowords if participants relied on phonological recoding to perform the task. Word and pseudoword effects were present in both conditions; furthermore, articulatory suppression caused a similar decrease in accuracy for the three types of stimuli. Therefore, word and pseudoword superiority effects were not affected by the lack of phonological recoding. These results suggest that these effects mainly reflect orthographic processing.
    • “Nobody Sees Me Lying There With Depression” : an arts-based research project on a music therapy intern’s experience of major depressive disorder

      Peters, Thomas J. (2020-05)
      Through arts-based research, I studied my experience as a music therapy intern with major depressive disorder. I explored how a depressive episode impacted my work as an intern and how the episode affected my transition from intern to therapist. During the internship, I recorded improvisations to process the depressive episode. Two years after I completed the internship, I revisited these improvisations with prose poem responses. After finding themes and significant phrases, I composed a song entitled “Nobody Sees Me”. This arts-based project focuses on my unique experience, but the project has professional and academic implications. The project demonstrates a need for mental health services for graduate students, and my personal journey may provide support for music therapy interns and students with disorders of mental health.
    • Noshem Wearzen: a dream inspired poetry collection

      Hager, Robyn (2022-05)
      Noshem Wearzen is a made-up name for the places that we go to in our dreams. It is, literally, ‘nowhere’, as our dream landscapes are equally inspired by real life as they are projected to us in a fictionalized way, making them ‘nowhere’ in particular, but in an attempt to give a name to the places that we escape to in our dreams I’ve created Noshem Wearzen, a place that occupies as much of my dream world as it does my reality. The first poem of my collection is Noshem Wearzen and precedes the two parts, it functions as the beginning to a story that ends with each poem that proceeds it in the collection, which is emphasized by the lack of end punctuation in Noshem Wearzen while each other poem ends with a period.
    • "One Must Imagine Sisyphus Happy": Kafka, Camus, and enduring absurdities

      Boyle, Katherine R. (2022-05)
      In order to complete my present study, I will first provide a general background that encompasses the psychological and philosophical concepts that I plan to work with, outlining definitions and laying down rough descriptions of important concepts. I will then move towards an exanimation of Franz Kafka's literature, focusing mainly on The Trial and the tenets of absurdism present within the novel. Demonstrating a slightly altered concept of unknowability and illogic, I will discuss the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett, carefully unpacking the absurdities of Estragon and Vladimir. Third, I will analyze the visual rhetoric inherent in the works of artist Alfred Kubin, attempting to understand the images and themes present in his nightmarish pieces. I will conclude by returning to a discussion of meaning and absurdist philosophy, incorporating these elements into the three figures that I have named and analyzed, and working to understand with a bit more depth humanity's unending search for meaning.
    • Partner insurance : women may have backup romantic partners as a mating strategy

      Wedberg, Nicole A. (2016-05)
      The science behind reproductive success is arguably the most prominent area of study within evolutionary psychology. Humans utilize a variety of mating strategies as a result of strategic pluralism (Gangestad & Simpson, 2000) which explains that both men and women have evolved with a plethora of conditional mating strategies that may be more or less beneficial depending on the context and circumstance. Recent research points to the existence of "back-burner relationships" (Dibble & Drouin, 2014) as a means to compare and consider potential alternatives in the way of romantic relationships. The current study refers to this phenomenon as partner insurance, and focuses on heterosexual women in committed relationships. A new scale called the Plan B Proclivity scale (PBP) was designed for the current study to measure the degree to which women consider their closest platonic male friend a romantic "backup plan." Results suggest that 20% of women report having some level of partner insurance, and various variables predict this including being young in age, having low relationship satisfaction with a current partner, having an unrestricted sociosexual orientation, and having a personality composed of relatively high narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy (i.e. the Dark Triad). Implications for these findings are discussed.
    • Patriarchy poisons religion: an in-depth analysis of religion and systems of power in Who Fears Death and the Parables duology

      Dawkins, Claire (2021-05)
      In their groundbreaking feminist dystopian novels, Nnedi Okorafor and Octavia Butler redefine what it means to be religious. Okorafor’s novel, Who Fears Death and Butler’s novels, Parable of the Sower and Parable of the Talents use the dystopian genre to expose how patriarchy and Christianity have benefited one another for a millennium. Patriarchy is built into the framework of Christianity, but it becomes only more powerful as language gets muddled and confused. When this happens, men are able to abuse and subjugate women under the pretense that it is religious, when it is not. But Butler and Okorafor do not leave us with this dire image. Instead, their protagonists, Lauren and Onyesonwu take harrowing journeys to overthrow the corrupt Christian religions in their respective texts with a new non-patriarchal religion. Unlike many feminist science fiction authors of recent, Butler and Okorafor are presenting the corruption that lives in Christianity, and as an alternative they offer a new religion.
    • Patterns of past and present body esteem: do they matter?

      Fish, Jennaleigh (2013-06-25)
      The present study examined the relationship between patterns of perceptions of body image/esteem (past and present) and sexual behavior in young women during emerging adulthood. One hundred and forty-eight participants completed an online survey which measured body image perception and aspects of sexual behavior. Using past body perceptions (retrospective) and current body perceptions, participants were placed into four groups—those who were consistently positive in their body esteem, those who were consistently negative in their body esteem, and those who perceived a change in body esteem. These groups were then used as independent variables to compare women across sexual desire, sexual confidence, and body image perceptions. Change in perceptions of body esteem had significant effects on all of the study variables except sexual desire. Several patterns emerged from the results of this study. Among the most prevalent included: Women who were consistently positive in their body esteem had higher levels of body area satisfaction, appearance satisfaction, sexual desire, and sexual confidence; having had a positive body image perception at some point in the past seems to benefit women’s body esteem in emerging adulthood; and women who had a consistently negative body image perception report lower body area satisfaction, sexual desire, and sexual confidence. The results indicate that perceived body esteem, both past and current, is related to higher levels of body satisfaction, more positive appearance evaluations, and lower self weight classification, all of which have not been explored in previous research. Therefore, those who have more positive body esteem and have always had positive body esteem are more also more likely to have a positive body image in emerging adulthood.
    • People-pleasing animals: mediating factors in attachment style difference between dog people and cat people

      Link, Jennifer (2021-05)
      Pets are more ubiquitous now than ever; with more and more couples opting to adopt dogs instead of having children, there’s never been a better time to attempt to discern the ways that people view these animals and what makes some people more likely to adopt one animal over another. Though past research has aimed to examine the ways that dog and cat people differ in terms of personality, little research has attempted to assess the role of attachment in the preference that individuals have towards one animal or another. The present research aimed to assess the ways that attribution of theory of mind and attachment style impact the preference that individuals have for cats or dogs. Findings suggest that, on average, participants attributed more theory of mind to dogs than to cats overall. Study 2 also indicates that pet preference, as well as attachment style, appear to partly influence the amount of theory of mind an individual attributes to dogs in particular. The results of this research may begin to unravel the ways that individuals attribute different traits to their pets based on species, and hopefully will contribute to the broader literature on the way that personality and individual differences factor into the preferences that individuals have for different animals as pets.
    • Perceptions of People Who Use Non-Heterosexist Language by People of Different Sexual Orientations

      Reisner, Michael (2008-04-02)
      One hundred fifty participants who self-identified as heterosexual and 152 participants who self-identified as queer were asked to read a vignette containing a character who used either heterosexist or non-heterosexist language. With regards to the latter vignette, the researcher hypothesized that queer participants would assume that the character using non-heterosexist language 1) was more supportive of queer rights; 2) had increased exposure to queer people; 3) was more likely to be queer; 4) was more open to new ideas in general; and 5) was more likely to be someone with whom they could be friends. Heterosexual participants were not expected to make the same assumptions about the character in the vignette. Results showed that both heterosexual and queer participants made similar assumptions about the character in the vignette who used non-heterosexist language; however, in most cases queer participants made significantly stronger assumptions than heterosexual participants.