• Self-Promotion and Gender in the Work Place

      Waterous, Kathleen (2010-03-18)
      Gender role attitudes are blamed for problems women have self-promoting in the workplace. This study examines the differences in the perceptions between men and women on self-promotion. It was expected that men would find it easier and more comfortable than women. Forty-five participants, twenty-three women and twenty-two men were interviewed in a survey that contained close-ended and open-ended items. The survey was designed to assess themes surrounding what would prompt a person to use self-promotion and their relative comfort in doing so. Findings of the study did not support the expectation that men would find it easier and more comfortable. For the majority of the survey, women reported being able to self-promote as easily as men. When asked what they thought self-promotion was, women and men differed in their definitions. Men tended to use a direct style highlighting and showcasing what they were currently doing to obtain benefits while women tended to perceive self-promotion with an inward slant. The women felt that self-promotion was bettering themselves and gaining more confidence. The results overall were not consistent with gender role expectancies for women and men, yet the qualitative results indicate some interesting avenues for future investigations.
    • Significant music events in the lives of music therapy graduate students and new professionals

      Courter, Alyssa R.; Ryan, Kristin (2018-12)
      This is a phenomenological study of the significant music events (SMEs) in the lives of music therapy graduate students and new professionals. Four participants were chosen using purposive sampling, and interviewed about their experiences in music that have been significant to them in their lives. Data were analyzed using qualitative hand coding and thematic analysis as outlined by Rubin (1995) and Saldaña (2013). The researchers conducted a self-inquiry prior to data collection, in addition to conducting ongoing self-inquiry through journaling and analytic memos. Codes were grouped into categories within each interview, and then categories were compared across interviews to develop major overarching themes. The four final major themes found were connection, elements of the music, identity, and engagement with multiple levels of being. Issues related to small sample size, researcher-participant relationship, and the role of two researchers are discussed.
    • Social facilitators of and barriers to community college transfer student success

      Fennimore, Lauren (2019-05)
      Students who transfer to four-year institutions from community colleges often encounter difficulty within their classes post-transfer and tend to graduate at lower rates than their peers who began at four-year institutions as freshman (Bailey, Jenkins, & Leinbach, 2005; Jenkins & Fink, 2016). Reasons for these lowered rates of success have been explored, but have often focused on academic reasons while neglecting any possible social causes. The current review aimed to explore what is known about the impact of social factors, such as belongingness, on community college transfer students' rates of persistence and academic success at four-year institutions. The literature was searched in a systematic way using a three-part search strategy, through which 21 articles were deemed eligible to be included and further evaluated. Several social factors emerged, including sense of belonging, the stereotype of a community college transfer student, and additional considerations for student success as well as social support from family, peers, faculty, and advisors. Most students reported the social factors identified to play a role in their success at the four-year institution. The findings from each theme are presented and future directions for research and programs to be used to address those factors mentioned are suggested.
    • Sound body, sound mind: a music therapy program proposal for Monte Nido Eating Disorder Treatment Center

      Wallace, Jenna (2021-05)
      The following is a proposal for the addition of a music therapy program for the partial hospitalization program at Monte Nido Eating Disorder Center in Manhattan, New York. Eating disorders can have a devastating impact on a person’s mental, physical, and emotional health. This proposal explains the benefits of implementing a music therapy program for clients recovering from eating disorders. The addition of a music therapy program can allow for new opportunities for clients to express their needs, form an identity beyond their eating disorder, relieve symptoms associated with their eating disorders, and explore their emotions in a creative outlet. This proposal outlines the clinical needs of clients with eating disorders, what services would be provided, treatment methodologies, budgetary concerns, documentation, and projected outcomes. The objective of this proposal is to explore and present the benefits music therapy can provide for clients with eating disorders. The inclusion of a music therapy program will provide further support of Monte Nido’s commitment to quality of care and attention to the benefits of an interdisciplinary team.
    • Sounds of strength towards recovery: a program proposal for inpatient psychiatric care

      Bouissou, Gabrielle (2018-05)
      "Sounds of Strength Towards Recovery would allow for an additional step towards comprehensive psychiatric care. As cited previously, the literature points towards the efficacy of the music therapy modality as part of treatment for psychiatric inpatients. Besides standard documentation through developing assessments and documenting individual and group sessions, music therapy would be part of the team dialogue about treatment goals for patients. A holistic approach to care recognizes the patient beyond the diagnosis. Music therapy, specifically engagement in services offered through Sounds of Strength Towards Recovery, can contribute to painting the entire picture of who a patient is. Thorough documentation of progress in individual and group music therapy sessions will allow for tracking of individual outcomes." -- pages 34-35
    • “The Source of Our Power”: female heroes and restorative collaboration in contemporary television

      Pepe, Sarah (2017-05)
      Back in the 1940's Wonder Woman stood alone as a symbol of female strength, but now, in the 21st century, our female heroes reflect the reality that women need each other's love and support--as well as that of men--in order to fight back against the forces which seek to oppress us. Strikingly, three out of four of the shows in this study contain at least one instance in which heroes share space in the same literal body in order to perform feats of strength and courage: Garnet is two souls occupying a single body; all the sensates have the ability to share thoughts silently and pilot one another's bodies; and in season 4 of Buffy, the Scoobies perform a spell which imbues Buffy herself with the strengths of all of her friends so they might collectively defeat Adam, that season's "big bad." Notably, Jessica Jones lacks this kind of example, but its themes of abuse and bodily and mental invasion preclude the possibility of this type of intimate space-sharing feeling safe.
    • Spritiuality as a coping mechanism for African-American college students facing bereavement

      Lewis, Nigel (2007-01-18)
      Research indicates that many African Americans rely on spirituality more than psychotherapy to deal with traumatic life experiences such as bereavement. This review explores the psychotherapeutic benefits of spirituality as a coping resource in the African American community. Justification for the use of spiritual-psychotherapy as a treatment methodology for bereaved African American college students is presented. Finally, ethical considerations for using spirituality when counseling with bereaved African American college students are posed.
    • Statistical verification techniques for stochastic dynamic systems

      Massoud, Mohammad (2015-12)
      Electronic chip design, aircraft stability, finance, economy and even our social life can be affected by random events. Noise is a random process that occurs due to unwanted signal interactions in electronic circuits and environmental phenomena such as thunder, manufacturing defects or thermal increment. Noise affects the performance of our design and will cause unpredictable results on the output of the system. Consequently, we need to model noise and analyze the system at its presence. Verifying the performance of a dynamic system in the presence of noise requires a highly complicated mathematical skills. There are different verification techniques that rely on impractically expensive techniques. Flight dynamics characterizes the response of an aircraft vehicle to its control inputs, gravitational forces, and perturbations and has to adhere to strict design and safety requirements. In this thesis, we are interested in modeling and verifying the stability of aircrafts such as F4 in presence of noise. In order to study the random behavior of noise, we propose an approach based on modeling the designs using stochastic differential equations (SDE) in the time domain. Furthermore, we propose a modeling and estimation methodology that allows us to capture the perturbation in the form of Stochastic Differential Equations for the statistical monitoring of the stability property. Finally, pattern matching and Monte Carlo based verification methods are used for qualitative estimation of the simulation traces.
    • Strong Roots music therapy program: a music therapy program proposal for Family Services, Inc.

      Brewer, Alexandra L. (2021-05)
      The Strong Roots Music Therapy Program will focus on providing exemplary group music therapy services to the Poughkeepsie City School District students that will address their individualized needs and interests. The music therapy groups will be designed to provide the students with opportunities to creatively express themselves and form bonds between their peers and their community. In addition to music therapy interventions, the Strong Roots Music Therapy Program will also provide students, staff, and family members with opportunities to become involved in musical experiences and performances for the community. This paper will discuss a proposal for a music therapy program at Family Services, Inc. in Poughkeepsie, NY.
    • Success will be the best revenge : revenge as motivation for goal pursuit

      Ciuffetelli, Ryan (2019-05)
      In much of the published literature, revenge and goal achievement are studied as disparate fields. The present study attempts to unify these two fields by investigating whether motivation to get revenge can spur goal achievement. University students (N = 130) were randomly assigned, in an online-survey format, to play an economic game with a fair or unfair partner. Previous study showed playing with an unfair partner, unlike playing with a fair partner, can lead to revenge motivation. Uniquely, rather than using real currency like most studies with economic games, valueless “virtual units” were used. Next, participants were offered the chance to compete against their economic game partner in completing anagrams, some of which were impossible. Then, revenge motivation, goal complex, and task enjoyment measures were collected. As expected, participants that played with an unfair partner were more likely to harbor feelings of revenge than those who played with a fair partner. However, counter to expectations, motivation to get revenge did not significantly predict perseverance on impossible anagrams. While these findings are unable to establish the hypothesized link between revenge motivation and goal achievement, they do show that virtual currencies can be used in economic games in some circumstances, opening up new avenues for future research.
    • The supernatural, the demonic, and witchcraft in early modern English plays : Macbeth, The Witch, The Witch of Edmonton, and Doctor Faustus

      Schojbert, Haley (2020-12)
      The Tragedy of Macbeth (1606) by William Shakespeare, The Witch (1616) by Thomas Middleton, The Witch of Edmonton (1621) written by William Rowley, Thomas Dekker, and John Ford, and Doctor Faustus (1589-1592) by Christopher Marlowe all contain different stage representations of the witch and the demonic. In this thesis, I aim to understand the cultural and social structures that enabled witchcraft accusations, not as a coordinated effort on behalf of the Church to kill women, but rather a progression of ideologies and religious beliefs regarding magic and how to maintain social hegemony. I aspire to challenge our modern tendency to explain witchcraft accusations as a conspiratorial result of patriarchal institutions attacking the bodies of women, and to frame these accusations as multi-faceted, organically growing phenomena that ensured small village communities adhered to a social order. While it is tempting to view representations of the witch through the lens of secular feminist resistance against patriarchy, it is important to reconstruct our readings of these works as being part of a theocratic society and as existing within a network of complex religious beliefs because these plays were originally seen by the credulous eyes of the early modern public.
    • Temperature and energy aware scheduling of heterogeneous processors using machine learning

      Parikh, Harsh (2017-12)
      In the past 20-some years, the entire lifetime of Data Center, the hymn computer engineers and end users have chanted in harmony has been "faster. . .smaller. . . cheaper. . . lower power. . . ," with the most recently added "and lower temperature. . ." significantly complicating the whole scenario. The trade offs among performance, complexity, cost, power and temperature have created exciting challenges and opportunities. All modern data centers face the widespread problem "High performance without trading energy, power and most important temperature". Previous research on scheduling algorithms of processors have focused on static implementation to minimize energy consumption and heat dissipation, but never used Machine Learning to dynamically apply the algorithm. We use Naive Bayesian Classifiers (NBCs) to select the processor combination for the Temperature and Energy Aware Dynamic Level Scheduling algorithm that satisfies a particular user defined condition such as a deadline, energy or temperature budget. Our simulation results exhibit significant energy and temperature savings at a reasonable increase in overall execution time, the learning algorithm selects the desired processors significantly faster than random selection.
    • “To Know My Insecurities Is To Know Me” : an arts-based reflexive study on a first-year music therapist’s experiences of vulnerability

      Bove, Angela (2019-08)
      This paper details an arts-based self-study utilizing reflexive songwriting to explore my experiences with vulnerability in my first year as a professional music therapist. In a self-designed arts-based research framework, I reflected on the feelings of vulnerability I experienced in my work as they pertain to uncertainty, emotional exposure, risk, perceived inadequacy, and loss of control. I generated personal responses through stream-of-consciousness writing, which informed the composition of two original songs, “Impostor Syndrome” and “Breathe”. I then analyzed these songs for personal meaning and insight. The relationship between feelings of vulnerability, reflexivity, and self-growth was an emergent theme of this process. The results of this study hold implications for further music therapy research involving arts-based, reflexive practices, particularly for new professionals intending to enhance self-awareness.
    • Understanding therapeutic relationship with a young adult with autistic spectrum disorder in improvisational music therapy

      Lee, Miyoung (2018-12)
      This qualitative single case study research described the growth and development of Robert (name changed for confidentiality), a young adult with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), through his participation in improvisational music therapy. This study focuses on his music therapy engagement from February 2014 to July 2014 during the author’s internship training. The purpose of this case study is to illustrate how the therapeutic relationship, specifically client/therapist interactions, can be enhanced through improvisational music therapy. As a music therapy intern (MTI), I provided 36 individual music therapy sessions during the course of six months. The treatment goal was to increase interpersonal interactions, primarily through instrumental improvisation. The improvised music is analyzed by graphic notation, originated by Bergstrøm-Nielsen (1993), and through traditional music notation. Both forms of analysis illustrated a growing musical interrelatedness between Robert and me, thus supporting the use of improvisational music therapy as an effective means of improving interpersonal interactions in persons with ASD.
    • Untangling the complexities of female sexuality: a mixed approach

      Carmen, Rachael A. (2014-01-28)
      Human sexuality is fascinating. Though it is such an integral part of our everyday lives, our understanding is lacking (to say the least)--especially when it comes to female sexuality. "Human" sexuality has been studied for nearly a hundred years, but the findings were usually in regard to males (as was most psychological research at the time). Because of this unbalance, this research attempts to answer questions solely surrounding female sexuality. In order to truly piece apart female sexuality, one hundred and forty five females at a small college in the Northeast were given three sexuality scales: (The Sexual Self-Efficacy Scale for Female Functioning (SSES) (Bailes et al., 1998), The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) (Rosen et al., 2000) and The Sexual Self-Schema Scale (SSSS) (Andersen & Cyranowski, 1994)). Additionally, to ascertain what variables play key roles in female sexuality, they were also given the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEI-Que) (Schutte et al., 1998), The High-K scale (Giosan, 2006), The Mating Intelligence Scale (slightly revised) (MI) (Geher & Kaufman, 2007), and The Perceived Stress Reactivity Scale (PSRS) (Schlotz, Yim, Zoccola, Jansen & Schulz, 2011). Statistical analyses show that Emotional Intelligence and Life History Strategy are strongly positively correlated with higher levels of sexuality.
    • The use of lullabies in hospice music therapy

      Lawrence, Samantha (2019)
      The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of lullabies as an intervention in hospice music therapy. A 15-question survey was electronically disseminated to board-certified music therapists (MT-BCs) with clinical experience working as music therapists in the hospice setting. Potential participants were located through the Certification Board for Music Therapists (CBMT) database. A total of 86 participants responded to the survey, and the data from 82 of the participants was analyzed. Participants indicated that they use all four methods of music therapy and many different types of music experiences as a lullaby intervention in hospice music therapy. Hospice music therapists use lullaby interventions as indicated by a variety of patient/family needs. The most common needs were those related to comfort/relaxation (73.17%), pain/discomfort (60.98%), and anxiety (57.32%). These correlate to the most common intended outcomes of lullaby intervention in hospice music therapy, which are increasing relaxation/comfort (76.83%), decreased stress and anxiety for patients and/or families (74.39%), and decreasing pain/pain perception (37.80%). Participants indicated in an open-ended question their opinions about how using lullabies differs from other hospice music therapy interventions. Themes of how these interventions differ include comfort and relaxation, family and familiarity, and meeting specific patient needs. Results of this survey indicate that music therapists are using lullaby interventions in the hospice setting to meet the needs of hospice patients and their families.
    • The use of songwriting with college students for self-expression and self-reflection

      Zhang, Jue (2019-05)
      This study is a phenomenological approach to explore college students’ experiences in songwriting. Four college students participated in a songwriting experience, and completed interviews at two points in the process to learn the essence of their experience in this research. The first interview occurred immediately after the songwriting experience and the second interview was arranged within three days after the first. Data was manually coded. Six major themes were found including enjoyable, frustration, sense of achievement, insight, stress, and relief. Three themes of the songwriting products were sleep deprivation, financial hardship, and intimate relationships. Relatable results and questions emerged are discussed.
    • The use of songwriting with patients in cancer care : case studies

      Lin, Saiping (2019-05)
      Cancer is a life-threatening illness that has the potential to impact a patient’s life in a myriad of ways. The positive effects of music therapy have been acknowledged by its role and impact during the treatment within comprehensive cancer centers in the United States (Richardson, Babiak-Vazquez, & Frenkel, 2017). Existing studies support the efficacy of music therapy treatment in cancer care, focusing primarily on the following goals: to reduce stress, anxiety, and perception of pain (Magill, 2001). According to the Cochrane review, music interventions that conducted by a well-trained music therapist might have benefits for cancer patients on helping them with anxiety, pain, fatigue and other needs (Bradt, Dileo, Magill & Teague, 2016). Further research indicates that an additional focus on the patient’s spiritual journey and expression of his or her process is significant, and vital to the overall therapeutic process (Castelli, Castelnuovo, & Torta, 2015). The clinical application of songwriting has been shown to not only support a patient’s emotional and spiritual wellbeing, but also encourage an increased sense of self, self-esteem and decision-making (Baker & Wigram, 2005). The present study examines the implementation of songwriting with two patients with cancer in an outpatient medical facility. The analysis details each patient’s experience of songwriting while also taking into account the patients’ personalities, education levels, cultural backgrounds, and familial histories. Furthermore, an exploration of the author’s perspective and clinical experience as it pertains to this population is included.
    • Using emotional intelligence and musical training to predict emotion-detection in music: a cross-cultural study

      Jewell, Olivia (2018-05)
      Recently, research in music and emotions has become very popular, and has indicated that individuals can detect emotions in various pieces of music across cultural borders. Additionally, research has explored emotional intelligence and musical training with respect to this skill. However, no previous study has examined if emotional intelligence or musical training is more predictive of one’s ability to perceive an emotion in a piece of music across cultures. The current study seeks to explore this question, by providing participants with musical clips to listen to, and then choose the emotion that they feel fits it the best. The musical clips come from a subset of 36 clips that were used in a pilot study to determine whether individuals can discern an intended emotion in the piece of music. Additionally, participants filled out measures of musical training and emotional intelligence. It was hypothesized that participants who scored higher on emotional intelligence would score higher on measures of emotion-detection, across cultures. A second hypothesis stated that emotional intelligence would be more predictive of emotion-detection than previous musical training or experience. The hypotheses were partially supported, with emotional intelligence being a significant negative predictor of emotion-detection. Cultural variation was only a significant predictor of emotion-detection for our measure of target agreement, but not for our measure of consensus agreement. Overall, the current study sheds light on emotional intelligence, musical training, and music interpretation across cultures.